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Lexicon :: Strong's H8198 - šip̄ḥâ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see מִשְׁפָּחָה (H4940))
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2442a

Strong’s Definitions

שִׁפְחָה shiphchâh, shif-khaw'; feminine from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see H4940); a female slave (as a member of the household):—(bond-, hand-) maid(-en, -servant), wench, bondwoman, womanservant.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x

The KJV translates Strong's H8198 in the following manner: handmaid (29x), maid (12x), maidservant (8x), bondwomen (3x), maiden (3x), womenservants (3x), handmaidens (2x), bondmaid (1x), servant (1x), wench (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x
The KJV translates Strong's H8198 in the following manner: handmaid (29x), maid (12x), maidservant (8x), bondwomen (3x), maiden (3x), womenservants (3x), handmaidens (2x), bondmaid (1x), servant (1x), wench (1x).
  1. maid, maid-servant, slavegirl

    1. maid, maid-servant (as belonging to a mistress)

    2. of address, speaker, humility (fig)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שִׁפְחָה shiphchâh, shif-khaw'; feminine from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see H4940); a female slave (as a member of the household):—(bond-, hand-) maid(-en, -servant), wench, bondwoman, womanservant.
STRONGS H8198: Abbreviations
שִׁפְחָה noun feminine maid, maid-servant (synonym אָמָה, which see; originally = concubine ? compare √); — absolute שׁ׳ Genesis 16:1 +; construct שִׁפְחַת Genesis 16:2 +; suffix שִׁפְחָתִי Genesis 16:2 +, etc.; plural absolute שְׁפָחוֺת Genesis 12:16 +; suffix שִׁפְחֹתֶ֑ךָ Ruth 2:13, etc.; —
1. literally, maid, maid-servant, as belonging to a mistress Genesis 16:1, 3, 6, 8 (PJ) Genesis 29:24; Genesis 29:29 (P) Psalm 123:2; Proverbs 30:23; Isaiah 24:2; even where concubine of master (compare אָמָה) Genesis 16:2, 5 (PJ) Genesis 25:12; Genesis 35:25, 26 (P) Genesis 30:4, 7, 9, 10, 12, 18 (all J E); less often reference to master Genesis 29:24, 29 (J), Ruth 2:13, of concubine Genesis 32:23, compare Genesis 33:1, 2, 6 (all J); marriageable Leviticus 19:20 (H, compare Exodus 11:5; not elsewhere in legisl.); in general, especially of menial service (never אָמָה) Exodus 11:5 (J) 1 Samuel 25:41 (opposed to אָמָה) 2 Samuel 17:17 (|| עֶבֶד) Genesis 12:16; Genesis 24:35(J) Genesis 20:14 (E) Genesis 30:43 (P) Genesis 32:6 (J; collective) Deuteronomy 28:68; 1 Samuel 8:16; 2 Kings 5:26; Isaiah 14:2; Jeremiah 34:9, 10, 11 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:16 (twice in verse); Joel 3:2; Ecclesiastes 2:7; 2 Chronicles 28:10; Esther 7:4.
2. figurative in address, שִׁפְחָֽתְךָ, etc., of speaker, in token of humility (see אָמָה) Ruth 2:13 (|| אָמָה Ruth 3:9), 1 Samuel 1:18 (|| id. 1 Samuel 1:16), 1 Samuel 25:27, (|| 1 Samuel 25:24f.), 1 Samuel 28:21, 22; 2 Samuel 14:6, 7, 12 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 14:15, 17, 19; (|| אָמָה 2 Samuel 14:15; 2 Samuel 14:16); 2 Kings 4:2, 16; not toward God; but see אָמָה.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


12:16; 12:16; 16:1; 16:1; 16:2; 16:2; 16:2; 16:3; 16:5; 16:6; 16:8; 20:14; 24:35; 25:12; 29:24; 29:24; 29:29; 29:29; 30:4; 30:7; 30:9; 30:10; 30:12; 30:18; 30:43; 32:6; 32:23; 33:1; 33:2; 33:6; 35:25; 35:26


11:5; 11:5






2:13; 2:13; 2:13; 3:9

1 Samuel

1:16; 1:18; 8:16; 25:24; 25:27; 25:41; 28:21; 28:22

2 Samuel

14:6; 14:7; 14:12; 14:15; 14:15; 14:16; 14:17; 14:19; 17:17

2 Kings

4:2; 4:16; 5:26

2 Chronicles











14:2; 24:2


34:9; 34:10; 34:11; 34:16




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8198 matches the Hebrew שִׁפְחָה (šip̄ḥâ),
which occurs 63 times in 58 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 12:16–Pro 30:23)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:16 - And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, H8198 and she asses, and camels.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:1 - Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, H8198 an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:2 - And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; H8198 it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:3 - And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid H8198 the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:5 - And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid H8198 into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:6 - But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid H8198 is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:8 - And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, H8198 whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:14 - And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and womenservants, H8198 and gave them unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:35 - And the LORD hath blessed my master greatly; and he is become great: and he hath given him flocks, and herds, and silver, and gold, and menservants, and maidservants, H8198 and camels, and asses.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:12 - Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, H8198 bare unto Abraham:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:24 - And Laban gave unto his daughter Leah Zilpah his maid H8198 for an handmaid. H8198
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:29 - And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his handmaid H8198 to be her maid. H8198
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:4 - And she gave him Bilhah her handmaid H8198 to wife: and Jacob went in unto her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:7 - And Bilhah Rachel's maid H8198 conceived again, and bare Jacob a second son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:9 - When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, H8198 and gave her Jacob to wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:10 - And Zilpah Leah's maid H8198 bare Jacob a son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:12 - And Zilpah Leah's maid H8198 bare Jacob a second son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:18 - And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, because I have given my maiden H8198 to my husband: and she called his name Issachar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:43 - And the man increased exceedingly, and had much cattle, and maidservants, H8198 and menservants, and camels, and asses.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:5 - And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants: H8198 and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:22 - And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, H8198 and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:1 - And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids. H8198
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:2 - And he put the handmaids H8198 and their children foremost, and Leah and her children after, and Rachel and Joseph hindermost.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:6 - Then the handmaidens H8198 came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:25 - And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid; H8198 Dan, and Naphtali:
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:26 - And the sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid; H8198 Gad, and Asher: these are the sons of Jacob, which were born to him in Padanaram.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:5 - And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant H8198 that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:20 - And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, H8198 betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:68 - And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, H8198 and no man shall buy you.
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:13 - Then she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, H8198 though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens. H8198
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:18 - And she said, Let thine handmaid H8198 find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:16 - And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, H8198 and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:27 - And now this blessing which thine handmaid H8198 hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:41 - And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant H8198 to wash the feet of the servants of my lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:21 - And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid H8198 hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:22 - Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thine handmaid, H8198 and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:6 - And thy handmaid H8198 had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one smote the other, and slew him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:7 - And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, H8198 and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:12 - Then the woman said, Let thine handmaid, H8198 I pray thee, speak one word unto my lord the king. And he said, Say on.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:15 - Now therefore that I am come to speak of this thing unto my lord the king, it is because the people have made me afraid: and thy handmaid H8198 said, I will now speak unto the king; it may be that the king will perform the request of his handmaid.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:17 - Then thine handmaid H8198 said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so is my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:19 - And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the woman answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid: H8198
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:17 - Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench H8198 went and told them; and they went and told king David.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:2 - And Elisha said unto her, What shall I do for thee? tell me, what hast thou in the house? And she said, Thine handmaid H8198 hath not any thing in the house, save a pot of oil.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:16 - And he said, About this season, according to the time of life, thou shalt embrace a son. And she said, Nay, my lord, thou man of God, do not lie unto thine handmaid. H8198
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:26 - And he said unto him, Went not mine heart with thee, when the man turned again from his chariot to meet thee? Is it a time to receive money, and to receive garments, and oliveyards, and vineyards, and sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and maidservants? H8198
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:10 - And now ye purpose to keep under the children of Judah and Jerusalem for bondmen and bondwomen H8198 unto you: but are there not with you, even with you, sins against the LORD your God?
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 7:4 - For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, H8198 I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 123:2 - Behold, as the eyes of servants look unto the hand of their masters, and as the eyes of a maiden H8198 unto the hand of her mistress; so our eyes wait upon the LORD our God, until that he have mercy upon us.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:23 - For an odious woman when she is married; and an handmaid H8198 that is heir to her mistress.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 12:16–Pro 30:23) Gen 12:16–Pro 30:23

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