Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Red Letter
The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H781 - 'āraś

Choose a new font size and typeface
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 170

Strong’s Definitions

אָרַשׂ ʼâras, aw-ras'; a primitive root; to engage for matrimony:—betroth, espouse.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 11x

The KJV translates Strong's H781 in the following manner: betroth (10x), espouse (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 11x
The KJV translates Strong's H781 in the following manner: betroth (10x), espouse (1x).
  1. to betroth, engage

    1. (Piel) to betroth (man or woman)

    2. (Pual) to be betrothed

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
אָרַשׂ ʼâras, aw-ras'; a primitive root; to engage for matrimony:—betroth, espouse.
STRONGS H781: Abbreviations
† [אָרַשׂ] verb betroth (Mishna ארס, Phoenician ארש in proper name, LagSem i. 50 connects with Arabic أَرْشً a fine, literally pay the price, & so gain the right of possession; compare Aramaic אָרִיס one who farms land; Assyrian mirsu, tribute, ZehnpfBAS i. 518) — only Pi. Pu.;
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular אֵרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 20:7; אֵרַשְׂתִּי 2 Samuel 3:14; suffix אֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ Hosea 2:21 (twice in verse); Hosea 2:22; Imperfect 2nd person masculine singular תְּאָרֵשׂ Deuteronomy 28:30; — betroth (subject man) object woman, אִשָּׁה Deuteronomy 20:7; Deuteronomy 28:30; followed by ב of price paid to father & ל of husband 2 Samuel 3:14; ב of gift to bride & ל of husband Hosea 2:21; Hosea 2:22, where figurative of Yahweh's covenant mercy to Israel.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular אֹרָ֑שָׂה be betrothed, with לֹא, subject בְּתוּלָה Exodus 22:15; Deuteronomy 22:28 (נער בתולה); Participle feminine מְאֹרָשָׂה Deuteronomy 22:23, where affirmed of נער בתולה (followed by ל of husband) Deuteronomy 22:25; Deuteronomy 22:27 (in both subject הַנַּעֲרָ֯).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs




20:7; 20:7; 22:23; 22:25; 22:27; 22:28; 28:30; 28:30

2 Samuel

3:14; 3:14


2:21; 2:21; 2:22; 2:22


Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H781 matches the Hebrew אָרַשׂ ('āraś),
which occurs 11 times in 10 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:16 - "If a man seduces a virgin who is not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall give the marriage present for her, and make her his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:7 - And what man is there that has betrothed a wife and has not taken her? Let him go back to his house, lest he die in the battle and another man take her.'
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:23 - "If there is a betrothed virgin, and a man meets her in the city and lies with her,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:25 - "But if in the open country a man meets a young woman who is betrothed, and the man seizes her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her shall die.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:27 - because he came upon her in the open country, and though the betrothed young woman cried for help there was no one to rescue her.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:28 - "If a man meets a virgin who is not betrothed, and seizes her and lies with her, and they are found,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:30 - You shall betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her; you shall build a house, and you shall not dwell in it; you shall plant a vineyard, and you shall not use the fruit of it.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:14 - Then David sent messengers to Ish-bo'sheth Saul's son, saying, "Give me my wife Michal, whom I betrothed at the price of a hundred foreskins of the Philistines."
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:19 - And I will betroth you to me for ever; I will betroth you to me in righteousness and in justice, in steadfast love, and in mercy.
Unchecked Copy BoxHos 2:20 - I will betroth you to me in faithfulness; and you shall know the LORD.
BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan