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Lexicon :: Strong's H8045 - šāmaḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2406

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x

The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x
The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to destroy, exterminate, be destroyed, be exterminated

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to be annihilated, be exterminated

      2. to be destroyed, be devastated

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to annihilate, exterminate

      2. to destroy

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.
STRONGS H8045: Abbreviations
[שָׁמַד]90 verb
Niph. be exterminated, destroyed (Late Hebrew derived species; Aramaic שְׁמַד Pa. cause to apostatize (Jastr); Syriac bdb102901 seems disputed (in Lexicons); NöEut. Nab. 32 curse; BaES 10 cites Assyrian ašmud, I destroyed; Gerber112 thinks verb denominative); — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְנִשְׁמַד Ezekiel 32:12 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁמֵ Isaiah 48:19; Proverbs 14:11; 2nd person masculine plural תִּשָּׁמֵד֑וּן Deuteronomy 4:26; Infinitiveabsolute הִשָּׁמֵד Deuteronomy 4:26; construct suffix הִשָּׁמֶדְךָ Deuteronomy 28:20, etc.; —
†1. of person be annihilated, exterminated, Genesis 34:30 (J), Judges 21:16; 2 Samuel 21:5 (+ מֵהִתְיַצֵּב בְּ; — but read לְהַשְׁמִידֵגוּ Greek Version of the LXX Ew We Dr and others), Psalm 37:38 (|| נִכְדָת), Psalm 83:11; of people Deuteronomy 4:26 (הִשָּׁמֵד תּשּׁ׳), Deuteronomy 7:23; Deuteronomy 12:30 (+ מִפָּנֶיךָ Deuteronomy 28:20 (|| אָבַד Deuteronomy 28:24; Deuteronomy 28:45; Deuteronomy 28:51; Deuteronomy 28:61, Jeremiah 48:42 (+מֵעִם. Ezekiel 33:12; Psalm 92:8 (+ עֲדֵיעַֿד, compare also וְלֹא יִשָּׁמֵד שְׁמוֺ מִלְּפָנָי֑ Isaiah 48:19 (+ יִכָרֵת; וַרְעֶ֑ךָ etc., in || clause).
†2. be destroyed, of bamoth, Hosea 10:8, compare (בֵּית רְשָׁעִים) Proverbs 14:11; be devastated, of land, Jeremiah 48:8 (|| אבר).
Hiph.69 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁמִיד Deuteronomy 2:22 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁמִיד Isaiah 13:9 +, וַיַּשְׁמֵד 1 Kings 16:12; 2 Kings 10:28, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַשְׁמֵד Deuteronomy 33:27; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵד Isaiah 14:28, יֵ֯ד Amos 9:8; construct לְהַשְׁמִיר Joshua 9:24 +, also †עַד הִשְׁמִידְךָ Deuteronomy 7:24, וֺ- Deuteronomy 28:48, ָ֯ ם - Joshua 11:14 (but read in all הַשׁ׳, as Joshua 23:15, see DrDeuteronomy 7:24), לַשְׁמִדIsaiah 23:11, etc.; —
1. annihilate, exterminate: accusative of person or a people, subject י׳ or human person, Deuteronomy 1:27; Deuteronomy 2:22 (+ מִפְּנֵי person), Deuteronomy 6:15 (+ הָאֲרָמָה מֵעַל־פְּנֵי), Deuteronomy 9:20 + 16 times Deuteronomy; Joshua 7:12 (accusative הַחֵרֶם; + מִקִּרְבְּכֶם), Joshua 9:24 + 4 times Joshua (all RD), 2 Kings 14:16; 1 Kings 13:34; Amos 9:8; Isaiah 13:9; Isaiah 26:14; Esther 3:6, 13 + 23 times; accusative וְשָׁרָשָׁיו פִּרְיוֹ (figurative) Amos 2:9, compare Ezekiel 34:16 (but Vrss Co Toy and others [not Hi Krae] אֶשְׁמֹר); אֶתשְֿׁמִי הִשׁ׳ 1 Samuel 24:22 (Gi 1 Samuel 24:21), 2 Samuel 22:38; 1 Kings 16:12; Psalm 145:20; הַשְׁמֵד as substantive, Isaiah 14:23 besom of extermination; accusative אֶתהַֿבַּעַל 2 Kings 10:28, of extirpating Baal-worship מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל.
†2. destroy, cities Micah 5:13, fortresses Isaiah 23:11, bamoth Leviticus 26:30 (H), Numbers 33:52 (P; || אִבֵּד), חֹזֶק מַמְלְכוֺת הַגּוֺיִם Haggai 2:22.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8046.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs








1:27; 2:22; 2:22; 4:26; 4:26; 4:26; 6:15; 7:23; 7:24; 7:24; 9:20; 12:30; 28:20; 28:20; 28:24; 28:45; 28:48; 28:51; 28:61; 33:27


7:12; 9:24; 9:24; 11:14; 23:15



1 Samuel

24:21; 24:22

2 Samuel

21:5; 22:38

1 Kings

13:34; 16:12; 16:12

2 Kings

10:28; 10:28; 14:16


3:6; 3:13; 10


37:38; 83:11; 92:8; 145:20


14:11; 14:11


13:9; 13:9; 14:23; 14:28; 23:11; 23:11; 26:14; 48:19; 48:19


48:8; 48:42


32:12; 33:12; 34:16




2:9; 9:8; 9:8






Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8045 matches the Hebrew שָׁמַד (šāmaḏ),
which occurs 90 times in 86 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:30 - And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, H8045 I and my house.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:30 - And I will destroy H8045 your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:52 - Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down H8045 all their high places:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:27 - And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the LORD hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy H8045 us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:12 - The Horims also dwelt in Seir beforetime; but the children of Esau succeeded them, when they had destroyed H8045 them from before them, and dwelt in their stead; as Israel did unto the land of his possession, which the LORD gave unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:21 - A people great, and many, and tall, as the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed H8045 them before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:22 - As he did to the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed H8045 the Horims from before them; and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead even unto this day:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:23 - And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, even unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed H8045 them, and dwelt in their stead.)
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:3 - Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed H8045 them from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:26 - I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly H8045 be destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:15 - (For the LORD thy God is a jealous God among you) lest the anger of the LORD thy God be kindled against thee, and destroy H8045 thee from off the face of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:4 - For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and destroy H8045 thee suddenly.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:23 - But the LORD thy God shall deliver them unto thee, and shall destroy them with a mighty destruction, until they be destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:24 - And he shall deliver their kings into thine hand, and thou shalt destroy their name from under heaven: there shall no man be able to stand before thee, until thou have destroyed H8045 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:3 - Understand therefore this day, that the LORD thy God is he which goeth over before thee; as a consuming fire he shall destroy H8045 them, and he shall bring them down before thy face: so shalt thou drive them out, and destroy them quickly, as the LORD hath said unto thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:8 - Also in Horeb ye provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was angry with you to have destroyed H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:14 - Let me alone, that I may destroy H8045 them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:19 - For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure, wherewith the LORD was wroth against you to destroy H8045 you. But the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:20 - And the LORD was very angry with Aaron to have destroyed H8045 him: and I prayed for Aaron also the same time.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:25 - Thus I fell down before the LORD forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first; because the LORD had said he would destroy H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:30 - Take heed to thyself that thou be not snared by following them, after that they be destroyed H8045 from before thee; and that thou enquire not after their gods, saying, How did these nations serve their gods? even so will I do likewise.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:20 - The LORD shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, H8045 and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:24 - The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:45 - Moreover all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; H8045 because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded thee:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:48 - Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until he have destroyed H8045 thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:51 - And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: H8045 which also shall not leave thee either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:61 - Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:63 - And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; H8045 and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:3 - The LORD thy God, he will go over before thee, and he will destroy H8045 these nations from before thee, and thou shalt possess them: and Joshua, he shall go over before thee, as the LORD hath said.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:4 - And the LORD shall do unto them as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and unto the land of them, whom he destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 - The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy H8045 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:12 - Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: neither will I be with you any more, except ye destroy H8045 the accursed from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:24 - And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy H8045 all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:14 - And all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, the children of Israel took for a prey unto themselves; but every man they smote with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed H8045 them, neither left they any to breathe.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:20 - For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy H8045 them, as the LORD commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:15 - Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God promised you; so shall the LORD bring upon you all evil things, until he have destroyed H8045 you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:8 - And I brought you into the land of the Amorites, which dwelt on the other side Jordan; and they fought with you: and I gave them into your hand, that ye might possess their land; and I destroyed H8045 them from before you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:16 - Then the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing the women are destroyed H8045 out of Benjamin?
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:21 - Swear now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy H8045 my name out of my father's house.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:7 - And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy H8045 the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:11 - Then said she, I pray thee, let the king remember the LORD thy God, that thou wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy any more, lest they destroy H8045 my son. And he said, As the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of thy son fall to the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:16 - For the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man that would destroy H8045 me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:5 - And they answered the king, The man that consumed us, and that devised against us that we should be destroyed H8045 from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:38 - I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed H8045 them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:34 - And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy H8045 it from off the face of the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 15:29 - And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam; he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed H8045 him, according unto the saying of the LORD, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:12 - Thus did Zimri destroy H8045 all the house of Baasha, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the prophet,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:17 - And when he came to Samaria, he slew all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, till he had destroyed H8045 him, according to the saying of the LORD, which he spake to Elijah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:28 - Thus Jehu destroyed H8045 Baal out of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 21:9 - But they hearkened not: and Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than did the nations whom the LORD destroyed H8045 before the children of Israel.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9) Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9

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