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Lexicon :: Strong's H8045 - šāmaḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2406

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x

The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x
The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to destroy, exterminate, be destroyed, be exterminated

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to be annihilated, be exterminated

      2. to be destroyed, be devastated

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to annihilate, exterminate

      2. to destroy

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.
STRONGS H8045: Abbreviations
[שָׁמַד]90 verb
Niph. be exterminated, destroyed (Late Hebrew derived species; Aramaic שְׁמַד Pa. cause to apostatize (Jastr); Syriac bdb102901 seems disputed (in Lexicons); NöEut. Nab. 32 curse; BaES 10 cites Assyrian ašmud, I destroyed; Gerber112 thinks verb denominative); — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְנִשְׁמַד Ezekiel 32:12 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁמֵ Isaiah 48:19; Proverbs 14:11; 2nd person masculine plural תִּשָּׁמֵד֑וּן Deuteronomy 4:26; Infinitiveabsolute הִשָּׁמֵד Deuteronomy 4:26; construct suffix הִשָּׁמֶדְךָ Deuteronomy 28:20, etc.; —
†1. of person be annihilated, exterminated, Genesis 34:30 (J), Judges 21:16; 2 Samuel 21:5 (+ מֵהִתְיַצֵּב בְּ; — but read לְהַשְׁמִידֵגוּ Greek Version of the LXX Ew We Dr and others), Psalm 37:38 (|| נִכְדָת), Psalm 83:11; of people Deuteronomy 4:26 (הִשָּׁמֵד תּשּׁ׳), Deuteronomy 7:23; Deuteronomy 12:30 (+ מִפָּנֶיךָ Deuteronomy 28:20 (|| אָבַד Deuteronomy 28:24; Deuteronomy 28:45; Deuteronomy 28:51; Deuteronomy 28:61, Jeremiah 48:42 (+מֵעִם. Ezekiel 33:12; Psalm 92:8 (+ עֲדֵיעַֿד, compare also וְלֹא יִשָּׁמֵד שְׁמוֺ מִלְּפָנָי֑ Isaiah 48:19 (+ יִכָרֵת; וַרְעֶ֑ךָ etc., in || clause).
†2. be destroyed, of bamoth, Hosea 10:8, compare (בֵּית רְשָׁעִים) Proverbs 14:11; be devastated, of land, Jeremiah 48:8 (|| אבר).
Hiph.69 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁמִיד Deuteronomy 2:22 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁמִיד Isaiah 13:9 +, וַיַּשְׁמֵד 1 Kings 16:12; 2 Kings 10:28, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַשְׁמֵד Deuteronomy 33:27; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵד Isaiah 14:28, יֵ֯ד Amos 9:8; construct לְהַשְׁמִיר Joshua 9:24 +, also †עַד הִשְׁמִידְךָ Deuteronomy 7:24, וֺ- Deuteronomy 28:48, ָ֯ ם - Joshua 11:14 (but read in all הַשׁ׳, as Joshua 23:15, see DrDeuteronomy 7:24), לַשְׁמִדIsaiah 23:11, etc.; —
1. annihilate, exterminate: accusative of person or a people, subject י׳ or human person, Deuteronomy 1:27; Deuteronomy 2:22 (+ מִפְּנֵי person), Deuteronomy 6:15 (+ הָאֲרָמָה מֵעַל־פְּנֵי), Deuteronomy 9:20 + 16 times Deuteronomy; Joshua 7:12 (accusative הַחֵרֶם; + מִקִּרְבְּכֶם), Joshua 9:24 + 4 times Joshua (all RD), 2 Kings 14:16; 1 Kings 13:34; Amos 9:8; Isaiah 13:9; Isaiah 26:14; Esther 3:6, 13 + 23 times; accusative וְשָׁרָשָׁיו פִּרְיוֹ (figurative) Amos 2:9, compare Ezekiel 34:16 (but Vrss Co Toy and others [not Hi Krae] אֶשְׁמֹר); אֶתשְֿׁמִי הִשׁ׳ 1 Samuel 24:22 (Gi 1 Samuel 24:21), 2 Samuel 22:38; 1 Kings 16:12; Psalm 145:20; הַשְׁמֵד as substantive, Isaiah 14:23 besom of extermination; accusative אֶתהַֿבַּעַל 2 Kings 10:28, of extirpating Baal-worship מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל.
†2. destroy, cities Micah 5:13, fortresses Isaiah 23:11, bamoth Leviticus 26:30 (H), Numbers 33:52 (P; || אִבֵּד), חֹזֶק מַמְלְכוֺת הַגּוֺיִם Haggai 2:22.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8046.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs








1:27; 2:22; 2:22; 4:26; 4:26; 4:26; 6:15; 7:23; 7:24; 7:24; 9:20; 12:30; 28:20; 28:20; 28:24; 28:45; 28:48; 28:51; 28:61; 33:27


7:12; 9:24; 9:24; 11:14; 23:15



1 Samuel

24:21; 24:22

2 Samuel

21:5; 22:38

1 Kings

13:34; 16:12; 16:12

2 Kings

10:28; 10:28; 14:16


3:6; 3:13; 10


37:38; 83:11; 92:8; 145:20


14:11; 14:11


13:9; 13:9; 14:23; 14:28; 23:11; 23:11; 26:14; 48:19; 48:19


48:8; 48:42


32:12; 33:12; 34:16




2:9; 9:8; 9:8






Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8045 matches the Hebrew שָׁמַד (šāmaḏ),
which occurs 90 times in 86 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:30 - Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me by making me repulsive among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites; and [fn]since my men are few in number, they will band together against me and [fn]attack me, and I will be destroyed H8045, I and my household!”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:30 - ‘I then will destroy H8045 your high places, and cut down your incense altars, and [fn]pile your [fn]remains on the [fn]remains of your idols, for My soul will loathe you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:52 - you shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from you, and destroy all their idolatrous sculptures, destroy all their cast metal images, and eliminate H8045 all their high places;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:27 - and you grumbled in your tents and said, ‘Because the LORD hates us, He has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to hand us over to the Amorites to destroy H8045 us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:12 - “The Horites previously lived in Seir, but the sons of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed H8045 them from before [fn]them, and settled in their place; just as Israel did to the land of [fn]their possession which the LORD gave them.)
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:21 - a people as great, numerous, and tall as the Anakim; but the LORD destroyed H8045 them before [fn]them. And they dispossessed them and settled in their place,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:22 - just as He did for the sons of Esau, who live in Seir, when He destroyed H8045 the Horites from before them; they dispossessed them and settled in their place, where they remain even to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:23 - “And as for the Avvim, who lived in villages as far as Gaza, the [fn]Caphtorim, who came from [fn]Caphtor, destroyed H8045 them and lived in their place.)
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:3 - “Your eyes have seen what the LORD has done in the case of Baal-peor, for all the men who followed Baal-peor, the LORD your God has destroyed H8045 [fn]them from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:26 - I call heaven and earth as witnesses against you today, that you will certainly perish quickly from the land where you are going over the Jordan to take possession of it. You will not [fn]live long on it, but will be utterly H8045 destroyed H8045.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:15 - for the LORD your God who is in the midst of you is a jealous God; so follow Him, or else the anger of the LORD your God will be kindled against you, and He will [fn]wipe H8045 you off the face of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:4 - “For [fn]they will turn your [fn]sons away from [fn]following Me, and they will serve other gods; then the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you and He will quickly destroy H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:23 - “But the LORD your God will turn them over to you, and will [fn]throw them into great confusion until they are destroyed H8045.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:24 - “And He will hand over their kings to you, so that you will eliminate their name from under heaven; no one will be able to stand against you until you have destroyed H8045 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:3 - “So be aware today that it is the LORD your God who is crossing over ahead of you as a consuming fire. He will destroy H8045 them and He will subdue them before you, so that you may drive them out and eliminate them quickly, just as the LORD has spoken to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:8 - “Even at Horeb you provoked the LORD to anger, and the LORD was so angry with you that He would have destroyed H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:14 - ‘Leave Me alone, that I may destroy H8045 them and wipe out their name from under heaven; and I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:19 - “For I was afraid of the anger and the rage with which the LORD was angry with you so as to destroy H8045 you; but the LORD listened to me that time as well.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:20 - “The LORD was also angry enough with Aaron to destroy H8045 him; so I also prayed for Aaron at the same time.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:25 - “So I fell down before the LORD for the forty days and nights, which I [fn]did because the LORD said He would destroy H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:30 - be careful that you are not ensnared [fn]to follow them, after they are destroyed H8045 from your presence, and that you do not inquire about their gods, saying, ‘How do these nations serve their gods, that I also may do likewise?’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:20 - “The LORD will send against you curses, panic, and rebuke, in [fn]everything you undertake to do, until you are destroyed H8045 and until you perish quickly, on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have abandoned Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:24 - “The LORD will make the rain of your land powder and dust; from heaven it shall come down on you until you are destroyed H8045.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:45 - “So all these curses shall come upon you and pursue you and overtake you until you are destroyed H8045, because you would not [fn]obey the LORD your God by keeping His commandments and His statutes which He commanded you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:48 - you will serve your enemies whom the LORD will send against you, in hunger, thirst, nakedness, and devoid of all things; and He will put an iron yoke on your neck until He has destroyed H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:51 - “Furthermore, it will eat the [fn]offspring of your herd and the produce of your ground until you are destroyed H8045; a nation that will leave you no grain, new wine, or oil, nor the newborn of your cattle or the young of your flock, until they have eliminated you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:61 - “Also every sickness and every plague, which are not written in the book of this Law, the LORD will bring on you until you are destroyed H8045.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:63 - “And it will come about that, just as the LORD rejoiced over you to be good to you, and make you numerous, so will the LORD rejoice over you to wipe you out and destroy H8045 you; and you will be torn away from the land which you are entering to possess.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:3 - “It is the LORD your God who is going to cross ahead of you; He Himself will destroy H8045 these nations before you, and you shall dispossess them. Joshua is the one who is going to cross ahead of you, just as the LORD has spoken.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:4 - “And the LORD will do to them just as He did to Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites, and to their land, when He destroyed H8045 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 - “The eternal God is a [fn]hiding place,
And underneath are the everlasting arms;
And He drove out the enemy from you,
And said, ‘Destroy H8045!’
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:12 - “Therefore the sons of Israel cannot stand against their enemies; they turn their [fn]backs before their enemies, because they have become designated for destruction. I will not be with you anymore unless you eliminate H8045 from your midst the things designated for destruction.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:24 - So they answered Joshua and said, “Since your servants were fully informed that the LORD your God had commanded His servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy H8045 all the inhabitants of the land before you, we feared greatly for our lives because of you, and did this thing.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:14 - And all the spoils of these cities and the cattle, the sons of Israel took as their plunder; but they struck every person with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed H8045 them. They left no one breathing.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:20 - For it was of the LORD to [fn]harden their hearts, to meet Israel in battle in order that he might utterly destroy them, that they might [fn]receive no mercy, but that he might destroy H8045 them, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:15 - “But it will come about that just as all the good words which the LORD your God spoke to you have come upon you, so the LORD will bring upon you [fn]all the warnings, until He has eliminated H8045 you from this good land which the LORD your God has given you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:8 - ‘Then I brought you into the land of the Amorites, who lived beyond the Jordan, and they fought with you; but I handed them over to you, and you took possession of their land when I eliminated H8045 them before you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:16 - Then the elders of the congregation said, “What are we to do for wives for those who are left, since the women have been eliminated H8045 from Benjamin?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:21 - “So now swear to me by the LORD that you will not cut off my [fn]descendants after me, and that you will not eliminate H8045 my name from my father’s household.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:7 - “Now behold, the entire family has risen against your servant, and they have said, ‘Hand over the one who struck his brother, so that we may put him to death for the life of his brother whom he killed, and eliminate H8045 the heir as well.’ So they will extinguish my coal which is left, so as to [fn]leave my husband neither name nor remnant on the face of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:11 - Then she said, “May the king please remember the LORD your God, so that the avenger of blood will not continue to destroy, otherwise they will destroy H8045 my son.” And he said, “As the LORD lives, not one hair of your son shall fall to the ground.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:16 - ‘For the king will listen, to save his slave from the [fn]hand of the man who would eliminate H8045 [fn]both me and my son from the inheritance of God.’
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:5 - So they said to the king, “The man who destroyed us and who planned [fn]to eliminate H8045 us so that we would not exist within any border of Israel
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:38 - “I pursued my enemies and eliminated H8045 them,
And I did not turn back until they were finished off.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:34 - [fn]This event also became a sin of the house of Jeroboam, even to wipe it out and eliminate H8045 it from the face of the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 15:29 - And as soon as he was king, he struck and killed all the household of Jeroboam. He did not leave Jeroboam any [fn]persons alive, but kept killing until he had eliminated H8045 them, in accordance with the word of the LORD which He spoke by His servant Ahijah the Shilonite,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:12 - So Zimri eliminated H8045 all the household of Baasha, in accordance with the word of the LORD which He spoke against Baasha through Jehu the prophet,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:17 - When he came to Samaria, he [fn]killed all who remained to Ahab in Samaria, until he had eliminated H8045 [fn]them, in accordance with the word of the LORD which He spoke to Elijah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:28 - So Jehu eradicated H8045 Baal from Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 21:9 - But they did not listen, and Manasseh encouraged them to do evil, more than the nations whom the LORD eliminated H8045 from the presence of the sons of Israel.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9) Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9

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