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Lexicon :: Strong's H8045 - šāmaḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2406

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x

The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 90x
The KJV translates Strong's H8045 in the following manner: destroy (83x), destruction (1x), overthrown (1x), perished (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to destroy, exterminate, be destroyed, be exterminated

    1. (Niphal)

      1. to be annihilated, be exterminated

      2. to be destroyed, be devastated

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to annihilate, exterminate

      2. to destroy

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמַד shâmad, shaw-mad'; a primitive root; to desolate:—destory(-uction), bring to nought, overthrow, perish, pluck down, × utterly.
STRONGS H8045: Abbreviations
[שָׁמַד]90 verb
Niph. be exterminated, destroyed (Late Hebrew derived species; Aramaic שְׁמַד Pa. cause to apostatize (Jastr); Syriac bdb102901 seems disputed (in Lexicons); NöEut. Nab. 32 curse; BaES 10 cites Assyrian ašmud, I destroyed; Gerber112 thinks verb denominative); — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְנִשְׁמַד Ezekiel 32:12 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁמֵ Isaiah 48:19; Proverbs 14:11; 2nd person masculine plural תִּשָּׁמֵד֑וּן Deuteronomy 4:26; Infinitiveabsolute הִשָּׁמֵד Deuteronomy 4:26; construct suffix הִשָּׁמֶדְךָ Deuteronomy 28:20, etc.; —
†1. of person be annihilated, exterminated, Genesis 34:30 (J), Judges 21:16; 2 Samuel 21:5 (+ מֵהִתְיַצֵּב בְּ; — but read לְהַשְׁמִידֵגוּ Greek Version of the LXX Ew We Dr and others), Psalm 37:38 (|| נִכְדָת), Psalm 83:11; of people Deuteronomy 4:26 (הִשָּׁמֵד תּשּׁ׳), Deuteronomy 7:23; Deuteronomy 12:30 (+ מִפָּנֶיךָ Deuteronomy 28:20 (|| אָבַד Deuteronomy 28:24; Deuteronomy 28:45; Deuteronomy 28:51; Deuteronomy 28:61, Jeremiah 48:42 (+מֵעִם. Ezekiel 33:12; Psalm 92:8 (+ עֲדֵיעַֿד, compare also וְלֹא יִשָּׁמֵד שְׁמוֺ מִלְּפָנָי֑ Isaiah 48:19 (+ יִכָרֵת; וַרְעֶ֑ךָ etc., in || clause).
†2. be destroyed, of bamoth, Hosea 10:8, compare (בֵּית רְשָׁעִים) Proverbs 14:11; be devastated, of land, Jeremiah 48:8 (|| אבר).
Hiph.69 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁמִיד Deuteronomy 2:22 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁמִיד Isaiah 13:9 +, וַיַּשְׁמֵד 1 Kings 16:12; 2 Kings 10:28, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַשְׁמֵד Deuteronomy 33:27; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵד Isaiah 14:28, יֵ֯ד Amos 9:8; construct לְהַשְׁמִיר Joshua 9:24 +, also †עַד הִשְׁמִידְךָ Deuteronomy 7:24, וֺ- Deuteronomy 28:48, ָ֯ ם - Joshua 11:14 (but read in all הַשׁ׳, as Joshua 23:15, see DrDeuteronomy 7:24), לַשְׁמִדIsaiah 23:11, etc.; —
1. annihilate, exterminate: accusative of person or a people, subject י׳ or human person, Deuteronomy 1:27; Deuteronomy 2:22 (+ מִפְּנֵי person), Deuteronomy 6:15 (+ הָאֲרָמָה מֵעַל־פְּנֵי), Deuteronomy 9:20 + 16 times Deuteronomy; Joshua 7:12 (accusative הַחֵרֶם; + מִקִּרְבְּכֶם), Joshua 9:24 + 4 times Joshua (all RD), 2 Kings 14:16; 1 Kings 13:34; Amos 9:8; Isaiah 13:9; Isaiah 26:14; Esther 3:6, 13 + 23 times; accusative וְשָׁרָשָׁיו פִּרְיוֹ (figurative) Amos 2:9, compare Ezekiel 34:16 (but Vrss Co Toy and others [not Hi Krae] אֶשְׁמֹר); אֶתשְֿׁמִי הִשׁ׳ 1 Samuel 24:22 (Gi 1 Samuel 24:21), 2 Samuel 22:38; 1 Kings 16:12; Psalm 145:20; הַשְׁמֵד as substantive, Isaiah 14:23 besom of extermination; accusative אֶתהַֿבַּעַל 2 Kings 10:28, of extirpating Baal-worship מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל.
†2. destroy, cities Micah 5:13, fortresses Isaiah 23:11, bamoth Leviticus 26:30 (H), Numbers 33:52 (P; || אִבֵּד), חֹזֶק מַמְלְכוֺת הַגּוֺיִם Haggai 2:22.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8046.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs








1:27; 2:22; 2:22; 4:26; 4:26; 4:26; 6:15; 7:23; 7:24; 7:24; 9:20; 12:30; 28:20; 28:20; 28:24; 28:45; 28:48; 28:51; 28:61; 33:27


7:12; 9:24; 9:24; 11:14; 23:15



1 Samuel

24:21; 24:22

2 Samuel

21:5; 22:38

1 Kings

13:34; 16:12; 16:12

2 Kings

10:28; 10:28; 14:16


3:6; 3:13; 10


37:38; 83:11; 92:8; 145:20


14:11; 14:11


13:9; 13:9; 14:23; 14:28; 23:11; 23:11; 26:14; 48:19; 48:19


48:8; 48:42


32:12; 33:12; 34:16




2:9; 9:8; 9:8






Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8045 matches the Hebrew שָׁמַד (šāmaḏ),
which occurs 90 times in 86 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 34:30 - Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, "You have brought ruin on me by making me a foul odor among the inhabitants of the land - among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed!"
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:30 - I will destroy your high places and cut down your incense altars, and I will stack your dead bodies on top of the lifeless bodies of your idols. I will abhor you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:52 - you must drive out all the inhabitants of the land before you. Destroy all their carved images, all their molten images, and demolish their high places.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 1:27 - You complained among yourselves privately and said, "Because the LORD hates us he brought us from Egypt to deliver us over to the Amorites so they could destroy us!
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:12 - Previously the Horites lived in Seir but the descendants of Esau dispossessed and destroyed them and settled in their place, just as Israel did to the land it came to possess, the land the LORD gave them.)
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:21 - They are a people as powerful, numerous, and tall as the Anakites. But the LORD destroyed the Rephaites in advance of the Ammonites, so they dispossessed them and settled down in their place.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:22 - This is exactly what he did for the descendants of Esau who lived in Seir when he destroyed the Horites before them so that they could dispossess them and settle in their area to this very day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:23 - As for the Avvites who lived in settlements as far west as Gaza, Caphtorites who came from Crete destroyed them and settled down in their place.)
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:3 - You have witnessed what the LORD did at Baal Peor, how he eradicated from your midst everyone who followed Baal Peor.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:26 - I invoke heaven and earth as witnesses against you today that you will surely and swiftly be removed from the very land you are about to cross the Jordan to possess. You will not last long there because you will surely be annihilated.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 6:15 - for the LORD your God, who is present among you, is a jealous God and his anger will erupt against you and remove you from the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:4 - for they will turn your sons away from me to worship other gods. Then the anger of the LORD will erupt against you and he will quickly destroy you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:23 - The LORD your God will give them over to you; he will throw them into a great panic until they are destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:24 - He will hand over their kings to you and you will erase their very names from memory. Nobody will be able to resist you until you destroy them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:3 - Understand today that the LORD your God who goes before you is a devouring fire; he will defeat and subdue them before you. You will dispossess and destroy them quickly just as he has told you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:8 - At Horeb you provoked him and he was angry enough with you to destroy you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:14 - Stand aside and I will destroy them, obliterating their very name from memory, and I will make you into a stronger and more numerous nation than they are."
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:19 - For I was terrified at the LORD's intense anger that threatened to destroy you. But he listened to me this time as well.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:20 - The LORD was also angry enough at Aaron to kill him, but at that time I prayed for him too.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:25 - I lay flat on the ground before the LORD for forty days and nights, for he had said he would destroy you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:30 - After they have been destroyed from your presence, be careful not to be ensnared like they are; do not pursue their gods and say, "How do these nations serve their gods? I will do the same."
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:20 - "The LORD will send on you a curse, confusing you and opposing you in everything you undertake until you are destroyed and quickly perish because of the evil of your deeds, in that you have forsaken me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:24 - The LORD will make the rain of your land powder and dust; it will come down on you from the sky until you are destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:45 - All these curses will fall on you, pursuing and overtaking you until you are destroyed, because you would not obey the LORD your God by keeping his commandments and statutes that he has given you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:48 - instead in hunger, thirst, nakedness, and poverty you will serve your enemies whom the LORD will send against you. They will place an iron yoke on your neck until they have destroyed you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:51 - They will devour the offspring of your livestock and the produce of your soil until you are destroyed. They will not leave you with any grain, new wine, olive oil, calves of your herds, or lambs of your flocks until they have destroyed you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:61 - Moreover, the LORD will bring upon you every kind of sickness and plague not mentioned in this scroll of commandments, until you have perished.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:63 - This is what will happen: Just as the LORD delighted to do good for you and make you numerous, he will take delight in destroying and decimating you. You will be uprooted from the land you are about to possess.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:3 - As for the LORD your God, he is about to cross over before you; he will destroy these nations before you and dispossess them. As for Joshua, he is about to cross before you just as the LORD has said.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 31:4 - The LORD will do to them just what he did to Sihon and Og, the Amorite kings, and to their land, which he destroyed.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:27 - The everlasting God is a refuge, and underneath you are his eternal arms; he has driven out enemies before you, and has said, "Destroy!"
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:12 - The Israelites are unable to stand before their enemies; they retreat because they have become subject to annihilation. I will no longer be with you, unless you destroy what has contaminated you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:24 - They said to Joshua, "It was carefully reported to your subjects how the LORD your God commanded Moses his servant to assign you the whole land and to destroy all who live in the land from before you. Because of you we were terrified we would lose our lives, so we did this thing.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:14 - The Israelites plundered all the goods of these cities and the cattle, but they totally destroyed all the people and allowed no one who breathed to live.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:20 - for the LORD determined to make them obstinate so they would attack Israel. He wanted Israel to annihilate them without mercy, as he had instructed Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:15 - But in the same way every faithful promise the LORD your God made to you has been realized, it is just as certain, if you disobey, that the LORD will bring on you every judgment until he destroys you from this good land which the LORD your God gave you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 24:8 - Then I brought you to the land of the Amorites who lived east of the Jordan. They fought with you, but I handed them over to you; you conquered their land and I destroyed them from before you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:16 - The leaders of the assembly said, "How can we find wives for those who are left? After all, the Benjaminite women have been wiped out.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 24:21 - So now swear to me in the LORD's name that you will not kill my descendants after me or destroy my name from the house of my father."
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:7 - Now the entire family has risen up against your servant, saying, 'Turn over the one who struck down his brother, so that we can execute him and avenge the death of his brother whom he killed. In so doing we will also destroy the heir.' They want to extinguish my remaining coal, leaving no one on the face of the earth to carry on the name of my husband."
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:11 - She replied, "In that case, let the king invoke the name of the LORD your God so that the avenger of blood may not kill! Then they will not destroy my son!" He replied, "As surely as the LORD lives, not a single hair of your son's head will fall to the ground."
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:16 - Yes! The king may listen and deliver his female servant from the hand of the man who seeks to remove both me and my son from the inheritance God has given us!'
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:5 - They replied to the king, "As for this man who exterminated us and who schemed against us so that we were destroyed and left without status throughout all the borders of Israel -
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:38 - I chase my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until I wipe them out.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 13:34 - This sin caused Jeroboam's dynasty to come to an end and to be destroyed from the face of the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 15:29 - When he became king, he executed Jeroboam's entire family. He wiped out everyone who breathed, just as the LORD had predicted through his servant Ahijah the Shilonite.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 16:12 - Zimri destroyed Baasha's entire family, just as the LORD had predicted to Baasha through Jehu the prophet.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:17 - He went to Samaria and exterminated all the members of Ahab's family who were still alive in Samaria, just as the LORD had announced to Elijah.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:28 - So Jehu eradicated Baal worship from Israel.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 21:9 - But they did not obey, and Manasseh misled them so that they sinned more than the nations whom the LORD had destroyed from before the Israelites.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9) Gen 34:30–2Ki 21:9

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