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Lexicon :: Strong's H7673 - šāḇaṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2323, 2323c

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁבַת shâbath, shaw-bath'; a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific):—(cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 71x

The KJV translates Strong's H7673 in the following manner: cease (47x), rest (11x), away (3x), fail (2x), celebrate (1x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 71x
The KJV translates Strong's H7673 in the following manner: cease (47x), rest (11x), away (3x), fail (2x), celebrate (1x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to cease, desist, rest

    1. (Qal)

      1. to cease

      2. to rest, desist (from labour)

    2. (Niphal) to cease

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to cause to cease, put an end to

      2. to exterminate, destroy

      3. to cause to desist from

      4. to remove

      5. to cause to fail

  2. (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁבַת shâbath, shaw-bath'; a primitive root; to repose, i.e. desist from exertion; used in many implied relations (causative, figurative or specific):—(cause to, let, make to) cease, celebrate, cause (make) to fail, keep (sabbath), suffer to be lacking, leave, put away (down), (make to) rest, rid, still, take away.
STRONGS H7673: Abbreviations
שָׁבַת 71 verb cease, desist, rest (Assyrian šabâtu, probably cease, be completed DlWB ZimKAT 3. 593 (JenZA iv (1889), 277 f. is sceptical); Arabic bdb099101 cut off, interrupt; Late Hebrew has שֶׁבֶת neglect, etc., Aramaic שִׁבְתָּא cost of neglect); —
Qal27 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Genesis 2:3 +; 3rd person plural שָׁבָ֑תוּ Lamentations 5:14, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁבּוֺת Hosea 7:4; יִשְׁבֹּת Proverbs 22:10 + 2 times; 3rd person feminine singular תִּשְׁבֹּת Leviticus 26:35; תִּשְׁבַּת Leviticus 26:34; Nehemiah 6:3 +, etc.; —
1. cease: (absolute + 13 times) of seasons Genesis 8:22 (J); manna Joshua 5:12 (P), etc., Isaiah 14:4 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 6:3 +; with מִן Hosea 7:4 + 3 times
2. desist from labour, rest:
a. with מִן (of god) Genesis 2:2, 3(P).
b. מִן omitted, ב temporal Exodus 23:12 (E), Exodus 16:30; Exodus 34:21 (J), Exodus 31:17 (P); בֶּחָרִישׁ וּבַקָּצִיר שׁ׳ Exodus 34:21 (J; i.e., even in these busy seasons).
c. land in 7th year Leviticus 26:34, 35 (twice in verse) (H), 2 Chronicles 36:21. — Leviticus 23:32; Leviticus 25:2 see [שָׁבַת] verb denominative below.
Niph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִשְׁבַּת Isaiah 17:3 + 2 times; plural נִשְׁבְּתוּ Ezekiel 6:6; — cease: absolute Ezekiel 6:6; Ezekiel 30:18; Ezekiel 33:28; with מִן Isaiah 17:3.
Hiph. 40 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁבִּית Ruth 4:14 +; 2nd person masculine singular הִשְׁבַּתָּ Psalm 89:45; Psalm 119:119, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁבִּיתּ Proverbs 18:18; Daniel 9:27; וַיַּשְׁבֵּת 2 Kings 23:11; 2 Chronicles 16:5, etc.; Infinitive construct הַשְׁבִּית Psalm 8:3; לַשְׁבִּית Amos 8:4 (Ges§ 53q); Imperative masculine plural הַשְׁבִּ֫יתוּ Isaiah 30:11; Participle מַשְׁבִּית Jeremiah 16:9; Psalm 46:10; —
1. cause to cease, put an end to: with accusative mirth Hosea 2:13, work 2 Chronicles 16:5; Nehemiah 4:5; sacrifice Daniel 9:27; war Psalm 46:10, compare Isaiah 13:11; Ezekiel 7:24; Proverbs 18:18 + 6 times, + קוֺל שָׂשׂוֺן מִן הִשׁ׳ Jeremiah 7:34; Jeremiah 16:9, compare Jeremiah 48:33.
2. = exterminate, destroy: with accusative 2 Kings 23:5, 11; Amos 8:4 (Now conjectures העשׁקים), Hosea 1:4; Psalm 8:3; Psalm 119:119; with accusative + מִן, Jeremiah 36:29, מִן הָאָרֶץ Leviticus 26:6 (H), Ezekiel 34:25; אלילים Ezekiel 30:13; Deuteronomy 32:26.
3. cause to desist from: with מִן Ezekiel 16:41; Ezekiel 34:10; Exodus 5:5 (E = give rest from); לְבִלְתִּי infinitive Joshua 22:25 (P).
4. remove)= מִן הֵסִיר): with מִן Ezekiel 23:27, 48; Psalm 89:45 (text dubious: read הִשְׁבַּתּוֺ [3] Greek Version of the LXX Du; מַטֵּה הֹדוֺ Herz Che, see also below טֳהָר); leaven מבתים Exodus 12:15 (P); מִמָּנֵינוּ ישׂר׳ אֶחקֿ׳ הַשׁ׳ Isaiah 30:11.
5. cause to fail, let be lacking: salt מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶ֑ךָ Leviticus 2:12 (P); accusative pers + ל person Jeremiah 48:35; Ruth 4:14.

† [שָׁבַת] verb denominative keep, observe (sabbath); —
Qal, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb; Perfect 3rd person feminine singular וְשָֽׁבְתָה הָאָרֶץ שַׁבָּת לי׳ Leviticus 25:2; 2nd person masculine plural מֵעֶרֶב עַדעֶֿרֶב תִּשְׁבְּתוּ שַׁבַּתְּכֶ֑ם Leviticus 23:32 (P).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


2:2; 2:3; 2:3; 8:22


5:5; 12:15; 16:30; 23:12; 31:17; 34:21; 34:21


2:12; 23:32; 23:32; 25:2; 25:2; 26:6; 26:34; 26:34; 26:35; 26:35




5:12; 22:25


4:14; 4:14

2 Kings

23:5; 23:11; 23:11

2 Chronicles

16:5; 16:5; 36:21


4:5; 6:3; 6:3


8:3; 8:3; 46:10; 46:10; 89:45; 89:45; 119:119; 119:119


18:18; 18:18; 22:10


13:11; 14:4; 17:3; 17:3; 30:11; 30:11


7:34; 16:9; 16:9; 36:29; 48:33; 48:35




6:6; 6:6; 7:24; 16:41; 23:27; 23:48; 30:13; 30:18; 33:28; 34:10; 34:25


9:27; 9:27


1:4; 2:13; 7:4; 7:4


8:4; 8:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7673 matches the Hebrew שָׁבַת (šāḇaṯ),
which occurs 71 times in 67 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 2:2–Eze 7:24)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:2 - By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested H7673 on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:3 - Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested H7673 from all His work which God had created [fn]and made.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:22 - “While the earth remains,
Seedtime and harvest,
And cold and heat,
And summer and winter,
And day and night
Shall not cease.” H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:5 - Again Pharaoh said, “Look, the people of the land are now many, and you would have them cease H7673 from their labors!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - ‘Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall [fn]remove H7673 leaven from your houses; for whoever eats anything leavened from the first day until the seventh day, that [fn]person shall be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:30 - So the people rested H7673 on the seventh day.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:12 - “Six days you are to do your work, but on the seventh day you shall cease H7673 from labor so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your female slave, as well as [fn]your stranger, may refresh themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 31:17 - “It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased H7673 from labor, and was refreshed.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:21 - “You shall work six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; H7673 even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 2:13 - ‘Every grain offering of yours, moreover, you shall season with salt, so that the salt of the covenant of your God shall not be lacking H7673 from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:32 - “It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep H7673 your sabbath.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 25:2 - “Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you come into the land which I shall give you, then the land shall have H7673 a sabbath to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:6 - ‘I shall also grant peace in the land, so that you may lie down with no one making you tremble. I shall also eliminate H7673 harmful beasts from the land, and no sword will pass through your land.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:34 - ‘Then the land will [fn]enjoy its sabbaths all the days of the desolation, while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land will rest H7673 and [fn]enjoy its sabbaths.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:35 - ‘All the days of its desolation it will observe H7673 the rest H7673 which it did not observe H7673 on your sabbaths, while you were living on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:26 - ‘I would have said, “I will cut them to pieces,
I will remove H7673 the memory of them from men,”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 5:12 - The manna ceased H7673 on the [fn]day after they had eaten some of the produce of the land, so that the sons of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate some of the yield of the land of Canaan during that year.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:25 - “For the LORD has made the Jordan a border between us and you, you sons of Reuben and sons of Gad; you have no portion in the LORD.” So your sons may make our sons stop fearing the LORD.’
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 4:14 - Then the women said to Naomi, “Blessed is the LORD who has not left H7673 you without H7673 a [fn]redeemer today, and may his name [fn]become famous in Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:5 - He did H7673 away H7673 with the idolatrous priests whom the kings of Judah had appointed to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah and in the surrounding area of Jerusalem, also those who burned incense to Baal, to the sun and to the moon and to the constellations and to all the host of heaven.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 23:11 - He did H7673 away H7673 with the horses which the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entrance of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the official, which was in the precincts; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:5 - When Baasha heard of it, he ceased [fn]fortifying Ramah and stopped H7673 his work.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:21 - to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept H7673 sabbath H7673 [fn]until seventy years were complete.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 4:11 - Our enemies said, “They will not know or see until we come among them, kill them and put H7673 a stop H7673 to the work.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 6:3 - So I sent messengers to them, saying, “I am doing a great work and I cannot come down. Why should the work stop H7673 while I leave it and come down to you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 32:1 - Then these three men ceased H7673 answering Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 8:2 - From the mouth of infants and nursing babes You have established [fn]strength
Because of Your adversaries,
To make the enemy and the revengeful cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 46:9 - He makes wars to cease H7673 to the end of the earth;
He breaks the bow and cuts the spear in two;
He burns the chariots with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:44 - You have made his [fn]splendor to cease H7673
And cast his throne to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:119 - You have [fn]removed H7673 all the wicked of the earth like dross;
Therefore I love Your testimonies.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 18:18 - The cast lot puts H7673 an end H7673 to strife
And [fn]decides between the mighty ones.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:10 - Drive out the scoffer, and contention will go out,
Even strife and dishonor will cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:11 - Thus I will punish the world for its evil
And the wicked for their iniquity;
I will also put H7673 an end H7673 to the arrogance of the proud
And abase the haughtiness of the [fn]ruthless.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 14:4 - that you will take up this [fn]taunt against the king of Babylon, and say,
“How the oppressor has ceased, H7673
And how [fn]fury has ceased! H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 16:10 - Gladness and joy are taken away from the fruitful field;
In the vineyards also there will be no cries of joy or jubilant shouting,
No treader treads out wine in the presses,
For I have made the shouting to cease. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 17:3 - “The [fn]fortified city will disappear H7673 from Ephraim,
And [fn]sovereignty from Damascus
And the remnant of Aram;
They will be like the glory of the sons of Israel,”
Declares the LORD of hosts.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:2 - A harsh vision has been shown to me;
The treacherous one still deals treacherously, and the destroyer still destroys.
Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media;
I have made H7673 an end H7673 of all [fn]the groaning she has caused.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:8 - The gaiety of tambourines ceases, H7673
The noise of revelers stops,
The gaiety of the harp ceases. H7673
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:11 - “Get out of the way, turn aside from the path,
[fn]Let us hear H7673 no H7673 more H7673 about the Holy One of Israel.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 - The highways are desolate, [fn]the traveler has ceased, H7673
He has broken the covenant, he has despised the cities,
He has no regard for man.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 7:34 - “Then I will make to cease H7673 from the cities of Judah and from the streets of Jerusalem the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride; for the land will become a ruin.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 16:9 - For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “Behold, I am going to [fn]eliminate H7673 from this place, before your eyes and in your time, the voice of rejoicing and the voice of gladness, the voice of the groom and the voice of the bride.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:36 - “If [fn]this fixed order departs
From before Me,” declares the LORD,
“Then the offspring of Israel also will cease H7673
From being a nation before Me [fn]forever.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 36:29 - “And concerning Jehoiakim king of Judah you shall say, ‘Thus says the LORD, “You have burned this scroll, saying, ‘Why have you written on it [fn]that the king of Babylon will certainly come and destroy this land, and will make man and beast to cease H7673 from it?’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:33 - “So gladness and joy are taken away
From the fruitful field, even from the land of Moab.
And I have made the wine to cease H7673 from the wine presses;
No one will tread them with shouting,
The shouting will not be shouts of joy.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:35 - “I will make H7673 an end H7673 of Moab,” declares the LORD, “the one who offers sacrifice on the high place and the one who [fn]burns incense to his gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:14 - Elders [fn]are gone H7673 from the gate,
Young men from their music.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:15 - The joy of our hearts has ceased; H7673
Our dancing has been turned into mourning.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:6 - “In all your dwellings, cities will become waste and the high places will be desolate, that your altars may become waste and [fn]desolate, your idols may be broken and brought H7673 to an end, H7673 your incense altars may be cut down, and your works may be blotted out.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:24 - ‘Therefore, I will bring the worst of the nations, and they will possess their houses. I will also make the pride of the strong ones cease, H7673 and their holy places will be profaned.

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