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Lexicon :: Strong's H7592 - šā'al

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2303

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x

The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 173x
The KJV translates Strong's H7592 in the following manner: ask (94x), enquire (22x), desire (9x), require (7x), borrow (6x), salute (4x), demand (4x), lent (4x), request (3x), earnestly (2x), beg (2x), miscellaneous (16x).
  1. to ask, enquire, borrow, beg

    1. (Qal)

      1. to ask, ask for

      2. to ask (as a favour), borrow

      3. to enquire, enquire of

      4. to enquire of, consult (of deity, oracle)

      5. to seek

    2. (Niphal) to ask for oneself, ask leave of absence

    3. (Piel)

      1. to enquire, enquire carefully

      2. to beg, practise beggary

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to be given on request

      2. to grant, make over to, let (one) ask (successfully) or give or lend on request (then) grant or make over to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁאַל shâʼal, shaw-al'; or שָׁאֵל shâʼêl; a primitive root; to inquire; by implication, to request; by extension, to demand:—ask (counsel, on), beg, borrow, lay to charge, consult, demand, desire, × earnestly, enquire, greet, obtain leave, lend, pray, request, require, salute, × straitly, × surely, wish.
STRONGS H7592: Abbreviations
שָׁאַל 170 verb ask, inquire (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian ša’âlu, Arabic bdb098101, Ethiopic bdb098102 Sabean מסאל request petition, HomChrest. 124 Levy-OsZMG xix(1865), 165; Aramaic bdb098103, שְׁאֵיל; Old Aramaic Zinjirli שאל Ldzb371, Nabataean Hiph. lend Idib.; — on שׁ׳ compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 82 ff.); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singularשׁ׳ Judges 5:25 +, שָׁאָ֑ל Judges 8:26 + 2 times; consecutive וְשָׁ֫אַל לוֺ Numbers 27:21; suffix וּשְׁאֵלְךָ consecutive Genesis 32:18 (Ges§ 64 f), וּשְׁאֵלֵךְ consecutive Judges 4:20; 1st person singular suffix שְׁאִלְתִּיו 1 Samuel 1:20, שְׁאִלְתִּיהוּ Judges 13:16; 3rd person plural suffix שְׁאֵלוּנוּ Psalm 137:3; 2nd person masculine plural שְׁאֶלְתֶּם 1 Samuel 12:13 (strike out Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and most), Job 21:29, וּשְׁאֶלָתֶּםֿ consecutive 1 Samuel 25:5, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁאַל Exodus 22:13 +,etc.; Imperative שְׁאַל Isaiah 7:11 +, שְׁאָלוּנִי Isaiah 45:11 (< תִּשְׁאְֵלוּנִי Weir Che and others), etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל Genesis 43:7 +; construct לִשְׁאֹל Judges 1:14 +, etc.; Participle active שֹׁאֵל 2 Samuel 3:13 +, feminine singular שֹׁאֶלֶת 1 Kings 2:20, 22, masculine plural הַשֹּׁאֲלִים 1 Samuel 8:10; passive שָׁאוּל 1 Samuel 1:28; 2 Kings 6:5; —
a. ask, ask for, accusative of thing (or person) Judges 5:25; Judges 8:26; 1 Kings 3:10; Psalm 122:6 (= pray for) +; אֶתנַֿפְשׁוֺ לָמוּת שׁ׳ 1 Kings 19:4; Jonah 4:8, i.e. pray for death, but Job 31:30 demand the life of another בְּאָלָה by a curse; with ל person 1 Kings 2:22 (twice in verse) + (ל person reflexive) 1 Samuel 12:17, 19 +; with מִן person Judges 8:24 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Ezra 8:22; Zechariah 10:1 +; followed by infinitive 1 Kings 3:11; followed by clause מָה אֶתֶּןלָֽֿךְ׃ שׁ׳ 1 Kings 3:5 2 Chronicles 1:7, compare 2 Kings 2:9; with accusative + מֵאֵת person 1 Samuel 8:10; Psalm 27:4 (from י׳) +; + מֵעִם person Isaiah 7:11 (from י׳) +; with accusative of person (from whom) + of thing Psalm 137:3; accusative omitted Isaiah 7:12; 1 Samuel 12:20; 1 Kings 2:20, with מִן person Psalm 2:8; absolute Micah 7:3; Psalm 105:40 (of prayer); הִקְשִׁיתָ לִשְׁאוֺל 2 Kings 2:10, i.e. thou hast asked for a difficult thing. — 1 Samuel 2:20 see Hiph.
b. specifically ask as a favour, for temporary use, i.e. borrow (compare לָוָה, as matter of business, see Bu1 Samuel 1:28), Exodus 22:13 (E; accusative of thing + מֵעִם person), 2 Kings 4:3 (accusative of thing + מִן of source + ל person reflexive), 2 Kings 6:5 (passive participle absolute); so also (according to many), with accusative of thing Exodus 3:22 (+ מִן person), Exodus 11:2; Exodus 12:35 (both + מֵאֵת person; all E), — it is, however, not clear that there was any pretext of mere temporary use; passive participle שָׁאוּל לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 (lent, granted,) made over to י׳ (in effect passive of Hiph., which see).
c. in weakened sense, seek, desire (late), with accusative 2 Chronicles 11:23; Ecclesiastes 2:10 (subject עֵינַי); Proverbs 20:4 in harvest he shall look [for a crop], וָאָ֑יִן and there shall be none.
a. inquire of, with accusative of person + לֵאמֹר before inquiry Genesis 32:18 (E), Genesis 44:19 (J) +; with וְאָמַר Judges 4:20, וַיּאִמֶר, etc., Genesis 24:47(J), Jeremiah 37:13; followed by וְאָמַר without accusative of person Genesis 32:30 (J), compare 1 Samuel 19:22, followed by לֵאמֹר Joshua 4:6 (JE); with accusative of person + עַל of thing Nehemiah 1:2; עַל of thing alone, Ecclesiastes 7:10 (+ מֵחָכְמָה, i. e. prompted by wisdom); with accusative of person + of thing (about which) 2 Samuel 14:18; Isaiah 45:11 + 4 times; accusative of person + indirect question Judges 13:6; with accusative of person only, Judges 8:14; 1 Samuel 25:8; Deuteronomy 32:7 +, inquire of beasts (accusative) Job 12:7; with accusative of thing only, Jeremiah 50:5; with ל person = accusative 2 Kings 8:6 (KöSynt. § 289 h); with ל of thing about which Genesis 26:7 (J), Genesis 32:30 (J), Judges 13:18; 2 Samuel 11:7; Jeremiah 6:16; Job 8:8, also (+ לאמר before the inquiry) Genesis 43:7 (J), and (followed by direct question) Deuteronomy 4:32; with ל person about whom, Genesis 43:27 (J), compare phrase of greeting, אִישׁ לְרֵעֵהוּ לְשָׁלוֺם שׁ׳ Exodus 18:7 (E) ask each for (or about) his fellow as to welfare, compare Judges 18:15; 1 Samuel 10:4; 1 Samuel 17:22; 1 Samuel 25:5; 1 Samuel 30:21 [read וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ לוֺ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version We Dr HPS Bu] 2 Samuel 8:10; Jeremiah 15:5; 1 Chronicles 18:10; followed by direct question only, 1 Samuel 17:56; Jeremiah 18:13 (with ב location), followed by indirect question only (with אִם) Jeremiah 30:6; אֶת־פִּי שׁ'פ׳ Genesis 24:57(J); absolute make inquiry Deuteronomy 13:15 (+ דָּרַשׁ, חָקַר).
†b. inquire of, consult, deity, oracle, etc. (JastrJBL xix (1900) 88 ff.), followed by accusative י'פִּי Joshua 9:14 (JE), Isaiah 30:2 י׳ Isaiah 65:1 (|| בִּקֵּשׁ); elsewhere in Hexateuch only (accusative omitted), Numbers 27:21 (P; with ל person for whom, + ב instrumental), compare Joshua 19:50; also אוֺב שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:11 (participle as substantive; JägerBAS ii. 292 compare Assyrian maššaku ša šâ’ili, i.e. skin-vessel of the oracle-seeker, compare JastrJBL xix (1900), 96 ff.); with accusative of human agent 1 Samuel 28:16; Jeremiah 38:14, 27; usually (ancient usage, chiefly Judges, Samuel) לֵאמֹר בי׳ שׁ׳ (בְּ perhaps originally local, so GFM, or instrumental), Judges 1:1; Judges 20:23; 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 30:8; 2 Samuel 2:1; 2 Samuel 5:19 = 1 Chronicles 14:10; לֵאמֹר omitted 1 Samuel 10:22 (followed by direct question), 1 Samuel 22:10 (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 28:6; 2 Samuel 5:23 = 1 Chronicles 14:14; Judges 20:27; בֵּאלֹהִים שׁ׳ Judges 18:5; Judges 20:18; 1 Samuel 14:37; (followed by direct question), also (ל person for whom), 1 Samuel 22:13, 15; שׁ׳ בִּדְבַר הָא׳ 2 Samuel 16:23; likewise בְּעֵצוֺ שׁ׳ Hosea 4:12 (i.e. his idol), בַּתְּרָפִים Ezekiel 21:26, בָּאוֺב 1 Chronicles 10:13; perhaps = receive as oracle Deuteronomy 18:16 (מֵעִם י׳, Jastrl.c.
Niph. ask for oneself (Ges§ 51 e), specifically ask leave of absence, with מִן person: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular + Infinitive absolute נִשְׁאֹל נִשְׁאַל 1 Samuel 20:6 (followed by infinitive), 1 Samuel 20:28 (followed by עַד; ? insert ל infinitive HPS); Perfect 1st person singular נִשְׁאַלְתִּי מִןהַֿמֶּלֶךְ Nehemiah 13:6 (absolute).
1. inquire carefully: Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural + Qal Infinitive absolute שָׁאוֺל יְשָֽׁאֲלוּ 2 Samuel 20:18 (Bu proposes Qal Imperfect יִשְׁאֲלוּ), with ב location; on following context see We Dr HPS Bu.
2. beg, practise beggary,,Perfect 3rd person plural וְשִׁאֵ֑לוּ (consecutive) Psalm 109:10.
Hiph. (properly let one ask [successfully], give, or lend, on request, then) grant, make over to (as a favour, with or without request): Perfect 1st person singular suffix הִשְׁאִלְתִּהוּ לי׳ 1 Samuel 1:28 I have made him over to י׳ (compare Dr HPS Bu and Qal Passive participle, ib.); perhaps also read 3rd person feminine singular הִשְׁאִילָה לי׳ 1 Samuel 2:20 (whom) she hath made over to י׳ (for שָׁאַל לי׳) Bu HPS (after Greek Version of the LXX. in part; other conjectures in Dr); Imperfect 3rd person masculine plural suffix of thing וַיַּשְׁאִלוּם Exodus 12:36 (E) and they handed them over.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7593.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:47; 24:57; 26:7; 32:18; 32:18; 32:30; 32:30; 43:7; 43:7; 43:27; 44:19


3:22; 11:2; 12:35; 12:36; 18:7; 22:13; 22:13


27:21; 27:21


4:32; 13:15; 18:11; 18:16; 32:7


4:6; 9:14; 19:50


1:1; 1:14; 4:20; 4:20; 5:25; 5:25; 8:14; 8:24; 8:26; 8:26; 13:6; 13:16; 13:18; 18:5; 18:15; 20:18; 20:23; 20:27

1 Samuel

1:20; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 1:28; 2:20; 2:20; 8:10; 8:10; 10:4; 10:22; 12:13; 12:17; 12:19; 12:20; 14:37; 17:22; 17:56; 19:22; 20:6; 20:28; 22:10; 22:13; 22:15; 23:2; 23:4; 25:5; 25:5; 25:8; 28:6; 28:16; 30:8; 30:21

2 Samuel

2:1; 3:13; 5:19; 5:23; 8:10; 11:7; 14:18; 16:23; 20:18

1 Kings

2:20; 2:20; 2:22; 2:22; 3:5; 3:10; 3:11; 19:4

2 Kings

2:9; 2:10; 4:3; 6:5; 6:5; 8:6

1 Chronicles

10:13; 14:10; 14:14; 18:10

2 Chronicles

1:7; 11:23




1:2; 13:6


8:8; 12:7; 21:29; 31:30


2:8; 27:4; 105:40; 109:10; 122:6; 137:3; 137:3




2:10; 7:10


7:11; 7:11; 7:12; 30:2; 45:11; 45:11; 65:1


6:16; 15:5; 18:13; 30:6; 37:13; 38:14; 38:27; 50:5











Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7592 matches the Hebrew שָׁאַל (šā'al),
which occurs 176 times in 157 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 24:47–1Sa 1:28)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:47 - Then I asked her, 'Whose daughter are you?' She said, The daughter of Bethu'el, Nahor's son, whom Milcah bore to him.' So I put the ring on her nose, and the bracelets on her arms.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:57 - They said, "We will call the maiden, and ask her."
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:7 - When the men of the place asked him about his wife, he said, "She is my sister"; for he feared to say, "My wife," thinking, "lest the men of the place should kill me for the sake of Rebekah"; because she was fair to look upon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:17 - He instructed the foremost, "When Esau my brother meets you, and asks you, 'To whom do you belong? Where are you going? And whose are these before you?'
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:29 - Then Jacob asked him, "Tell me, I pray, your name." But he said, "Why is it that you ask my name?" And there he blessed him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:15 - And a man found him wandering in the fields; and the man asked him, "What are you seeking?"
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:21 - And he asked the men of the place, "Where is the harlot who was at Enaim by the wayside?" And they said, "No harlot has been here."
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:7 - So he asked Pharaoh's officers who were with him in custody in his master's house, "Why are your faces downcast today?"
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:7 - They replied, "The man questioned us carefully about ourselves and our kindred, saying, 'Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?' What we told him was in answer to these questions; could we in any way know that he would say, 'Bring your brother down'?"
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:27 - And he inquired about their welfare, and said, "Is your father well, the old man of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?"
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:19 - My lord asked his servants, saying, 'Have you a father, or a brother?'
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 3:22 - but each woman shall ask of her neighbor, and of her who sojourns in her house, jewelry of silver and of gold, and clothing, and you shall put them on your sons and on your daughters; thus you shall despoil the Egyptians."
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:2 - Speak now in the hearing of the people, that they ask, every man of his neighbor and every woman of her neighbor, jewelry of silver and of gold."
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:35 - The people of Israel had also done as Moses told them, for they had asked of the Egyptians jewelry of silver and of gold, and clothing;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:36 - and the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. Thus they despoiled the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 13:14 - And when in time to come your son asks you, 'What does this mean?' you shall say to him, 'By strength of hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:7 - Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and did obeisance and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare, and went into the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:14 - "If a man borrows anything of his neighbor, and it is hurt or dies, the owner not being with it, he shall make full restitution.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 27:21 - And he shall stand before Elea'zar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the judgment of the Urim before the LORD; at his word they shall go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he and all the people of Israel with him, the whole congregation."
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:32 - "For ask now of the days that are past, which were before you, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and ask from one end of heaven to the other, whether such a great thing as this has ever happened or was ever heard of.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:20 - "When your son asks you in time to come, 'What is the meaning of the testimonies and the statutes and the ordinances which the LORD our God has commanded you?'
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:12 - "And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God require of you, but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him, to serve the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:14 - then you shall inquire and make search and ask diligently; and behold, if it be true and certain that such an abominable thing has been done among you,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:26 - and spend the money for whatever you desire, oxen, or sheep, or wine or strong drink, whatever your appetite craves; and you shall eat there before the LORD your God and rejoice, you and your household.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:11 - or a charmer, or a medium, or a wizard, or a necromancer.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:16 - just as you desired of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly, when you said, 'Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, or see this great fire any more, lest I die.'
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:7 - Remember the days of old, consider the years of many generations; ask your father, and he will show you; your elders, and they will tell you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:6 - that this may be a sign among you, when your children ask in time to come, 'What do those stones mean to you?'
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:21 - And he said to the people of Israel, "When your children ask their fathers in time to come, 'What do these stones mean?'
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:14 - So the men partook of their provisions, and did not ask direction from the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 15:18 - When she came to him, she urged him to ask her father for a field; and she alighted from her ass, and Caleb said to her, "What do you wish?"
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:50 - By command of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, Tim'nath-se'rah in the hill country of E'phraim; and he rebuilt the city, and settled in it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:1 - After the death of Joshua the people of Israel inquired of the LORD, "Who shall go up first for us against the Canaanites, to fight against them?"
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 1:14 - When she came to him, she urged him to ask her father for a field; and she alighted from her ass, and Caleb said to her, "What do you wish?"
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 4:20 - And he said to her, "Stand at the door of the tent, and if any man comes and asks you, 'Is any one here?' say, No."
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:25 - He asked water and she gave him milk, she brought him curds in a lordly bowl.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:14 - And he caught a young man of Succoth, and questioned him; and he wrote down for him the officials and elders of Succoth, seventy-seven men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:24 - And Gideon said to them, "Let me make a request of you; give me every man of you the earrings of his spoil." (For they had golden earrings, because they were Ish'maelites.)
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:26 - And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was one thousand seven hundred shekels of gold; besides the crescents and the pendants and the purple garments worn by the kings of Mid'ian, and besides the collars that were about the necks of their camels.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:6 - Then the woman came and told her husband, "A man of God came to me, and his countenance was like the countenance of the angel of God, very terrible; I did not ask him whence he was, and he did not tell me his name;
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:18 - And the angel of the LORD said to him, "Why do you ask my name, seeing it is wonderful?"
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:5 - And they said to him, "Inquire of God, we pray thee, that we may know whether the journey on which we are setting out will succeed."
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:15 - And they turned aside thither, and came to the house of the young Levite, at the home of Micah, and asked him of his welfare.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:18 - The people of Israel arose and went up to Bethel, and inquired of God, "Which of us shall go up first to battle against the Benjaminites?" And the LORD said, "Judah shall go up first."
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:23 - And the people of Israel went up and wept before the LORD until the evening; and they inquired of the LORD, "Shall we again draw near to battle against our brethren the Benjaminites?" And the LORD said, "Go up against them."
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:27 - And the people of Israel inquired of the LORD (for the ark of the covenant of God was there in those days,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:17 - Then Eli answered, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have made to him."
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:20 - and in due time Hannah conceived and bore a son, and she called his name Samuel, for she said, "I have asked him of the LORD."
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:27 - For this child I prayed; and the LORD has granted me my petition which I made to him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:28 - Therefore I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he lives, he is lent to the LORD." And they worshiped the LORD there.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Sa 2:20–1Ch 4:10

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