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Lexicon :: Strong's H7860 - šāṭar

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Part of Speech
masculine noun, verb
Root Word (Etymology)
Act part of an otherwise unused root probably meaning to write
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2374a

Strong’s Definitions

שֹׁטֵר shôṭêr, sho-tare'; active participle of an otherwise unused root probably meaning to write; properly, a scribe, i.e. (by analogy or implication) an official superintendent or magistrate:—officer, overseer, ruler.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 25x

The KJV translates Strong's H7860 in the following manner: officers (23x), ruler (1x), overseer (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 25x
The KJV translates Strong's H7860 in the following manner: officers (23x), ruler (1x), overseer (1x).
  1. (Qal) official, officer

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שֹׁטֵר shôṭêr, sho-tare'; active participle of an otherwise unused root probably meaning to write; properly, a scribe, i.e. (by analogy or implication) an official superintendent or magistrate:—officer, overseer, ruler.
STRONGS H7860: Abbreviations
שֹׁטֵר noun masculine official, officer (properly scribe, secretary? or from original meaning as arranger, organizer?); — absolute שׁ׳ Proverbs 6:7, שׁו׳ 2 Chronicles 26:11; plural שֹׁטְרִים Deuteronomy 1:15 +, etc.; — apparently subordinate officer, judicial, civil or military (compare DrDeuteronomy 1. 15 GrayNumbers 11:16); organizing people for marching Joshua 1:10; Joshua 3:2 (both E), compare Deuteronomy 20:5, 8, 9; appointed over Israel by Egyptian overseers Exodus 5:14, compare Exodus 5:6; Exodus 5:10; Exodus 5:15; Exodus 5:19 (all J); elsewhere + זְקֵנִים Numbers 11:16 (E), Deuteronomy 29:9; Deuteronomy 31:28; + שֹׁפְטִים Deuteronomy 16:18; 1 Chronicles 23:4; 1 Chronicles 26:29, + ז׳ and שֹׁפ׳ Joshua 8:33 (RD), and (+ רָאשִׁים) Joshua 23:2 (RD), Joshua 24:1 (E, or RD); שֹׁט׳ as minor judges also Deuteronomy 1:15; הַמְשָֽׁרְתִים אֶתהַֿמֶּלֶךְ שֹׁט׳ 1 Chronicles 27:1, chosen from Levites 2 Chronicles 19:11; 34:13 (+ סוֺפְרִים, שׁוֺעֲרִים); as title of individual 2 Chronicles 26:11 (|| הַסּוֺפֵר); of ant, אֵיןלָֿהּ קָצִין שֹׁטֵר וּמשֵׁל Proverbs 6:7.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H5632.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


5:6; 5:10; 5:14; 5:15; 5:19


11:16; 11:16


1; 1:15; 1:15; 1:15; 16:18; 20:5; 20:8; 20:9; 29:9; 31:28


1:10; 3:2; 8:33; 23:2; 24:1

1 Chronicles

23:4; 26:29; 27:1

2 Chronicles

19:11; 26:11; 26:11; 34:13


6:7; 6:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7860 matches the Hebrew שָׁטַר (šāṭar),
which occurs 25 times in 25 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:6 - So the same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters over the people and their foremen H7860, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:10 -

So the taskmasters of the people and their foremen H7860 went out and spoke to the people, saying, “This is what Pharaoh says: ‘I am not going to give you any straw.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:14 - Moreover, the foremen H7860 of the sons of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten [fn]and asked, “Why have you not completed your required task of making bricks either yesterday or today, as before?”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:15 -

Then the foremen H7860 of the sons of Israel came and cried out to Pharaoh, saying, “Why do you deal this way with your servants?

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:19 - The foremen H7860 of the sons of Israel saw that they were in trouble, [fn]since they were told, “You must not reduce [fn]your daily amount of bricks.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:16 -

The LORD therefore said to Moses, “Gather for Me seventy men from the elders of Israel, whom you know to be the elders of the people and their officers H7860, and bring them to the tent of meeting, and have them take their stand there with you.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:15 - “So I took the heads of your tribes, wise and informed men, and [fn]appointed them as heads over you, commanders of thousands, [fn]hundreds, [fn]fifties, and [fn]tens, and officers H7860 for your tribes.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:18 -

“You shall appoint for yourself judges and officers H7860 in all your [fn]towns which the LORD your God is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:5 - “The officers H7860 also shall speak to the people, saying, ‘Who is the man that has built a new house but has not dedicated it? Let him go and return to his house, otherwise he might die in the battle and another man would dedicate it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:8 - “Then the officers H7860 shall speak further to the people and say, ‘Who is the man that is afraid and fainthearted? Let him go and return to his house, so that [fn]he does not make his brothers’ hearts melt like his heart!’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 20:9 - “And when the officers H7860 have finished speaking to the people, they shall appoint commanders of armies at the head of the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:10 -

“You stand today, all of you, before the LORD your God: your heads, your tribes, your elders and your officers H7860, that is, all the men of Israel,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:28 - “Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officers H7860, that I may speak these words in their hearing and call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:10 -

Then Joshua commanded the officers H7860 of the people, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 3:2 - Then at the end of three days the officers H7860 went through the midst of the camp;
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:33 - And all Israel with their elders, officers H7860, and their judges were standing on both sides of the ark before the Levitical priests who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD, the stranger as well as the native. Half of them stood in front of Mount Gerizim, and half of them in front of Mount Ebal, just as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded at first to bless the people of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:2 - that Joshua called for all Israel, for their elders, their heads, their judges, and their officers H7860, and said to them, “I am old, advanced in years.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:1 -

Then Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel at Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, their heads, their judges, and their officers H7860; and they presented themselves before God.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 23:4 - Of these, twenty-four thousand were to oversee the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand were officers H7860 and judges,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 26:29 -

As for the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were assigned to outside duties for Israel, as officers H7860 and judges.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 27:1 -

Now this is the number of the sons of Israel, the heads of fathers’ households, the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and their officers H7860 who served the king in all the affairs of the divisions which came in and went out month by month throughout the months of the year, each division numbering twenty-four thousand:

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:11 - “Behold, Amariah the chief priest will be over you in every matter [fn]that pertains to the LORD, and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, in all that pertains to the king. Also the Levites shall be officers H7860 before you. [fn]Act resolutely, and may the LORD be with the upright.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 26:11 - Moreover, Uzziah had an army ready for battle, which [fn]entered combat by divisions according to the number of their muster, [fn]recorded by Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the official H7860, under the direction of Hananiah, one of the king’s officers.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 34:13 - They were also in charge of the burden bearers, and supervised all the workmen from job to job; and some of the Levites were scribes, and officials H7860, and gatekeepers.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 6:7 -

Which, having no chief,

Officer H7860, or ruler,

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