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Lexicon :: Strong's H7617 - šāḇâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2311

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁבָה shâbâh, shaw-baw'; a primitive root; to transport into captivity:—(bring away, carry, carry away, lead, lead away, take) captive(-s), drive (take) away.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x

The KJV translates Strong's H7617 in the following manner: (carry, take away, ...) captive (37x), (take, drive, ...) away (8x), take (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 47x
The KJV translates Strong's H7617 in the following manner: (carry, take away, ...) captive (37x), (take, drive, ...) away (8x), take (2x).
  1. to take captive

    1. (Qal)

      1. to take captive

      2. captive (participle)

      3. to lead captive

    2. (Niphal) to be taken captive

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁבָה shâbâh, shaw-baw'; a primitive root; to transport into captivity:—(bring away, carry, carry away, lead, lead away, take) captive(-s), drive (take) away.
שָׁבָה verb take captive (Late Hebrew, Old Aramaic id.;Arabic bdb098506 (bdb098507); Aramaic שְׁבָא, bdb098508) —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Jeremiah 41:14; suffixוְשָׁבָם (consecutive) Jeremiah 43:12 (but read וְשָׁבָה Gie; Du conjectures וְֽֽֽשׁמְמוּ); 2nd person masculine singular שָׁבִיתָ 2 Kings 6:22; Psalm 68:19, etc., Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁבְּ Numbers 21:1; Jeremiah 41:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular וּשְׁבֵה Judges 5:12; Infinitive construct שְׁבוֺת Obadiah 11; Participle active plural שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2, etc.; passive masculine plural שְׁבוּיִם Isaiah 61:1, feminine plural construct שְׁבֻיוֺת Genesis 31:26; — take captive
a. with accusative of person, Numbers 24:22 (JE), 1 Samuel 30:2; 2 Kings 5:2; 2 Kings 6:22 (+ ב instrumental) Jeremiah 41:10 (twice in verse) (but Jeremiah 41:10b Gie reads וַיַּשְׁכֵּם, compare Greek Version of the LXX Luc), Jeremiah 41:14, Genesis 34:29 (P), 2 Chronicles 28:8 (+ מִן part), + 6 times; + Jeremiah 43:12 apparently with accusative idols (but see above; accusative land Gie).
b. accusative חֵילוֺ Obadiah 11 הָֽרְכוּשׁ 2 Chronicles 21:17, cattle, etc., 1 Chronicles 5:21; 2 Chronicles 14:14
c. participle in periphrastic conjugation (לְשֹׁבֵיהֶם) וְהָיוּ שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2; participle with suffix = their captives, etc., 1 Kings 8:46 2 Chronicles 6:36; Isaiah 14:2; Jeremiah 50:33, + 5 times; Passive participle Isaiah 61:1 = captives; כִּשְׁבֻיוֺת חָ֑רֶב Genesis 31:26 my daughters as captives of the sword.
2. with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׁבִי Judges 5:12 lead captive thy captives, compare Psalm 68:19; 2 Chronicles 28:17, so (+ מִן person) Numbers 21:1 (JE), and (accusative שִׁבְיָה) 2 Chronicles 28:5, 11; שִׁבְיוֺ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 21:10 = take him captive.
Niph. be taken captive: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִשְׁבָּה, of man Genesis 14:14, of beast Exodus 22:9 (E), of עֵדֶר י׳ Jeremiah 13:17; 3rd person plural נִשְׁבּוּ, human subject 1 Samuel 30:8, 5; 1 Kings 8:47 2 Chronicles 6:37; Ezekiel 6:9.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


14:14; 31:26; 31:26; 34:29




21:1; 21:1; 24:22




5:12; 5:12

1 Samuel

30:2; 30:5; 30:8

1 Kings

8:46; 8:47

2 Kings

5:2; 6:22; 6:22

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

6:36; 6:37; 14:14; 21:17; 28:5; 28:8; 28:11; 28:17


68:19; 68:19


14:2; 14:2; 14:2; 61:1; 61:1


13:17; 41:10; 41:10; 41:10; 41:14; 41:14; 43:12; 43:12; 50:33




1:11; 1:11


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7617 matches the Hebrew שָׁבָה (šāḇâ),
which occurs 47 times in 42 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:14 - When Abram heard that his relative had been taken H7617 captive H7617, he [fn]led out his trained men, born in his house, numbering 318, and went in pursuit as far as Dan.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:26 - Then Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done [fn]by deceiving me and carrying away my daughters like captives H7617 of the sword?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:29 - and they captured H7617 and looted all their wealth and all their little ones and their wives, even everything that was in the houses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:10 - “If someone gives his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep for him, and it dies or is injured or is driven H7617 away H7617 while no one is looking,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:1 - When the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the [fn]Negev, heard that Israel was coming by the way of Atharim, he fought against Israel and took H7617 some of them captive.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 24:22 - “Nevertheless Kain will suffer devastation;
How long will Asshur [fn]keep H7617 you captive H7617?”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:9 - And the sons of Israel took H7617 captive H7617 the women of Midian and their little ones; and they plundered all their cattle, all their flocks, and all their property.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:10 - “When you go out to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God hands them over to you and you take H7617 them away captive,
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:12 - “Awake, awake, Deborah;
Awake, awake, [fn]sing a song!
Arise, Barak, and lead H7617 away H7617 your captives, son of Abinoam.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:2 - and they took H7617 captive H7617 the women and all who were in it, from the small to the great, [fn]without killing anyone, and drove them off and went their way.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:3 - When David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned with fire, and their wives, their sons, and their daughters had been taken H7617 captive H7617.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:5 - Now David’s two wives had been taken H7617 captive H7617, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the [fn]widow of Nabal the Carmelite.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:46 - “When they sin against You (for there is no person who does not sin) and You are angry with them and turn them over to an enemy, so that [fn]they take H7617 them away H7617 captive H7617 to the land of the enemy, distant or near;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:47 - if they [fn]take it to heart in the land where they have been taken H7617 captive H7617, and repent and implore Your [fn]favor in the land of those who have taken H7617 them captive H7617, saying, ‘We have sinned and done wrong, we have acted wickedly’;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:48 - if they return to You with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their enemies who have taken H7617 them captive H7617, and pray to You toward their land which You have given to their fathers, the city which You have chosen, and the house which I have built for Your name;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:50 - and forgive Your people who have sinned against You and all their wrongdoings which they have committed against You, and make them objects of compassion before those who have taken H7617 them captive H7617, so that they will have compassion on them
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:2 - Now the Arameans had gone out in bands and had taken H7617 captive H7617 a little girl from the land of Israel; and she [fn]waited on Naaman’s wife.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:22 - But he [fn]answered, “You shall not [fn]kill them. Would you [fn]kill those whom you have taken H7617 captive H7617 with your sword and your bow? Set bread and water before them, so that they may eat and drink, and go to their master.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 5:21 - They took H7617 away H7617 their livestock: their fifty thousand camels, 250,000 sheep, and two thousand donkeys; and a hundred thousand [fn]people.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:36 - “When they sin against You (for there is no one who does not sin), and You are angry with them and turn them over to an enemy, so that [fn]they take H7617 them away H7617 captive H7617 to a land far off or near,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:37 - if they [fn]take it to heart in the land where they are taken H7617 captive H7617, and repent and plead to You in the land of their captivity, saying, ‘We have sinned, we have done wrong and have acted wickedly’;
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:38 - if they return to You with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, where they have been taken H7617 captive H7617, and pray toward their land which You have given to their fathers and the city which You have chosen, and toward the house which I have built for Your name,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 14:15 - They also fatally struck [fn]those who owned livestock, and they led H7617 away H7617 large numbers of sheep and camels. Then they returned to Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 21:17 - and they came against Judah and invaded it, and carried H7617 away H7617 all the possessions found in the king’s house together with his sons and his wives, so that no son was left to him except [fn]Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 25:12 - The sons of Judah also captured H7617 ten thousand alive and brought them to the top of the cliff, and threw them down from the top of the cliff so that they were all dashed to pieces.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:5 - Therefore the LORD his God handed him over to the king of Aram; and they [fn]defeated him and carried H7617 from him a great number of captives, and brought them to Damascus. And he was also handed over to the king of Israel, who struck him with heavy casualties.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:8 - The sons of Israel led H7617 away H7617 captive H7617 two hundred thousand of their relatives, women, sons, and daughters; and they also [fn]took a great deal of spoils from them, and brought the spoils to Samaria.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:11 - “Now then, listen to me and return the captives whom you captured H7617 from your brothers, for the burning anger of the LORD is against you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:17 - For the Edomites had come again and attacked Judah, and led H7617 away H7617 captives.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:9 - “For if you return to the LORD, your brothers and your sons will find compassion in the presence of those who led H7617 them captive H7617, and will return to this land. For the LORD your God is gracious and compassionate, and will not turn His face away from you if you return to Him.”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 68:18 - You have ascended on high, You have led H7617 captive H7617 Your captives;
You have received gifts among people,
Even among the rebellious as well, that [fn]the LORD God may dwell there.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:46 - He also made them objects of compassion
In the presence of all their captors H7617.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 137:3 - For there our captors H7617 [fn]demanded of us [fn]songs,
And our tormentors, jubilation, saying,
“Sing for us one of the songs of Zion!”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:2 - The peoples will take them along and bring them to their place, and the house of Israel will make them their own possession in the land of the LORD as male and female servants; and [fn]they will take H7617 their captors H7617 captive H7617 and will rule over their oppressors.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 61:1 - The Spirit of the Lord [fn]GOD is upon me,
Because the LORD anointed me
To bring good news to the humble;
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
To proclaim [fn]release to captives H7617
And [fn]freedom to prisoners;
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:17 - But if you do not listen to it,
My soul will weep in secret for such pride;
And my eyes will shed
And stream down tears,
Because the flock of the LORD has been taken H7617 captive H7617.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:10 - Then Ishmael took H7617 captive H7617 all the remnant of the people who were in Mizpah, the king’s daughters and all the people who were left in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard had put in the custody of Gedaliah the son of Ahikam. Ishmael the son of Nethaniah took H7617 them captive H7617 and proceeded to cross over to the sons of Ammon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 41:14 - So all the people whom Ishmael had taken H7617 captive H7617 from Mizpah turned around and came back, and went to Johanan the son of Kareah.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 43:12 - “And [fn]I shall set fire to the temples of the gods of Egypt, and he will burn them and take H7617 them captive H7617. So he will [fn]wrap himself with the land of Egypt as a shepherd [fn]wraps himself with his garment, and he will depart from there safely.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:33 - This is what the LORD of armies says:
“The sons of Israel are oppressed,
And the sons of Judah as well;
And all who took H7617 them captive H7617 have held them firmly,
They have refused to let them go.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:9 - “Then those of you who escape will remember Me among the nations to which they will be taken H7617 captive H7617, how I have [fn]been hurt by their adulterous hearts which turned away from Me, and by their eyes which committed infidelity with their idols; and they will loathe themselves in their own sight for the evils which they have committed, for all their abominations.
Unchecked Copy BoxOba 1:11 - “On the day that you stood aloof,
On the day that strangers carried H7617 off H7617 his wealth,
And foreigners entered his gate
And cast lots for Jerusalem
You too were as one of them.

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