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Lexicon :: Strong's H8074 - šāmēm

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2409

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁמֵם shâmêm, shaw-mame'; a primitive root; to stun (or intransitively, grow numb), i.e. devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense):—make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish(-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate(-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 92x

The KJV translates Strong's H8074 in the following manner: desolate (49x), astonished (20x), desolation (7x), waste (5x), destroy (3x), wondered (2x), amazed (1x), astonishment (1x), miscellaneous (4x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 92x
The KJV translates Strong's H8074 in the following manner: desolate (49x), astonished (20x), desolation (7x), waste (5x), destroy (3x), wondered (2x), amazed (1x), astonishment (1x), miscellaneous (4x).
  1. to be desolate, be appalled, stun, stupefy

    1. (Qal)

      1. to be desolated, be deflowered, be deserted, be appalled

      2. to be appalled, be awestruck

    2. (Niphal)

      1. to be desolated, be made desolate

      2. to be appalled

    3. (Polel)

      1. to be stunned

      2. appalling, causing horror (participle)

        1. horror-causer, appaller (subst)

    4. (Hiphil)

      1. to devastate, ravage, make desolated

      2. to appal, show horror

    5. (Hophal) to lay desolate, be desolated

    6. (Hithpolel)

      1. to cause to be desolate

      2. to be appalled, be astounded

      3. to cause oneself desolation, cause oneself ruin

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁמֵם shâmêm, shaw-mame'; a primitive root; to stun (or intransitively, grow numb), i.e. devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense):—make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish(-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate(-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.
STRONGS H8074: Abbreviations
† [שָׁמֵם] verb be desoleted, appalled (connection of meanings not clear) (Late Hebrew id.; Jewish-Aramaic שְׁמַם Ithp. be dazed); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person feminine singular שָׁמֵ֑מָה Ezekiel 35:15, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשֹּׁם; 1 Kings 9:8 +, 3rd person masculine plural יָשֹּׁ֫מּוּ Job 17:8; Psalm 40:16, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שֹׁ֫מוּ Jeremiah 2:19; Infinitive construct (?) metaplastic שַׁמוֺת Ezekiel 36:3 (Ges§ 67r, but see infra); — תֵּשַׁם, etc. (see [יָשַׁם]) are placed here by most; Ezekiel 6:6 reads תִּישָׁ֑מְנָה, see Ges § 67 p dd; — Participle שׁוֺמֵם Lamentations 3:11 (see also Pō`); feminine שֹׁמֵמָ֔ה (Ges§ 84a s) 2 Samuel 13:20 +; plural שׁוֺמֵמִין Lamentations 1:14, etc.; —
1. be desolated, of Tamar 2 Samuel 13:20 (i.e. deflowered, or deserted; others appalled), of person elsewhere late Lamentations 1:16; נְתָנַנִי שֹׁמֵמָה Lamentations 1:13, שָׂמַ֫נִי שׁ׳ Lamentations 3:11; participle as feminine noun בְּנֵי שׁוֺמֵמָה Isaiah 54:1 (opposed to בְּעוּלָה) [Daniel 8:13Pō`.]; usually of land, etc. (sometimes=deserted), Isaiah 49:8; Ezekiel 33:28 (מֵאֵין עוֺבֵר), Ezekiel 35:12 (read שָֽׁמְמוּ Qr Co Toy Krae; >Kt שׁממה), Ezekiel 35:15; הֶחְָרָבוֺת הַשֹּׁמִמוֺת Ezekiel 36:4 (|| הֶעָרִים הַנֱּעֶזָבוֺת שַׁמּוֺת) Ezekiel 36:3 is probably corrupt, Co שְׁאָט as Ezekiel 36:5, Hi-Sm from שׁמה = נשׁם, Toy reads נָשֹׁם, Krae נָשֹׁם; — participle feminine plural as noun = desolate places Isaiah 49:19; Isaiah 61:4 (both || חֳרָבוֺת), Isaiah 61:4 (compare שְׁמָמָה Isaiah 62:4); = desolations Daniel 9:18, 26.
2. be appalled, awestruck, usually at (עַל) judgments on others, Leviticus 26:32 (H), Jeremiah 2:12 (see II. [חָרֵב]), Ezekiel 26:16; Ezekiel 27:35; Ezekiel 28:19; Isaiah 52:14; Job 17:8, compare 1 Kings 9:8 2 Chronicles 7:12; Jeremiah 18:16; Jeremiah 19:8; Jeremiah 49:17; Jeremiah 50:13; on oneself Psalm 40:16 (עַלעֵֿקֶב). — Isaiah 42:14 see [נשׁם].
Niph. Perfect 3rd person feminine singular נָשַׁ֫מָּה Jeremiah 12:11 +, 3rd person plural נָשַׁ֫נּוּ Zephaniah 3:6 +; Participle feminine נְשַׁמָּה Ezekiel 36:34 +, etc.; — = Qal:
1. be desolated, of roads Leviticus 26:22 (H), Isaiah 33:8, bamoth Amos 7:9 (|| יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ), altars Ezekiel 6:4; compare Ezekiel 25:3; Ezekiel 32:15; Zephaniah 3:6; Zechariah 7:14; Joel 1:17; Psalm 69:26; of lands Ezekiel 29:12; Ezekiel 30:7; Ezekiel 36:34, 35, cities Isaiah 54:3 (opposed to יוֺשִׁיבוּ), compare Ezekiel 36:35; Amos 9:14; Jeremiah 33:10; הַנְּשַׁמָּה Ezekiel 36:36 the desolated (that is, land, in figure).
2. be appalled Jeremiah 4:9; Lamentations 4:5; Ezekiel 4:17; Ezekiel 30:7, with עַל of thing Job 18:20.
Pō`. Participle
1. וֵָֽֽֽאשְׁבָה מְשׁוֺמֵם Ezra 9:3I sat appalled, compare Ezra 9:4
2. transitive appalling, causing horror (DrDan 150 f.): (הַ)שִּׁקּוּץ מְשֹׁמֵם Daniel 11:31, + perhaps Daniel 9:27a (see שִׁקּוּץ); so also שֹׁמֵם שִׁוּ׳ Daniel 12:11 (on שׁ׳ see Ges§ 52s), שֹׁמֵם הַפֶּשַׁע Daniel 8:13 the crime causing horror, and שׁ׳ as noun horror-causer, appaller, Daniel 9:27b.
Hiph. Perfect 2nd person masculine singular הֲשִׁמּ֫וֺתָ Job 16:7, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשּׁים (Ges§ 67y) Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 50:45, 3rd person masculine plural suffix וַיְשִׁמֵּם 1 Samuel 5:6, 1st person plural נַשִּׁים Numbers 21:30, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הָשַׁמּוּ (Ges§ 67v) Job 21:5; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵם Micah 6:13; Participle מַשְׁמִים Ezekiel 3:15; —
1. devastate, ravage, accusative of person 1 Samuel 5:6; Ezekiel 20:26; Hosea 2:14 (figurative of vine), Job 16:7; accusative of location Leviticus 26:31, 32 (H) Jeremiah 10:25; Ezekiel 30:12, 14; Psalm 79:7, so (accusative omitted) Numbers 21:30 (poem in J E), Micah 6:13; — Ezekiel 14:8 see שִׂים Hiph.
a. appal, accusative of person, with עַל at, Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 50:45; Ezekiel 32:10.
b. inwardly transitive, וָאֵשֵׁב מִשׁ׳ Ezekiel 3:15 shewing horror, Job 21:5 (Bu Niph. הִשַּׁמוּ).
Hoph. Infinitive construct כָּליְֿמֵי הָשַּׁמָּה (that is הָאָרֶץ) Leviticus 26:34 (H) all the days of (its) being desolate, so Leviticus 26:35; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Aramaizing, בָּהְשַׁמָּה (Ges§ 67y) Leviticus 26:43.
Hithpō`. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁתּוֺמֵם Psalm 143:4, etc.; —
1. be appalled, astounded, כִּי that, because, Isaiah 59:16; Isaiah 63:5; עַל of thing Daniel 8:27; עבּתוֺכִי יִשְׁתּ׳ Psalm 143:4 (compare 1st person plural נשתומם Ecclus. 43:24).
2. cause oneself desolation, ruin, Ecclesiastes 7:16.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8075.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


26:22; 26:31; 26:32; 26:32; 26:34; 26:35; 26:43


21:30; 21:30

1 Samuel

5:6; 5:6

2 Samuel

13:20; 13:20

1 Kings

9:8; 9:8

2 Chronicles

7:12; 36:21


9:3; 9:4


16:7; 16:7; 17:8; 17:8; 18:20; 21:5; 21:5


40:16; 40:16; 69:26; 79:7; 143:4; 143:4




33:8; 42:14; 49:8; 49:19; 52:14; 54:1; 54:3; 59:16; 61:4; 61:4; 62:4; 63:5


2:12; 2:19; 4:9; 10:25; 12:11; 18:16; 19:8; 33:10; 49:17; 49:20; 49:20; 50:13; 50:45; 50:45


1:13; 1:14; 1:16; 3:11; 3:11; 4:5


3:15; 3:15; 4:17; 6:4; 6:6; 14:8; 20:26; 25:3; 26:16; 27:35; 28:19; 29:12; 30:7; 30:7; 30:12; 30:14; 32:10; 32:15; 33:28; 35:12; 35:15; 35:15; 36:3; 36:3; 36:4; 36:5; 36:34; 36:34; 36:35; 36:35; 36:36


8:13; 8:13; 8:27; 9:18; 9:26; 9:27; 9:27; 11:31; 12:11






7:9; 9:14


6:13; 6:13


3:6; 3:6



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8074 matches the Hebrew שָׁמֵם (šāmēm),
which occurs 86 times in 80 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Lev 26:22–Eze 14:8)

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:22 - I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways shall be desolate. H8074
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:31 - And I will make your cities waste, and bring H8074  your sanctuaries unto desolation, H8074 and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:32 - And I will bring H8074  the land into desolation: H8074 and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished H8074 at it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:34 - Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, H8074 and ye be in your enemies' land; even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:35 - As long as it lieth desolate H8074 it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:43 - The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate H8074 without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:30 - We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste H8074 even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto Medeba.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 5:6 - But the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he destroyed H8074 them, and smote them with emerods, even Ashdod and the coasts thereof.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 9:8 - And at this house, which is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, H8074 and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 7:21 - And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment H8074 to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 36:21 - To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate H8074 she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:3 - And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down astonied. H8074
Unchecked Copy BoxEzr 9:4 - Then were assembled unto me every one that trembled at the words of the God of Israel, because of the transgression of those that had been carried away; and I sat astonied H8074 until the evening sacrifice.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:7 - But now he hath made me weary: thou hast made desolate H8074 all my company.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:8 - Upright men shall be astonied H8074 at this, and the innocent shall stir up himself against the hypocrite.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:20 - They that come after him shall be astonied H8074 at his day, as they that went before were affrighted.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 21:5 - Mark me, and be astonished, H8074 and lay your hand upon your mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 40:15 - Let them be desolate H8074 for a reward of their shame that say unto me, Aha, aha.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:25 - Let their habitation be desolate; H8074 and let none dwell in their tents.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 79:7 - For they have devoured Jacob, and laid waste H8074 his dwelling place.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 143:4 - Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate. H8074
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:16 - Be not righteous over much; neither make thyself over wise: why shouldest thou destroy H8074 thyself?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:8 - The highways lie waste, H8074 the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:8 - Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate H8074 heritages;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:19 - For thy waste and thy desolate places, H8074 and the land of thy destruction, shall even now be too narrow by reason of the inhabitants, and they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 52:14 - As many were astonied H8074 at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:1 - Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate H8074 than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 54:3 - For thou shalt break forth on the right hand and on the left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and make the desolate H8074 cities to be inhabited.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 59:16 - And he saw that there was no man, and wondered H8074 that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 61:4 - And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, H8074 and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations H8074 of many generations.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 63:5 - And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered H8074 that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:12 - Be astonished, H8074 O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:9 - And it shall come to pass at that day, saith the LORD, that the heart of the king shall perish, and the heart of the princes; and the priests shall be astonished, H8074 and the prophets shall wonder.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 10:25 - Pour out thy fury upon the heathen that know thee not, and upon the families that call not on thy name: for they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him, and have made his habitation desolate. H8074
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:11 - They have made it desolate, and being desolate it mourneth unto me; the whole land is made desolate, H8074 because no man layeth it to heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 18:16 - To make their land desolate, and a perpetual hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished, H8074 and wag his head.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 19:8 - And I will make this city desolate, and an hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished H8074 and hiss because of all the plagues thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 33:10 - Thus saith the LORD; Again there shall be heard in this place, which ye say shall be desolate without man and without beast, even in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, that are desolate, H8074 without man, and without inhabitant, and without beast,
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:17 - Also Edom shall be a desolation: every one that goeth by it shall be astonished, H8074 and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:20 - Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate H8074 with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:13 - Because of the wrath of the LORD it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, H8074 and hiss at all her plagues.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 50:45 - Therefore hear ye the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitation desolate H8074 with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:4 - The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: H8074 her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:16 - For these things I weep; mine eye, mine eye runneth down with water, because the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me: my children are desolate, H8074 because the enemy prevailed.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 4:5 - They that did feed delicately are desolate H8074 in the streets: they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 5:18 - Because of the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, H8074 the foxes walk upon it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 3:15 - Then I came to them of the captivity at Telabib, that dwelt by the river of Chebar, and I sat where they sat, and remained there astonished H8074 among them seven days.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 4:17 - That they may want bread and water, and be astonied H8074 one with another, and consume away for their iniquity.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 6:4 - And your altars shall be desolate, H8074 and your images shall be broken: and I will cast down your slain men before your idols.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 14:8 - And I will set my face against that man, and will make H8074 him a sign and a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst of my people; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

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