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Lexicon :: Strong's H781 - 'āraś

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 170

Strong’s Definitions

אָרַשׂ ʼâras, aw-ras'; a primitive root; to engage for matrimony:—betroth, espouse.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 11x

The KJV translates Strong's H781 in the following manner: betroth (10x), espouse (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 11x
The KJV translates Strong's H781 in the following manner: betroth (10x), espouse (1x).
  1. to betroth, engage

    1. (Piel) to betroth (man or woman)

    2. (Pual) to be betrothed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָרַשׂ ʼâras, aw-ras'; a primitive root; to engage for matrimony:—betroth, espouse.
STRONGS H781: Abbreviations
† [אָרַשׂ] verb betroth (Mishna ארס, Phoenician ארש in proper name, LagSem i. 50 connects with Arabic أَرْشً a fine, literally pay the price, & so gain the right of possession; compare Aramaic אָרִיס one who farms land; Assyrian mirsu, tribute, ZehnpfBAS i. 518) — only Pi. Pu.;
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular אֵרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 20:7; אֵרַשְׂתִּי 2 Samuel 3:14; suffix אֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ Hosea 2:21 (twice in verse); Hosea 2:22; Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular תְּאָרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 28:30; — betroth (subject man) object woman, אִשָּׁה Deuteronomy 20:7; Deuteronomy 28:30; followed by ב of price paid to father & ל of husband 2 Samuel 3:14; ב of gift to bride & ל of husband Hosea 2:21; Hosea 2:22, where figurative of Yahweh's covenant mercy to Israel.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular אֹרָ֑שָׂה be betrothed, with לֹא, subject בְּתוּלָה Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:28 (נער בתולה); Participle feminine מְאֹרָשָׂה Deuteronomy 22:23, where affirmed of נער בתולה (followed by ל of husband) Deuteronomy 22:25; Deuteronomy 22:27 (in both subject הַנַּעֲרָ֯).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




20:7; 20:7; 22:23; 22:25; 22:27; 22:28; 28:30; 28:30

2 Samuel

3:14; 3:14


2:21; 2:21; 2:22; 2:22


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H781 matches the Hebrew אָרַשׂ ('āraś),
which occurs 11 times in 10 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:16 - And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, H781 and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:7 - And what man is there that hath betrothed H781 a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:23 - If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed H781 unto an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:25 - But if a man find a betrothed H781 damsel in the field, and the man force her, and lie with her: then the man only that lay with her shall die:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:27 - For he found her in the field, and the betrothed H781 damsel cried, and there was none to save her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:28 - If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, H781 and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:30 - Thou shalt betroth H781 a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:14 - And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused H781 to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:19 - And I will betroth H781 thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth H781 thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:20 - I will even betroth H781 thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD.
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