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Lexicon :: Strong's H7673 - šāḇaṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2323, 2323c

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁבַת shâbath, shaw-bath'; a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific):—(cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 71x

The KJV translates Strong's H7673 in the following manner: cease (47x), rest (11x), away (3x), fail (2x), celebrate (1x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 71x
The KJV translates Strong's H7673 in the following manner: cease (47x), rest (11x), away (3x), fail (2x), celebrate (1x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to cease, desist, rest

    1. (Qal)

      1. to cease

      2. to rest, desist (from labour)

    2. (Niphal) to cease

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to cease, put an end to

      2. to exterminate, destroy

      3. to cause to desist from

      4. to remove

      5. to cause to fail

  2. (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁבַת shâbath, shaw-bath'; a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific):—(cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.
STRONGS H7673: Abbreviations
שָׁבַת 71 verb cease, desist, rest (Assyrian šabâtu, probably cease, be completed DlWB ZimKAT 3. 593 (JenZA iv (1889), 277 f. is sceptical); Arabic bdb099101 cut off, interrupt; Late Hebrew has שֶׁבֶת neglect, etc., Aramaic שִׁבְתָּא cost of neglect); —
Qal27 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Genesis 2:3 +; 3rd person plural שָׁבָ֑תוּ Lamentations 5:14, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁבּוֺת Hosea 7:4; יִשְׁבֹּת Proverbs 22:10 + 2 times; 3rd person feminine singular תִּשְׁבֹּת Leviticus 26:35; תִּשְׁבַּת Leviticus 26:34; Nehemiah 6:3 +, etc.; —
1. cease: (absolute + 13 times) of seasons Genesis 8:22 (J); manna Joshua 5:12 (P), etc., Isaiah 14:4 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 6:3 +; with מִן Hosea 7:4 + 3 times
2. desist from labour, rest:
a. with מִן (of god) Genesis 2:2, 3(P).
b. מִן omitted, ב temporal Exodus 23:12 (E), Exodus 16:30; Exodus 34:21 (J), Exodus 31:17 (P); בֶּחָרִישׁ וּבַקָּצִיר שׁ׳ Exodus 34:21 (J; i.e., even in these busy seasons).
c. land in 7th year Leviticus 26:34, 35 (twice in verse) (H), 2 Chronicles 36:21. — Leviticus 23:32; Leviticus 25:2 see [שָׁבַת] verb denominative below.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִשְׁבַּת Isaiah 17:3 + 2 times; plural נִשְׁבְּתוּ Ezekiel 6:6; — cease: absolute Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 30:18; Ezekiel 33:28; with מִן Isaiah 17:3.
Hiph. 40 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁבִּית Ruth 4:14 +; 2nd person masculine singular הִשְׁבַּתָּ Psalm 89:45; Psalm 119:119, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁבִּיתּ Proverbs 18:18; Daniel 9:27; וַיַּשְׁבֵּת 2 Kings 23:11; 2 Chronicles 16:5, etc.; Infinitive construct הַשְׁבִּית Psalm 8:3; לַשְׁבִּית Amos 8:4 (Ges§ 53q); Imperative masculine plural הַשְׁבִּ֫יתוּ Isaiah 30:11; Participle מַשְׁבִּית Jeremiah 16:9; Psalm 46:10; —
1. cause to cease, put an end to: with accusative mirth Hosea 2:13, work 2 Chronicles 16:5; Nehemiah 4:5; sacrifice Daniel 9:27; war Psalm 46:10, compare Isaiah 13:11; Ezekiel 7:24; Proverbs 18:18 + 6 times, + קוֺל שָׂשׂוֺן מִן הִשׁ׳ Jeremiah 7:34; Jeremiah 16:9, compare Jeremiah 48:33.
2. = exterminate, destroy: with accusative 2 Kings 23:5, 11; Amos 8:4 (Now conjectures העשׁקים), Hosea 1:4; Psalm 8:3; Psalm 119:119; with accusative + מִן, Jeremiah 36:29, מִן הָאָרֶץ Leviticus 26:6 (H), Ezekiel 34:25; אלילים Ezekiel 30:13; Deuteronomy 32:26.
3. cause to desist from: with מִן Ezekiel 16:41; Ezekiel 34:10; Exodus 5:5 (E = give rest from); לְבִלְתִּי infinitive Joshua 22:25 (P).
4. remove)= מִן הֵסִיר): with מִן Ezekiel 23:27, 48; Psalm 89:45 (text dubious: read הִשְׁבַּתּוֺ [3] Greek Version of the LXX Du; מַטֵּה הֹדוֺ Herz Che, see also below טֳהָר); leaven מבתים Exodus 12:15 (P); מִמָּנֵינוּ ישׂר׳ אֶחקֿ׳ הַשׁ׳ Isaiah 30:11.
5. cause to fail, let be lacking: salt מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶ֑ךָ Leviticus 2:12 (P); accusative pers + ל person Jeremiah 48:35; Ruth 4:14.

† [שָׁבַת] verb denominative keep, observe (sabbath); —
Qal, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb; Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְשָֽׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ שַׁבָּת לי׳ Leviticus 25:2; 2nd person masculine plural מֵעֶרֶב עַדעֶֿרֶב תִּשְׁבְּתוּ שַׁבַּתְּכֶ֑ם Leviticus 23:32 (P).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:2; 2:3; 2:3; 8:22


5:5; 12:15; 16:30; 23:12; 31:17; 34:21; 34:21


2:12; 23:32; 23:32; 25:2; 25:2; 26:6; 26:34; 26:34; 26:35; 26:35




5:12; 22:25


4:14; 4:14

2 Kings

23:5; 23:11; 23:11

2 Chronicles

16:5; 16:5; 36:21


4:5; 6:3; 6:3


8:3; 8:3; 46:10; 46:10; 89:45; 89:45; 119:119; 119:119


18:18; 18:18; 22:10


13:11; 14:4; 17:3; 17:3; 30:11; 30:11


7:34; 16:9; 16:9; 36:29; 48:33; 48:35




6:6; 6:6; 7:24; 16:41; 23:27; 23:48; 30:13; 30:18; 33:28; 34:10; 34:25


9:27; 9:27


1:4; 2:13; 7:4; 7:4


8:4; 8:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7673 matches the Hebrew שָׁבַת (šāḇaṯ),
which occurs 71 times in 67 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 2:2–Eze 7:24)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:2 - And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested H7673 on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:3 - And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested H7673 from all his work which God created and made.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:22 - While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:5 - And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and ye make them rest H7673 from their burdens.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away H7673 leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:30 - So the people rested H7673 on the seventh day.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:12 - Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: H7673 that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 31:17 - It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, H7673 and was refreshed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:21 - Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: H7673 in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 2:13 - And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking H7673 from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:32 - It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate H7673 your sabbath.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:2 - Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep H7673 a sabbath unto the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:6 - And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid: and I will rid H7673 evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:34 - Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye be in your enemies' land; even then shall the land rest, H7673 and enjoy her sabbaths.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:35 - As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest; H7673 because it did not rest H7673 in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:26 - I said, I would scatter them into corners, I would make the remembrance of them to cease H7673 from among men:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 5:12 - And the manna ceased H7673 on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:25 - For the LORD hath made Jordan a border between us and you, ye children of Reuben and children of Gad; ye have no part in the LORD: so shall your children make H7673  our children cease H7673 from fearing the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 4:14 - And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left H7673 thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:5 - And he put down H7673 the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:11 - And he took away H7673 the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathanmelech the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:5 - And it came to pass, when Baasha heard it, that he left off building of Ramah, and let his work cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:21 - To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, H7673 to fulfil threescore and ten years.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:11 - And our adversaries said, They shall not know, neither see, till we come in the midst among them, and slay them, and cause the work to cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:3 - And I sent messengers unto them, saying, I am doing a great work, so that I cannot come down: why should the work cease, H7673 whilst I leave it, and come down to you?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 32:1 - So these three men ceased H7673 to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 8:2 - Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still H7673 the enemy and the avenger.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 46:9 - He maketh wars to cease H7673 unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:44 - Thou hast made his glory to cease, H7673 and cast his throne down to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:119 - Thou puttest away H7673 all the wicked of the earth like dross: therefore I love thy testimonies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 18:18 - The lot causeth contentions to cease, H7673 and parteth between the mighty.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:10 - Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:11 - And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, H7673 and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:4 - That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! H7673 the golden city ceased! H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 16:10 - And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in their presses; I have made their vintage shouting to cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 17:3 - The fortress also shall cease H7673 from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:2 - A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:8 - The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, H7673 the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:11 - Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease H7673 from before us.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 - The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: H7673 he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:34 - Then will I cause to cease H7673 from the cities of Judah, and from the streets of Jerusalem, the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride: for the land shall be desolate.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:9 - For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will cause to cease H7673 out of this place in your eyes, and in your days, the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:36 - If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease H7673 from being a nation before me for ever.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 36:29 - And thou shalt say to Jehoiakim king of Judah, Thus saith the LORD; Thou hast burned this roll, saying, Why hast thou written therein, saying, The king of Babylon shall certainly come and destroy this land, and shall cause to cease H7673 from thence man and beast?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:33 - And joy and gladness is taken from the plentiful field, and from the land of Moab; and I have caused wine to fail H7673 from the winepresses: none shall tread with shouting; their shouting shall be no shouting.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:35 - Moreover I will cause to cease H7673 in Moab, saith the LORD, him that offereth in the high places, and him that burneth incense to his gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:14 - The elders have ceased H7673 from the gate, the young men from their musick.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:15 - The joy of our heart is ceased; H7673 our dance is turned into mourning.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:6 - In all your dwellingplaces the cities shall be laid waste, and the high places shall be desolate; that your altars may be laid waste and made desolate, and your idols may be broken and cease, H7673 and your images may be cut down, and your works may be abolished.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:24 - Wherefore I will bring the worst of the heathen, and they shall possess their houses: I will also make the pomp of the strong to cease; H7673 and their holy places shall be defiled.

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