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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H7919 - śāḵal

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2263,2264

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂכַל sâkal, saw-kal'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:—consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(-ly), guide wittingly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x

The KJV translates Strong's H7919 in the following manner: understand (12x), wise (12x), prosper (8x), wisely (6x), understanding (5x), consider (4x), instruct (3x), prudent (2x), skill (2x), teach (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x
The KJV translates Strong's H7919 in the following manner: understand (12x), wise (12x), prosper (8x), wisely (6x), understanding (5x), consider (4x), instruct (3x), prudent (2x), skill (2x), teach (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. to be prudent, be circumspect, wisely understand, prosper

    1. (Qal) to be prudent, be circumspect

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to look at or upon, have insight

      2. to give attention to, consider, ponder, be prudent

      3. to have insight, have comprehension

        1. insight, comprehension (subst)

      4. to cause to consider, give insight, teach

        1. the teachers, the wise

      5. to act circumspectly, act prudently, act wisely

      6. to prosper, have success

      7. to cause to prosper

  2. (Piel) to lay crosswise, cross (hands)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂכַל sâkal, saw-kal'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, make or act) circumspect and hence, intelligent:—consider, expert, instruct, prosper, (deal) prudent(-ly), (give) skill(-ful), have good success, teach, (have, make to) understand(-ing), wisdom, (be, behave self, consider, make) wise(-ly), guide wittingly.
STRONGS H7919: Abbreviations
† I. שָׂכַל verb be prudent (Gerber47 denominative from שֶׂכֶל, but verb early; Late Hebrew סָכַל, Hithp. shew oneself attentive (to), look; Aramaic סְכַל (rare) understand, Ithpa. look (at), consider, Aph. instruct; שְׂכַל only Aph. (for Hebrew הִשְׂכִּיל), understand, make wise; Lfks Pa. teach, Ethpa. understand, etc.; Samaritan LKO Ithpa. look (for Hebrew הִבִּיט); Assyrian šiklu, clever, šklûtu, cleverness, MeissnSuppl.93); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ 1 Samuel 18:30 be prudent, circumspect (SS HPS); Kit Buhl Gerber and others prosper.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׂכִּיל Jeremiah 23:5; 1 Chronicles 28:19; 1st person singular הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי Psalm 119:99; 3rd person masculine plural הִשְׂכִּילוּ Job 34:27 +; Imperfect יַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:5 +; 2rd person masculine singular jussive תַּשְׂכַּל Daniel 9:25, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הַשְׂכִּילוּ Psalm 2:10; Infinitive absolute הַשְׂכֵּל Jeremiah 9:23 +; הַשְׂכֵּיל (Ges § 53 k) Jeremiah 3:15; Job 34:35; construct הַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 +, etc.; Participle מַשְׂכִּיל 1 Samuel 18:14 +, feminine מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14; plural מַשְׂכִּילִים Daniel 11:35 +, etc.; meanings hard to classify: scholars differ greatly; —
1. look at: נְחְמָד הָעֵץ לְהַשְׂכִּיל Genesis 3:6 (J) was desirable to look upon (so Greek Version of the LXX Ges De; AV, RV to make one wise; Ew Di Buhl SS Dr and others below 3).
2. give attention to, consider, ponder: Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 44:18; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalm 64:10; Psalm 106:7; Job 34:27; with לְ Proverbs 21:12; with אֶל Psalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13; with עַל Proverbs 16:20; with ב Psalm 101:2; Daniel 9:13.
3. have insight, comprehension: Jeremiah 9:23 (|| יָדַע י׳), Psalm 94:8 (|| בִּין), Psalm 119:99, Daniel 1:4; Daniel 9:25 (|| יָדַע); הַשְׂכֵּ(י)ל assubstantive = insight, understanding: as י׳'s gift to ruler and teacher, || דֵּעָה Jeremiah 3:15; || דַּ֫עַת Job 34:35; || מַדָּע Daniel 1:17; מוּסַר הַשׂ׳ Proverbs 1:3; דֶּרֶךְ הַשׂ׳ Proverbs 21:16.
4. cause to consider, give insight, teach: י׳ subject, accusative of thing, 1 Chronicles 28:19, accusative of person Psalm 32:8; Nehemiah 9:20; Gabriel subject, 2accusative Daniel 9:22; לֵב חָכָם subject, accusative of thing Proverbs 16:23; with לְ, Proverbs 21:11; הַמַּשְׂכִּילִים שֵׂכֶל טוֺב לי׳ 2 Chronicles 30:22 (but Be Ke Benz etc. who shewed good skill, that is, in music, 2 Chronicles 30:21b); (הַ)מַוְכִּילִים Daniel 11:33, 35; Daniel 12:3, 10 the teachers (so Ew Hi Bev; Thes Ke Behrm and others the wise).
5. act circumspectly, prudently: absolute Amos 5:13; Psalm 2:10; Psalm 36:4; מַשְׂכִּיל as substantive Psalm 14:2 = Psalm 53:3, Proverbs 10:5, 19; Proverbs 14:35; Proverbs 15:24; Proverbs 17:2; Job 22:2; אִשָּׁה מַשְׂכָּ֑לֶת Proverbs 19:14. — Jeremiah 50:9 has גִּבּוֺר מַשְׁכִּיל according to Masora (van d. H. Baer Gi), compare Vulgate, i.e. a child-slaying warrior; but שׁ׳. Hiph. elsewhere only Hosea 9:14, of miscarriage; Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Ew and most modern (Gf Gie Rothst) read מַשְׂכִּיל, either skilful or fortunate.
6. prosper, have success (compare Dr 1 Samuel 18:5): absolute 1 Samuel 18:15; Isaiah 52:13; Jeremiah 10:21; Jeremiah 20:11; Jeremiah 23:5; Joshua 1:8 (D); with ב, Joshua 1:7 (D) 1 Samuel 18:5, 14 (read בְּכָלֿ for לְכָלֿ Vrss Th HPS and others), compare 2 Kings 18:7; with אֶל, Proverbs 17:8.
7. cause to prosper: Deuteronomy 29:8; 1 Kings 2:3(D).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H7920.

† II. [שָׂכַל] verb
Pi. lay crosswise (so, and not √ I. שׂ׳, Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate TargumJon and modern, compare Arabic bdb096808 bind legs of beast, plait locks of hair); — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׂכֵּל אֶתיָֿדָיו Genesis 48:14 (J); Thes Dr, however, prudentes fecit, from √ I. שׂ׳.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


3:6; 3:6; 48:14


29:8; 32:29


1:7; 1:8

1 Samuel

18:5; 18:5; 18:5; 18:14; 18:14; 18:15; 18:30

1 Kings


2 Kings


1 Chronicles

28:19; 28:19

2 Chronicles

30:21; 30:22


8:13; 9:20


22:2; 34:27; 34:27; 34:35; 34:35


2:10; 2:10; 14:2; 32:8; 36:4; 41:2; 53:3; 64:10; 94:8; 101:2; 106:7; 119:99; 119:99


1:3; 10:5; 10:19; 14:35; 15:24; 16:20; 16:23; 17:2; 17:8; 19:14; 19:14; 21:11; 21:12; 21:16


41:20; 44:18; 52:13


3:15; 3:15; 9:23; 9:23; 10:21; 20:11; 23:5; 23:5; 50:9


1:4; 1:17; 9:13; 9:22; 9:25; 9:25; 11:33; 11:35; 11:35; 12:3; 12:10





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7919 matches the Hebrew שָׂכַל (śāḵal),
which occurs 63 times in 63 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 3:6–Jer 10:21)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 3:6 -

The woman saw that the tree was good for food and delightful to look at, and that it was desirable for obtaining wisdom. So she took some of its fruit and ate it; she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 48:14 -

But Israel stretched out his right hand and put it on the head of Ephraim, the younger, and crossing his hands, put his left on Manasseh’s head, although Manasseh was the firstborn.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:9 -

“Therefore, observe the words of this covenant and follow them, so that you will succeed in everything you do.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:29 -

If only they were wise, they would comprehend this;

they would understand their fate.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:7 -

“Above all, be strong and very courageous to observe carefully the whole instruction my servant Moses commanded you. Do not turn from it to the right or the left, so that you will have success wherever you go.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:8 -

“This book of instruction must not depart from your mouth; you are to meditate on[fn] it day and night so that you may carefully observe everything written in it. For then you will prosper and succeed in whatever you do.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:5 -

David marched out with the army and was successful in everything Saul sent him to do. Saul put him in command of the fighting men, which pleased all the people and Saul’s servants as well.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:14 -

and continued to be successful in all his activities because the LORD was with him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:15 -

When Saul observed that David was very successful, he dreaded him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 18:30 -

Every time the Philistine commanders came out to fight, David was more successful than all of Saul’s officers. So his name became well known.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 2:3 -

“and keep your obligation to the LORD your God to walk in his ways and to keep his statutes, commands, ordinances, and decrees. This is written in the law of Moses, so that you will have success in everything you do and wherever you turn,

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 18:7 -

The LORD was with him, and wherever he went he prospered. He rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:19 -

David concluded, “By the LORD’s hand on me, he enabled me to understand everything in writing, all the details of the plan.”[fn]

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:22 -

Then Hezekiah encouraged[fn] all the Levites who performed skillfully before the LORD. They ate at the appointed festival for seven days, sacrificing fellowship offerings and giving thanks to the LORD, the God of their ancestors.

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 8:13 -

On the second day, the family heads of all the people, along with the priests and Levites, assembled before the scribe Ezra to study the words of the law.

Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:20 -

You sent your good Spirit to instruct them.

You did not withhold your manna from their mouths,

and you gave them water for their thirst.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:2 -

Can a man be of any use to God?

Can even a wise man be of use to him?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:27 -

because they turned aside from following him

and did not understand any of his ways

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:35 -

“Job speaks without knowledge;

his words are without insight.”

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 2:10 -

So now, kings, be wise;

receive instruction, you judges of the earth.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 14:2 -

The LORD looks down from heaven on the human race[fn]

to see if there is one who is wise,

one who seeks God.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:8 -

I will instruct you and show you the way to go;

with my eye on you, I will give counsel.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 36:3 -

The words from his mouth are malicious and deceptive;

he has stopped acting wisely and doing good.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 41:1 -

Happy is one who is considerate of the poor;

the LORD will save him in a day of adversity.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 47:7 -

Sing a song of wisdom,[fn]

for God is King of the whole earth.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 53:2 -

God looks down from heaven on the human race[fn]

to see if there is one who is wise,

one who seeks God.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 64:9 -

Then everyone will fear

and will tell about God’s work,

for they will understand what he has done.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 94:8 -

Pay attention, you stupid people!

Fools, when will you be wise?

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 101:2 -

I will pay attention to the way of integrity.

When will you come to me?

I will live with a heart of integrity in my house.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:7 -

Our fathers in Egypt did not grasp

the significance of your wondrous works

or remember your many acts of faithful love;

instead, they rebelled by the sea ​— ​the Red Sea.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:99 -

I have more insight than all my teachers

because your decrees are my meditation.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 1:3 -

for receiving prudent instruction

in righteousness, justice, and integrity;

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:5 -

The son who gathers during summer is prudent;

the son who sleeps during harvest is disgraceful.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 10:19 -

When there are many words, sin is unavoidable,

but the one who controls his lips is prudent.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:35 -

A king favors a prudent servant,

but his anger falls on a disgraceful one.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 15:24 -

For the prudent the path of life leads upward,

so that he may avoid going down to Sheol.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:20 -

The one who understands a matter finds success,

and the one who trusts in the LORD will be happy.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 16:23 -

The heart of a wise person instructs his mouth;

it adds learning to his speech.[fn]

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:2 -

A prudent servant will rule over a disgraceful son

and share an inheritance among brothers.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:8 -

A bribe seems like a magic stone to its owner;

wherever he turns, he succeeds.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 19:14 -

A house and wealth are inherited from fathers,

but a prudent wife is from the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:11 -

When a mocker is punished,

the inexperienced become wiser;

when one teaches a wise man,

he acquires knowledge.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:12 -

The Righteous One[fn] considers the house of the wicked;

he brings the wicked to ruin.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:16 -

The person who strays from the way of prudence

will come to rest in the assembly of the departed spirits.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 41:20 -

so that all may see and know,

consider and understand,

that the hand of the LORD has done this,

the Holy One of Israel has created it.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:18 -

Such people[fn] do not comprehend

and cannot understand,

for he has shut their eyes[fn] so they cannot see,

and their minds so they cannot understand.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:13 -

See, my servant[fn] will be successful;[fn]

he will be raised and lifted up and greatly exalted.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:15 -

“I will give you shepherds who are loyal to me,[fn] and they will shepherd you with knowledge and skill.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:24 -

“But the one who boasts should boast in this:

that he understands and knows me —

that I am the LORD, showing faithful love,

justice, and righteousness on the earth,

for I delight in these things.

This is the LORD’s declaration.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:21 -

For the shepherds are stupid:

They don’t seek the LORD.

Therefore they have not prospered,

and their whole flock is scattered.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 3:6–Jer 10:21) Gen 3:6–Jer 10:21

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