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Lexicon :: Strong's H7723 - šāv'

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From the same as שׁוֹא (H7722) in the sense of desolating
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2338a

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁוְא shâvᵉʼ, shawv; or שַׁו shav; from the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain):—false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 53x

The KJV translates Strong's H7723 in the following manner: vain (22x), vanity (22x), false (5x), lying (2x), falsely (1x), lies (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 53x
The KJV translates Strong's H7723 in the following manner: vain (22x), vanity (22x), false (5x), lying (2x), falsely (1x), lies (1x).
  1. emptiness, vanity, falsehood

    1. emptiness, nothingness, vanity

    2. emptiness of speech, lying

    3. worthlessness (of conduct)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁוְא shâvᵉʼ, shawv; or שַׁו shav; from the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjective), uselessness (as deceptive, objective; also adverbially, in vain):—false(-ly), lie, lying, vain, vanity.
STRONGS H7723: Abbreviations
שָׁוְא noun [masculine] emptiness, vanity; — שׁ׳ absolute Exodus 23:1 + 51 times, שָׁו Job 15:31 (Kt); —
1. emptiness, nothingness, vanity: תְּשׁוּעַת אָרָם שׁ׳ Psalm 60:13 vain (is) man's deliverance, = Psalm 108:13; לָכֶם שׁ׳ Psalm 127:2 it is vain (useless) for you; Psalm 89:48 for (עַל) what nothingness hast thou created man ? compare יַרְחֵי שׁ׳ Job 7:3; הַבְלֵי שׁ׳ Psalm 31:7 (idols) = Jonah 2:9, compare Jeremiah 18:15 + Hosea 5:11 Greek Version of the LXX (for צָו); מִנְחַת שׁ׳ Isaiah 1:13 of ineffective offering to י׳; נשׂא לַשּׁ׳ (לֹא) Exodus 20:7 (twice in verse) take up name of God in vain (to no good purpose) = Deuteronomy 5:11 (twice in verse), compare Psalm 24:4; Psalm 139:20 [MT lifted up in vain are thy foes, but read שְׁמֶ֑ךָ for עָרֶיךָ, compare נשׂא 1b (7); others. עָלֶיךָ, see II. עָר]; היה שׁ׳ Hosea 12:12 become nothing (We עשׂה שׁ׳, and so 3); ראה שׁ׳ Psalm 119:37; adverb לַשּׁ׳ in vain Jeremiah 2:30; Jeremiah 4:30; Jeremiah 6:29; Jeremiah 46:11; שׁ׳ Psalm 127:1 (twice in verse); Malachi 3:14.
2. emptiness of speech, || lying, שׁ׳ וּדְבַר כָּזָב Proverbs 30:8; דבּר שׁ׳ Psalm 12:3; Psalm 41:7; Psalm 144:8; Psalm 144:11; Isaiah 59:4; Ezekiel 13:8; אָלוֺת שׁ׳ Hosea 10:4 + Hosea 12:2 Greek Version of the LXX We and others (for שֹׁד); הָלַךְ עִםשֿׁ׳ Job 31:5 (|| מִרְמָה); עֵד שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 5:17 (= עֵד שָֽׁקֶר Exodus 20:16); compare שֵׁמַע שׁ׳ Exodus 23:1 (E); of false (empty) prophecy חֲזוֺן שׁ׳ Ezekiel 12:24, חָזוּ שׁ׳ Lamentations 2:14; see also Ezekiel 13:6, 7, 9, 23; Ezekiel 21:34; Ezekiel 22:28; Job 35:13 (or empty complaining, below 1); קסם שׁ׳ Ezekiel 21:28; חֲלֹמוֺת הַשּׁ׳ Zechariah 10:2.
3. of conduct, worthlessness (Buhl below 1, 2); מְרתי שׁ׳ worthless men Psalm 26:4; Job 11:11; worthless motives (in figurative) חַבְלֵי הַשּׁ׳ Isaiah 5:18; נָפַת שׁ׳ Isaiah 30:28 (i.e. sifting out the worthless; al. sieve of (bringing) disappointment); play on meanings in Job 15:31 (twice in verse), compare DrJob, Psalt. 464.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


20:7; 20:16; 23:1; 23:1


5:11; 5:17


7:3; 11:11; 15:31; 15:31; 31:5; 35:13


12:3; 24:4; 26:4; 31:7; 41:7; 89:48; 108:13; 119:37; 127:1; 127:2; 139:20; 144:8; 144:11




1:13; 5:18; 30:28; 59:4


2:30; 4:30; 6:29; 18:15; 46:11




12:24; 13:6; 13:7; 13:8; 13:9; 13:23; 21:28; 22:28


5:11; 10:4; 12:2; 12:12







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7723 matches the Hebrew שָׁוְא (šāv'),
which occurs 54 times in 48 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:7 - “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain H7723, for the LORD will not [fn]leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain H7723.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:1 - “You shall not give a false H7723 report; do not join your hand with a wicked person to be a malicious witness.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:11 - ‘You shall not take the name of the LORD your God [fn]in vain H7723, for the LORD will not [fn]leave unpunished the one who takes His name in vain H7723.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:20 - ‘You shall not give false H7723 testimony against your neighbor.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:3 - So I am allotted worthless H7723 months,
And nights of trouble are apportioned to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 11:11 - “For He knows false H7723 people,
And He sees injustice [fn]without investigating.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 15:31 - “Let him not trust in emptiness H7723, deceiving himself;
For his [fn]reward will be emptiness H7723.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:5 - “If I have walked with deception H7723,
And my foot has hurried after deceit,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 35:13 - “God certainly will not listen to [fn]an empty H7723 cry,
Nor will the Almighty regard it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 12:2 - They speak [fn]lies H7723 to one another;
They speak with [fn]flattering lips and a double heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 24:4 - One who has clean hands and a pure heart,
Who has not lifted up his soul to deceit H7723
And has not sworn deceitfully.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 26:4 - I do not sit with [fn]deceitful H7723 people,
Nor will I go with [fn]pretenders.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:6 - I hate those who devote themselves to worthless H7723 [fn]idols,
But I trust in the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 41:6 - And [fn]when he comes to see me, he speaks [fn]empty H7723 words H7723;
His heart gathers wickedness to itself;
When he goes outside, he tells it.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 60:11 - Oh give us help against the enemy,
For rescue [fn]by man is worthless H7723.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:47 - Remember [fn]what my lifespan is;
For what futility H7723 [fn]You have created all the sons of mankind!
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 108:12 - Give us help against the enemy,
For deliverance [fn]by man is worthless H7723.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:37 - Turn my eyes away from looking at what H7723 is H7723 worthless H7723,
And revive me in Your ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 127:1 - A Song of Ascents, of Solomon.
Unless the LORD builds a house,
They who build it labor in H7723 vain H7723;
Unless the LORD guards a city,
The watchman stays awake in H7723 vain H7723.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 127:2 - It is futile H7723 for you to rise up early,
To [fn]stay up late,
To eat the bread of painful labor;
This is how He gives to His beloved sleep.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:20 - For they speak [fn]against You wickedly,
And Your enemies [fn]take Your name in vain H7723.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 144:8 - Whose mouth speaks deceit H7723,
And whose right hand is a right hand of falsehood.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 144:11 - Rescue me and save me from the hand of foreigners,
Whose mouth speaks deceit H7723
And whose right hand is a right hand of falsehood.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:8 - Keep deception H7723 and [fn]lies far from me,
Give me neither poverty nor riches;
Feed me with the food that is my portion,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 1:13 - “Do not go on bringing your worthless H7723 offerings,
Incense is an abomination to Me.
New moon and Sabbath, the proclamation of an assembly
I cannot endure wrongdoing and the festive assembly.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:18 - Woe to those who drag wrongdoing with the cords of [fn]deceit H7723,
And sin as if with cart ropes;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:28 - His breath is like an overflowing river,
Which reaches to the neck,
To shake the nations back and forth in a [fn]sieve,
And to put in the jaws of the peoples the bridle which leads astray.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:4 - No one sues righteously and no one pleads [fn]honestly.
They trust in confusion and speak lies H7723;
They conceive trouble and give birth to disaster.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:30 - “In vain H7723 I have struck your sons;
They did not accept discipline.
Your sword has devoured your prophets
Like a destroying lion.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:30 - And you, desolate one, what will you do?
Although you dress in scarlet,
Although you adorn yourself with jewelry of gold,
Although you enlarge your eyes with makeup,
In vain H7723 you make yourself beautiful.
Your [fn]lovers despise you;
They seek your life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:29 - The bellows blow fiercely,
The lead is consumed by the fire;
In vain H7723 the refining goes on,
But the wicked are not [fn]separated.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:15 - ‘For My people have forgotten Me,
They burn incense [fn]to worthless H7723 gods.
And they [fn]have stumbled in their ways,
In the ancient roads,
To walk on paths,
Not on a highway,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 46:11 - Go up to Gilead and obtain balm,
Virgin daughter of Egypt!
You have used many [fn]remedies in vain H7723;
There is no healing for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 2:14 - Your prophets have seen for you
Worthless H7723 and deceptive visions;
And they have not exposed your wrongdoing
So as to restore you from captivity,
But they have seen for you worthless H7723 and misleading pronouncements.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 12:24 - “For there will no longer be any [fn]false H7723 vision or deceptive divination within the house of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:6 - “They see deceit H7723 and lying divination, those who are saying, ‘The LORD declares,’ when the LORD has not sent them; yet they wait for the fulfillment of their word!
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:7 - “Did you not see a false H7723 vision and tell a lying divination when you said, ‘The LORD declares,’ but it is not I who have spoken?”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:8 - Therefore, this is what the Lord GOD says: “Because you have spoken deceit H7723 and have seen a lie, therefore behold, I am against you,” declares the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:9 - “So My hand will be against the prophets who see false H7723 visions and utter lying divinations. They will [fn]have no place in the council of My people, nor will they be written down in the register of the house of Israel, nor will they enter the land of Israel, [fn]so that you may know that I am the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 13:23 - therefore you women will no longer see deceitful H7723 visions or practice divination, and I will save My people from your hands. So you will know that I am the LORD.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:23 - “And it will be to them like a false H7723 divination in their eyes; they have sworn solemn oaths. But he makes guilt known, so that they may be seized.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:29 - while they see false H7723 visions for you, while they divine lies for you—to place you on the necks of the wicked who are killed, whose day has come, in the time of the [fn]punishment of the end.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 22:28 - “And her prophets have coated with whitewash for them, seeing false H7723 visions and divining lies for them, saying, ‘This is what the Lord GOD says,’ when the LORD has not spoken.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 10:4 - They speak mere words,
[fn]With worthless H7723 oaths they make covenants;
And judgment sprouts like poisonous weeds in the furrows of the field.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 12:11 - Is there injustice in Gilead?
Certainly they are worthless H7723.
In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls,
Yes, their altars are like stone heaps
Beside the furrows of a field.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 2:8 - “Those who are followers of worthless H7723 [fn]idols
Abandon their faithfulness,
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 10:2 - For the [fn]household idols speak deception,
And the diviners see [fn]an illusion
And tell deceitful H7723 dreams;
They comfort in vain.
Therefore the people [fn]wander like sheep,
They are wretched because there is no shepherd.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:14 - “You have said, ‘It is pointless H7723 to serve God; and what benefit is it for us that we have done what He required, and that we have walked in mourning before the LORD of armies?
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