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Lexicon :: Strong's H8064 - šāmayim

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be lofty
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2407a

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמַיִם shâmayim, shaw-mah'-yim; dual of an unused singular שָׁמֶה shâmeh; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve):—air, × astrologer, heaven(-s).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 420x

The KJV translates Strong's H8064 in the following manner: heaven (398x), air (21x), astrologers (with H1895) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 420x
The KJV translates Strong's H8064 in the following manner: heaven (398x), air (21x), astrologers (with H1895) (1x).
  1. heaven, heavens, sky

    1. visible heavens, sky

      1. as abode of the stars

      2. as the visible universe, the sky, atmosphere, etc

    2. Heaven (as the abode of God)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמַיִם shâmayim, shaw-mah'-yim; dual of an unused singular שָׁמֶה shâmeh; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve):—air, × astrologer, heaven(-s).
STRONGS H8064: Abbreviations
[שָׁמַי] noun masculineDeuteronomy 33:28 only plural שָׁמַ֫יִם 421 (Sta§324 a) heavens, sky (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian šamû plural šamê, šamûtu, also šamâmu, compare Phoenician שמם; Sabean סמה HomChr 46, 124; Arabic سَمَآءً Ethiopic ለማይ፡ Aramaic שְׁמַיָּא axYmw; Palmyrene, Nabataean שמ(י)ן in proper name (compounded with בעל) Lzb153 GACooke45; on plural form see BaZMG xiii (1888), 341 f.); — absolute שׁ׳ Genesis 1:1 +, מָ֑יִם - Genesis 2:4 +; הַשָּׁמַ֫יְמָה Exodus 9:8 +; construct שְׁמֵי Deuteronomy 10:14 + 9 times; suffix שָׁמֶיךָ Psalm 8:4 + 2 times, שָׁמָיו Deuteronomy 33:28, שְׁמֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:19, with verb plural, Hosea 2:23; —
a. visible heavens, sky, where stars, etc., are Judges 5:20; Genesis 15:5 (J), Deuteronomy 4:19; Genesis 1:14, 15, 17 (P), hence כּוֺכְבֵי הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 22:17 (JE) = + 9 times (usually as countless), (כָּלֿ) צְבָא הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 4:19; Jeremiah 8:2 + (צ׳1c; rarely of angels, צ׳1b; before which fowl fly Genesis 1:20 (P), compare Deuteronomy 4:17; Jeremiah 8:7; Proverbs 30:19, עוֺף הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 2:19 (J), Genesis 1:19 (P) + (עוֺף 1), שׁ׳ צִפֹּרPsalm 8:9, נִשְׁרֵי שׁ׳Lamentations 4:19; as רָקִיע (which see) Genesis 1:8 (P), Psalm 19:2, with waters beneath and above Genesis 1:9 (P, compare Genesis 1:7), Psalm 148:4, darkened with clouds 1 Kings 18:45, cleared by wind Job 26:13; whence comes rain Genesis 8:2 (J), Judges 5:4; Deuteronomy 11:11 +, and dew Genesis 27:28 (J), Genesis 27:39 (E), Deuteronomy 33:28 (poem) +. compare בִּרְכֹת שׁ׳Genesis 49:25 (poem in J), מֶגֶר שׁ׳Deuteronomy 33:13 (poem), but also (destructive) fire 2 Kings 1:10 (twice in verse); Job 1:16 + (see also 2a below); הֹבְרֵישׁ׳ Isaiah 47:13, i.e. astrologers, compare אוֺתוֺתהַשּׁ׳ Jeremiah 10:2; as high Genesis 11:4 (J), Amos 9:2 (opposed to שְׁאוֺל), Genesis 11:6 (opposed to אֶרֶץ) +, עַדלֵֿב הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 4:11;as over all the earth, תַּחַת (כָּלֿ)הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 6:17; Genesis 7:19 (both P), Deuteronomy 2:25; Ecclesiastes 1:13 מִתַּחַת וגו׳ (of extermination) Exodus 17:14 (E), Deuteronomy 7:24; Deuteronomy 9:14 +; specifically of Israel, שָׁמֶיךָ Deuteronomy 28:23, שְׁמֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:19 (H); וּבֵין הָאָרֶץ בֵּין הַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 18:9 (hung from tree), 1 Chronicles 21:16 (of angel), compare Ezekiel 8:3 (Ezekiel in vision), Zechariah 5:9 (flying ephah); וְעַדקְֿצֵה מִקְּצֵה הַשּׁ׳ הַשּׁ׳ of limits of horizon Deuteronomy 4:32, compare Deuteronomy 30:4; Nehemiah 1:9; Psalm 19:7 as made by God Jeremiah 51:15 (opposed to תֵּבֵל), Psalm 8:4Deuteronomy 11:21; Job 14:12; Psalm 89:30; especiallyוְ(הָ)אָרֶץ (הַ)שּׁ׳ = universe (compare in Sabean, SabDenkmNo.41.42, l.3) Deuteronomy 3:24 Genesis 1:1 (P) + (especially Deuteronomy, Isa2, Psalms), + הַיָם Exodus 20:11; Haggai 2:6, etc., + מַיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ Exodus 20:4= Deuteronomy 5:8,.compare Proverbs 30:4, etc.; opposed to תְּהוֺם Proverbs 8:27 (+ אֶרֶץ Proverbs 8:29) חֲרָשִׁים וְהָאָרֶץ חֲרָשָׁה שׁ׳ as part of future glory Isaiah 65:17; Isaiah 66:22.
b. phrases are: אֲרֻבּוֺת הַשּׁ׳ (letting rain through) †Genesis 7:11; Genesis 8:2 (P), Malachi 3:10 (figurative), compare בַּשּׁ׳ א׳ הֲיַעֲשֶׂה י׳ 2 Kings 7:2, 19, so דַּלְתֵי שׁ׳Psalm 78:23 (for manna), compare דְָּגַן שׁ׳, Psalm 78:24, לֶחֶם שׁ׳Psalm 105:40; מוֺסְדוֺת הַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 22:8 (|| הָאָרֶץ; in || Psalm 18:8 חָרִים מ׳), עַמּוּרֵי שׁ׳ Job 26:11, חוּג שׁ׳ Job 22:14; towards the sky is הַשָּׁמַ֫יְמָה Joshua 8:20(J), Exodus 9:8, 10 (P), Job 2:12; Judges 13:20; Judges 20:40; 2 Chronicles 6:13; עַלהַֿשָּׁמַיִם Exodus 9:22, 23; Exodus 10:21, 22(all E), אֶלשֿׁ׳ Deuteronomy 32:40 (poem), Daniel 12:7, שׁ׳ alone 1 Kings 8:22, 54; Job 35:5; Proverbs 23:5.
a. as abode of God (י׳) 1 Kings 8:30, 32Psalm 2:3; Isaiah 66:1, etc., compare רֹכֵבשׁ׳ Deuteronomy 33:26(poem), Psalm 68:34, whence he rains brimstone Genesis 19:24 (J), bread Exodus 16:4 (E), compare Nehemiah 9:15, casts hailstones Joshua 11:11 (E), talks with Israel Exodus 20:22 (E; Gi Exodus 20:19) +, compare Genesis 21:17; Genesis 22:11, 15 (E), looks down Deuteronomy 26:15 +, hears his people Psalm 20:7+ 10 times Chronicles, etc.; he thunders בַּשּׁ׳ 1 Samuel 2:10; Psalm 18:14,|| מִןשֿׁ׳ 2 Samuel 22:14; he bends (נטה) שׁ׳ to come down 2 Samuel 22:10= Psalm 18:10, compare Psalm 144:5 and (rend) Isaiah 63:19; נִמְּתְּחוּ הַשּׁ׳ Ezekiel 1:1 in vision of God, compare שַׁעַר הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 28:17 (E; + בֵּית אֱלֹהִים); though even שְׁמֵי הַשּׁ׳ the highest heuvens cannot hold him Deuteronomy 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 6:18, 2 Chronicles 2:5; Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 148:4, שְׁמֵי שְׁמֵיקֶֿדֶם Psalm 68:34; he is called אֱלֹהֵי הַשּׁ׳ (post-exilic title) Ezra 1:2 2 Chronicles 36:23; + 11 times Ezra Nehemiah; Jonah 1:9 (compare Aramaic, Daniel 2:18, 19, 37, 44; in Genesis 24:7 add with Greek Version of the LXX וֵאלֹהֵי הָאָרֶץ, as Genesis 24:3), אֵלהַֿשׁ׳ Psalm 136:26; his sword is בַּשׁ׳ Isaiah 34:5, but also his חֶסֶד Psalm 36:6, צֶדֶק Psalm 85:12, אֱמוּנָח Psalm 89:3, his word fixed Psalm 119:89. — שׁ׳ are † שָׁמָיו (of Israel) Deuteronomy 33:28 (poem), † שְׁמֵיכֶם Leviticus 26:19; † שָׁמֶיךָ Psalm 8:4; Psalm 144:5, שְׁמֵי י׳ Lamentations 3:66, † קָדְשׁוֺ שׁ׳ Psalm 20:7.
†b. Elijah taken up הַשּׁ׳ in whirlwind 2 Kings 2:1, compare 2 Kings 2:11.
3. הַשּׁ׳ personified in various relations Isaiah 1:2; Jeremiah 2:12; Job 15:15; Psalm 19:2; Psalm 50:6 = Psalm 97:6; Psalm 89:6; Psalm 148:4.
†4. מְלֶכֶת הַשּׁ׳ see מ׳.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8065.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


1:1; 1:1; 1:7; 1:8; 1:9; 1:14; 1:15; 1:17; 1:19; 1:20; 2:4; 2:19; 6:17; 7:11; 7:19; 8:2; 8:2; 11:4; 11:6; 15:5; 19:24; 21:17; 22:11; 22:15; 22:17; 24:3; 24:7; 27:28; 27:39; 28:17; 49:25


9:8; 9:8; 9:10; 9:22; 9:23; 10:21; 10:22; 16:4; 17:14; 20:4; 20:11; 20:19; 20:22


26:19; 26:19; 26:19


2:25; 3:24; 4:11; 4:17; 4:19; 4:19; 4:32; 5:8; 7:24; 9:14; 10:14; 10:14; 11:11; 11:21; 26:15; 28:23; 30:4; 32:40; 33:13; 33:26; 33:28; 33:28; 33:28; 33:28


8:20; 11:11


5:4; 5:20; 13:20; 20:40

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

18:9; 22:8; 22:10; 22:14

1 Kings

8:22; 8:27; 8:30; 8:32; 8:54; 18:45

2 Kings

1:10; 2:1; 2:11; 7:2; 7:19

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

2:5; 6:13; 6:18; 36:23




1:9; 9:6; 9:15


1:16; 2:12; 14:12; 15:15; 22:14; 26:11; 26:13; 35:5


2:3; 8:4; 8:4; 8:4; 8:9; 18:8; 18:10; 18:14; 19:2; 19:2; 19:7; 20:7; 20:7; 36:6; 50:6; 68:34; 68:34; 78:23; 78:24; 85:12; 89:3; 89:6; 89:30; 97:6; 105:40; 119:89; 136:26; 144:5; 144:5; 148:4; 148:4; 148:4


8:27; 8:29; 23:5; 30:4; 30:19




1:2; 34:5; 47:13; 63:19; 65:17; 66:1; 66:22


2:12; 8:2; 8:7; 10:2; 51:15


3:66; 4:19


1:1; 8:3


2:18; 2:19; 2:37; 2:44; 12:7













Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8064 matches the Hebrew שָׁמַיִם (šāmayim),
which occurs 421 times in 395 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 8 (Gen 1:1–Exo 20:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:1 -

In the beginning God created the heavens H8064 and the earth.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:8 - And God called the [fn]expanse heaven H8064. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:9 -

Then God said, “Let the waters below the heavens H8064 be gathered into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:14 -

Then God said, “Let there be [fn]lights in the [fn]expanse of the heavens H8064 to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:15 - and let them be for [fn]lights in the [fn]expanse of the heavens H8064 to give light on the earth”; and it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:17 - And God placed them in the [fn]expanse of the heavens H8064 to give light on the earth,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:20 -

Then God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth [fn]across the face of the [fn]expanse of the heavens H8064.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:26 -

Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness, so that they will have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the [fn]sky H8064 and over the cattle and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:28 - God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the [fn]sky H8064 and over every living thing that creeps on the earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:30 - and to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the [fn]sky H8064 and to every thing that creeps on the earth [fn]which has life, I have given every green plant for food”; and it was so.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:1 -

Thus the heavens H8064 and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:4 -

These are the generations of the heavens H8064 and the earth when they were created, in the day that [fn]Yahweh God made earth and heaven H8064.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:19 - And out of the ground Yahweh God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the [fn]sky H8064, and He brought each to the man to see what he would call it; and whatever the man called a living creature, that was its name.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 2:20 - And the man gave names to all the cattle and to the birds of the [fn]sky H8064 and to every beast of the field; but for [fn]Adam there was not found a helper [fn]suitable for him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:7 - And Yahweh said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the [fn]sky H8064; for I regret that I have made them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 6:17 - “As for Me, behold I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven H8064; everything that is on the earth shall breathe its last.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:3 - also of the birds of the [fn]sky H8064, [fn]by sevens, male and female, to keep their seed alive on the face of all the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:11 - In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on this day all the fountains of the great deep split open, and the [fn]floodgates of the sky H8064 were opened.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:19 - And the water prevailed more and more upon the earth, so that all the high mountains under all the heavens H8064 were covered.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 7:23 - Thus He blotted out [fn]every living thing that was upon the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the [fn]sky H8064, and they were blotted out from the earth; and only Noah remained, and those that were with him in the ark.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 8:2 - Also the fountains of the deep and the [fn]floodgates of the sky H8064 were closed, and the rain from the sky H8064 was restrained;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:2 - “And the fear of you and the terror of you will be on every beast of the earth and on every bird of the [fn]sky H8064; with everything that creeps on the ground, and all the fish of the sea, into your hand they are given.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:4 - And they said, “Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top will reach into heaven H8064, and let us make for ourselves a name, lest we be scattered over the face of the whole earth.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:19 - Then he blessed him and said,

“Blessed be Abram of [fn]God Most High,

[fn]Possessor of heaven H8064 and earth;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 14:22 - Then Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have [fn]raised my hand to Yahweh [fn]God Most High, [fn]possessor of heaven H8064 and earth,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:5 - And He brought him outside and said, “Now look toward the heavens H8064, and number the stars, if you are able to number them.” And He said to him, “So shall your seed be.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:24 - And Yahweh rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Yahweh out of heaven H8064,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 21:17 - Then God heard the voice of the boy crying; and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven H8064 and said to her, “What is the matter with you, Hagar? Do not fear, for God has heard the voice of the boy where he is.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:11 - But the angel of Yahweh called to him from heaven H8064 and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:15 -

Then the angel of Yahweh called to Abraham a second time from heaven H8064,

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:17 - indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens H8064 and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of his enemies.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:3 - and I will make you swear by Yahweh, the God of heaven H8064 and the God of earth, that you shall not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I live,
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:7 - “Yahweh, the God of heaven H8064, who took me from my father’s house and from the land of my kin, and who spoke to me and who swore to me, saying, ‘To your seed I will give this land,’ He will send His angel before you, and you will take a wife for my son from there.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:4 - “And I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven H8064, and I will give your seed all these lands; and by your seed all the nations of the earth [fn]shall be blessed;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:28 -

Now may God give you of the dew of heaven H8064,

And of the fatness of the earth,

And an abundance of grain and new wine;

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:39 -

Then Isaac his father answered and said to him,

“Behold, [fn]away from the fatness of the earth shall be your habitation,

And [fn]away from the dew of heaven H8064 from above.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:12 - Then he had a dream, and behold, a [fn]ladder stood on the earth with its top touching heaven H8064; and behold, the angels of God were ascending and descending on it.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:17 - And he was afraid and said, “How fearsome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven H8064.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 49:25 -

From the God of your father who helps you,

And [fn]by the [fn]Almighty who blesses you

With blessings of heaven H8064 above,

Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,

Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:8 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “Take for yourselves handfuls of soot from a kiln, and let Moses toss it toward the sky H8064 in the sight of Pharaoh.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:10 - So they took the soot from the kiln and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses tossed it toward the sky H8064, and it became boils breaking out with sores on man and beast.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:22 -

Now Yahweh said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky H8064, that there may be hail on all the land of Egypt, on man and on beast and on every plant of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 9:23 - So Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky H8064, and Yahweh gave forth [fn]thunder and hail, and fire went down to the earth. And Yahweh rained down hail on the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:21 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky H8064, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even a darkness which may be felt.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:22 - So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky H8064, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:4 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven H8064 for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My [fn]law.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:14 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Write this in [fn]a book as a memorial and [fn]recite it in Joshua’s hearing, [fn]that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven H8064.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:4 -

“You shall not make for yourself [fn]an idol, or any likeness of what is in heaven H8064 above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:11 -

“For in six days Yahweh made the heavens H8064 and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore Yahweh blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:22 -

Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘You yourselves have seen that I have spoken [fn]to you from heaven H8064.

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