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Lexicon :: Strong's H7937 - šāḵar

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2388

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x

The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 19x
The KJV translates Strong's H7937 in the following manner: drunken (12x), drunk (4x), filled with drink (1x), abundantly (1x), were merry (1x).
  1. to be or become drunk or drunken, be intoxicated

    1. (Qal) to become drunken

    2. (Piel) to make drunken, cause to be drunk

    3. (Hiphil) to cause to be drunk

    4. (Hithpael) to make oneself drunk

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁכַר shâkar, shaw-kar'; a primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence:—(be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of H8248.)
STRONGS H7937: Abbreviations
† I. [שָׁכַר] verb be, or become, drunk, drunken (Late Hebrew id., derived species and derivatives; Ecclus 40:18; Ecclus 40:20 שכר strong drink; Arabic bdb101601 be drunken, also be full, bdb101602 fill; Assyrian šikaru; = שֵׁכָר, šikaru, drunken, perhaps also verb šakâru; Ethiopic bdb101603: Aramaic שִׁכְרָא, bdb101604 = שְׁכָר, especially date-wine (Löw p. 125), compare bdb101605 be drunken, usually (derived species) defile, deform, etc.; from שֵׁכָר, Egyptian ṯà-k-ïra WMMAs. u. Eur. 102, Greek σίκερα, LewyFremdw. 81); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person plural שָֽׁכְרוּ Isaiah 29:9; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר Genesis 9:21, 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁכָּר֑וּן Isaiah 49:26, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׁכְרוּ Jeremiah 25:27; Songs 5:1; Infinitive construct לְשָׁכְרָה Haggai 1:6; Passive participle שְׁכֻרַת Isaiah 51:21 (Ges§ 130 b LagBN 60); — become drunken Genesis 9:21 (J), of social drinking Genesis 43:34 (J), Songs 5:1, token of plenty Haggai 1:6; figurative of nations staggering helplessly under calamity Jeremiah 25:27; Jeremiah 51:21(וְלֹא מִיָּ֑יִן), of Nahum 3:11; of infatuation Isaiah 29:9 (וְלֹא יַיִן), of disgrace Lamentations 4:21, self-destruction, כֶּעָסִיס דָּמָם יִשׁ׳ Isaiah 49:26.
Pi. make drunken: Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular suffix וַיְשַׁכְּרֵהוּ 2 Samuel 11:13, literal; figurative 1st person singular (suffix of people) וַאֲשַׁכְּרֵם (read וָ׳) Isaiah 63:6 (subject י׳) I made them drunk in my wrath (but MSS Ges Hi Ew Che Kit Marti and others וָאֲשַׁבְּרֵם I brake them in pieces); Participle feminine singular, of Babylonian, מְשַׁכֶּרֶת בָּלהָֿרֶץ Jeremiah 51:7; compare Infinitive absolute. שַׁכֵּר Habakkuk 2:15 (i.e. terrorizing nations; read probably הַשְׁקֵה וְאַף שׁ׳ We Now).
Hiph. id.: Perfect 1st person singular וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:27 (subject י׳) i.e. make princes helpless, וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּים Jeremiah 51:39; Imperative masculine plural suffix הַשְׁכִּירֻהוּ object Moab, i.e. make helpless and disgraced Jeremiah 48:26; Imperfect 1st person singular אַשְׁכִּיר חְצַּי מִדָּם Deuteronomy 32:42. — RubenJQ xi (1889), 446 proposes מַשְׁכִּירוֺת Hosea 7:5 for משׁך ידו את.
Hithp. Imperfect 2nd person feminine singular תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִין 1 Samuel 1:14 how long wilt thou make thyself drunken [a drunken spectacle] ?
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:21; 9:21; 43:34



1 Samuel


2 Samuel


Song of Songs

5:1; 5:1


29:9; 29:9; 49:26; 49:26; 51:21; 63:6


25:27; 25:27; 48:26; 51:7; 51:21; 51:27; 51:39










1:6; 1:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H7937 matches the Hebrew שָׁכַר (šāḵar),
which occurs 19 times in 19 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:21 - And he drank of the wine and became H7937 drunk H7937 and uncovered himself inside his tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:34 - And he took portions to them from [fn]his own table, but Benjamin’s portion was five times greater than any of theirs. So they feasted and drank H7937 freely H7937 with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:42 -

‘I will make H7937 My arrows drunk H7937 with blood,

And My sword will devour flesh,

With the blood of the slain and the captives,

From the long-haired [fn]leaders of the enemy.’

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:14 - Then Eli said to her, “How long will you make H7937 yourself drunk H7937? Put away your wine from you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 11:13 - Now David called him, and he ate and drank before him, and he made H7937 him drunk H7937; and in the evening he went out to lie on his bed with his lord’s servants, but he did not go down to his house.
Unchecked Copy BoxSng 5:1 -

[fn]I have come into my garden, my sister, my bride;

I have picked my myrrh along with my balsam.

I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey;

I have drunk my wine with my milk.

Eat, friends;

Drink and [fn]imbibe H7937 deeply H7937, O lovers.”

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:9 -

Astonish yourselves and be astonished,

Blind yourselves and be blind;

They become H7937 drunk H7937, but not with wine;

They stagger, but not with strong drink.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:26 -

“I will feed those who mistreat you with their own flesh,

And they will become H7937 drunk H7937 with their own blood as with sweet wine;

And all flesh will know that I, Yahweh, am your Savior

And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.”

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 51:21 -

Therefore, now, listen to this, you afflicted,

Who are drunk H7937, but not with wine:

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:6 -

“I trod down the peoples in My anger

And made H7937 them drunk H7937 in My wrath,

And I brought down their lifeblood to the earth.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 25:27 -

“You shall say to them, ‘Thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel, “Drink, be H7937 drunk H7937, vomit, fall, and rise no more because of the sword which I will send among you.”’

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:26 - “Make H7937 him drunk H7937, for he has magnified himself against Yahweh; so Moab will [fn]wallow in his vomit, and he also will become a laughingstock.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:7 -

Babylon has been a golden cup in the hand of Yahweh,

Intoxicating H7937 all the earth.

The nations have drunk of her wine;

Therefore the nations are going mad.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:39 -

“When they become heated up, I will set before them their feast

And make H7937 them drunk H7937, that they may exult

And may sleep a perpetual sleep

And not wake up,” declares Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 51:57 -

“I will make H7937 her princes and her wise men drunk H7937,

Her governors, her prefects, and her mighty men,

That they may sleep a perpetual sleep and not wake up,”

Declares the King, whose name is Yahweh of hosts.

Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:21 -


Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom,

Who inhabits the land of Uz;

But the cup will pass on to you as well;

You will become H7937 drunk H7937 and make yourself naked.

Unchecked Copy BoxNah 3:11 -

You too will become H7937 drunk H7937;

You will be hidden.

You too will search for a strong defense from the enemy.

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:15 -

“Woe to you who make [fn]your neighbors drink,

Who mix in your venom even to make H7937 them drunk H7937

So as to look on their nakedness!

Unchecked Copy BoxHag 1:6 - “You have sown much, but bring in little; you eat, but there is not enough to be satisfied; you drink, but there is [fn]not enough to become H7937 drunk H7937; you put on clothing, but no one is warm enough; and he who earns, earns wages to put into a bag with holes.”
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