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Lexicon :: Strong's H8172 - šāʿan

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2434

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁעַן shâʻan, shaw-an'; a primitive root; to support one's self:—lean, lie, rely, rest (on, self), stay.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x

The KJV translates Strong's H8172 in the following manner: lean (9x), stay (5x), rely (4x), rest (3x), lieth (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 22x
The KJV translates Strong's H8172 in the following manner: lean (9x), stay (5x), rely (4x), rest (3x), lieth (1x).
  1. to lean on, trust in, support

    1. (Niphal) to lean, lean upon, support oneself

      1. of trust in God (fig)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁעַן shâʻan, shaw-an'; a primitive root; to support one's self:—lean, lie, rely, rest (on, self), stay.
STRONGS H8172: Abbreviations
† [שָׁעַן] verb
Niph. lean, support oneself; — Perfect 3rd person masculine singular consecutive וְנִשְׁעַן Numbers 21:15; Isaiah 10:20; 1st person plural נִשְׁעַנּוּ 2 Chronicles 14:10, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁעֵן Job 8:15 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הִשָּׁעֲנוּ Genesis 18:4; Infinitive construct הִשָּׁעֵן Isaiah 10:20, suffix הִשָּׁעֶנְךָ 2 Chronicles 16:7, 8, etc.; Participle נִשְׁעָן 2 Samuel 1:6 +; — lean, with עַל upon, 2 Samuel 1:6; 2 Kings 5:18; 2 Kings 7:2, 17, against pillars Judges 16:26, house Job 8:15 (figurative); תַּחַת הָעֵץ Genesis 18:4 (J); poetic of cliff, לִגְּבוּל וְנִשׁ׳ Numbers 21:15 leans to (upon) the border of Moab; lean (figurative = trust) upon, עַל person king Isaiah 10:20; Ezekiel 29:7; 2 Chronicles 16:7; עַליֿ׳ Micah 3:11; Isaiah 10:20; 2 Chronicles 13:18; 2 Chronicles 14:10; 2 Chronicles 16:7, 8; בֵּלֹהָיו Isaiah 50:10; absolute Job 24:23; עַלסֿוּסִים Isaiah 31:1; על with abstract noun Isaiah 30:12; Proverbs 3:5.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


18:4; 18:4


21:15; 21:15



2 Samuel

1:6; 1:6

2 Kings

5:18; 7:2; 7:17

2 Chronicles

13:18; 14:10; 14:10; 16:7; 16:7; 16:7; 16:8; 16:8


8:15; 8:15; 24:23




10:20; 10:20; 10:20; 10:20; 30:12; 31:1; 50:10





Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8172 matches the Hebrew שָׁעַן (šāʿan),
which occurs 22 times in 20 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 18:4 - “Please let a little water be brought and wash your feet, and [fn]rest H8172 yourselves H8172 under the tree;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:15 - And the slope of the wadis
That extends to the site of Ar,
And leans H8172 to the border of Moab.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:26 - Then Samson said to the boy who was holding his hand, “Let me feel the pillars on which the house rests, that I may lean H8172 against them.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 1:6 - The young man who told him said, “By chance I happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and behold, Saul was leaning H8172 on his spear. And behold, the chariots and the horsemen pursued him closely.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:18 - “In this matter may the LORD pardon your servant: when my master goes into the house of Rimmon to worship there, and he leans H8172 on my hand and I bow myself in the house of Rimmon, when I bow myself in the house of Rimmon, the LORD pardon your servant in this matter.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 7:2 - The royal officer on whose hand the king was leaning H8172 answered the man of God and said, “Behold, if the LORD should make windows in heaven, could this thing be?” Then he said, “Behold, you will see it with your own eyes, but you will not eat [fn]of it.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 7:17 - Now the king appointed the royal officer on whose hand he leaned H8172 [fn]to have charge of the gate; but the people trampled on him at the gate, and he died just as the man of God had said, who spoke when the king came down to him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 13:18 - Thus the sons of Israel were subdued at that time, and the sons of Judah [fn]conquered because they trusted H8172 in the LORD, the God of their fathers.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 14:11 - Then Asa called to the LORD his God and said, “LORD, there is no one besides You to help in the battle between the powerful and those who have no strength; so help us, O LORD our God, for we trust H8172 in You, and in Your name have come against this multitude. O LORD, You are our God; let not man prevail against You.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:7 - At that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah and said to him, “Because you have relied H8172 on the king of Aram and have not relied H8172 on the LORD your God, therefore the army of the king of Aram has escaped out of your hand.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 16:8 - “Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubim an immense army with very many chariots and horsemen? Yet because you relied H8172 on the LORD, He delivered them into your hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:15 - “He [fn]trusts H8172 in his house, but it does not stand;
He holds fast to it, but it does not endure.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:23 - “He provides them with security, and they are supported; H8172
And His eyes are on their ways.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 3:5 - Trust in the LORD with all your heart
And do not lean H8172 on your own understanding.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:20 - Now in that day the remnant of Israel, and those of the house of Jacob who have escaped, will never again rely H8172 on the one who struck them, but will truly rely H8172 on the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 30:12 - Therefore thus says the Holy One of Israel,
“Since you have rejected this word
And have put your trust in oppression and guile, and have relied H8172 on them,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 31:1 - Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help
And rely H8172 on horses,
And trust in chariots because they are many
And in horsemen because they are very strong,
But they do not look to the Holy One of Israel, nor seek the LORD!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:10 - Who is among you that fears the LORD,
That obeys the voice of His servant,
That walks in darkness and has no light?
Let him trust in the name of the LORD and rely H8172 on his God.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 29:7 - “When they took hold of you with the hand,
You broke and tore all their [fn]hands;
And when they leaned H8172 on you,
You broke and made all their loins [fn]quake.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMic 3:11 - Her leaders pronounce judgment for a bribe,
Her priests instruct for a price
And her prophets divine for money.
Yet they lean H8172 on the LORD saying,
“Is not the LORD in our midst?
Calamity will not come upon us.”
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