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Lexicon :: Strong's H8130 - śānē'

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2272

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x

The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 146x
The KJV translates Strong's H8130 in the following manner: hate (136x), enemies (3x), enemy (2x), foes (1x), hateful (1x), miscellaneous (3x).
  1. to hate, be hateful

    1. (Qal) to hate

      1. of man

      2. of God

      3. hater, one hating, enemy (participle) (subst)

    2. (Niphal) to be hated

    3. (Piel) hater (participle)

      1. of persons, nations, God, wisdom

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂנֵא sânêʼ, saw-nay'; a primitive root; to hate (personally):—enemy, foe, (be) hate(-ful, -r), odious, × utterly.
STRONGS H8130: Abbreviations
שָׂנֵא 145 verb hate (Late Hebrew id.; MI4 שנאי my foes; Sabean שנאם foe Sab.Denkm.No. 12, 1. 9 compare Ib.No. 7, 1. 9 CISiv, No. 173, 1. 6; Arabic bdb097103, bdb097104, hate; Aramaic סְנָא, bdb097105, id., סָנְאָה, bdb097106 hater, etc.; Ethiopic hate is bdb097107); —
Qal 128 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ Deuteronomy 12:31 +, suffix שְׂנֵאָהּ 2 Samuel 13:15 +; 2nd person masculine singular שָׂנֵאתָ Psalm 5:6 +, suffix שְׂנֵאתַ֫נִי Judges 14:16, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׂנָא Proverbs 13:5; Proverbs 26:28, suffix יִשְׂנָאֶ֑ךָּ Proverbs 9:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׂנְאוּ Amos 9:15; Psalm 97:10; Infinitive absolute שָׂנאֹ Judges 15:2; construct שְׂנאֹ Genesis 37:5 +, שְׂנאֹת Proverbs 8:13; Participle active שׂנֵא Deuteronomy 4:42 +, שׂנַאֲךָ Exodus 23:5; Proverbs 25:21; plural construct שׂנְאֵי Exodus 18:21 +, etc.; passive feminine singular שְׂנוּאָה Genesis 29:31 +; masculine plural construct שְׂנֻאֵי 2 Samuel 5:8 Qr (> Kt שָֽׂנְאוּ); — hate (often opposed to אָהֵב):
1. human;
a. with accusative of person Genesis 26:27 (J), Genesis 37:5, 8 (E), Judges 11:7; 2 Samuel 13:22; Amos 5:10 (|| תֵּעֵב) + 17 times (evil-doers † Psalm 26:5; Psalm 31:7; Psalm 139:21), + (object wife) Judges 14:16; Judges 15:2 (twice in verse); + passive participle, of wife, † Genesis 29:31 (twice in verse) (J), Deuteronomy 21:15 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 21:16, 17, compare Proverbs 30:23; figurative of Zion Isaiah 60:15 (+ עֲזוּבָה); specifically of sexual revulsion † 2 Samuel 13:15 (twice in verse) (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Deuteronomy 22:13, 16; Deuteronomy 24:3; so, object man (of Jerusalem under figure of harlot) † Ezekiel 16:37; passive שְׂנֻאֵי נֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד 2 Samuel 5:8 (but see obscure); reflexive (accusative נַפְשׁוֺ) † Proverbs 29:24, absolute † Ecclesiastes 3:8.
b. with accusative of thing, Ezekiel 35:6 (but read בְּדָם אָשַׁמְתָּ Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Co Berthol Toy), Ecclesiastes 2:17, 18, especially evil Exodus 18:21 (E), Micah 3:2; Psalm 45:7 + 10 times, virtue, etc. Micah 3:2; Proverbs 1:22 + 4 times
2. subject י׳; object perverse Israel † Amos 6:8 (its palaces), Hosea 9:15; Jeremiah 12:8; wickedness Psalm 5:6; Psalm 11:5; idolatry and evil Amos 5:21; Isaiah 1:14; Isaiah 61:8; Jeremiah 44:4; Malachi 2:16 + 5 times
3. Participle active54 as adjective Isaiah 66:5 (as verb with 1st person singular pronoun Isaiah 61:8, 2 above); usually substantive, Proverbs 13:24 one hating his son (opposed to אֹהֵב); elsewhere = enemy foe (usually construct or with suffix), singular and plural (often || אֹיֵב, sometimes opposed to אֹהֵב): foe of man Exodus 23:5 (E), Genesis 24:60 (J), Leviticus 26:17 (H) +, nation Exodus 1:10 (E), Esther 9:1, 5, 16 +, absolute Proverbs 26:24; Proverbs 27:6, (about 31 times in all); + לֹא שׂנֵא with ל person, a no-hater to one Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4, 6; Joshua 20:5, and (without לֹא) Deuteronomy 19:11; foe of good Micah 3:2, compare Job 34:17 + 3 times, of evil † Exodus 18:21; Proverbs 28:1, compare Proverbs 15:27; of suretyship † Proverbs 11:15 (i.e. not giving it); foes of י׳Exodus 20:5 = Deuteronomy 5:9; Deuteronomy 7:10 (twice in verse); 2 Chronicles 19:2.
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׂנֵא Proverbs 14:17 is hated, so Proverbs 14:20 (+ ל person by, see לְ 5d).
Pi. Participle suffix מְשַׂנְאִי Job 31:29; Psalm 55:13; plural construct מְשַׂנְאֵי Psalm 81:16; suffix מְשַׂנְאַי 2 Samuel 22:41 +, etc.; — enemy (Qal 3) || אֹיֵב, צָר, etc.:
3. of wisdom Proverbs 8:36.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8131.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


24:60; 26:27; 29:31; 29:31; 37:5; 37:5; 37:8


1:10; 18:21; 18:21; 18:21; 20:5; 23:5; 23:5






4:42; 4:42; 5:9; 7:10; 12:31; 19:4; 19:6; 19:11; 21:15; 21:16; 21:17; 22:13; 22:16; 24:3; 32:41; 33:11




11:7; 14:16; 14:16; 15:2; 15:2

2 Samuel

5:8; 5:8; 13:15; 13:15; 13:22; 22:41; 22:41

2 Chronicles



9:1; 9:5; 9:16


31:29; 31:29; 34:17


5:6; 5:6; 11:5; 18:41; 26:5; 31:7; 44:8; 44:11; 45:7; 55:13; 55:13; 68:2; 81:16; 81:16; 83:3; 89:24; 97:10; 139:21; 139:21


1:22; 8:13; 8:36; 9:8; 11:15; 13:5; 13:24; 14:17; 14:20; 15:27; 25:21; 26:24; 26:28; 27:6; 28:1; 29:24; 30:23


2:17; 2:18; 3:8


1:14; 60:15; 61:8; 61:8; 66:5


12:8; 44:4


16:37; 35:6




5:10; 5:21; 6:8; 9:15


3:2; 3:2; 3:2




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8130 matches the Hebrew שָׂנֵא (śānē'),
which occurs 148 times in 139 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:60 - And they blessed Rebekah and said to her,

“May you, our sister,

Become thousands of ten thousands,

And may your [fn]descendants possess

The gate of those who hate H8130 them.”

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:27 - Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, since you hate H8130 me and have sent me away from you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:31 -

Now the LORD saw that Leah was [fn]unloved H8130, and He opened her womb, but Rachel was unable to have children.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:33 - Then she conceived again and gave birth to a son, and said, “Because the LORD has [fn]heard that I am [fn]unloved H8130, He has therefore given me this son also.” So she named him Simeon.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:4 - And his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers; and so they hated H8130 him and could not speak to him [fn]on friendly terms.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:5 -

Then Joseph [fn]had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated H8130 him even more.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:8 - Then his brothers said to him, “Are you actually going to reign over us? Or are you really going to rule over us?” So they hated H8130 him even more for his dreams and for his words.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 1:10 - “Come, let us deal [fn]shrewdly with them, otherwise they will multiply, and [fn]in the event of war, they will also join those who hate H8130 us, and fight against us and [fn]depart from the land.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 18:21 - “Furthermore, you shall [fn]select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, those who hate H8130 dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands, [fn]of hundreds, [fn]of fifties, and [fn]of tens.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:5 - “You shall not worship them nor serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, inflicting the [fn]punishment of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate H8130 Me,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:5 - “If you see the donkey of one who hates H8130 you lying helpless under its load, you shall not leave it helpless for [fn]its owner; you must arrange the load with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:17 -

‘You shall not hate H8130 your fellow countryman in your heart; you may certainly rebuke your neighbor, but you are not to incur sin because of him.

Unchecked Copy BoxLev 26:17 - ‘And I will set My face against you so that you will be defeated before your enemies; and those who hate H8130 you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one is pursuing you.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 10:35 -

Then it came about when the ark set out that Moses said,

“Rise up, LORD!

And may Your enemies be scattered,

And those who hate H8130 You flee from Your presence.”

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:42 - for [fn]one to flee there who unintentionally killed his neighbor, without having H8130 hatred H8130 for him in time past; and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 5:9 - ‘You shall not worship them nor serve them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, inflicting the [fn]punishment of the fathers on the children, [fn]even on the third and fourth generations of those who hate H8130 Me,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:10 - but He repays those who hate H8130 Him to [fn]their faces, to eliminate [fn]them; He will not hesitate toward him who hates H8130 Him, He will repay him to his face.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:15 - “And the LORD will remove from you all sickness; and He will not inflict upon you any of the harmful diseases of Egypt which you have known, but He will give them to all who hate H8130 you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:31 - “You shall not behave this way toward the LORD your God, because every abominable act which the LORD hates H8130, they have done for their gods; for they even burn their sons and daughters in the fire for their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 16:22 - “And you shall not set up for yourself a memorial stone, which the LORD your God hates H8130.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:4 -

“Now this is the case of the one who commits manslaughter, who may flee there and live: when he [fn]kills his friend [fn]unintentionally, [fn]not hating H8130 him previously

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:6 - “Otherwise, the avenger of blood might pursue [fn]him [fn]in the heat of his anger, and overtake him because the way is long, and [fn]take his life, though he was not sentenced to death since he had not hated H8130 him previously.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:11 -

“But if there is a person who hates H8130 his neighbor, and waits in ambush for him and rises up against him and strikes [fn]him so that he dies, and he flees to one of these cities,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:15 -

“If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other [fn]unloved H8130, and both the loved and the [fn]unloved H8130 have borne him sons, and the firstborn son belongs to the [fn]unloved,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:16 - then it shall be on the day that he wills what he owns as an inheritance to his sons, he is not allowed to treat the son of the loved wife as the firstborn, [fn]at the expense of the son of the [fn]unloved H8130, who actually is the firstborn son.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:17 - “On the contrary, he shall acknowledge the firstborn, the son of the [fn]unloved H8130 wife, by giving him a double [fn]portion of everything that [fn]he owns, for he was the beginning of his [fn]strength; to him belongs the right of the firstborn.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:13 -

“If any man takes a wife and goes in to her and then [fn]turns H8130 against H8130 her,

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 22:16 - “And the girl’s father shall say to the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this man as a wife, but he [fn]turned H8130 against H8130 her;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:3 - and the latter husband [fn]turns H8130 against H8130 her, writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand, and [fn]sends her away from his house, or if the latter husband who took her to be his wife dies,
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 30:7 - “And the LORD your God will [fn]inflict all these curses on your enemies and on those who hate H8130 you, who persecuted you.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:41 -

If I have sharpened [fn]My flashing sword,

And My hand has taken hold of justice,

I will return vengeance on My adversaries,

And I will repay those who hate H8130 Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:11 -

“LORD, bless his strength,

And accept the work of his hands;

Smash the [fn]hips of those who rise up against him,

And those who hate H8130 him, so that they do not rise again.

Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - ‘Now if the avenger of blood pursues him, then they are not to hand the one who committed manslaughter over to him, since he struck his neighbor without premeditation and did not hate H8130 him previously.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 11:7 - But Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “Did you not hate H8130 me and drive me from my father’s house? So why have you come to me now when you are in trouble?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:16 - So Samson’s wife wept in front of him and said, “You only hate H8130 me, and you do not love me; you have proposed a riddle to the sons of my people, and have not told it to me.” And he said to her, “Behold, I have not told it to my father or mother; so should I tell you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:2 - Her father said, “I really thought that you hated H8130 her intensely H8130; so I gave her to your companion. Is her younger sister not [fn]more beautiful than she? Please let her be yours [fn]instead.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 5:8 - And David said on that day, “Whoever strikes the Jebusites is to reach those who limp and those who are blind, who are hated H8130 by David’s soul, through the water tunnel.” For that reason they say, “People who are blind and people who limp shall not come into the house.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:15 -

Then Amnon hated H8130 her with a very great hatred; indeed, the hatred with which he hated H8130 her was greater than the love with which he had loved her. And Amnon said to her, “Get up, go away!

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:22 - But Absalom did not speak with Amnon either good or bad; for Absalom hated H8130 Amnon because he had violated his sister Tamar.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 19:6 - by loving those who hate H8130 you, and by hating H8130 those who love you. For you have revealed today that [fn]commanders and servants are nothing to you; for I know today that if Absalom were alive and all of us were dead today, then it would be right [fn]as far as you are concerned.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:18 -

“He rescued me from my strong enemy,

From those who hated H8130 me, for they were too strong for me.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:41 -

“You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me,

And I [fn]destroyed those who hated H8130 me.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 22:8 - And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is still one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, but I hate H8130 him, because he does not prophesy anything good regarding me, but only bad. He is Micaiah the son of Imlah.” But Jehoshaphat said, “May the king not say so.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 1:11 - Then God said to Solomon, “Because this was [fn]in your heart, and you did not ask for riches, wealth, or honor, or the life of those who hate H8130 you, nor did you even ask for long life, but you asked for yourself wisdom and knowledge so that you may rule My people over whom I have made you king,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 18:7 - And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is still one man by whom we may inquire of the LORD, but I hate H8130 him, for he never prophesies anything good regarding me, but always bad. He is Micaiah the son of Imlah.” But Jehoshaphat said, “May the king not say so.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 19:2 - And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him and said to King Jehoshaphat, “Should you help the wicked and love those who hate H8130 the LORD, and [fn]by doing so bring wrath on yourself from the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:1 -

Now in the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar), on the thirteenth [fn]day, when the king’s command and edict were to be put into effect, on the day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, it turned out to the contrary so that the Jews themselves gained mastery over those who hated H8130 them.

Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:5 - So the Jews struck all their enemies with [fn]the sword, killing and destroying; and they did as they pleased to those who hated H8130 them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:16 -

Now the rest of the Jews who were in the king’s provinces assembled, to defend their lives and [fn]rid themselves of their enemies, and to kill seventy-five thousand of those who hated H8130 them; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.

Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:22 -

“Those who hate H8130 you will be clothed with shame,

And the tent of the wicked will no longer exist.”

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 24:60–Job 8:22) Gen 24:60–Job 8:22

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Job 31:29–Pro 11:15

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