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Lexicon :: Strong's H8130 - śānē'

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2272

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x

The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x
The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. to hate, be hateful

    1. (Qal) to hate

      1. of man

      2. of God

      3. hater, one hating, enemy (participle) (subst)

    2. (Niphal) to be hated

    3. (Piel) hater (participle)

      1. of persons, nations, God, wisdom

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.
STRONGS H8130: Abbreviations
שָׂנֵא 145 verb hate (Late Hebrew id.; MI4 שנאי my foes; Sabean שנאם foe Sab.Denkm.No. 12, 1. 9 compare Ib.No. 7, 1. 9 CISiv, No. 173, 1. 6; Arabic bdb097103, bdb097104, hate; Aramaic סְנָא, bdb097105, id., סָנְאָה, bdb097106 hater, etc.; Ethiopic hate is bdb097107); —
Qal 128 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ Deuteronomy 12:31 +, suffix שְׂנֵאָהּ 2 Samuel 13:15 +; 2nd person masculine singular שָׂנֵאתָ Psalm 5:6 +, suffix שְׂנֵאתַ֫נִי Judges 14:16, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׂנָא Proverbs 13:5; Proverbs 26:28, suffix יִשְׂנָאֶ֑ךָּ Proverbs 9:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׂנְאוּ Amos 9:15; Psalm 97:10; Infinitive absolute שָׂנאֹ Judges 15:2; construct שְׂנאֹ Genesis 37:5 +, שְׂנאֹת Proverbs 8:13; Participle active שׂנֵא Deuteronomy 4:42 +, שׂנַאֲךָ Exodus 23:5; Proverbs 25:21; plural construct שׂנְאֵי Exodus 18:21 +, etc.; passive feminine singular שְׂנוּאָה Genesis 29:31 +; masculine plural construct שְׂנֻאֵי 2 Samuel 5:8 Qr (> Kt שָֽׂנְאוּ); — hate (often opposed to אָהֵב):
1. human;
a. with accusative of person Genesis 26:27 (J), Genesis 37:5, 8 (E), Judges 11:7; 2 Samuel 13:22; Amos 5:10 (|| תֵּעֵב) + 17 times (evil-doers † Psalm 26:5; Psalm 31:7; Psalm 139:21), + (object wife) Judges 14:16; Judges 15:2 (twice in verse); + passive participle, of wife, † Genesis 29:31 (twice in verse) (J), Deuteronomy 21:15 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 21:16, 17, compare Proverbs 30:23; figurative of Zion Isaiah 60:15 (+ עֲזוּבָה); specifically of sexual revulsion † 2 Samuel 13:15 (twice in verse) (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Deuteronomy 22:13, 16; Deuteronomy 24:3; so, object man (of Jerusalem under figure of harlot) † Ezekiel 16:37; passive שְׂנֻאֵי נֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד 2 Samuel 5:8 (but see obscure); reflexive (accusative נַפְשׁוֺ) † Proverbs 29:24, absolute † Ecclesiastes 3:8.
b. with accusative of thing, Ezekiel 35:6 (but read בְּדָם אָשַׁמְתָּ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Co Berthol Toy), Ecclesiastes 2:17, 18, especially evil Exodus 18:21 (E), Micah 3:2; Psalm 45:7 + 10 times, virtue, etc. Micah 3:2; Proverbs 1:22 + 4 times
2. subject י׳; object perverse Israel † Amos 6:8 (its palaces), Hosea 9:15; Jeremiah 12:8; wickedness Psalm 5:6; Psalm 11:5; idolatry and evil Amos 5:21; Isaiah 1:14; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 44:4; Malachi 2:16 + 5 times
3. Participle active54 as adjective Isaiah 66:5 (as verb with 1st person singular pronoun Isaiah 61:8, 2 above); usually substantive, Proverbs 13:24 one hating his son (opposed to אֹהֵב); elsewhere = enemy foe (usually construct or with suffix), singular and plural (often || אֹיֵב, sometimes opposed to אֹהֵב): foe of man Exodus 23:5 (E), Genesis 24:60 (J), Leviticus 26:17 (H) +, nation Exodus 1:10 (E), Esther 9:1, 5, 16 +, absolute Proverbs 26:24; Proverbs 27:6, (about 31 times in all); + לֹא שׂנֵא with ל person, a no-hater to one Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4, 6; Joshua 20:5, and (without לֹא) Deuteronomy 19:11; foe of good Micah 3:2, compare Job 34:17 + 3 times, of evil † Exodus 18:21; Proverbs 28:1, compare Proverbs 15:27; of suretyship † Proverbs 11:15 (i.e. not giving it); foes of י׳Exodus 20:5 = Deuteronomy 5:9; Deuteronomy 7:10 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 19:2.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׂנֵא Proverbs 14:17 is hated, so Proverbs 14:20 (+ ל person by, see לְ 5d).
Pi. Participle suffix מְשַׂנְאִי Job 31:29; Psalm 55:13; plural construct מְשַׂנְאֵי Psalm 81:16; suffix מְשַׂנְאַי 2 Samuel 22:41 +, etc.; — enemy (Qal 3) || אֹיֵב, צָר, etc.:
3. of wisdom Proverbs 8:36.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8131.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:60; 26:27; 29:31; 29:31; 37:5; 37:5; 37:8


1:10; 18:21; 18:21; 18:21; 20:5; 23:5; 23:5






4:42; 4:42; 5:9; 7:10; 12:31; 19:4; 19:6; 19:11; 21:15; 21:16; 21:17; 22:13; 22:16; 24:3; 32:41; 33:11




11:7; 14:16; 14:16; 15:2; 15:2

2 Samuel

5:8; 5:8; 13:15; 13:15; 13:22; 22:41; 22:41

2 Chronicles



9:1; 9:5; 9:16


31:29; 31:29; 34:17


5:6; 5:6; 11:5; 18:41; 26:5; 31:7; 44:8; 44:11; 45:7; 55:13; 55:13; 68:2; 81:16; 81:16; 83:3; 89:24; 97:10; 139:21; 139:21


1:22; 8:13; 8:36; 9:8; 11:15; 13:5; 13:24; 14:17; 14:20; 15:27; 25:21; 26:24; 26:28; 27:6; 28:1; 29:24; 30:23


2:17; 2:18; 3:8


1:14; 60:15; 61:8; 61:8; 66:5


12:8; 44:4


16:37; 35:6




5:10; 5:21; 6:8; 9:15


3:2; 3:2; 3:2




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8130 matches the Hebrew שָׂנֵא (śānē'),
which occurs 148 times in 139 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:60 - And they blessed Rebekah, and said unto her, Thou art our sister, be thou the mother of thousands of millions, and let thy seed possess the gate of those which hate H8130 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:27 - And Isaac said unto them, Wherefore come ye to me, seeing ye hate H8130 me, and have sent me away from you?
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:31 - And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, H8130 he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:33 - And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said, Because the LORD hath heard that I was hated, H8130 he hath therefore given me this son also: and she called his name Simeon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:4 - And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated H8130 him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:5 - And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated H8130 him yet the more.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:8 - And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated H8130 him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:10 - Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, H8130 and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:21 - Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating H8130 covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:5 - Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate H8130 me;
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:5 - If thou see the ass of him that hateth H8130 thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:17 - Thou shalt not hate H8130 thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:17 - And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate H8130 you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:35 - And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moses said, Rise up, LORD, and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate H8130 thee flee before thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:42 - That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbour unawares, and hated H8130 him not in times past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:9 - Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate H8130 me,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:10 - And repayeth them that hate H8130 him to their face, to destroy them: he will not be slack to him that hateth H8130 him, he will repay him to his face.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:15 - And the LORD will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate H8130 thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:31 - Thou shalt not do so unto the LORD thy God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hateth, H8130 have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:22 - Neither shalt thou set thee up any image; which the LORD thy God hateth. H8130
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:4 - And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated H8130 not in time past;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:6 - Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated H8130 him not in time past.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:11 - But if any man hate H8130 his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:15 - If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, H8130 and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; H8130 and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:16 - Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit that which he hath, that he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated, H8130 which is indeed the firstborn:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:17 - But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated H8130 for the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he is the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn is his.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:13 - If any man take a wife, and go in unto her, and hate H8130 her,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:16 - And the damsel's father shall say unto the elders, I gave my daughter unto this man to wife, and he hateth H8130 her;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:3 - And if the latter husband hate H8130 her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, which took her to be his wife;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:7 - And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate H8130 thee, which persecuted thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:41 - If I whet my glittering sword, and mine hand take hold on judgment; I will render vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward them that hate H8130 me.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:11 - Bless, LORD, his substance, and accept the work of his hands: smite through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate H8130 him, that they rise not again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated H8130 him not beforetime.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate H8130 me, and expel me out of my father's house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:16 - And Samson's wife wept before him, and said, Thou dost but hate H8130 me, and lovest me not: thou hast put forth a riddle unto the children of my people, and hast not told it me. And he said unto her, Behold, I have not told it my father nor my mother, and shall I tell it thee?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:2 - And her father said, I verily thought that thou hadst utterly H8130 hated H8130 her; therefore I gave her to thy companion: is not her younger sister fairer than she? take her, I pray thee, instead of her.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:8 - And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated H8130 of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:15 - Then Amnon hated H8130 her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated H8130 her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:22 - And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated H8130 Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:6 - In that thou lovest thine enemies, H8130 and hatest H8130 thy friends. For thou hast declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased thee well.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:18 - He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated H8130 me: for they were too strong for me.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:41 - Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate H8130 me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:8 - And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I hate H8130 him; for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:11 - And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, H8130 neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest judge my people, over whom I have made thee king:
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:7 - And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I hate H8130 him; for he never prophesied good unto me, but always evil: the same is Micaiah the son of Imla. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:2 - And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate H8130 the LORD? therefore is wrath upon thee from before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:1 - Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated H8130 them;)
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:5 - Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated H8130 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:16 - But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes H8130 seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:22 - They that hate H8130 thee shall be clothed with shame; and the dwelling place of the wicked shall come to nought.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22) Gen 24:60–Job 8:22

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 31:29–Pro 11:15

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