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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8055 - śāmaḥ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2268

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂמַח sâmach, saw-makh'; a primitive root; probably to brighten up, i.e. (figuratively) be (causatively, make) blithe or gleesome:—cheer up, be (make) glad, (have, make) joy(-ful), be (make) merry, (cause to, make to) rejoice, × very.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 152x

The KJV translates Strong's H8055 in the following manner: rejoice (95x), glad (45x), joy (5x), joyful (2x), merry (2x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 152x
The KJV translates Strong's H8055 in the following manner: rejoice (95x), glad (45x), joy (5x), joyful (2x), merry (2x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. to rejoice, be glad

    1. (Qal)

      1. to rejoice

      2. to rejoice (arrogantly), exult (at)

      3. to rejoice (religiously)

    2. (Piel) to cause to rejoice, gladden, make glad

    3. (Hiphil) to cause to rejoice, gladden, make glad

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂמַח sâmach, saw-makh'; a primitive root; probably to brighten up, i.e. (figuratively) be (causatively, make) blithe or gleesome:—cheer up, be (make) glad, (have, make) joy(-ful), be (make) merry, (cause to, make to) rejoice, × very.
STRONGS H8055: Abbreviations
שָׂמַח, שָׂמֵ֑ח 154 verb rejoice, be glad (Late Hebrew id.; compare perhaps Assyrian šamâḫu, flourish, Arabic bdb097001be high, proud; Punic proper name, feminine שמחת); —
Qal126 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שָׂמַח Psalm 16:9; וְשָׂמֵ֑חַ consecutive Proverbs 29:6; 3rd person feminine singular שָׂמֵ֑חָה Esther 8:15; 2nd person masculine singular וְשָׂמַחְתָּ֫ Deuteronomy 12:18 +; 3rd person masculine plural שָׂמֵ֑חוּ Nehemiah 12:43, etc.; Imperfect יִשְׂמַח Isaiah 9:16 +, 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׂמָ֑חוּ Isaiah 65:13; Psalm 69:33, 3rd person feminine plural תִּשְׂמַחְנָה 2 Samuel 1:20, etc.; Imperative masculine singular שְׂמַח Deuteronomy 33:18 +, feminine singular שִׂמְחִי Zephaniah 3:14 +, שְׂמָ֑חִי Joel 2:21, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׂמֹחַ Ezekiel 35:14 +, etc.; Participle see שָׂמֵחַ adjective; — + 24 times || גיל, less often || רָנַן, עָלַז, שִׂישׂ, etc.; —
1. in common life:
a. rejoice, with ב person or of thing take pleasure in Judges 9:19 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 33:18; Ecclesiastes 3:22 + 7 times + (probably) בְּכָליָֿמֵינוּ Psalm 90:14 (others ב temporal), compare Ecclesiastes 11:8; עַל person Isaiah 39:2 + || 2 Kings 20:13 (וישׂמח for MT וישׁמע Vrss modern), עַל of thing Jonah 4:6; 2 Chronicles 15:15; with temporal clause Jeremiah 41:13 + 6 times + (of heart) Proverbs 23:15, in one's heart Exodus 4:14 (J); with כִּי because Isaiah 14:29 + 3 times; with אֵת with Isaiah 66:10; with מִן person get pleasure from Proverbs 5:18; absolute 1 Samuel 11:9; Ecclesiastes 3:12; Proverbs 13:9 (figurative of prosperity; subject אוֺר; opposed to דָּעַךְ), + 8 times; with ל of thing at Job 21:12.
b. rejoice arrogantly, exult at, ל person, Micah 7:8; Isaiah 14:8; Obadiah 12; Psalm 35:19; Psalm 35:24; Psalm 38:17, with אֶלֿ of thing Ezekiel 25:6, ב of thing Job 31:29; Psalm 35:15; Proverbs 24:17; absolute Hosea 9:1 (+ אֶלגִּֿיל), 2 Samuel 1:20 + 3 times, + (said of righteous by Eliphaz) Job 22:19.
a. rejoice religiously, with ב of thing 1 Samuel 2:1; Deuteronomy 12:7; Psalm 21:2 + 7 times; with בי׳, etc., Joel 2:23; Psalm 32:11 + 10 times Psalms + Psalm 9:3 (+ אֶעֶלְצָה בָ֑ךְ); with עַל of thing 2 Chronicles 29:36, עַל infinitive 1 Chronicles 29:9 a; with לְמַעַן of thing Psalm 48:12; with כִּי because Psalm 119:74; absolute Zechariah 2:14; Zechariah 4:10; Joel 2:21; 1 Chronicles 29:9b (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb), 1 Chronicles 16:31 (of heavens) = Psalm 96:11; Psalm 97:1 (isles) + 18 times (12 times Psalms), + (of heart) Zechariah 10:7a Psalm 16:9; 1 Chronicles 16:10, בְּכָללֵֿב Zephaniah 3:14 (compare Exodus 4:14 1a above); with לִפְנֵי י׳ Isaiah 9:2 and (of joyous feasting etc., at sanctuary) Leviticus 23:40 (H), Deuteronomy 12:12, 18; Deuteronomy 16:11; Deuteronomy 27:7, compare Deuteronomy 14:26; 1 Samuel 11:15.
b. subject י׳, with עַל person Isaiah 9:16 (|| רחם; PerlesRÉJ xxxiv. 63 be gentle, Arabic bdb097002), ב of thing Psalm 104:31.
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular וְשִׂמַּח consecutive Deuteronomy 24:5, suffix שִׁמְּחָהוּ Jeremiah 20:15, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְשַׂמַּח Psalm 104:15 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular שַׂמֵּחַ Psalm 86:4, שַׂמַּח Proverbs 27:11, etc.; Infinitive absolute שַׂמֵּחַ Jeremiah 20:15; Participle מְשַׂמֵּחַ Judges 9:13, plural construct מְשַׂמְּחֵי Psalm 19:9; — cause to rejoice, gladden, with accusative of person (or equivalent), subject person Deuteronomy 24:5; Jeremiah 20:15 (+ Infinitive absolute), Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 15:20; Proverbs 27:11; Proverbs 29:3 (Hosea 7:3 see משׁח 2); especially subject י׳ (God) Jeremiah 31:13 (with מִן separ.) Isaiah 56:7; 2 Chronicles 20:27 (with מִן of source, see Qal 1 a), Ezra 6:22; Nehemiah 12:43 (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Psalm 86:4; Psalm 90:15; Psalm 92:5 (ב instrumental), also, with ל person cause to exult at Psalm 30:2, id. with עַל person Lamentations 2:17; subject of thing Judges 9:13; Psalm 19:9; Psalm 45:9; Psalm 46:5; Psalm 104:15; Ecclesiastes 10:19; Proverbs 12:25; Proverbs 15:30; Proverbs 27:9.
̸Hiph. = Pi. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular הִשְׂמַחְתָּ Psalm 89:43 (subject י׳).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


4:14; 4:14




12:7; 12:12; 12:18; 12:18; 14:26; 16:11; 24:5; 24:5; 27:7; 33:18; 33:18


9:13; 9:13; 9:19

1 Samuel

2:1; 11:9; 11:15

2 Samuel

1:20; 1:20

2 Kings


1 Chronicles

16:10; 16:31; 29:9; 29:9

2 Chronicles

15:15; 20:27; 29:36




12:43; 12:43




21:12; 22:19; 31:29


9:3; 16:9; 16:9; 19:9; 19:9; 21:2; 30:2; 32:11; 35:15; 35:19; 35:24; 38:17; 45:9; 46:5; 48:12; 69:33; 86:4; 86:4; 89:43; 90:14; 90:15; 92:5; 96:11; 97:1; 104:15; 104:15; 104:31; 119:74


5:18; 10:1; 12:25; 13:9; 15:20; 15:30; 23:15; 24:17; 27:9; 27:11; 27:11; 29:3; 29:6


3:12; 3:22; 10:19; 11:8


9:2; 9:16; 9:16; 14:8; 14:29; 39:2; 56:7; 65:13; 66:10


20:15; 20:15; 20:15; 31:13; 41:13




25:6; 35:14


7:3; 9:1


2:21; 2:21; 2:23








3:14; 3:14


4:10; 10:7

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8055 matches the Hebrew שָׂמַח (śāmaḥ),
which occurs 158 times in 148 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Exo 4:14–Psa 33:21)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:14 - Then the anger of Yahweh burned against Moses, and He said, “Is there not your brother Aaron the Levite? I know that [fn]he can certainly speak. And moreover, behold, he is coming out to meet you. And he will see you and be glad H8055 in his heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:40 - ‘And on the first day you shall take for yourselves the [fn]foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall be glad H8055 before Yahweh your God for seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:7 - “There also you and your households shall eat before Yahweh your God, and be glad H8055 in all that you send forth your hand to do, in which Yahweh your God has blessed you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:12 - “And you shall be glad H8055 before Yahweh your God, you and your sons and daughters, your male and female slaves, and the Levite who is within your gates, since he has no portion or inheritance with you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:18 - “But you shall eat them before Yahweh your God in the place which Yahweh your God will choose, you and your son and daughter, and your male and female slaves, and the Levite who is within your gates; and you shall be glad H8055 before Yahweh your God in all that you send forth your hand to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 14:26 - “And you may spend the money for whatever your [fn]heart desires: for oxen or sheep or wine or strong drink or whatever your [fn]heart [fn]desires; and there you shall eat in the presence of Yahweh your God and be glad H8055, you and your household.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:11 - and you shall be glad H8055 before Yahweh your God, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female slaves and the Levite who is within your gates and the sojourner and the [fn]orphan and the widow who are in your midst, in the place where Yahweh your God chooses for His name to dwell.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:14 - and you shall be glad H8055 in your feast, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female slaves and the Levite and the sojourner and the [fn]orphan and the widow who are within your gates.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:5 -

“When a man takes a new wife, he shall not go out with the army nor be charged with any duty; he shall be free at home one year and shall give H8055 gladness H8055 to his wife whom he has taken.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 26:11 - and you and the Levite and the sojourner who is among you shall be glad H8055 in all the good which Yahweh your God has given you and your household.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 27:7 - and you shall sacrifice peace offerings and eat there and be glad H8055 before Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:18 -

Of Zebulun he said,

“Be glad H8055, Zebulun, in your going forth,

And, Issachar, in your tents.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:13 - “But the vine said to them, ‘Shall I leave my new wine, which makes God and men glad H8055, and go to wave over the trees?’
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:19 - if then you have dealt in [fn]truth and integrity with Jerubbaal and his house this day, be H8055 glad H8055 in Abimelech, and let him also be H8055 glad H8055 in you.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:3 - Then her husband arose and went after her to speak to her heart in order to bring her back, and his young man was with him as well as a pair of donkeys. So she brought him into her father’s house, and the girl’s father saw him and was H8055 glad H8055 to meet him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:1 -

Then Hannah prayed and said,

“My heart exults in Yahweh;

My [fn]horn is exalted in Yahweh;

My mouth [fn]speaks boldly against my enemies,

Because I am glad H8055 in Your salvation.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 6:13 -

Now the people of Beth-shemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley, and they raised their eyes and saw the ark and were glad H8055 to see it.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:9 - And they said to the messengers who had come, “Thus you shall say to the men of Jabesh-gilead, ‘Tomorrow, by the time the sun is hot, you will have salvation.’” So the messengers went and told the men of Jabesh; and they were glad H8055.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:15 - So all the people went to Gilgal, and there they made Saul king before Yahweh in Gilgal. There they also offered sacrifices of peace offerings before Yahweh; and there Saul and all the men of Israel were exceedingly glad H8055.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 19:5 - “For he took his life in his hand and struck the Philistine, and Yahweh brought about a great salvation for all Israel; you saw it and were glad H8055. Why then will you sin against innocent blood by putting David to death without a cause?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:20 -

“Tell it not in Gath,

Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon,

Lest the daughters of the Philistines be glad H8055,

Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised exult.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 5:7 -

Now it happened, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, he was very glad H8055 and said, “Blessed be Yahweh today, who has given to David a wise son over this great people.”

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 11:20 - So all the people of the land were glad H8055, and the city was quiet. For they had put Athaliah to death with the sword at the king’s house.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:10 -

Boast in His holy name;

Let the heart of those who seek Yahweh be H8055 glad H8055.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 29:9 - Then the people were glad H8055 because they had offered so willingly, for they made their freewill offering to Yahweh with a whole heart, and King David also was exceedingly glad H8055.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 6:41 -

“So now, arise, O Yahweh God, to Your resting place, You and the ark of Your strength; let Your priests, O Yahweh God, be clothed with salvation and let Your holy ones be glad H8055 in what is good.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 15:15 - All Judah was glad H8055 concerning the oath, for they had sworn with their whole heart and had searched for Him with all their desire, and He was found by them. So Yahweh gave them rest on every side.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 20:27 - And every man of Judah and Jerusalem returned with Jehoshaphat at their head, returning to Jerusalem with gladness, for Yahweh had made them glad H8055 over their enemies.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 23:21 - So all of the people of the land were glad H8055, and the city was quiet. For they had put Athaliah to death with the sword.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 24:10 - And all the officials and all the people were glad H8055 and brought in their levies and [fn]dropped them into the chest until they had [fn]finished.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 29:36 - Then Hezekiah and all the people were glad H8055 over what God had prepared for the people, because the thing came about suddenly.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 30:25 - And all the assembly of Judah were glad H8055, with the priests and the Levites and all the assembly that came from Israel, both the sojourners who came from the land of Israel and those living in Judah.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 6:22 - And they celebrated the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with gladness, for Yahweh had caused them to be H8055 glad H8055 and had turned the heart of the king of Assyria toward them to [fn]strengthen them in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 12:43 - and on that day they offered great sacrifices and were glad H8055 because God had given H8055 them great gladness, even the women and children were glad H8055, so that the gladness of Jerusalem was heard from afar.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:15 -

Then Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal robes of [fn]blue and fine white, with a large crown of gold and a garment of fine linen and purple; and the city of Susa cried aloud and was glad H8055.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:22 -

Who are glad with joy,

And rejoice when they find the grave?

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:12 -

“They lift up the tambourine and harp

And are glad H8055 at the sound of the pipe.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:19 -

“The righteous see and are H8055 glad H8055,

And the innocent mock them,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:25 -

If I have been glad H8055 because my wealth was great,

And because my hand had found so much,

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 31:29 -

“If I have been glad H8055 at the upheaval of the one who hated me,

Or [fn]exulted when evil found him—

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 5:11 -

But let all who take refuge in You be glad H8055,

Let them ever sing for joy;

And [fn]may You shelter them,

That those who love Your name may exult in You.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 9:2 -


I will be glad H8055 and exult in You;

I will sing praise to Your name, O Most High.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 14:7 -

Oh, that the salvation of Israel [fn]would come out of Zion!

When Yahweh [fn]restores His captive people,

May Jacob rejoice, may Israel be H8055 glad H8055.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 16:9 -

Therefore my heart is H8055 glad H8055 and my glory rejoices;

My flesh also will dwell securely.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 19:8 -

The precepts of Yahweh are right, rejoicing H8055 the heart;

The commandment of Yahweh is pure, enlightening the eyes.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 21:1 -

For the choir director. A Psalm of David.

O Yahweh, in Your strength the king will be H8055 glad H8055,

And in Your [fn]salvation how greatly he will rejoice!

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 30:1 -

A Psalm. A Song at the Dedication of the House. Of David.

I will exalt You, O Yahweh, for You have lifted me up,

And have not let my enemies be glad H8055 over me.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 31:7 -

I will rejoice and be H8055 glad H8055 in Your lovingkindness,

Because You have seen my affliction;

You have known the troubles of my soul,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 32:11 -

Be H8055 glad H8055 in Yahweh and rejoice, you righteous ones;

And shout for joy, all you who are upright in heart.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 33:21 -

For our heart is glad H8055 in Him,

Because we trust in His holy name.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Exo 4:14–Psa 33:21) Exo 4:14–Psa 33:21

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Psa 34:2–Pro 23:15

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