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Lexicon :: Strong's H8121 - šemeš

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Part of Speech
masculine/feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2417a

Strong’s Definitions

שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x

The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x
The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).
  1. sun

    1. sun

    2. sunrise, sun-rising, east, sun-setting, west (of direction)

    3. sun (as object of illicit worship)

    4. openly, publicly (in other phrases)

    5. pinnacles, battlements, shields (as glittering or shining)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.
STRONGS H8121: Abbreviations
שֶׁ֫מֶשׁ 133 noun feminineJudges 19:14 and masculineGenesis 19:23 (AlbrZAW xv (1895), 324) sun; — absolute שׁ׳ Joshua 10:12 +, שָׁ֑מֶשׁ Judges 20:43 +; suffix שִׁמְשֵׁךְ Isaiah 60:20, שִׁמְשָׁךְ Jeremiah 15:9; plural suffix שִׁמְשֹׁתַ֫יִךְ Isaiah 54:12; —
1. sun, Genesis 37:9 (E; + moon, stars); marking time: as rising (verb זָרַת which see) Exodus 22:2 (E) + 8 times + Malachi 3:20 (figurative צְדָקָה שׁ׳, of reward of the faithful, with wings, i.e. rays ? Now GASm; or winged sun-disc [compare We] ?); verb יְצָא Genesis 19:23 (J), Isaiah 13:10; Judges 5:31 (simile of splendour; see יְצָא 1f); setting (verb בּוֺא) Genesis 15:17 (J), Amos 8:9 + 19 times, + לָבוֺא וַיְהִי הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 15:12 (JE), יְדַע מְבוֺאוֺ שׁ׳ Psalm 104:19 (see בּוֺא 1i, מָבוֺא 2); as giving daylight Isaiah 60:9; hot 1 Samuel 11:9; Nehemiah 7:3; Exodus 16:21 (P), compare Isaiah 49:10; Jonah 4:8; Psalm 121:6; as ripening crops Deuteronomy 33:14 (poem), compare (figurative) Job 8:16, tanning the face Songs 1:6; standing still at Joshua's word Joshua 10:12.13a (poem in J; || יָרֵחַ), Joshua 10:13b (J), compare Habakkuk 3:11 (+ יָרֵךְַ); casting shadow (on dial), בַּשּׁ׳ אָחָז בְמַעֲלוֺת יָֽרְדָה Isaiah 38:8, וַתָּשָׁב הַשּׁ׳ Isaiah 38:8; set in sky by י׳ Jeremiah 31:25; Psalm 19:5; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 136:8, enduring Psalm 72:5; Psalm 72:17 (compare עִם 1g; [פָּנֶה] 11. 4 a (e), also Psalm 89:37; personified, called to praise י׳ Psalm 148:3 (+ יָרֵךְַ); to be darkened by י׳'s judgment, Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10; Joel 3:4; Joel 4:15 (compare Amos 8:9 above, Micah 3:6).
2. of direction: מִמִּוְרַח הַשּׁ׳ Numbers 21:11 (E) toward sun-rise, = East, compare Deuteronomy 4:41, 47 + 16 times (see מִוְרָךְ); מְבוֺא הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 11:30 + 3 times (see מָבוֺא 2).
3. object of worship (usually + moon, stars, etc.) 2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 8:16; Deuteronomy 4:19; horses given to שׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11, מַרְכְּבוֺת השּׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11. — See also בֵּית שׁ׳.
4. other phrases:
† a. נֶגֶד חַשּׁ׳, i.e. openly, publicly, 2 Samuel 12:12; Numbers 25:4 (P), so לְעֵינֵי חַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 12:11.
† b. figurative of living, חָזָה שׁ׳ Psalm 58:9, רָאָה שׁ׳ Exodus 6:5; Exodus 7:11; Exodus 11:7, opposed to תֶּחְשַׁךְ הַשׁ׳ Exodus 12:2.
c. תַּחַת הַשּׁ׳, i.e. on the earth, Ecclesiastes 1:3 + 28 times Ecclesiastes (compare Greek ὐφ’ ἠλίῳ, KueOnd. iii. 196; Ein1. iii. 192).
5. pinnacle, as glittering, shining, plural Isaiah 54:12 thy pinnacles, battlements (of Zion), so perhaps singular אֱםהִים וּמָנֵן י׳ שׁ׳ Psalm 84:12 battlement and shield is א׳ י׳ (Gr Bae Du Buhl; most sun, and so Thes De Che SS; Hup-Now hesitates).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


15:12; 15:17; 19:23; 19:23; 37:9


6:5; 7:11; 11:7; 12:2; 16:21; 22:2


21:11; 25:4


4:19; 4:41; 4:47; 11:30; 33:14


10:12; 10:12; 10:13; 10:13


5:31; 19:14; 20:43

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

12:11; 12:12

2 Kings

23:5; 23:11; 23:11






19:5; 58:9; 72:5; 72:17; 74:16; 84:12; 89:37; 104:19; 121:6; 136:8; 148:3



Song of Songs



13:10; 38:8; 38:8; 49:10; 54:12; 54:12; 60:9; 60:20


8:2; 15:9; 31:25


8:16; 32:7


2:10; 3:4


8:9; 8:9







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8121 matches the Hebrew שֶׁמֶשׁ (šemeš),
which occurs 134 times in 127 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:12 - And when the sun H8121 was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:17 - And it came to pass, that, when the sun H8121 went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:23 - The sun H8121 was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun H8121 was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:31 - And as he passed over Penuel the sun H8121 rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:9 - And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun H8121 and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:21 - And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun H8121 waxed hot, it melted.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:12 - But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:3 - If the sun H8121 be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:26 - If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun H8121 goeth down:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:7 - And when the sun H8121 is down, he shall be clean, and shall afterward eat of the holy things; because it is his food.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:11 - And they journeyed from Oboth, and pitched at Ijeabarim, in the wilderness which is before Moab, toward the sunrising. H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:4 - And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun, H8121 that the fierce anger of the LORD may be turned away from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:19 - And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, H8121 and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:41 - Then Moses severed three cities on this side Jordan toward the sunrising; H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:47 - And they possessed his land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorites, which were on this side Jordan toward the sunrising; H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:30 - Are they not on the other side Jordan, by the way where the sun H8121 goeth down, in the land of the Canaanites, which dwell in the champaign over against Gilgal, beside the plains of Moreh?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:6 - But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, H8121 at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:3 - And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, H8121 or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:11 - But it shall be, when evening cometh on, he shall wash himself with water: and when the sun H8121 is down, he shall come into the camp again.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:13 - In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun H8121 goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:15 - At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun H8121 go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:14 - And for the precious fruits brought forth by the sun, H8121 and for the precious things put forth by the moon,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:4 - From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, H8121 shall be your coast.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:15 - Until the LORD have given your brethren rest, as he hath given you, and they also have possessed the land which the LORD your God giveth them: then ye shall return unto the land of your possession, and enjoy it, which Moses the LORD'S servant gave you on this side Jordan toward the sunrising. H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:29 - And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree until eventide: and as soon as the sun H8121 was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and raise thereon a great heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:12 - Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, H8121 stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 - And the sun H8121 stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun H8121 stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:27 - And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, H8121 that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, which remain until this very day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:1 - Now these are the kings of the land, which the children of Israel smote, and possessed their land on the other side Jordan toward the rising of the sun, H8121 from the river Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east:
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:5 - And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, H8121 from Baalgad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:12 - And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising H8121 unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:27 - And turneth toward the sunrising H8121 to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:34 - And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising. H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:4 - Behold, I have divided unto you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations that I have cut off, even unto the great sea westward. H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:31 - So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun H8121 when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:33 - And it shall be, that in the morning, as soon as the sun H8121 is up, thou shalt rise early, and set upon the city: and, behold, when he and the people that is with him come out against thee, then mayest thou do to them as thou shalt find occasion.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:18 - Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side H8121 of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon was the border of Moab.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:14 - And they passed on and went their way; and the sun H8121 went down upon them when they were by Gibeah, which belongeth to Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:43 - Thus they inclosed the Benjamites round about, and chased them, and trode them down with ease over against Gibeah toward the sunrising. H8121
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:19 - Then they said, Behold, there is a feast of the LORD in Shiloh yearly in a place which is on the north side of Bethel, on the east side H8121 of the highway that goeth up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:9 - And they said unto the messengers that came, Thus shall ye say unto the men of Jabeshgilead, To morrow, by that time the sun H8121 be hot, ye shall have help. And the messengers came and shewed it to the men of Jabesh; and they were glad.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:24 - Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun H8121 went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:35 - And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun H8121 be down.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:11 - Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. H8121
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:12 - For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun. H8121
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 23:4 - And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun H8121 riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:36 - And there went a proclamation throughout the host about the going down of the sun, H8121 saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his own country.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:22 - And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun H8121 shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw the water on the other side as red as blood:
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:33 - From Jordan eastward, H8121 all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33) Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33

2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Ki 23:5–Ecc 11:7

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