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Lexicon :: Strong's H7843 - šāḥaṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2370

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁחַת shâchath, shaw-khath'; a primitive root; to decay, i.e. (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively):—batter, cast off, corrupt(-er, thing), destroy(-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, × utterly, waste(-r).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 147x

The KJV translates Strong's H7843 in the following manner: destroy (96x), corrupt (22x), mar (7x), destroyer (3x), corrupters (2x), waster (2x), spoilers (2x), battered (1x), corruptly (1x), miscellaneous (11x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 147x
The KJV translates Strong's H7843 in the following manner: destroy (96x), corrupt (22x), mar (7x), destroyer (3x), corrupters (2x), waster (2x), spoilers (2x), battered (1x), corruptly (1x), miscellaneous (11x).
  1. to destroy, corrupt, go to ruin, decay

    1. (Niphal) to be marred, be spoiled, be corrupted, be corrupt, be injured, be ruined, be rotted

    2. (Piel)

      1. to spoil, ruin

      2. to pervert, corrupt, deal corruptly (morally)

    3. (Hiphil)

      1. to spoil, ruin, destroy

      2. to pervert, corrupt (morally)

      3. destroyer (participle)

    4. (Hophal) spoiled, ruined (participle)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁחַת shâchath, shaw-khath'; a primitive root; to decay, i.e. (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively):—batter, cast off, corrupt(-er, thing), destroy(-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, × utterly, waste(-r).
STRONGS H7843: Abbreviations
[שָׁחַת]151 verb go to ruin (?), only derived species (Late Hebrew Hiph. = Biblical Hebrew, Ecclus. שחיתה Ecclesiasticus 30:11 corrupt act; Arabic سَعَتَ extirpate; Ethiopic ለሐጠ፡ injure, violate; Tel Amarna šaḫâtu is fall (especially of city), be prostrate (? of land), perhaps Canaanism (see WklTelAm. Vocab.), Assyrian possibly šêtu, flee, escape (compare אבד); Old Aramaic (Zinjirli) שחת destroy Lzb374, Aramaic H7844 שְׁחַת, jeofw (assimilation of t), multilate; — very improbable Gerber179denominative from שַׁחַת); —
Niph. be marred, spoiled, Perfect 3rd person masculine singular נִשְׁחַת, of waistcloth Jeremiah 13:7, vessel Jeremiah 18:4; be injured, or even (hyperb.) ruined, Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular תִּשָּׁחֵת Exodus 8:20 (J) of land (הֶעָרֹב מִפְּנֵי); be corrupted, corrupt, in mnorals and rel., of earth, Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נִשְׁחָ֑תָה Genesis 6:12 (P), Imperfect 3rd person feminine singular לִפְנֵי הָא׳ וַתִּשּׁ׳ Genesis 6:11 (P); so Participle feminine plural as adjective נִשְׁחָתוֺת Ezekiel 20:44.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׁחֵת Exodus 32:7 +, suffix שִׁחֶתְךָ Hosea 13:9; 2nd person masculine singular שִׁחַתָּ Isaiah 14:20 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שַׁחֵ֑תוּ Jeremiah 5:10; Infinitive construct שַׁחֵת Genesis 13:10 +, etc.; —
1. spoil, ruin, accusative of eye Exodus 21:26 (E), vineyard Jeremiah 12:10 (figurative), branches Nahum 2:3 (figurative), also = destroy, accusative of person 2 Samuel 1:14; 2 Samuel 14:11 (accusative omitted), Ezekiel 5:16; Ezekiel 20:17, כָּל־בָשָׂר Genesis 6:17; Genesis 9:15 (P), city, fortress, etc., Genesis 13:10; Genesis 19:13, 29 (all J), 2 Samuel 24:16; Jeremiah 5:10 (accusative omitted), Jeremiah 48:18; Ezekiel 26:4; Ezekiel 43:3; Lamentations 2:5, ruin temple Lamentations 2:6, nation Hosea 11:9; Hosea 13:9 (read perhaps שִׁחַתִּךָ Oort Now), land 2 Kings 19:12 (Hiph. in || Isaiah 37:12), Judges 6:5; Joshua 22:33 (P), Ezekiel 22:30; Ezekiel 30:11, earth Genesis 9:11 (P); with ל object (ל 3b), city 1 Samuel 23:10, person Numbers 32:15 (P); with accusative רַחֲמָיו Amos 1:11, destroyed (stifled) his compassion (or, RSK 28 and others, the bonds of kinship, see רַחֲמִים), בְּרִית Malachi 2:8, i.e. violate it, see especially אַרְצָה וְשׁ׳ (that is, semen) Genesis 38:9 (J) he spoiled (it) upon the ground, made it ineffective, = waste words Proverbs 23:8.
2. pervert, corrupt, accusative wisdom Ezekiel 28:17, absolute = deal corruptly, הֶעֱמִיקוּ שִׁחֵתוּ Hosea 9:9 (compare [עָמֹק], p.770:b; but We Now read שַׁחְתּוֺ, √ שׁוח), Exodus 32:7 (JE), Deuteronomy 9:12, so לוֺ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 32:5.
Hiph. 103 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁחִית Genesis 6:12 +; 1st person singular וְהִשְׁחַתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:20, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁחִית Daniel 8:24 +, יַשְׁחִת Malachi 3:11 +, וַיַּשְׁחֵת 1 Chronicles 20:1; 2nd person feminine singular וַתַּשְׁחִתִי Ezekiel 16:47, 2nd person masculine plural תַּשְׁחִתוּן Deuteronomy 4:16; Deuteronomy 31:29; Imperative masculine singular suffix הַשְׁחִיתָהּ 2 Kings 18:25 = Isaiah 36:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁחֵת Deuteronomy 31:29; construct הַשְׁחִית 1 Samuel 26:15 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׁחִית Genesis 19:14 +, etc.; —
1. spoil, ruin, accusative crop Judges 6:4; Malachi 3:11, trees Deuteronomy 20:19, 20; Jeremiah 11:19 (figurative), vessels 2 Chronicles 36:19, houses 2 Chronicles 34:11, palaces Jeremiah 6:5 compare Isaiah 65:8; Leviticus 19:27 (H), Ruth 4:6; דַּיָּם הִשׁ׳ Jeremiah 49:9 thieves damage as much as they want; accusative of person = ruin, destroy, 1 Samuel 26:9, 15; Judges 20:21, 25 (+ אַ֫רְצָה), Judges 20:35; Judges 20:42; 2 Kings 13:23; 2 Chronicles 24:23 (+ מִן separ.), + 12 times, + (accusative of person omitted) Isaiah 51:13 + 4 times, accusative בֵּית דָּוִד 2 Chronicles 21:7, absolute Isaiah 11:9 = Isaiah 65:25; also ruin one (by words) Proverbs 11:9; accusative עַם 2 Samuel 24:16; Deuteronomy 9:26; land 1 Samuel 6:5; Jeremiah 36:29; Daniel 11:17 (see Dr); city wall 2 Samuel 20:15 (Ew Th here denominative from שַׁחַת they were making a pit; < Greek Version of the LXX We (?) Klo Dr Bu HPS Now מְחַשְּׁבִים were devising), Lamentations 2:8, cities and nations Genesis 18:28 (twice in verse) (J, accusative omitted), Genesis 19:13, 14 (J), Isaiah 37:12 (Pi. in || 2 Kings 19:12), 2Ki 36:10 (twice in verse) = 2 Kings 18:25 (twice in verse) + 11 times + (Israel personified) Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 10:10; 2 Kings 8:19, pride of Judah Jeremiah 13:9, earth Jeremiah 51:1; absolute with adverb accusative Daniel 8:24 (see Dr; Bev conjecture יְשׂחֵחַ or יָשִׂיחַ utter monstrous things), compare 1 Chronicles 21:12; Participle as adjective, of lion Jeremiah 2:30, angel 1 Chronicles 21:15; = destroyer Exodus 12:23 (J), Jeremiah 22:7; Isaiah 54:16, גּוֺיִם מ׳ Jeremiah 4:7, רוּחַ מ׳ Jeremiah 51:1; singular collective (הַמּ׳ Ges§ 126 l; the destroying band, compare Dr Bu Now) 1 Samuel 13:17; 1 Samuel 14:15 (spoilers, ravagers); figurative for snare, trap, Jeremiah 5:26.
†2. pervert, corrupt, morally, accusative דֶּרֶךְ Genesis 6:12 (P; see דֶּרֶךְ 6), נַפְשׁוֺ Proverbs 6:32, compare Zephaniah 3:7; Ezekiel 23:11 (מִן compare); הִשׁ׳ הִתְעִיבוּ עֲלִילָה Psalm 14:1 = Psalm 53:2; הַשְׁחֵת תַּשְׁח׳ (+ verb of particular act) Deuteronomy 4:16; Deuteronomy 31:29; declar. = act corruptly, Isaiah 1:4; Deuteronomy 4:28 (+ verb of act), 2 Chronicles 27:2, + מִן compare Judges 2:19; Ezekiel 16:47; Participle as substantive Jeremiah 6:28, אִישׁ מַשׁ׳ Proverbs 28:24 (Proverbs 18:9 see infra). — אַל־תַּשְׁחֵת destroy not (catchword of old song or melody ?) in Psalm-titles: † [H516 Psalm 57:1; Psalm 58:1; Psalm 59:1; Psalm 75:1].
Hoph. Participle מָשְׁחָת spoiled, ruined, of a spring, מָקוֺר Proverbs 25:26 (|| נִרְפָּשׂ מַעְיָן); as substantive Malachi 1:14 sacrificing a spoiled thing.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


6:11; 6:12; 6:12; 6:12; 6:17; 9:11; 9:15; 13:10; 13:10; 18:28; 19:13; 19:13; 19:14; 19:14; 19:29; 38:9


8:20; 12:23; 21:26; 32:7; 32:7






4:16; 4:16; 4:28; 4:31; 9:12; 9:26; 10:10; 20:19; 20:20; 31:29; 31:29; 31:29; 32:5




2:19; 6:4; 6:5; 20:21; 20:25; 20:35; 20:42



1 Samuel

6:5; 13:17; 14:15; 23:10; 26:9; 26:15; 26:15

2 Samuel

1:14; 14:11; 20:15; 24:16; 24:16

2 Kings

8:19; 13:23; 18:25; 18:25; 19:12; 19:12

1 Chronicles

20:1; 21:12; 21:15

2 Chronicles

21:7; 24:23; 27:2; 34:11; 36:19


14:1; 53:2


6:32; 11:9; 18:9; 23:8; 25:26; 28:24


1:4; 11:9; 14:20; 36:10; 37:12; 37:12; 51:13; 54:16; 65:8; 65:25


2:30; 4:7; 5:10; 5:10; 5:26; 6:5; 6:28; 11:19; 12:10; 13:7; 13:9; 18:4; 22:7; 36:29; 48:18; 49:9; 51:1; 51:1; 51:20


2:5; 2:6; 2:8


5:16; 16:47; 16:47; 20:17; 20:44; 22:30; 23:11; 26:4; 28:17; 30:11; 43:3


8:24; 8:24; 11:17


9:9; 11:9; 13:9; 13:9








1:14; 2:8; 3:11; 3:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7843 matches the Hebrew שָׁחַת (šāḥaṯ),
which occurs 147 times in 136 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 6:11–2Sa 20:20)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:11 - The earth also was corrupt H7843 before God, and the earth was filled with violence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:12 - And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; H7843 for all flesh had corrupted H7843 his way upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:13 - And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy H7843 them with the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:17 - And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy H7843 all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:11 - And I will establish my covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy H7843 the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:15 - And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy H7843 all flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 13:10 - And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed H7843 Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:28 - Peradventure there shall lack five of the fifty righteous: wilt thou destroy H7843 all the city for lack of five? And he said, If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy H7843 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:31 - And he said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord: Peradventure there shall be twenty found there. And he said, I will not destroy H7843 it for twenty's sake.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:32 - And he said, Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak yet but this once: Peradventure ten shall be found there. And he said, I will not destroy H7843 it for ten's sake.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:13 - For we will destroy H7843 this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy H7843 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:14 - And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy H7843 this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:29 - And it came to pass, when God destroyed H7843 the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:9 - And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled H7843 it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 8:24 - And the LORD did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants' houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted H7843 by reason of the swarm of flies.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:23 - For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer H7843 to come in unto your houses to smite you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:26 - And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; H7843 he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:7 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted H7843 themselves:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:27 - Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar H7843 the corners of thy beard.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 32:15 - For if ye turn away from after him, he will yet again leave them in the wilderness; and ye shall destroy H7843 all this people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:16 - Lest ye corrupt H7843 yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:25 - When thou shalt beget children, and children's children, and ye shall have remained long in the land, and shall corrupt H7843 yourselves, and make a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, and shall do evil in the sight of the LORD thy God, to provoke him to anger:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:31 - (For the LORD thy God is a merciful God;) he will not forsake thee, neither destroy H7843 thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:12 - And the LORD said unto me, Arise, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt have corrupted H7843 themselves; they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them; they have made them a molten image.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:26 - I prayed therefore unto the LORD, and said, O Lord GOD, destroy H7843 not thy people and thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed through thy greatness, which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:10 - And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, and the LORD would not destroy H7843 thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:19 - When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy H7843 the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man's life) to employ them in the siege:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:20 - Only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat, thou shalt destroy H7843 and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it be subdued.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:29 - For I know that after my death ye will utterly H7843 corrupt H7843 yourselves, and turn aside from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days; because ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger through the work of your hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:5 - They have corrupted H7843 themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 22:33 - And the thing pleased the children of Israel; and the children of Israel blessed God, and did not intend to go up against them in battle, to destroy H7843 the land wherein the children of Reuben and Gad dwelt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:19 - And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted H7843 themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:4 - And they encamped against them, and destroyed H7843 the increase of the earth, till thou come unto Gaza, and left no sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, nor ass.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:5 - For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude; for both they and their camels were without number: and they entered into the land to destroy H7843 it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:21 - And the children of Benjamin came forth out of Gibeah, and destroyed down H7843 to the ground of the Israelites that day twenty and two thousand men.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:25 - And Benjamin went forth against them out of Gibeah the second day, and destroyed down H7843 to the ground of the children of Israel again eighteen thousand men; all these drew the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:35 - And the LORD smote Benjamin before Israel: and the children of Israel destroyed H7843 of the Benjamites that day twenty and five thousand and an hundred men: all these drew the sword.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:42 - Therefore they turned their backs before the men of Israel unto the way of the wilderness; but the battle overtook them; and them which came out of the cities they destroyed H7843 in the midst of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 4:6 - And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar H7843 mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:5 - Wherefore ye shall make images of your emerods, and images of your mice that mar H7843 the land; and ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from off your land.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 13:17 - And the spoilers H7843 came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned unto the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual:
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:15 - And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, H7843 they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 23:10 - Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy H7843 the city for my sake.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:9 - And David said to Abishai, Destroy H7843 him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed, and be guiltless?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:15 - And David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man? and who is like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy H7843 the king thy lord.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:14 - And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy H7843 the LORD'S anointed?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:1 - And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed H7843 the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:11 - Then said she, I pray thee, let the king remember the LORD thy God, that thou wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy H7843 any more, lest they destroy my son. And he said, As the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of thy son fall to the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:15 - And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people that were with Joab battered H7843 the wall, to throw it down.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:20 - And Joab answered and said, Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy. H7843

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Sa 24:16–Jer 15:6

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