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Lexicon :: Strong's H7592 - šā'al

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2303

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x

The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x
The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).
  1. to ask, enquire, borrow, beg

    1. (Qal)

      1. to ask, ask for

      2. to ask (as a favour), borrow

      3. to enquire, enquire of

      4. to enquire of, consult (of deity, oracle)

      5. to seek

    2. (Niphal) to ask for oneself, ask leave of absence

    3. (Piel)

      1. to enquire, enquire carefully

      2. to beg, practise beggary

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to be given on request

      2. to grant, make over to, let (one) ask (successfully) or give or lend on request (then) grant or make over to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.
STRONGS H7592: Abbreviations
שָׁאַל 170 verb ask, inquire (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian ša’âlu, Arabic bdb098101, Ethiopic bdb098102 Sabean מסאל request petition, HomChrest. 124 Levy-OsZMG xix(1865), 165; Aramaic bdb098103, שְׁאֵיל; Old Aramaic Zinjirli שאל Ldzb371, Nabataean Hiph. lend Idib.; — on שׁ׳ compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 82 ff.); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singularשׁ׳ Judges 5:25 +, שָׁאָ֑ל Judges 8:26 + 2 times; consecutive וְשָׁ֫אַל לוֺ Numbers 27:21; suffix וּשְׁאֵלְךָ consecutive Genesis 32:18 (Ges§ 64 f), וּשְׁאֵלֵךְ consecutive Judges 4:20; 1st person singular suffix שְׁאִלְתִּיו 1 Samuel 1:20, שְׁאִלְתִּיהוּ Judges 13:16; 3rd person plural suffix שְׁאֵלוּנוּ Psalm 137:3; 2nd person masculine plural שְׁאֶלְתֶּם 1 Samuel 12:13 (strike out Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and most), Job 21:29, וּשְׁאֶלָתֶּםֿ consecutive 1 Samuel 25:5, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁאַל Exodus 22:13 +,etc.; Imperative שְׁאַל Isaiah 7:11 +, שְׁאָלוּנִי Isaiah 45:11 (< תִּשְׁאְֵלוּנִי Weir Che and others), etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל Genesis 43:7 +; construct לִשְׁאֹל Judges 1:14 +, etc.; Participle active שֹׁאֵל 2 Samuel 3:13 +, feminine singular שֹׁאֶלֶת 1 Kings 2:20, 22, masculine plural הַשֹּׁאֲלִים 1 Samuel 8:10; passive שָׁאוּל 1 Samuel 1:28; 2 Kings 6:5; —
a. ask, ask for, accusative of thing (or person) Judges 5:25; Judges 8:26; 1 Kings 3:10; Psalm 122:6 (= pray for) +; אֶתנַֿפְשׁוֺ לָמוּת שׁ׳ 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:8, i.e. pray for death, but Job 31:30 demand the life of another בְּאָלָה by a curse; with ל person 1 Kings 2:22 (twice in verse) + (ל person reflexive) 1 Samuel 12:17, 19 +; with מִן person Judges 8:24 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Ezra 8:22; Zechariah 10:1 +; followed by infinitive 1 Kings 3:11; followed by clause מָה אֶתֶּןלָֽֿךְ׃ שׁ׳ 1 Kings 3:5 2 Chronicles 1:7, compare 2 Kings 2:9; with accusative + מֵאֵת person 1 Samuel 8:10; Psalm 27:4 (from י׳) +; + מֵעִם person Isaiah 7:11 (from י׳) +; with accusative of person (from whom) + of thing Psalm 137:3; accusative omitted Isaiah 7:12; 1 Samuel 12:20; 1 Kings 2:20, with מִן person Psalm 2:8; absolute Micah 7:3; Psalm 105:40 (of prayer); הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֺל 2 Kings 2:10, i.e. thou hast asked for a difficult thing. — 1 Samuel 2:20 see Hiph.
b. specifically ask as a favour, for temporary use, i.e. borrow (compare לָוָה, as matter of business, see Bu1 Samuel 1:28), Exodus 22:13 (E; accusative of thing + מֵעִם person), 2 Kings 4:3 (accusative of thing + מִן of source + ל person reflexive), 2 Kings 6:5 (passive participle absolute); so also (according to many), with accusative of thing Exodus 3:22 (+ מִן person), Exodus 11:2; Exodus 12:35 (both + מֵאֵת person; all E), — it is, however, not clear that there was any pretext of mere temporary use; passive participle שָׁאוּל לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 (lent, granted,) made over to י׳ (in effect passive of Hiph., which see).
c. in weakened sense, seek, desire (late), with accusative 2 Chronicles 11:23; Ecclesiastes 2:10 (subject עֵינַי); Proverbs 20:4 in harvest he shall look [for a crop], וָאָ֑יִן and there shall be none.
a. inquire of, with accusative of person + לֵאמֹר before inquiry Genesis 32:18 (E), Genesis 44:19 (J) +; with וְאָמַר Judges 4:20, וַיּאִמֶר, etc., Genesis 24:47(J), Jeremiah 37:13; followed by וְאָמַר without accusative of person Genesis 32:30 (J), compare 1 Samuel 19:22, followed by לֵאמֹר Joshua 4:6 (JE); with accusative of person + עַל of thing Nehemiah 1:2; עַל of thing alone, Ecclesiastes 7:10 (+ מֵחָכְמָה, i. e. prompted by wisdom); with accusative of person + of thing (about which) 2 Samuel 14:18; Isaiah 45:11 + 4 times; accusative of person + indirect question Judges 13:6; with accusative of person only, Judges 8:14; 1 Samuel 25:8; Deuteronomy 32:7 +, inquire of beasts (accusative) Job 12:7; with accusative of thing only, Jeremiah 50:5; with ל person = accusative 2 Kings 8:6 (KöSynt. § 289 h); with ל of thing about which Genesis 26:7 (J), Genesis 32:30 (J), Judges 13:18; 2 Samuel 11:7; Jeremiah 6:16; Job 8:8, also (+ לאמר before the inquiry) Genesis 43:7 (J), and (followed by direct question) Deuteronomy 4:32; with ל person about whom, Genesis 43:27 (J), compare phrase of greeting, אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ לְשָׁלוֺם שׁ׳ Exodus 18:7 (E) ask each for (or about) his fellow as to welfare, compare Judges 18:15; 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 17:22; 1 Samuel 25:5; 1 Samuel 30:21 [read וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ לוֺ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version We Dr HPS Bu] 2 Samuel 8:10; Jeremiah 15:5; 1 Chronicles 18:10; followed by direct question only, 1 Samuel 17:56; Jeremiah 18:13 (with ב location), followed by indirect question only (with אִם) Jeremiah 30:6; אֶת־פִּי שׁ'פ׳ Genesis 24:57(J); absolute make inquiry Deuteronomy 13:15 (+ דָּרַשׁ, חָקַר).
†b. inquire of, consult, deity, oracle, etc. (JastrJBL xix (1900) 88 ff.), followed by accusative י'פִּי Joshua 9:14 (JE), Isaiah 30:2 י׳ Isaiah 65:1 (|| בִּקֵּשׁ); elsewhere in Hexateuch only (accusative omitted), Numbers 27:21 (P; with ל person for whom, + ב instrumental), compare Joshua 19:50; also אוֺב שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:11 (participle as substantive; JägerBAS ii. 292 compare Assyrian maššaku ša šâ’ili, i.e. skin-vessel of the oracle-seeker, compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 96 ff.); with accusative of human agent 1 Samuel 28:16; Jeremiah 38:14, 27; usually (ancient usage, chiefly Judges, Samuel) לֵאמֹר בי׳ שׁ׳ (בְּ perhaps originally local, so GFM, or instrumental), Judges 1:1; Judges 20:23; 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 30:8; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19 = 1 Chronicles 14:10; לֵאמֹר omitted 1 Samuel 10:22 (followed by direct question), 1 Samuel 22:10 (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 5:23 = 1 Chronicles 14:14; Judges 20:27; בֵּאלֹהִים שׁ׳ Judges 18:5; Judges 20:18; 1 Samuel 14:37; (followed by direct question), also (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 22:13, 15; שׁ׳ בִּדְבַר הָא׳ 2 Samuel 16:23; likewise בְּעֵצוֺ שׁ׳ Hosea 4:12 (i.e. his idol), בַּתְּרָפִים Ezekiel 21:26, בָּאוֺב 1 Chronicles 10:13; perhaps = receive as oracle Deuteronomy 18:16 (מֵעִם י׳, Jastrl.c.
Niph. ask for oneself (Ges§ 51 e), specifically ask leave of absence, with מִן person: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular + Infinitive absolute נִשְׁאֹל נִשְׁאַל 1 Samuel 20:6 (followed by infinitive), 1 Samuel 20:28 (followed by עַד; ? insert ל infinitive HPS); Perfect 1st person singular נִשְׁאַלְתִּי מִןהַֿמֶּלֶךְ Nehemiah 13:6 (absolute).
1. inquire carefully: Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural + Qal Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל יְשָֽׁאֲלוּ 2 Samuel 20:18 (Bu proposes Qal Imperfect יִשְׁאֲלוּ), with ב location; on following context see We Dr HPS Bu.
2. beg, practise beggary,,Perfect 3rd person plural וְשִׁאֵ֑לוּ (consecutive) Psalm 109:10.
Hiph. (properly let one ask [successfully], give, or lend, on request, then) grant, make over to (as a favour, with or without request): Perfect 1st person singular suffix הִשְׁאִלְתִּהוּ לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 I have made him over to י׳ (compare Dr HPS Bu and Qal Passive participle, ib.); perhaps also read 3rd person feminine singular הִשְׁאִילָה לי׳ 1 Samuel 2:20 (whom) she hath made over to י׳ (for שָׁאַל לי׳) Bu HPS (after Greek Version of the LXX. in part; other conjectures in Dr); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural suffix of thing וַיַּשְׁאִלוּם Exodus 12:36 (E) and they handed them over.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7593.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:47; 24:57; 26:7; 32:18; 32:18; 32:30; 32:30; 43:7; 43:7; 43:27; 44:19


3:22; 11:2; 12:35; 12:36; 18:7; 22:13; 22:13


27:21; 27:21


4:32; 13:15; 18:11; 18:16; 32:7


4:6; 9:14; 19:50


1:1; 1:14; 4:20; 4:20; 5:25; 5:25; 8:14; 8:24; 8:26; 8:26; 13:6; 13:16; 13:18; 18:5; 18:15; 20:18; 20:23; 20:27

1 Samuel

1:20; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 2:20; 2:20; 8:10; 8:10; 10:4; 10:22; 12:13; 12:17; 12:19; 12:20; 14:37; 17:22; 17:56; 19:22; 20:6; 20:28; 22:10; 22:13; 22:15; 23:2; 23:4; 25:5; 25:5; 25:8; 28:6; 28:16; 30:8; 30:21

2 Samuel

2:1; 3:13; 5:19; 5:23; 8:10; 11:7; 14:18; 16:23; 20:18

1 Kings

2:20; 2:20; 2:22; 2:22; 3:5; 3:10; 3:11; 19:4

2 Kings

2:9; 2:10; 4:3; 6:5; 6:5; 8:6

1 Chronicles

10:13; 14:10; 14:14; 18:10

2 Chronicles

1:7; 11:23




1:2; 13:6


8:8; 12:7; 21:29; 31:30


2:8; 27:4; 105:40; 109:10; 122:6; 137:3; 137:3




2:10; 7:10


7:11; 7:11; 7:12; 30:2; 45:11; 45:11; 65:1


6:16; 15:5; 18:13; 30:6; 37:13; 38:14; 38:27; 50:5











Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7592 matches the Hebrew שָׁאַל (šā'al),
which occurs 176 times in 157 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 24:47–1Sa 1:28)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:47 - “Then I asked H7592 her, and said, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ And she said, ‘The daughter of Bethuel, Nahor’s son, whom Milcah bore to him’; and I put the ring on her nose, and the bracelets on her [fn]wrists.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:57 - And they said, “We will call the girl and [fn]consult H7592 her wishes.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:7 - When the men of the place asked H7592 about his wife, he said, “She is my sister,” for he was afraid to say, “my wife,” thinking,[fn]the men of the place might kill me on account of Rebekah, for she is beautiful.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:17 - He commanded the [fn]one in front, saying, “When my brother Esau meets you and asks H7592 you, saying, ‘To whom do you belong, and where are you going, and to whom do these animals in front of you belong?’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:29 - Then Jacob asked H7592 him and said, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask H7592 my name?” And he blessed him there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:15 - A man found him, and behold, he was wandering in the field; and the man asked H7592 him, “[fn]What are you looking for?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:21 - He asked H7592 the men of her place, saying, “Where is the temple prostitute who was by the road at Enaim?” But they said, “There has been no temple prostitute here.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:7 - He asked H7592 Pharaoh’s officials who were with him in confinement in his master’s house,[fn]Why are your faces so sad today?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:7 - But they said, “The man questioned H7592 particularly H7592 about us and our relatives, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ So we [fn]answered his questions. Could we possibly know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:27 - Then he asked H7592 them about their welfare, and said, “Is your old father well, of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:19 - “My lord asked H7592 his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father or a brother?’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:22 - “But every woman shall ask H7592 of her neighbor and the woman who lives in her house, articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; and you will put them on your sons and daughters. Thus you will plunder the Egyptians.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:2 - “Speak now in the [fn]hearing of the people that each man ask H7592 from his neighbor and each woman from her neighbor for articles of silver and articles of gold.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:35 - Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested H7592 from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:36 - and the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. H7592 Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:14 - “And it shall be when your son asks H7592 you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ then you shall say to him, ‘With a [fn]powerful hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, from the house of [fn]slavery.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:7 - Then Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and he bowed down and kissed him; and they asked H7592 each other of their welfare and went into the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:14 - “If a man [fn]borrows H7592 anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:21 - “Moreover, he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire H7592 for him by the judgment of the Urim before the LORD. At his [fn]command they shall go out and at his [fn]command they shall come in, both he and the sons of Israel with him, even all the congregation.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:32 - “Indeed, ask H7592 now concerning the former days which were before you, since the day that God created [fn]man on the earth, and inquire from one end of the heavens to the other. Has anything been done like this great thing, or has anything been heard like it?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:20 - “When your son asks H7592 you in time to come, saying, ‘What do the testimonies and the statutes and the judgments mean which the LORD our God commanded you?’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:12 - “Now, Israel, what does the LORD your God require H7592 from you, but to [fn]fear the LORD your God, to walk in all His ways and love Him, and to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:14 - then you shall investigate and search out and inquire H7592 thoroughly. If it is true and the matter established that this abomination has been done among you,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:26 - “You may spend the money for whatever your [fn]heart desires: for oxen, or sheep, or wine, or strong drink, or whatever your [fn]heart [fn]desires; H7592 and there you shall eat in the presence of the LORD your God and rejoice, you and your household.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:11 - or one who casts a spell, or a medium, H7592 or a spiritist, or one who calls up the dead.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:16 - “This is according to all that you asked H7592 of the LORD your God in Horeb on the day of the assembly, saying, ‘Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, let me not see this great fire anymore, or I will die.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:7 - “Remember the days of old,
Consider the years of all generations.
Ask H7592 your father, and he will inform you,
Your elders, and they will tell you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:6 - [fn]Let this be a sign among you, so that when your children ask H7592 [fn]later, saying, ‘What do these stones mean to you?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:21 - He said to the sons of [fn]Israel, “When your children ask H7592 their fathers in time to come, saying, ‘What are these stones?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:14 - So the men of Israel took some of their provisions, and did not ask H7592 for the [fn]counsel of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:18 - It came about that when she came to him, she persuaded him to ask H7592 her father for a field. So she alighted from the donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What do you want?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:50 - In accordance with the [fn]command of the LORD they gave him the city for which he asked, H7592 Timnath-serah in the hill country of Ephraim. So he built the city and [fn]settled in it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:1 - Now it came about after the death of Joshua that the sons of Israel inquired H7592 of the LORD, saying, “Who shall go up first for us against the Canaanites, to fight against them?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:14 - Then it came about when she came to him, that she persuaded him to ask H7592 her father for a field. Then she alighted from [fn]her donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What [fn]do you want?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:20 - He said to her, “Stand in the doorway of the tent, and it shall be if anyone comes and inquires H7592 of you, and says, ‘Is there anyone here?’ that you shall say, ‘No.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:25 - “He asked H7592 for water and she gave him milk;
In a magnificent bowl she brought him curds.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:14 - And he captured a youth [fn]from Succoth and questioned H7592 him. Then the youth wrote down for him the princes of Succoth and its elders, seventy-seven men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:24 - Yet Gideon said to them, “I would [fn]request H7592 of you, that each of you give me [fn]an earring from his spoil.” (For they had gold earrings, because they were Ishmaelites.)
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:26 - The weight of the gold earrings that he requested H7592 was 1,700 shekels of gold, besides the crescent ornaments and the pendants and the purple robes which were on the kings of Midian, and besides the neck bands that were on their camels’ necks.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:6 - Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, “A man of God came to me and his appearance was like the appearance of the angel of God, very awesome. And I did not ask H7592 him where he came from, nor did he tell me his name.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:18 - But the angel of the LORD said to him, “Why do you ask H7592 my name, seeing it is [fn]wonderful?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:5 - They said to him, “Inquire H7592 of God, please, that we may know whether our way on which we are going will be prosperous.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:15 - They turned aside there and came to the house of the young man, the Levite, to the house of Micah, and asked H7592 him of his welfare.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:18 - Now the sons of Israel arose, went up to Bethel, and inquired H7592 of God and said, “Who shall go up first for us to battle against the sons of Benjamin?” Then the LORD said, “Judah shall go up first.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:23 - The sons of Israel went up and wept before the LORD until evening, and inquired H7592 of the LORD, saying, “Shall we again draw near for battle against the sons of my brother Benjamin?” And the LORD said, “Go up against him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:27 - The sons of Israel inquired H7592 of the LORD (for the ark of the covenant of God was there in those days,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:17 - Then Eli answered and said, “Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked H7592 of Him.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:20 - It came about [fn]in due time, after Hannah had conceived, that she gave birth to a son; and she named him Samuel, saying, “Because I have asked H7592 him of the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:27 - “For this boy I prayed, and the LORD has given me my petition which I asked H7592 of Him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:28 - “So I have also [fn]dedicated H7592 him to the LORD; as long as he lives he is [fn]dedicated H7592 to the LORD.” And he worshiped the LORD there.

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