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Lexicon :: Strong's H8138 - šānâ

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שָׁנָה
Transliteration
šānâ
Pronunciation
shaw-naw'
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2421

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁנָה shânâh, shaw-naw'; a primitive root; to fold, i.e. duplicate (literally or figuratively); by implication, to transmute (transitive or intransitive):—do (speak, strike) again, alter, double, (be given to) change, disguise, (be) diverse, pervert, prefer, repeat, return, do the second time.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x

The KJV translates Strong's H8138 in the following manner: change (7x), second time (3x), again (3x), diverse (2x), alter (1x), disguise (1x), doubled (1x), pervert (1x), preferred (1x), repeateth (1x), miscellaneous (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x
The KJV translates Strong's H8138 in the following manner: change (7x), second time (3x), again (3x), diverse (2x), alter (1x), disguise (1x), doubled (1x), pervert (1x), preferred (1x), repeateth (1x), miscellaneous (1x).
  1. to repeat, do again, change, alter

    1. (Qal) to change

    2. (Niphal) to be repeated

    3. (Piel) to change, alter

    4. (Hithpael) to disguise oneself

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁנָה shânâh, shaw-naw'; a primitive root; to fold, i.e. duplicate (literally or figuratively); by implication, to transmute (transitive or intransitive):—do (speak, strike) again, alter, double, (be given to) change, disguise, (be) diverse, pervert, prefer, repeat, return, do the second time.
STRONGS H8138:
† I. [שָׁנָה] verb change (Late Hebrew Pi., etc.; Ecclus 42:24; etc.; Assyrian šanû, change, Aramaic שְׁנָא, Nabataean Ethpa`al Lzb379; Syriac bdb103903, especially mentally = grow insane; compare (probably) Late Hebrew שָׁנָה year, = Phoenician שנת, שת; MI2, 8 שת; Assyrian šattu (compare Muss-ArnoltJBL xi (1892), 73 n.); Arabic bdb103904; Aramaic שְׁנַא, שַׁתָּא, bdb103905, bdb103906; Old Aramaic, Nabataean, Palmyrene שנתא, שנת, שת, שנן Lzb379f.; on year from changing seasons, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 79 f. BaZMG xli (1887), 612, 621, 636 (especially against DHMVIme Orient. Congr. ii. 1, 452 who proposes biliteral √), compare Thes; a daring suggestion by JenZA vii (1892), 177); —
Qal Perfect 1st person singular לאֹ שָׁנִיתִי Malachi 3:6 I am י׳, I do not change: Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁנֶא (Ges§ 75 rr) [H8132 Lamentations 4:1] how is the fine gold changed (si vera lectio; LöhrNow יִשָּׁנֵא; gloss on יוּעַס Bu Löhr); Infinitive construct שְׁנוֺת יְמִין עֶלְיוֺן Psalm 77:11 the right hand of the Highest is changed (Syriac Version Vulgate Targum Aq Symm Theod Hup-Now RVm Bae Du We Buhl; AV RV Ew De Che and others years, usually insert I will remember); Participle שׁוֺנִים Esther 1:7 differing, different, with מִן, compare Esther 3:8 (so Ecclus 42:24); Proverbs 24:21 those who change (but dubious, see Toy).
Pi. transitive, change, alter: Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שִׁנָּה Jeremiah 52:33 with accusative garments, = שִׁנָּא (Gesl.c.) [H8132 2 Kings 25:29]; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יְשַׁנֶּה דִּין Proverbs 31:5 lest he pervert the judgment; וַיְשַׁנּוֺ 1 Samuel 21:14 (read וַיְשַׁן Ges§ 75bb, וַיְשַׁנֶּה We Dr (and references), compare Bu HPS Now), with accusative טַעְמוֺ (see טַעַם, and Assyrian šanê ṭêmi, madness); וַיְשַׁנֶּהָ Esther 2:9, i.e. changed her place לְטוֺב בֵּית הַנָּשִׁים; 1st person singular Psalm 89:35 the utterance of my lips I will not change (|| לֹא אֲחַלֵּל בְּרִיתִי); Infinitive construct לְשַׁנּוֺת אֶתדַּֿרְכֵךְ Jeremiah 2:36 i.e. change thy political course; בְּשַׁנּוֺתוֺ אֶתֿ טַעְמוֺ Psalm 34:1 (title; compare 1 Samuel 21:14 above); Participle מְשַׁנֶּה פָנָיו Job 14:20 altering his face, i.e. in death (subject God).
Pu. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וְעֹז מָּנָיו יְשֻׁנֶּא (Ges§ 75 rr) [H8132 Ecclesiastes 8:1], usually is changed, mollified, Siegf יִשָּׂנֵא is hated (on עֹז פ׳ see עֹז 4, √עזז).
Hithp. Perfect 2nd person feminine singular consecutive קוּמִי וְהִשְׁתַּנִּית 1 Kings 14:2 arise, pray, and disguise thyself.

† III. שָׁנָה verb repeat, do again (Late Hebrew id.; Ecclus 42:1; Arabic bdb104004 bend, fold, double; Aramaic תְּנָא repeat, also teach, bdb104005; Assyrian šanû, especially Pi. repeat, relate, compare ScheilZA v (1890), 409 (Dl thinks denominative); on שׁ׳ as √of שְׁנַיִם two, see PhilippiZMG xxxii (1878), 77 Baib. xli (1887), 603); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ 2 Samuel 20:10; Imperfect 1st person singular אֶשְׁנֶה 1 Samuel 26:8, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שְׁנוּ 1 Kings 18:34; Participle שֹׁנֶה Proverbs 17:9; Proverbs 26:11; — do again: לוֹ שׁ׳ וְלֹא ֗֗֗ וַיַּכֵּהוּ 2 Samuel 20:10, compare 1 Samuel 26:8; absolute 1 Kings 18:34 (twice in verse); Nehemiah 13:21; = speak again Job 29:22 + Job 40:5 according to many moderns (אשׁנה for MT אענה); בְּדָבָר שׁ׳ Proverbs 17:9 repeat with a thing, keep talking about it (שנות דבר Ecclus 42:1); Proverbs 26:11 a dullard repeats with (ב) his folly, does it over again (learns nothing by experience).
Niph. Infinitive construct פַּעֲמָ֑יִם אֶל־פַּרְעֹה הַחֲלוֺם הִשָּׁנוֺת וְעַל Genesis 41:32 (E) concerning the dream's being repeated, etc.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

Genesis

41:32

1 Samuel

21:14; 21:14; 26:8; 26:8

2 Samuel

20:10; 20:10

1 Kings

14:2; 18:34; 18:34

Nehemiah

13:21

Esther

1:7; 2:9; 3:8

Job

14:20; 29:22; 40:5

Psalms

34:1; 77:11; 89:35

Proverbs

17:9; 17:9; 24:21; 26:11; 26:11; 31:5

Jeremiah

2:36; 52:33

Malachi

3:6

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8138 matches the Hebrew שָׁנָה (šānâ),
which occurs 22 times in 21 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:32 - “Now as for the repeating H8138 of the dream to Pharaoh twice, it means that the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:13 - So he disguised his sanity before them, and acted insanely in their hands, and scribbled on the doors of the gate, and let his saliva run down into his beard.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 26:8 - Then Abishai said to David, “Today God has delivered your enemy into your hand; now therefore, please let me strike him with the spear [fn]to the ground with one stroke, and I will not [fn]strike him the second H8138 time.” H8138
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 20:10 - But Amasa was not on guard against the sword which was in Joab’s hand so he struck him in the belly with it and poured out his inward parts on the ground, and did not strike him again, H8138 and he died. Then Joab and Abishai his brother pursued Sheba the son of Bichri.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 14:2 - Jeroboam said to his wife, “Arise now, and disguise yourself so that they will not know that you are the wife of Jeroboam, and go to Shiloh; behold, Ahijah the prophet is there, who spoke concerning me that I would be king over this people.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 18:34 - And he said, “Fill four pitchers with water and pour it on the burnt offering and on the wood.” And he said, “Do H8138 it a second H8138 time,” H8138 and they did H8138 it a second H8138 time. H8138 And he said, “Do it a third time,” and they did it a third time.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 13:21 - Then I [fn]warned them and said to them, “Why do you spend the night in front of the wall? If you do H8138 so again, H8138 I will [fn]use force against you.” From that time on they did not come on the sabbath.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:7 - Drinks were served in golden vessels of various kinds, and the royal wine was plentiful according to the king’s [fn]bounty.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 2:9 - Now the young lady pleased him and found favor with him. So he quickly provided her with her cosmetics and [fn]food, gave her seven choice maids from the king’s palace and transferred her and her maids to the best place in the harem.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 3:8 - Then Haman said to King Ahasuerus, “There is a certain people scattered and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom; their laws are different from those of all other people and they do not observe the king’s laws, so it is not in the king’s interest to let them remain.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 14:20 - “You forever overpower him and he departs;
You change his appearance and send him away.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:22 - “After my words they did not speak H8138 again, H8138
And my speech dropped on them.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:1 - A Psalm of David when he [fn]feigned madness before [fn]Abimelech, who drove him away and he departed.
I will bless the LORD at all times;
His praise shall continually be in my mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:34 - “My covenant I will not [fn]violate,
Nor will I alter [fn]the utterance of My lips.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:9 - He who conceals a transgression seeks love,
But he who repeats H8138 a matter separates intimate friends.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 24:21 - My son, [fn]fear the LORD and the king;
Do not associate with those who are given to change,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 26:11 - Like a dog that returns to its vomit
Is a fool who repeats H8138 [fn]his folly.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 31:5 - For they will drink and forget what is decreed,
And pervert the [fn]rights of all the [fn]afflicted.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 2:36 - “Why do you go around so much
Changing your way?
Also, you will be put to shame by Egypt
As you were put to shame by Assyria.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 52:33 - So [fn]Jehoiachin changed his prison clothes, and [fn]had his meals in [fn]the king’s presence regularly all the days of his life.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:6 - “For [fn]I, the LORD, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, [fn]are not consumed.

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