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Lexicon :: Strong's H8121 - šemeš

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Part of Speech
masculine/feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2417a

Strong’s Definitions

שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x

The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 134x
The KJV translates Strong's H8121 in the following manner: sun (119x), sunrising (with H4217) (9x), east side (with H4217) (2x), windows (1x), eastward (with H4217) (1x), west (with H3996) (1x), westward (with H3996) (1x).
  1. sun

    1. sun

    2. sunrise, sun-rising, east, sun-setting, west (of direction)

    3. sun (as object of illicit worship)

    4. openly, publicly (in other phrases)

    5. pinnacles, battlements, shields (as glittering or shining)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שֶׁמֶשׁ shemesh, sheh'-mesh; from an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (architectural) a notched battlement:— east side(-ward), sun (rising), west(-ward), window. See also H1053.
STRONGS H8121: Abbreviations
שֶׁ֫מֶשׁ 133 noun feminineJudges 19:14 and masculineGenesis 19:23 (AlbrZAW xv (1895), 324) sun; — absolute שׁ׳ Joshua 10:12 +, שָׁ֑מֶשׁ Judges 20:43 +; suffix שִׁמְשֵׁךְ Isaiah 60:20, שִׁמְשָׁךְ Jeremiah 15:9; plural suffix שִׁמְשֹׁתַ֫יִךְ Isaiah 54:12; —
1. sun, Genesis 37:9 (E; + moon, stars); marking time: as rising (verb זָרַת which see) Exodus 22:2 (E) + 8 times + Malachi 3:20 (figurative צְדָקָה שׁ׳, of reward of the faithful, with wings, i.e. rays ? Now GASm; or winged sun-disc [compare We] ?); verb יְצָא Genesis 19:23 (J), Isaiah 13:10; Judges 5:31 (simile of splendour; see יְצָא 1f); setting (verb בּוֺא) Genesis 15:17 (J), Amos 8:9 + 19 times, + לָבוֺא וַיְהִי הַשּׁ׳ Genesis 15:12 (JE), יְדַע מְבוֺאוֺ שׁ׳ Psalm 104:19 (see בּוֺא 1i, מָבוֺא 2); as giving daylight Isaiah 60:9; hot 1 Samuel 11:9; Nehemiah 7:3; Exodus 16:21 (P), compare Isaiah 49:10; Jonah 4:8; Psalm 121:6; as ripening crops Deuteronomy 33:14 (poem), compare (figurative) Job 8:16, tanning the face Songs 1:6; standing still at Joshua's word Joshua 10:12.13a (poem in J; || יָרֵחַ), Joshua 10:13b (J), compare Habakkuk 3:11 (+ יָרֵךְַ); casting shadow (on dial), בַּשּׁ׳ אָחָז בְמַעֲלוֺת יָֽרְדָה Isaiah 38:8, וַתָּשָׁב הַשּׁ׳ Isaiah 38:8; set in sky by י׳ Jeremiah 31:25; Psalm 19:5; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 136:8, enduring Psalm 72:5; Psalm 72:17 (compare עִם 1g; [פָּנֶה] 11. 4 a (e), also Psalm 89:37; personified, called to praise י׳ Psalm 148:3 (+ יָרֵךְַ); to be darkened by י׳'s judgment, Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10; Joel 3:4; Joel 4:15 (compare Amos 8:9 above, Micah 3:6).
2. of direction: מִמִּוְרַח הַשּׁ׳ Numbers 21:11 (E) toward sun-rise, = East, compare Deuteronomy 4:41, 47 + 16 times (see מִוְרָךְ); מְבוֺא הַשּׁ׳ Deuteronomy 11:30 + 3 times (see מָבוֺא 2).
3. object of worship (usually + moon, stars, etc.) 2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 8:16; Deuteronomy 4:19; horses given to שׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11, מַרְכְּבוֺת השּׁ׳ 2 Kings 23:11. — See also בֵּית שׁ׳.
4. other phrases:
† a. נֶגֶד חַשּׁ׳, i.e. openly, publicly, 2 Samuel 12:12; Numbers 25:4 (P), so לְעֵינֵי חַשּׁ׳ 2 Samuel 12:11.
† b. figurative of living, חָזָה שׁ׳ Psalm 58:9, רָאָה שׁ׳ Exodus 6:5; Exodus 7:11; Exodus 11:7, opposed to תֶּחְשַׁךְ הַשׁ׳ Exodus 12:2.
c. תַּחַת הַשּׁ׳, i.e. on the earth, Ecclesiastes 1:3 + 28 times Ecclesiastes (compare Greek ὐφ’ ἠλίῳ, KueOnd. iii. 196; Ein1. iii. 192).
5. pinnacle, as glittering, shining, plural Isaiah 54:12 thy pinnacles, battlements (of Zion), so perhaps singular אֱםהִים וּמָנֵן י׳ שׁ׳ Psalm 84:12 battlement and shield is א׳ י׳ (Gr Bae Du Buhl; most sun, and so Thes De Che SS; Hup-Now hesitates).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


15:12; 15:17; 19:23; 19:23; 37:9


6:5; 7:11; 11:7; 12:2; 16:21; 22:2


21:11; 25:4


4:19; 4:41; 4:47; 11:30; 33:14


10:12; 10:12; 10:13; 10:13


5:31; 19:14; 20:43

1 Samuel


2 Samuel

12:11; 12:12

2 Kings

23:5; 23:11; 23:11






19:5; 58:9; 72:5; 72:17; 74:16; 84:12; 89:37; 104:19; 121:6; 136:8; 148:3



Song of Songs



13:10; 38:8; 38:8; 49:10; 54:12; 54:12; 60:9; 60:20


8:2; 15:9; 31:25


8:16; 32:7


2:10; 3:4


8:9; 8:9







Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8121 matches the Hebrew שֶׁמֶשׁ (šemeš),
which occurs 134 times in 127 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:12 -

Now it happened that when the sun H8121 was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and behold, [fn]terror and great darkness fell upon him.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 15:17 -

Now it happened that the sun H8121 had set, and it was very dark, and behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a flaming torch which passed between these pieces.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 19:23 -

The sun H8121 had risen over the earth when Lot came to Zoar.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 28:11 - And he reached [fn]a certain place and spent the night there because the sun H8121 had set; and he took one of the stones of the place and put it [fn]under his head and lay down in that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:31 - And the sun H8121 rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, and he was limping on his thigh.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:9 -

Then he [fn]had still another dream and recounted it to his brothers and said, “Behold, I have [fn]had still another dream; and behold, the sun H8121 and the moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:21 - So they gathered it morning by morning, every man [fn]as much as he should eat; but the sun H8121 would grow hot, and it would melt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:12 - But Moses’ hands were heavy. Then they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it; and Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side and one on the other. Thus his hands were steady until the sun H8121 set.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:3 - But if the sun H8121 has risen on him, there will be bloodguiltiness on his account. He shall surely make restitution; if he owns nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 22:26 - “If you ever take your neighbor’s cloak as a pledge, you shall return it to him before the sun H8121 sets,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 22:7 - ‘But the sun H8121 will set, and he will be clean. And afterward he shall eat of the holy gifts, for it is his [fn]food.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:11 - They then set out from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim, in the wilderness which is opposite Moab, east toward the sunrise H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 25:4 - And Yahweh said to Moses, “Take all who are the heads of the people and execute them [fn]in broad daylight H8121 before Yahweh, so that the burning anger of Yahweh may turn away from Israel.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:19 - and lest you lift up your eyes to heaven and see the sun H8121 and the moon and the stars, all the host of heaven, and be drawn away and worship them and serve them, those which Yahweh your God has apportioned for all the peoples under the whole heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:41 -

Then Moses set apart three cities across the Jordan to the east toward the sunrise H8121,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:47 - And they took possession of his land and the land of Og king of Bashan, the two kings of the Amorites, who were across the Jordan to the east toward the sunrise H8121,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:30 - “Are they not across the Jordan, west of the way toward the sunset H8121, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the Arabah, opposite Gilgal, beside the [fn]oaks of Moreh?
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:6 - but at the place where Yahweh your God chooses for His name to dwell, there you shall sacrifice the Passover in the evening at sunset H8121, at the appointed time that you came out of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:3 - and has gone and served other gods and worshiped them, or the sun H8121 or the moon or any of the heavenly host, which I have not commanded,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 23:11 - “But it shall be when evening approaches, he shall bathe himself with water, and at sundown H8121 he may [fn]reenter the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:13 - “When the sun H8121 goes down you shall surely return the deposit to him, that he may sleep in his cloak and bless you; and it will be righteousness for you before Yahweh your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:15 - “You shall give him his wages on his day [fn]before the sun H8121 goes down, for he is afflicted and sets his soul on it, so that he will not cry against you to Yahweh and it become sin in you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:14 -

And with the choice produce of the sun H8121,

And with the choice yield of the months,

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:4 - “From the wilderness and this Lebanon, even as far as the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and as far as the Great Sea toward the setting of the sun H8121 will be your territory.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:15 - until Yahweh gives your brothers rest as He gives you, and they also possess the land which Yahweh your God is giving them. Then you shall return to the land of your possession and possess it, which Moses the servant of Yahweh gave you beyond the Jordan to the east toward the sunrise H8121.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:29 - And he hanged the king of Ai on a tree until evening; and at sunset H8121 Joshua gave a command, and they took his body down from the tree and threw it at the entrance of the city gate and raised over it a great heap of stones that stands to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:12 -

Then Joshua spoke to Yahweh in the day when Yahweh gave over the Amorites before the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel,

“O sun H8121, stand still at Gibeon,

And O moon in the valley of Aijalon.”

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:13 -

So the sun H8121 stood still, and the moon stopped,

Until the nation avenged themselves of their enemies.

Is it not written in the book of Jashar? And the sun H8121 stood in the middle of the sky and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 10:27 - Now it happened that at [fn]sunset H8121 Joshua gave a command, and they took them down from the trees and threw them down into the cave where they had hidden themselves, and they put large stones over the mouth of the cave, to this very day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 12:1 -

Now these are the kings of the land whom the sons of Israel struck down, and whose land they possessed beyond the Jordan to the east toward the sunrise H8121, from the valley of the Arnon as far as Mount Hermon, and all the Arabah to the east:

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 13:5 - and the land of the Gebalite, and all of Lebanon, to the east toward the sunrise H8121, from Baal-gad below Mount Hermon as far as [fn]Lebo-hamath.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:12 - Then it turned from Sarid to the east toward the sunrise H8121 as far as the border of Chisloth-tabor, and it went out to Daberath and [fn]up to Japhia.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:27 - Then it turned east toward the sunrise H8121 to Beth-dagon and reached to Zebulun and to the valley of Iphtahel northward to Beth-emek and Neiel; then it went out [fn]to the north to Cabul,
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 19:34 - Then the border turned westward to Aznoth-tabor and went out from there to Hukkok; and it reached to Zebulun on the south and reached to Asher on the west and to Judah at the Jordan to the east toward the sunrise H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 23:4 - “See, I have allotted to you these nations which remain as an inheritance for your tribes, with all the nations which I have cut off, from the Jordan even to the Great Sea toward the setting of the sun H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 5:31 -

“Thus let all Your enemies perish, O Yahweh;

But let those who love Him be like the rising of the sun H8121 in its might.”

And the land was quiet for forty years.

Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:33 - “And it will be in the morning, as soon as the sun H8121 is up, that you shall rise early and rush upon the city; and behold, he and the people who are with him will come out against you, and you shall do to them [fn]whatever your hand finds pleasing.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:18 - ‘Then they went through the wilderness and around the land of Edom and the land of Moab and came to the east toward the sunrise H8121 of the land of Moab, and they camped beyond the Arnon; but they did not enter the territory of Moab, for the Arnon was the border of Moab.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 19:14 - So they passed along and went their way, and the sun H8121 set on them near Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 20:43 - They surrounded Benjamin, pursued them without rest, and trod them down opposite Gibeah to the east toward the sunrise H8121.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 21:19 -

So they said, “Behold, there is a feast of Yahweh from year to year in Shiloh, which is on the north side of Bethel, on [fn]the east H8121 side H8121 of the highway that goes up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south side of Lebonah.”

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 11:9 - And they said to the messengers who had come, “Thus you shall say to the men of Jabesh-gilead, ‘Tomorrow, by the time the sun H8121 is hot, you will have salvation.’” So the messengers went and told the men of Jabesh; and they were glad.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 2:24 -

But Joab and Abishai pursued Abner. Now the sun H8121 was going down, and they came to the hill of Ammah, which is in front of Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:35 - Then all the people came to [fn]persuade David to eat bread while it was still day; but David swore an oath, saying, “May God do so to me, and more also, if I taste bread or anything else before the sun H8121 goes down.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:11 - “Thus says Yahweh, ‘Behold, I will raise up evil against you from your own household; I will even take your wives from before your sight and give them to your companion, and he will lie with your wives in the sight of this sun H8121.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 12:12 - ‘Indeed you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun H8121.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 23:4 -

Is as the light of the morning when the sun H8121 rises,

A morning without clouds,

From brightness of the sun after rain.’

With the tender grass springing from the earth,

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:36 - Then a shout of lament passed throughout the camp close to sunset H8121, saying, “Every man to his city and every man to his land.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 3:22 - Then they rose early in the morning, and the sun H8121 shone on the water, and the Moabites saw the water opposite them as red as blood.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 10:33 - from the Jordan to the east toward the sunrise H8121, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites and the Reubenites and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the valley of the Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33) Gen 15:12–2Ki 10:33

2. LOAD PAGE 2 2Ki 23:5–Ecc 11:7

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