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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7673 - šāḇaṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2323, 2323c

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁבַת shâbath, shaw-bath'; a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific):—(cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 71x

The KJV translates Strong's H7673 in the following manner: cease (47x), rest (11x), away (3x), fail (2x), celebrate (1x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 71x
The KJV translates Strong's H7673 in the following manner: cease (47x), rest (11x), away (3x), fail (2x), celebrate (1x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to cease, desist, rest

    1. (Qal)

      1. to cease

      2. to rest, desist (from labour)

    2. (Niphal) to cease

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to cease, put an end to

      2. to exterminate, destroy

      3. to cause to desist from

      4. to remove

      5. to cause to fail

  2. (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁבַת shâbath, shaw-bath'; a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific):—(cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.
STRONGS H7673: Abbreviations
שָׁבַת 71 verb cease, desist, rest (Assyrian šabâtu, probably cease, be completed DlWB ZimKAT 3. 593 (JenZA iv (1889), 277 f. is sceptical); Arabic bdb099101 cut off, interrupt; Late Hebrew has שֶׁבֶת neglect, etc., Aramaic שִׁבְתָּא cost of neglect); —
Qal27 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Genesis 2:3 +; 3rd person plural שָׁבָ֑תוּ Lamentations 5:14, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁבּוֺת Hosea 7:4; יִשְׁבֹּת Proverbs 22:10 + 2 times; 3rd person feminine singular תִּשְׁבֹּת Leviticus 26:35; תִּשְׁבַּת Leviticus 26:34; Nehemiah 6:3 +, etc.; —
1. cease: (absolute + 13 times) of seasons Genesis 8:22 (J); manna Joshua 5:12 (P), etc., Isaiah 14:4 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 6:3 +; with מִן Hosea 7:4 + 3 times
2. desist from labour, rest:
a. with מִן (of god) Genesis 2:2, 3(P).
b. מִן omitted, ב temporal Exodus 23:12 (E), Exodus 16:30; Exodus 34:21 (J), Exodus 31:17 (P); בֶּחָרִישׁ וּבַקָּצִיר שׁ׳ Exodus 34:21 (J; i.e., even in these busy seasons).
c. land in 7th year Leviticus 26:34, 35 (twice in verse) (H), 2 Chronicles 36:21. — Leviticus 23:32; Leviticus 25:2 see [שָׁבַת] verb denominative below.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִשְׁבַּת Isaiah 17:3 + 2 times; plural נִשְׁבְּתוּ Ezekiel 6:6; — cease: absolute Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 30:18; Ezekiel 33:28; with מִן Isaiah 17:3.
Hiph. 40 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁבִּית Ruth 4:14 +; 2nd person masculine singular הִשְׁבַּתָּ Psalm 89:45; Psalm 119:119, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁבִּיתּ Proverbs 18:18; Daniel 9:27; וַיַּשְׁבֵּת 2 Kings 23:11; 2 Chronicles 16:5, etc.; Infinitive construct הַשְׁבִּית Psalm 8:3; לַשְׁבִּית Amos 8:4 (Ges§ 53q); Imperative masculine plural הַשְׁבִּ֫יתוּ Isaiah 30:11; Participle מַשְׁבִּית Jeremiah 16:9; Psalm 46:10; —
1. cause to cease, put an end to: with accusative mirth Hosea 2:13, work 2 Chronicles 16:5; Nehemiah 4:5; sacrifice Daniel 9:27; war Psalm 46:10, compare Isaiah 13:11; Ezekiel 7:24; Proverbs 18:18 + 6 times, + קוֺל שָׂשׂוֺן מִן הִשׁ׳ Jeremiah 7:34; Jeremiah 16:9, compare Jeremiah 48:33.
2. = exterminate, destroy: with accusative 2 Kings 23:5, 11; Amos 8:4 (Now conjectures העשׁקים), Hosea 1:4; Psalm 8:3; Psalm 119:119; with accusative + מִן, Jeremiah 36:29, מִן הָאָרֶץ Leviticus 26:6 (H), Ezekiel 34:25; אלילים Ezekiel 30:13; Deuteronomy 32:26.
3. cause to desist from: with מִן Ezekiel 16:41; Ezekiel 34:10; Exodus 5:5 (E = give rest from); לְבִלְתִּי infinitive Joshua 22:25 (P).
4. remove)= מִן הֵסִיר): with מִן Ezekiel 23:27, 48; Psalm 89:45 (text dubious: read הִשְׁבַּתּוֺ [3] Greek Version of the LXX Du; מַטֵּה הֹדוֺ Herz Che, see also below טֳהָר); leaven מבתים Exodus 12:15 (P); מִמָּנֵינוּ ישׂר׳ אֶחקֿ׳ הַשׁ׳ Isaiah 30:11.
5. cause to fail, let be lacking: salt מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶ֑ךָ Leviticus 2:12 (P); accusative pers + ל person Jeremiah 48:35; Ruth 4:14.

† [שָׁבַת] verb denominative keep, observe (sabbath); —
Qal, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb; Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְשָֽׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ שַׁבָּת לי׳ Leviticus 25:2; 2nd person masculine plural מֵעֶרֶב עַדעֶֿרֶב תִּשְׁבְּתוּ שַׁבַּתְּכֶ֑ם Leviticus 23:32 (P).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:2; 2:3; 2:3; 8:22


5:5; 12:15; 16:30; 23:12; 31:17; 34:21; 34:21


2:12; 23:32; 23:32; 25:2; 25:2; 26:6; 26:34; 26:34; 26:35; 26:35




5:12; 22:25


4:14; 4:14

2 Kings

23:5; 23:11; 23:11

2 Chronicles

16:5; 16:5; 36:21


4:5; 6:3; 6:3


8:3; 8:3; 46:10; 46:10; 89:45; 89:45; 119:119; 119:119


18:18; 18:18; 22:10


13:11; 14:4; 17:3; 17:3; 30:11; 30:11


7:34; 16:9; 16:9; 36:29; 48:33; 48:35




6:6; 6:6; 7:24; 16:41; 23:27; 23:48; 30:13; 30:18; 33:28; 34:10; 34:25


9:27; 9:27


1:4; 2:13; 7:4; 7:4


8:4; 8:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7673 matches the Hebrew שָׁבַת (šāḇaṯ),
which occurs 71 times in 67 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 2:2–Eze 7:24)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:2 - By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested H7673 on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:3 - Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because on it He rested H7673 from all His work which God had created [fn]and made.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:22 - “While the earth remains,
Seedtime and harvest,
Cold and heat,
Summer and winter,
And day and night
Shall not cease H7673.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:5 - Again Pharaoh said, “Look, the people of the land are now many, and you would have them cease H7673 from their labors!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - ‘For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall remove H7673 dough with yeast from your houses; for whoever eats anything with yeast from the first day until the seventh day, that [fn]person shall be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:30 - So the people rested H7673 on the seventh day.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:12 - “For six days you are to do your work, but on the seventh day you shall cease H7673 from labor so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your female slave, as well as the stranger residing with you, may refresh themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 31:17 - “It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased H7673 from labor, and was refreshed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:21 - “You shall work six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest H7673; even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest H7673.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 2:13 - ‘Every grain offering of yours, moreover, you shall season with salt, so that the salt of the covenant of your God will not be H7673 lacking H7673 from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:32 - “It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall humble [fn]yourselves; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening, you shall keep H7673 your Sabbath.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:2 - “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I am going to give you, then the land shall have H7673 a Sabbath to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:6 - ‘I shall also grant peace in the land, so that you may lie down, with no one to make you afraid. I shall also eliminate H7673 harmful animals from the land, and no sword will pass through your land.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:34 - ‘Then the land will restore its Sabbaths all the days of the desolation, while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land will rest H7673 and restore its Sabbaths.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:35 - ‘All the days of its desolation it will have H7673 the rest H7673 which it did not have H7673 on your Sabbaths, while you were living on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:26 - ‘I would have said, “I will wipe them out,
I will remove H7673 the mention of [fn]their name from humanity,”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 5:12 - And the manna ceased H7673 on the day after they had eaten some of the produce of the land, so that the sons of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate some of the yield of the land of Canaan during that year.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:25 - “For the LORD has made the Jordan a border between us and you, you sons of Reuben and sons of Gad; you have no portion in the LORD.” So your sons may make our sons stop H7673 fearing the LORD.’
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 4:14 - Then the women said to Naomi, “Blessed is the LORD who has not left H7673 you without H7673 a redeemer today, and may his name [fn]become famous in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:5 - Then he did H7673 away H7673 with H7673 the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had appointed to burn incense on the high places in the cities of Judah and in the surrounding area of Jerusalem, as well as those who burned incense to Baal, to the sun, to the moon, to the constellations, and to all the remaining heavenly [fn]lights.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:11 - And he did H7673 away H7673 with H7673 the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entrance of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the official, which was at the [fn]covered courtyard; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:5 - When Baasha heard about it, he stopped [fn]fortifying Ramah and put H7673 an H7673 end H7673 to H7673 his work.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:21 - to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept H7673 the H7673 Sabbath H7673 [fn]until seventy years were complete.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:11 - And our enemies said, “They will not know or see until we come among them, kill them, and put H7673 a H7673 stop H7673 to H7673 the work.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:3 - So I sent messengers to them, saying, “I am doing a great work and am unable to come down. Why should the work stop H7673 while I leave it and come down to you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 32:1 - Then these three men stopped H7673 answering Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 8:2 - From the mouths of infants and nursing babies You have established [fn]strength
Because of Your enemies,
To do H7673 away H7673 with H7673 the enemy and the revengeful.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 46:9 - He makes wars to cease H7673 to the end of the earth;
He breaks the bow and cuts the spear in two;
He burns the chariots with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:44 - You have put H7673 an H7673 end H7673 to his [fn]splendor
And cast his throne to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:119 - You have [fn]removed H7673 all the wicked of the earth like [fn]impurities;
Therefore I love Your testimonies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 18:18 - The cast lot puts H7673 an H7673 end H7673 to H7673 quarrels,
And [fn]decides between the mighty ones.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:10 - Drive out the scoffer, and strife will leave,
Even quarreling and dishonor will cease H7673.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:11 - So I will punish the world for its evil
And the wicked for their wrongdoing;
I will also put H7673 an H7673 end H7673 to H7673 the audacity of the proud
And humiliate the arrogance of the [fn]tyrants.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:4 - that you will take up this [fn]taunt against the king of Babylon, and say,
“How the oppressor has ceased H7673,
And how the [fn]onslaught has ceased H7673!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 16:10 - Gladness and joy are taken away from the fruitful field;
In the vineyards also there will be no cries of joy or jubilant shouting,
No treader treads out wine in the presses,
For I have made the shouting to cease H7673.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 17:3 - “The [fn]fortified city will disappear H7673 from Ephraim,
And [fn]sovereignty from Damascus
And the remnant of Aram;
They will be like the glory of the sons of Israel,”
Declares the LORD of armies.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:2 - A harsh vision has been shown to me;
The treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys.
Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media;
I have put H7673 an H7673 end H7673 to H7673 all [fn]the groaning she has caused.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:8 - The joy of tambourines ceases H7673,
The noise of revelers stops,
The joy of the harp ceases H7673.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:11 - “Get out of the way, turn aside from the path,
Stop H7673 speaking before us about the Holy One of Israel!”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 - The highways are desolate, [fn]the traveler has ceased H7673,
He has broken the covenant, he has despised the cities,
He has no regard for mankind.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:34 - “Then I will eliminate H7673 from the cities of Judah and from the streets of Jerusalem the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the groom and the voice of the bride; for the land will become a site of ruins.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:9 - For this is what the LORD of armies, the God of Israel says: “Behold, I am going to eliminate H7673 from this place, before your eyes and in your time, the voice of rejoicing and the voice of joy, the voice of the groom and the voice of the bride.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:36 - “If [fn]this fixed order departs
From Me,” declares the LORD,
“Then the descendants of Israel also will cease H7673
To be a nation before Me [fn]forever.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 36:29 - “And concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah you shall say, ‘This is what the LORD says: “You have burned this scroll, saying, ‘Why have you written on it [fn]that the king of Babylon will certainly come and destroy this land, and will make mankind and animals disappear H7673 from it?’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:33 - “So joy and rejoicing are removed
From the fruitful field, and from the land of Moab.
And I have eliminated H7673 the wine from the wine presses;
No one will tread them with shouting,
The shouting will not be shouts of joy.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:35 - “And I will put H7673 an H7673 end H7673 to Moab,” declares the LORD, “the one who offers sacrifice on the high place and the one who [fn]burns incense to his gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:14 - Elders are H7673 absent H7673 from the gate,
Young men from their music.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:15 - The joy of our hearts has ended H7673;
Our dancing has been turned into mourning.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:6 - [fn]Everywhere you live, cities will be in ruins and the high places will be deserted, so that your altars will be in ruins and [fn]deserted, your idols will be broken and brought H7673 to H7673 an H7673 end H7673, your incense altars will be cut down, and your works wiped out.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:24 - ‘Therefore, I will bring the worst of the nations, and they will take possession of their houses. I will also put H7673 an H7673 end H7673 to H7673 the pride of the strong ones, and their holy places will be profaned.

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