Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Red Letter
The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7592 - šā'al

Choose a new font size and typeface
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2303

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x

The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x
The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).
  1. to ask, enquire, borrow, beg

    1. (Qal)

      1. to ask, ask for

      2. to ask (as a favour), borrow

      3. to enquire, enquire of

      4. to enquire of, consult (of deity, oracle)

      5. to seek

    2. (Niphal) to ask for oneself, ask leave of absence

    3. (Piel)

      1. to enquire, enquire carefully

      2. to beg, practise beggary

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to be given on request

      2. to grant, make over to, let (one) ask (successfully) or give or lend on request (then) grant or make over to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.
STRONGS H7592: Abbreviations
שָׁאַל 170 verb ask, inquire (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian ša’âlu, Arabic bdb098101, Ethiopic bdb098102 Sabean מסאל request petition, HomChrest. 124 Levy-OsZMG xix(1865), 165; Aramaic bdb098103, שְׁאֵיל; Old Aramaic Zinjirli שאל Ldzb371, Nabataean Hiph. lend Idib.; — on שׁ׳ compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 82 ff.); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singularשׁ׳ Judges 5:25 +, שָׁאָ֑ל Judges 8:26 + 2 times; consecutive וְשָׁ֫אַל לוֺ Numbers 27:21; suffix וּשְׁאֵלְךָ consecutive Genesis 32:18 (Ges§ 64 f), וּשְׁאֵלֵךְ consecutive Judges 4:20; 1st person singular suffix שְׁאִלְתִּיו 1 Samuel 1:20, שְׁאִלְתִּיהוּ Judges 13:16; 3rd person plural suffix שְׁאֵלוּנוּ Psalm 137:3; 2nd person masculine plural שְׁאֶלְתֶּם 1 Samuel 12:13 (strike out Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and most), Job 21:29, וּשְׁאֶלָתֶּםֿ consecutive 1 Samuel 25:5, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁאַל Exodus 22:13 +,etc.; Imperative שְׁאַל Isaiah 7:11 +, שְׁאָלוּנִי Isaiah 45:11 (< תִּשְׁאְֵלוּנִי Weir Che and others), etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל Genesis 43:7 +; construct לִשְׁאֹל Judges 1:14 +, etc.; Participle active שֹׁאֵל 2 Samuel 3:13 +, feminine singular שֹׁאֶלֶת 1 Kings 2:20, 22, masculine plural הַשֹּׁאֲלִים 1 Samuel 8:10; passive שָׁאוּל 1 Samuel 1:28; 2 Kings 6:5; —
a. ask, ask for, accusative of thing (or person) Judges 5:25; Judges 8:26; 1 Kings 3:10; Psalm 122:6 (= pray for) +; אֶתנַֿפְשׁוֺ לָמוּת שׁ׳ 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:8, i.e. pray for death, but Job 31:30 demand the life of another בְּאָלָה by a curse; with ל person 1 Kings 2:22 (twice in verse) + (ל person reflexive) 1 Samuel 12:17, 19 +; with מִן person Judges 8:24 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Ezra 8:22; Zechariah 10:1 +; followed by infinitive 1 Kings 3:11; followed by clause מָה אֶתֶּןלָֽֿךְ׃ שׁ׳ 1 Kings 3:5 2 Chronicles 1:7, compare 2 Kings 2:9; with accusative + מֵאֵת person 1 Samuel 8:10; Psalm 27:4 (from י׳) +; + מֵעִם person Isaiah 7:11 (from י׳) +; with accusative of person (from whom) + of thing Psalm 137:3; accusative omitted Isaiah 7:12; 1 Samuel 12:20; 1 Kings 2:20, with מִן person Psalm 2:8; absolute Micah 7:3; Psalm 105:40 (of prayer); הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֺל 2 Kings 2:10, i.e. thou hast asked for a difficult thing. — 1 Samuel 2:20 see Hiph.
b. specifically ask as a favour, for temporary use, i.e. borrow (compare לָוָה, as matter of business, see Bu1 Samuel 1:28), Exodus 22:13 (E; accusative of thing + מֵעִם person), 2 Kings 4:3 (accusative of thing + מִן of source + ל person reflexive), 2 Kings 6:5 (passive participle absolute); so also (according to many), with accusative of thing Exodus 3:22 (+ מִן person), Exodus 11:2; Exodus 12:35 (both + מֵאֵת person; all E), — it is, however, not clear that there was any pretext of mere temporary use; passive participle שָׁאוּל לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 (lent, granted,) made over to י׳ (in effect passive of Hiph., which see).
c. in weakened sense, seek, desire (late), with accusative 2 Chronicles 11:23; Ecclesiastes 2:10 (subject עֵינַי); Proverbs 20:4 in harvest he shall look [for a crop], וָאָ֑יִן and there shall be none.
a. inquire of, with accusative of person + לֵאמֹר before inquiry Genesis 32:18 (E), Genesis 44:19 (J) +; with וְאָמַר Judges 4:20, וַיּאִמֶר, etc., Genesis 24:47(J), Jeremiah 37:13; followed by וְאָמַר without accusative of person Genesis 32:30 (J), compare 1 Samuel 19:22, followed by לֵאמֹר Joshua 4:6 (JE); with accusative of person + עַל of thing Nehemiah 1:2; עַל of thing alone, Ecclesiastes 7:10 (+ מֵחָכְמָה, i. e. prompted by wisdom); with accusative of person + of thing (about which) 2 Samuel 14:18; Isaiah 45:11 + 4 times; accusative of person + indirect question Judges 13:6; with accusative of person only, Judges 8:14; 1 Samuel 25:8; Deuteronomy 32:7 +, inquire of beasts (accusative) Job 12:7; with accusative of thing only, Jeremiah 50:5; with ל person = accusative 2 Kings 8:6 (KöSynt. § 289 h); with ל of thing about which Genesis 26:7 (J), Genesis 32:30 (J), Judges 13:18; 2 Samuel 11:7; Jeremiah 6:16; Job 8:8, also (+ לאמר before the inquiry) Genesis 43:7 (J), and (followed by direct question) Deuteronomy 4:32; with ל person about whom, Genesis 43:27 (J), compare phrase of greeting, אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ לְשָׁלוֺם שׁ׳ Exodus 18:7 (E) ask each for (or about) his fellow as to welfare, compare Judges 18:15; 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 17:22; 1 Samuel 25:5; 1 Samuel 30:21 [read וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ לוֺ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version We Dr HPS Bu] 2 Samuel 8:10; Jeremiah 15:5; 1 Chronicles 18:10; followed by direct question only, 1 Samuel 17:56; Jeremiah 18:13 (with ב location), followed by indirect question only (with אִם) Jeremiah 30:6; אֶת־פִּי שׁ'פ׳ Genesis 24:57(J); absolute make inquiry Deuteronomy 13:15 (+ דָּרַשׁ, חָקַר).
†b. inquire of, consult, deity, oracle, etc. (JastrJBL xix (1900) 88 ff.), followed by accusative י'פִּי Joshua 9:14 (JE), Isaiah 30:2 י׳ Isaiah 65:1 (|| בִּקֵּשׁ); elsewhere in Hexateuch only (accusative omitted), Numbers 27:21 (P; with ל person for whom, + ב instrumental), compare Joshua 19:50; also אוֺב שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:11 (participle as substantive; JägerBAS ii. 292 compare Assyrian maššaku ša šâ’ili, i.e. skin-vessel of the oracle-seeker, compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 96 ff.); with accusative of human agent 1 Samuel 28:16; Jeremiah 38:14, 27; usually (ancient usage, chiefly Judges, Samuel) לֵאמֹר בי׳ שׁ׳ (בְּ perhaps originally local, so GFM, or instrumental), Judges 1:1; Judges 20:23; 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 30:8; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19 = 1 Chronicles 14:10; לֵאמֹר omitted 1 Samuel 10:22 (followed by direct question), 1 Samuel 22:10 (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 5:23 = 1 Chronicles 14:14; Judges 20:27; בֵּאלֹהִים שׁ׳ Judges 18:5; Judges 20:18; 1 Samuel 14:37; (followed by direct question), also (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 22:13, 15; שׁ׳ בִּדְבַר הָא׳ 2 Samuel 16:23; likewise בְּעֵצוֺ שׁ׳ Hosea 4:12 (i.e. his idol), בַּתְּרָפִים Ezekiel 21:26, בָּאוֺב 1 Chronicles 10:13; perhaps = receive as oracle Deuteronomy 18:16 (מֵעִם י׳, Jastrl.c.
Niph. ask for oneself (Ges§ 51 e), specifically ask leave of absence, with מִן person: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular + Infinitive absolute נִשְׁאֹל נִשְׁאַל 1 Samuel 20:6 (followed by infinitive), 1 Samuel 20:28 (followed by עַד; ? insert ל infinitive HPS); Perfect 1st person singular נִשְׁאַלְתִּי מִןהַֿמֶּלֶךְ Nehemiah 13:6 (absolute).
1. inquire carefully: Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural + Qal Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל יְשָֽׁאֲלוּ 2 Samuel 20:18 (Bu proposes Qal Imperfect יִשְׁאֲלוּ), with ב location; on following context see We Dr HPS Bu.
2. beg, practise beggary,,Perfect 3rd person plural וְשִׁאֵ֑לוּ (consecutive) Psalm 109:10.
Hiph. (properly let one ask [successfully], give, or lend, on request, then) grant, make over to (as a favour, with or without request): Perfect 1st person singular suffix הִשְׁאִלְתִּהוּ לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 I have made him over to י׳ (compare Dr HPS Bu and Qal Passive participle, ib.); perhaps also read 3rd person feminine singular הִשְׁאִילָה לי׳ 1 Samuel 2:20 (whom) she hath made over to י׳ (for שָׁאַל לי׳) Bu HPS (after Greek Version of the LXX. in part; other conjectures in Dr); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural suffix of thing וַיַּשְׁאִלוּם Exodus 12:36 (E) and they handed them over.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7593.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:47; 24:57; 26:7; 32:18; 32:18; 32:30; 32:30; 43:7; 43:7; 43:27; 44:19


3:22; 11:2; 12:35; 12:36; 18:7; 22:13; 22:13


27:21; 27:21


4:32; 13:15; 18:11; 18:16; 32:7


4:6; 9:14; 19:50


1:1; 1:14; 4:20; 4:20; 5:25; 5:25; 8:14; 8:24; 8:26; 8:26; 13:6; 13:16; 13:18; 18:5; 18:15; 20:18; 20:23; 20:27

1 Samuel

1:20; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 2:20; 2:20; 8:10; 8:10; 10:4; 10:22; 12:13; 12:17; 12:19; 12:20; 14:37; 17:22; 17:56; 19:22; 20:6; 20:28; 22:10; 22:13; 22:15; 23:2; 23:4; 25:5; 25:5; 25:8; 28:6; 28:16; 30:8; 30:21

2 Samuel

2:1; 3:13; 5:19; 5:23; 8:10; 11:7; 14:18; 16:23; 20:18

1 Kings

2:20; 2:20; 2:22; 2:22; 3:5; 3:10; 3:11; 19:4

2 Kings

2:9; 2:10; 4:3; 6:5; 6:5; 8:6

1 Chronicles

10:13; 14:10; 14:14; 18:10

2 Chronicles

1:7; 11:23




1:2; 13:6


8:8; 12:7; 21:29; 31:30


2:8; 27:4; 105:40; 109:10; 122:6; 137:3; 137:3




2:10; 7:10


7:11; 7:11; 7:12; 30:2; 45:11; 45:11; 65:1


6:16; 15:5; 18:13; 30:6; 37:13; 38:14; 38:27; 50:5











Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7592 matches the Hebrew שָׁאַל (šā'al),
which occurs 176 times in 157 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 24:47–1Sa 1:28)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:47 - And I asked H7592 her, and said, Whose daughter art thou? And she said, The daughter of Bethuel, Nahor's son, whom Milcah bare unto him: and I put the earring upon her face, and the bracelets upon her hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:57 - And they said, We will call the damsel, and enquire H7592 at her mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:7 - And the men of the place asked H7592 him of his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, She is my wife; lest, said he, the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah; because she was fair to look upon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:17 - And he commanded the foremost, saying, When Esau my brother meeteth thee, and asketh thee, H7592 saying, Whose art thou? and whither goest thou? and whose are these before thee?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:29 - And Jacob asked H7592 him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask H7592 after my name? And he blessed him there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:15 - And a certain man found him, and, behold, he was wandering in the field: and the man asked him, H7592 saying, What seekest thou?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:21 - Then he asked H7592 the men of that place, saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly by the way side? And they said, There was no harlot in this place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:7 - And he asked H7592 Pharaoh's officers that were with him in the ward of his lord's house, saying, Wherefore look ye so sadly to day?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:7 - And they said, The man asked H7592 us straitly H7592 of our state, and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:27 - And he asked H7592 them of their welfare, and said, Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet alive?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:19 - My lord asked H7592 his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:22 - But every woman shall borrow H7592 of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:2 - Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow H7592 of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:35 - And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed H7592 of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:36 - And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent H7592 unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:14 - And it shall be when thy son asketh H7592 thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:7 - And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked H7592 each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:14 - And if a man borrow H7592 ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:21 - And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask H7592 counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:32 - For ask H7592 now of the days that are past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and ask from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:20 - And when thy son asketh H7592 thee in time to come, saying, What mean the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD our God hath commanded you?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:12 - And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require H7592 of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:14 - Then shalt thou enquire, and make search, and ask H7592 diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought among you;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:26 - And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: H7592 and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:11 - Or a charmer, or a consulter H7592 with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:16 - According to all that thou desiredst H7592 of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:7 - Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations: ask H7592 thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and they will tell thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:6 - That this may be a sign among you, that when your children ask H7592 their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean ye by these stones?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:21 - And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask H7592 their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean these stones?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:14 - And the men took of their victuals, and asked H7592 not counsel at the mouth of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:18 - And it came to pass, as she came unto him, that she moved him to ask H7592 of her father a field: and she lighted off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wouldest thou?
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:50 - According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, H7592 even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:1 - Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked H7592 the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:14 - And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask H7592 of her father a field: and she lighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt thou?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:20 - Again he said unto her, Stand in the door of the tent, and it shall be, when any man doth come and enquire H7592 of thee, and say, Is there any man here? that thou shalt say, No.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:25 - He asked H7592 water, and she gave him milk; she brought forth butter in a lordly dish.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:14 - And caught a young man of the men of Succoth, and enquired H7592 of him: and he described unto him the princes of Succoth, and the elders thereof, even threescore and seventeen men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:24 - And Gideon said unto them, I would desire H7592 a request of you, that ye would give me every man the earrings of his prey. (For they had golden earrings, because they were Ishmaelites.)
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:26 - And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested H7592 was a thousand and seven hundred shekels of gold; beside ornaments, and collars, and purple raiment that was on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that were about their camels' necks.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:6 - Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance was like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked H7592 him not whence he was, neither told he me his name:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:18 - And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest H7592 thou thus after my name, seeing it is secret?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:5 - And they said unto him, Ask counsel, H7592 we pray thee, of God, that we may know whether our way which we go shall be prosperous.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:15 - And they turned thitherward, and came to the house of the young man the Levite, even unto the house of Micah, and saluted H7592 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:18 - And the children of Israel arose, and went up to the house of God, and asked H7592 counsel of God, and said, Which of us shall go up first to the battle against the children of Benjamin? And the LORD said, Judah shall go up first.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:23 - (And the children of Israel went up and wept before the LORD until even, and asked H7592 counsel of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up again to battle against the children of Benjamin my brother? And the LORD said, Go up against him.)
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:27 - And the children of Israel enquired H7592 of the LORD, (for the ark of the covenant of God was there in those days,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:17 - Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked H7592 of him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:20 - Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked H7592 him of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:27 - For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked H7592 of him:
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:28 - Therefore also I have lent H7592 him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent H7592 to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/4 (Gen 24:47–1Sa 1:28) Gen 24:47–1Sa 1:28

2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Sa 2:20–1Ch 4:10

BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan