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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7592 - šā'al

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2303

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x

The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x
The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).
  1. to ask, enquire, borrow, beg

    1. (Qal)

      1. to ask, ask for

      2. to ask (as a favour), borrow

      3. to enquire, enquire of

      4. to enquire of, consult (of deity, oracle)

      5. to seek

    2. (Niphal) to ask for oneself, ask leave of absence

    3. (Piel)

      1. to enquire, enquire carefully

      2. to beg, practise beggary

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to be given on request

      2. to grant, make over to, let (one) ask (successfully) or give or lend on request (then) grant or make over to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.
STRONGS H7592: Abbreviations
שָׁאַל 170 verb ask, inquire (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian ša’âlu, Arabic bdb098101, Ethiopic bdb098102 Sabean מסאל request petition, HomChrest. 124 Levy-OsZMG xix(1865), 165; Aramaic bdb098103, שְׁאֵיל; Old Aramaic Zinjirli שאל Ldzb371, Nabataean Hiph. lend Idib.; — on שׁ׳ compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 82 ff.); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singularשׁ׳ Judges 5:25 +, שָׁאָ֑ל Judges 8:26 + 2 times; consecutive וְשָׁ֫אַל לוֺ Numbers 27:21; suffix וּשְׁאֵלְךָ consecutive Genesis 32:18 (Ges§ 64 f), וּשְׁאֵלֵךְ consecutive Judges 4:20; 1st person singular suffix שְׁאִלְתִּיו 1 Samuel 1:20, שְׁאִלְתִּיהוּ Judges 13:16; 3rd person plural suffix שְׁאֵלוּנוּ Psalm 137:3; 2nd person masculine plural שְׁאֶלְתֶּם 1 Samuel 12:13 (strike out Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and most), Job 21:29, וּשְׁאֶלָתֶּםֿ consecutive 1 Samuel 25:5, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁאַל Exodus 22:13 +,etc.; Imperative שְׁאַל Isaiah 7:11 +, שְׁאָלוּנִי Isaiah 45:11 (< תִּשְׁאְֵלוּנִי Weir Che and others), etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל Genesis 43:7 +; construct לִשְׁאֹל Judges 1:14 +, etc.; Participle active שֹׁאֵל 2 Samuel 3:13 +, feminine singular שֹׁאֶלֶת 1 Kings 2:20, 22, masculine plural הַשֹּׁאֲלִים 1 Samuel 8:10; passive שָׁאוּל 1 Samuel 1:28; 2 Kings 6:5; —
a. ask, ask for, accusative of thing (or person) Judges 5:25; Judges 8:26; 1 Kings 3:10; Psalm 122:6 (= pray for) +; אֶתנַֿפְשׁוֺ לָמוּת שׁ׳ 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:8, i.e. pray for death, but Job 31:30 demand the life of another בְּאָלָה by a curse; with ל person 1 Kings 2:22 (twice in verse) + (ל person reflexive) 1 Samuel 12:17, 19 +; with מִן person Judges 8:24 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Ezra 8:22; Zechariah 10:1 +; followed by infinitive 1 Kings 3:11; followed by clause מָה אֶתֶּןלָֽֿךְ׃ שׁ׳ 1 Kings 3:5 2 Chronicles 1:7, compare 2 Kings 2:9; with accusative + מֵאֵת person 1 Samuel 8:10; Psalm 27:4 (from י׳) +; + מֵעִם person Isaiah 7:11 (from י׳) +; with accusative of person (from whom) + of thing Psalm 137:3; accusative omitted Isaiah 7:12; 1 Samuel 12:20; 1 Kings 2:20, with מִן person Psalm 2:8; absolute Micah 7:3; Psalm 105:40 (of prayer); הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֺל 2 Kings 2:10, i.e. thou hast asked for a difficult thing. — 1 Samuel 2:20 see Hiph.
b. specifically ask as a favour, for temporary use, i.e. borrow (compare לָוָה, as matter of business, see Bu1 Samuel 1:28), Exodus 22:13 (E; accusative of thing + מֵעִם person), 2 Kings 4:3 (accusative of thing + מִן of source + ל person reflexive), 2 Kings 6:5 (passive participle absolute); so also (according to many), with accusative of thing Exodus 3:22 (+ מִן person), Exodus 11:2; Exodus 12:35 (both + מֵאֵת person; all E), — it is, however, not clear that there was any pretext of mere temporary use; passive participle שָׁאוּל לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 (lent, granted,) made over to י׳ (in effect passive of Hiph., which see).
c. in weakened sense, seek, desire (late), with accusative 2 Chronicles 11:23; Ecclesiastes 2:10 (subject עֵינַי); Proverbs 20:4 in harvest he shall look [for a crop], וָאָ֑יִן and there shall be none.
a. inquire of, with accusative of person + לֵאמֹר before inquiry Genesis 32:18 (E), Genesis 44:19 (J) +; with וְאָמַר Judges 4:20, וַיּאִמֶר, etc., Genesis 24:47(J), Jeremiah 37:13; followed by וְאָמַר without accusative of person Genesis 32:30 (J), compare 1 Samuel 19:22, followed by לֵאמֹר Joshua 4:6 (JE); with accusative of person + עַל of thing Nehemiah 1:2; עַל of thing alone, Ecclesiastes 7:10 (+ מֵחָכְמָה, i. e. prompted by wisdom); with accusative of person + of thing (about which) 2 Samuel 14:18; Isaiah 45:11 + 4 times; accusative of person + indirect question Judges 13:6; with accusative of person only, Judges 8:14; 1 Samuel 25:8; Deuteronomy 32:7 +, inquire of beasts (accusative) Job 12:7; with accusative of thing only, Jeremiah 50:5; with ל person = accusative 2 Kings 8:6 (KöSynt. § 289 h); with ל of thing about which Genesis 26:7 (J), Genesis 32:30 (J), Judges 13:18; 2 Samuel 11:7; Jeremiah 6:16; Job 8:8, also (+ לאמר before the inquiry) Genesis 43:7 (J), and (followed by direct question) Deuteronomy 4:32; with ל person about whom, Genesis 43:27 (J), compare phrase of greeting, אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ לְשָׁלוֺם שׁ׳ Exodus 18:7 (E) ask each for (or about) his fellow as to welfare, compare Judges 18:15; 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 17:22; 1 Samuel 25:5; 1 Samuel 30:21 [read וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ לוֺ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version We Dr HPS Bu] 2 Samuel 8:10; Jeremiah 15:5; 1 Chronicles 18:10; followed by direct question only, 1 Samuel 17:56; Jeremiah 18:13 (with ב location), followed by indirect question only (with אִם) Jeremiah 30:6; אֶת־פִּי שׁ'פ׳ Genesis 24:57(J); absolute make inquiry Deuteronomy 13:15 (+ דָּרַשׁ, חָקַר).
†b. inquire of, consult, deity, oracle, etc. (JastrJBL xix (1900) 88 ff.), followed by accusative י'פִּי Joshua 9:14 (JE), Isaiah 30:2 י׳ Isaiah 65:1 (|| בִּקֵּשׁ); elsewhere in Hexateuch only (accusative omitted), Numbers 27:21 (P; with ל person for whom, + ב instrumental), compare Joshua 19:50; also אוֺב שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:11 (participle as substantive; JägerBAS ii. 292 compare Assyrian maššaku ša šâ’ili, i.e. skin-vessel of the oracle-seeker, compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 96 ff.); with accusative of human agent 1 Samuel 28:16; Jeremiah 38:14, 27; usually (ancient usage, chiefly Judges, Samuel) לֵאמֹר בי׳ שׁ׳ (בְּ perhaps originally local, so GFM, or instrumental), Judges 1:1; Judges 20:23; 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 30:8; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19 = 1 Chronicles 14:10; לֵאמֹר omitted 1 Samuel 10:22 (followed by direct question), 1 Samuel 22:10 (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 5:23 = 1 Chronicles 14:14; Judges 20:27; בֵּאלֹהִים שׁ׳ Judges 18:5; Judges 20:18; 1 Samuel 14:37; (followed by direct question), also (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 22:13, 15; שׁ׳ בִּדְבַר הָא׳ 2 Samuel 16:23; likewise בְּעֵצוֺ שׁ׳ Hosea 4:12 (i.e. his idol), בַּתְּרָפִים Ezekiel 21:26, בָּאוֺב 1 Chronicles 10:13; perhaps = receive as oracle Deuteronomy 18:16 (מֵעִם י׳, Jastrl.c.
Niph. ask for oneself (Ges§ 51 e), specifically ask leave of absence, with מִן person: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular + Infinitive absolute נִשְׁאֹל נִשְׁאַל 1 Samuel 20:6 (followed by infinitive), 1 Samuel 20:28 (followed by עַד; ? insert ל infinitive HPS); Perfect 1st person singular נִשְׁאַלְתִּי מִןהַֿמֶּלֶךְ Nehemiah 13:6 (absolute).
1. inquire carefully: Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural + Qal Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל יְשָֽׁאֲלוּ 2 Samuel 20:18 (Bu proposes Qal Imperfect יִשְׁאֲלוּ), with ב location; on following context see We Dr HPS Bu.
2. beg, practise beggary,,Perfect 3rd person plural וְשִׁאֵ֑לוּ (consecutive) Psalm 109:10.
Hiph. (properly let one ask [successfully], give, or lend, on request, then) grant, make over to (as a favour, with or without request): Perfect 1st person singular suffix הִשְׁאִלְתִּהוּ לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 I have made him over to י׳ (compare Dr HPS Bu and Qal Passive participle, ib.); perhaps also read 3rd person feminine singular הִשְׁאִילָה לי׳ 1 Samuel 2:20 (whom) she hath made over to י׳ (for שָׁאַל לי׳) Bu HPS (after Greek Version of the LXX. in part; other conjectures in Dr); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural suffix of thing וַיַּשְׁאִלוּם Exodus 12:36 (E) and they handed them over.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7593.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:47; 24:57; 26:7; 32:18; 32:18; 32:30; 32:30; 43:7; 43:7; 43:27; 44:19


3:22; 11:2; 12:35; 12:36; 18:7; 22:13; 22:13


27:21; 27:21


4:32; 13:15; 18:11; 18:16; 32:7


4:6; 9:14; 19:50


1:1; 1:14; 4:20; 4:20; 5:25; 5:25; 8:14; 8:24; 8:26; 8:26; 13:6; 13:16; 13:18; 18:5; 18:15; 20:18; 20:23; 20:27

1 Samuel

1:20; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 2:20; 2:20; 8:10; 8:10; 10:4; 10:22; 12:13; 12:17; 12:19; 12:20; 14:37; 17:22; 17:56; 19:22; 20:6; 20:28; 22:10; 22:13; 22:15; 23:2; 23:4; 25:5; 25:5; 25:8; 28:6; 28:16; 30:8; 30:21

2 Samuel

2:1; 3:13; 5:19; 5:23; 8:10; 11:7; 14:18; 16:23; 20:18

1 Kings

2:20; 2:20; 2:22; 2:22; 3:5; 3:10; 3:11; 19:4

2 Kings

2:9; 2:10; 4:3; 6:5; 6:5; 8:6

1 Chronicles

10:13; 14:10; 14:14; 18:10

2 Chronicles

1:7; 11:23




1:2; 13:6


8:8; 12:7; 21:29; 31:30


2:8; 27:4; 105:40; 109:10; 122:6; 137:3; 137:3




2:10; 7:10


7:11; 7:11; 7:12; 30:2; 45:11; 45:11; 65:1


6:16; 15:5; 18:13; 30:6; 37:13; 38:14; 38:27; 50:5











Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7592 matches the Hebrew שָׁאַל (šā'al),
which occurs 176 times in 157 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 24:47–1Sa 1:28)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:47 - “I asked her, ‘Whose daughter are you?’ “She said, ‘The daughter of Bethuel son of Nahor, whom Milkah bore to him.’ “Then I put the ring in her nose and the bracelets on her arms,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:57 - Then they said, “Let’s call the young woman and ask her about it.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:7 - When the men of that place asked him about his wife, he said, “She is my sister,” because he was afraid to say, “She is my wife.” He thought, “The men of this place might kill me on account of Rebekah, because she is beautiful.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:17 - He instructed the one in the lead: “When my brother Esau meets you and asks, ‘Who do you belong to, and where are you going, and who owns all these animals in front of you?’
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:29 - Jacob said, “Please tell me your name.” But he replied, “Why do you ask my name?” Then he blessed him there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:15 - a man found him wandering around in the fields and asked him, “What are you looking for?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:21 - He asked the men who lived there, “Where is the shrine prostitute who was beside the road at Enaim?” “There hasn’t been any shrine prostitute here,” they said.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:7 - So he asked Pharaoh’s officials who were in custody with him in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:7 - They replied, “The man questioned us closely about ourselves and our family. ‘Is your father still living?’ he asked us. ‘Do you have another brother?’ We simply answered his questions. How were we to know he would say, ‘Bring your brother down here’?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:27 - He asked them how they were, and then he said, “How is your aged father you told me about? Is he still living?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:19 - My lord asked his servants, ‘Do you have a father or a brother?’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:22 - Every woman is to ask her neighbor and any woman living in her house for articles of silver and gold and for clothing, which you will put on your sons and daughters. And so you will plunder the Egyptians.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:2 - Tell the people that men and women alike are to ask their neighbors for articles of silver and gold.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:35 - The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:36 - The LORD had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:14 - “In days to come, when your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ say to him, ‘With a mighty hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:7 - So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed down and kissed him. They greeted each other and then went into the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:14 - “If anyone borrows an animal from their neighbor and it is injured or dies while the owner is not present, they must make restitution.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:21 - He is to stand before Eleazar the priest, who will obtain decisions for him by inquiring of the Urim before the LORD. At his command he and the entire community of the Israelites will go out, and at his command they will come in.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:32 - Ask now about the former days, long before your time, from the day God created human beings on the earth; ask from one end of the heavens to the other. Has anything so great as this ever happened, or has anything like it ever been heard of?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:20 - In the future, when your son asks you, “What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the LORD our God has commanded you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:12 - And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God ask of you but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in obedience to him, to love him, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:14 - then you must inquire, probe and investigate it thoroughly. And if it is true and it has been proved that this detestable thing has been done among you,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:26 - Use the silver to buy whatever you like: cattle, sheep, wine or other fermented drink, or anything you wish. Then you and your household shall eat there in the presence of the LORD your God and rejoice.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:11 - or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:16 - For this is what you asked of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said, “Let us not hear the voice of the LORD our God nor see this great fire anymore, or we will die.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:7 - Remember the days of old; consider the generations long past. Ask your father and he will tell you, your elders, and they will explain to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:6 - to serve as a sign among you. In the future, when your children ask you, ‘What do these stones mean?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:21 - He said to the Israelites, “In the future when your descendants ask their parents, ‘What do these stones mean?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:14 - The Israelites sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:18 - One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him[fn] to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:50 - as the LORD had commanded. They gave him the town he asked for—Timnath Serah[fn] in the hill country of Ephraim. And he built up the town and settled there.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:1 - After the death of Joshua, the Israelites asked the LORD, “Who of us is to go up first to fight against the Canaanites?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:14 - One day when she came to Othniel, she urged him[fn] to ask her father for a field. When she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her, “What can I do for you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:20 - “Stand in the doorway of the tent,” he told her. “If someone comes by and asks you, ‘Is anyone in there?’ say ‘No.’ ”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:25 - He asked for water, and she gave him milk; in a bowl fit for nobles she brought him curdled milk.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:14 - He caught a young man of Sukkoth and questioned him, and the young man wrote down for him the names of the seventy-seven officials of Sukkoth, the elders of the town.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:24 - And he said, “I do have one request, that each of you give me an earring from your share of the plunder.” (It was the custom of the Ishmaelites to wear gold earrings.)
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:26 - The weight of the gold rings he asked for came to seventeen hundred shekels,[fn] not counting the ornaments, the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Midian or the chains that were on their camels’ necks.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:6 - Then the woman went to her husband and told him, “A man of God came to me. He looked like an angel of God, very awesome. I didn’t ask him where he came from, and he didn’t tell me his name.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:18 - He replied, “Why do you ask my name? It is beyond understanding.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:5 - Then they said to him, “Please inquire of God to learn whether our journey will be successful.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:15 - So they turned in there and went to the house of the young Levite at Micah’s place and greeted him.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:18 - The Israelites went up to Bethel[fn] and inquired of God. They said, “Who of us is to go up first to fight against the Benjamites?” The LORD replied, “Judah shall go first.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:23 - The Israelites went up and wept before the LORD until evening, and they inquired of the LORD. They said, “Shall we go up again to fight against the Benjamites, our fellow Israelites?” The LORD answered, “Go up against them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:27 - And the Israelites inquired of the LORD. (In those days the ark of the covenant of God was there,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:17 - Eli answered, “Go in peace, and may the God of Israel grant you what you have asked of him.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:20 - So in the course of time Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel,[fn] saying, “Because I asked the LORD for him.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:27 - I prayed for this child, and the LORD has granted me what I asked of him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:28 - So now I give him to the LORD. For his whole life he will be given over to the LORD.” And he worshiped the LORD there.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Sa 2:20–1Ch 4:10

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