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Lexicon :: Strong's H8045 - šāmaḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2406

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x

The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x
The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to destroy, exterminate, be destroyed, be exterminated

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to be annihilated, be exterminated

      2. to be destroyed, be devastated

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to annihilate, exterminate

      2. to destroy

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.
STRONGS H8045: Abbreviations
[שָׁמַד]90 verb
Niph. be exterminated, destroyed (Late Hebrew derived species; Aramaic שְׁמַד Pa. cause to apostatize (Jastr); Syriac bdb102901 seems disputed (in Lexicons); NöEut. Nab. 32 curse; BaES 10 cites Assyrian ašmud, I destroyed; Gerber112 thinks verb denominative); — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְנִשְׁמַד Ezekiel 32:12 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁמֵ Isaiah 48:19; Proverbs 14:11; 2nd person masculine plural תִּשָּׁמֵד֑וּן Deuteronomy 4:26; Infinitiveabsolute הִשָּׁמֵד Deuteronomy 4:26; construct suffix הִשָּׁמֶדְךָ Deuteronomy 28:20, etc.; —
†1. of person be annihilated, exterminated, Genesis 34:30 (J), Judges 21:16; 2 Samuel 21:5 (+ מֵהִתְיַצֵּב בְּ; — but read לְהַשְׁמִידֵגוּ Greek Version of the LXX Ew We Dr and others), Psalm 37:38 (|| נִכְדָת), Psalm 83:11; of people Deuteronomy 4:26 (הִשָּׁמֵד תּשּׁ׳), Deuteronomy 7:23; Deuteronomy 12:30 (+ מִפָּנֶיךָ Deuteronomy 28:20 (|| אָבַד Deuteronomy 28:24; Deuteronomy 28:45; Deuteronomy 28:51; Deuteronomy 28:61, Jeremiah 48:42 (+מֵעִם. Ezekiel 33:12; Psalm 92:8 (+ עֲדֵיעַֿד, compare also וְלֹא יִשָּׁמֵד שְׁמוֺ מִלְּפָנָי֑ Isaiah 48:19 (+ יִכָרֵת; וַרְעֶ֑ךָ etc., in || clause).
†2. be destroyed, of bamoth, Hosea 10:8, compare (בֵּית רְשָׁעִים) Proverbs 14:11; be devastated, of land, Jeremiah 48:8 (|| אבר).
Hiph.69 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁמִיד Deuteronomy 2:22 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁמִיד Isaiah 13:9 +, וַיַּשְׁמֵד 1 Kings 16:12; 2 Kings 10:28, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַשְׁמֵד Deuteronomy 33:27; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵד Isaiah 14:28, יֵ֯ד Amos 9:8; construct לְהַשְׁמִיר Joshua 9:24 +, also †עַד הִשְׁמִידְךָ Deuteronomy 7:24, וֺ- Deuteronomy 28:48, ָ֯ ם - Joshua 11:14 (but read in all הַשׁ׳, as Joshua 23:15, see DrDeuteronomy 7:24), לַשְׁמִדIsaiah 23:11, etc.; —
1. annihilate, exterminate: accusative of person or a people, subject י׳ or human person, Deuteronomy 1:27; Deuteronomy 2:22 (+ מִפְּנֵי person), Deuteronomy 6:15 (+ הָאֲרָמָה מֵעַל־פְּנֵי), Deuteronomy 9:20 + 16 times Deuteronomy; Joshua 7:12 (accusative הַחֵרֶם; + מִקִּרְבְּכֶם), Joshua 9:24 + 4 times Joshua (all RD), 2 Kings 14:16; 1 Kings 13:34; Amos 9:8; Isaiah 13:9; Isaiah 26:14; Esther 3:6, 13 + 23 times; accusative וְשָׁרָשָׁיו פִּרְיוֹ (figurative) Amos 2:9, compare Ezekiel 34:16 (but Vrss Co Toy and others [not Hi Krae] אֶשְׁמֹר); אֶתשְֿׁמִי הִשׁ׳ 1 Samuel 24:22 (Gi 1 Samuel 24:21), 2 Samuel 22:38; 1 Kings 16:12; Psalm 145:20; הַשְׁמֵד as substantive, Isaiah 14:23 besom of extermination; accusative אֶתהַֿבַּעַל 2 Kings 10:28, of extirpating Baal-worship מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל.
†2. destroy, cities Micah 5:13, fortresses Isaiah 23:11, bamoth Leviticus 26:30 (H), Numbers 33:52 (P; || אִבֵּד), חֹזֶק מַמְלְכוֺת הַגּוֺיִם Haggai 2:22.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8046.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs








1:27; 2:22; 2:22; 4:26; 4:26; 4:26; 6:15; 7:23; 7:24; 7:24; 9:20; 12:30; 28:20; 28:20; 28:24; 28:45; 28:48; 28:51; 28:61; 33:27


7:12; 9:24; 9:24; 11:14; 23:15



1 Samuel

24:21; 24:22

2 Samuel

21:5; 22:38

1 Kings

13:34; 16:12; 16:12

2 Kings

10:28; 10:28; 14:16


3:6; 3:13; 10


37:38; 83:11; 92:8; 145:20


14:11; 14:11


13:9; 13:9; 14:23; 14:28; 23:11; 23:11; 26:14; 48:19; 48:19


48:8; 48:42


32:12; 33:12; 34:16




2:9; 9:8; 9:8






Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8045 matches the Hebrew שָׁמַד (šāmaḏ),
which occurs 90 times in 86 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:30 - Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me by making me odious among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites; and [fn]my men being few in number, they will gather together against me and [fn]attack me and I will be destroyed, H8045 I and my household.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:30 - ‘I then will destroy H8045 your high places, and cut down your incense altars, and heap your [fn]remains on the [fn]remains of your idols, for My soul shall abhor you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:52 - then you shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their figured stones, and destroy all their molten images and demolish H8045 all their high places;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:27 - and you grumbled in your tents and said, ‘Because the LORD hates us, He has brought us out of the land of Egypt to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites to destroy H8045 us.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:12 - The Horites formerly lived in Seir, but the sons of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed H8045 them from before them and settled in their place, just as Israel did to the land of [fn]their possession which the LORD gave to them.)
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:21 - a people as great, numerous, and tall as the Anakim, but the LORD destroyed H8045 them before them. And they dispossessed them and settled in their place,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:22 - just as He did for the sons of Esau, who live in Seir, when He destroyed H8045 the Horites from before them; they dispossessed them and settled in their place even to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:23 - And the Avvim, who lived in villages as far as Gaza, the [fn]Caphtorim who came from [fn]Caphtor, destroyed H8045 them and lived in their place.)
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:3 - “Your eyes have seen what the LORD has done in the case of Baal-peor, for all the men who followed Baal-peor, the LORD your God has destroyed H8045 [fn]them from among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:26 - I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that you will surely perish quickly from the land where you are going over the Jordan to possess it. You shall not [fn]live long on it, but will be utterly H8045 destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:15 - for the LORD your God in the midst of you is a jealous God; otherwise the anger of the LORD your God will be kindled against you, and He will [fn]wipe H8045 you off the face of the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:4 - “For [fn]they will turn your [fn]sons away from [fn]following Me to serve other gods; then the anger of the LORD will be kindled against you and He will quickly destroy H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:23 - “But the LORD your God will deliver them before you, and will [fn]throw them into great confusion until they are destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:24 - “He will deliver their kings into your hand so that you will make their name perish from under heaven; no man will be able to stand before you until you have destroyed H8045 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:3 - “Know therefore today that it is the LORD your God who is crossing over before you as a consuming fire. He will destroy H8045 them and He will subdue them before you, so that you may drive them out and destroy them quickly, just as the LORD has spoken to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:8 - “Even at Horeb you provoked the LORD to wrath, and the LORD was so angry with you that He would have destroyed H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:14 - ‘Let Me alone, that I may destroy H8045 them and blot out their name from under heaven; and I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:19 - “For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure with which the LORD was wrathful against you in order to destroy H8045 you, but the LORD listened to me that time also.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:20 - “The LORD was angry enough with Aaron to destroy H8045 him; so I also prayed for Aaron at the same time.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:25 - “So I fell down before the LORD the forty days and nights, which I [fn]did because the LORD had said He would destroy H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:30 - beware that you are not ensnared [fn]to follow them, after they are destroyed H8045 before you, and that you do not inquire after their gods, saying, ‘How do these nations serve their gods, that I also may do likewise?’
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:20 - “The LORD will send upon you curses, confusion, and rebuke, in all [fn]you undertake to do, until you are destroyed H8045 and until you perish quickly, on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have forsaken Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:24 - “The LORD will make the rain of your land powder and dust; from heaven it shall come down on you until you are destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:45 - “So all these curses shall come on you and pursue you and overtake you until you are destroyed, H8045 because you would not [fn]obey the LORD your God by keeping His commandments and His statutes which He commanded you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:48 - therefore you shall serve your enemies whom the LORD will send against you, in hunger, in thirst, in nakedness, and in the lack of all things; and He will put an iron yoke on your neck until He has destroyed H8045 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:51 - “Moreover, it shall eat the [fn]offspring of your herd and the produce of your ground until you are destroyed, H8045 who also leaves you no grain, new wine, or oil, nor the increase of your herd or the young of your flock until they have caused you to perish.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:61 - “Also every sickness and every plague which, not written in the book of this law, the LORD will bring on you until you are destroyed. H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:63 - “It shall come about that as the LORD delighted over you to prosper you, and multiply you, so the LORD will delight over you to make you perish and destroy H8045 you; and you will be torn from the land where you are entering to possess it.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:3 - “It is the LORD your God who will cross ahead of you; He will destroy H8045 these nations before you, and you shall dispossess them. Joshua is the one who will cross ahead of you, just as the LORD has spoken.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:4 - “The LORD will do to them just as He did to Sihon and Og, the kings of the Amorites, and to their land, when He destroyed H8045 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 - “The eternal God is a [fn]dwelling place,
And underneath are the everlasting arms;
And He drove out the enemy from before you,
And said, ‘Destroy!’ H8045
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:12 - “Therefore the sons of Israel cannot stand before their enemies; they turn their [fn]backs before their enemies, for they have become accursed. I will not be with you anymore unless you destroy H8045 the things under the ban from your midst.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:24 - So they answered Joshua and said, “Because it was certainly told your servants that the LORD your God had commanded His servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy H8045 all the inhabitants of the land before you; therefore we feared greatly for our lives because of you, and have done this thing.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:14 - All the spoil of these cities and the cattle, the sons of Israel took as their plunder; but they struck every man with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed H8045 them. They left no one who breathed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:20 - For it was of the LORD to [fn]harden their hearts, to meet Israel in battle in order that he might utterly destroy them, that they might [fn]receive no mercy, but that he might destroy H8045 them, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:15 - “It shall come about that just as all the good words which the LORD your God spoke to you have come upon you, so the LORD will bring upon you all the threats, until He has destroyed H8045 you from off this good land which the LORD your God has given you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:8 - ‘Then I brought you into the land of the Amorites who lived beyond the Jordan, and they fought with you; and I gave them into your hand, and you took possession of their land when I destroyed H8045 them before you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:16 - Then the elders of the congregation said, “What shall we do for wives for those who are left, since the women are destroyed H8045 out of Benjamin?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:21 - “So now swear to me by the LORD that you will not cut off my [fn]descendants after me and that you will not destroy H8045 my name from my father’s household.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:7 - “Now behold, the whole family has risen against your maidservant, and they say, ‘Hand over the one who struck his brother, that we may put him to death for the life of his brother whom he killed, and destroy H8045 the heir also.’ Thus they will extinguish my coal which is left, so as to [fn]leave my husband neither name nor remnant on the face of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:11 - Then she said, “Please let the king remember the LORD your God, so that the avenger of blood will not continue to destroy, otherwise they will destroy H8045 my son.” And he said, “As the LORD lives, not one hair of your son shall fall to the ground.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:16 - ‘For the king will hear [fn]and deliver his maidservant from the [fn]hand of the man who would destroy H8045 [fn]both me and my son from the inheritance of God.’
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:5 - So they said to the king, “The man who consumed us and who planned [fn]to exterminate H8045 us from remaining within any border of Israel,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:38 - “I pursued my enemies and destroyed H8045 them,
And I did not turn back until they were consumed.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:34 - [fn]This event became sin to the house of Jeroboam, even to blot it out and destroy H8045 it from off the face of the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 15:29 - It came about as soon as he was king, he struck down all the household of Jeroboam. He did not leave to Jeroboam [fn]any persons alive, until he had destroyed H8045 them, according to the word of the LORD, which He spoke by His servant Ahijah the Shilonite,
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:12 - Thus Zimri destroyed H8045 all the household of Baasha, according to the word of the LORD, which He spoke against Baasha through Jehu the prophet,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:17 - When he came to Samaria, he [fn]killed all who remained to Ahab in Samaria, until he had destroyed H8045 him, according to the word of the LORD which He spoke to Elijah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:28 - Thus Jehu eradicated H8045 Baal out of Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 21:9 - But they did not listen, and Manasseh seduced them to do evil more than the nations whom the LORD destroyed H8045 before the sons of Israel.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9) Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9

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