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Lexicon :: Strong's H8198 - šip̄ḥâ

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Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see מִשְׁפָּחָה (H4940))
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2442a

Strong’s Definitions

שִׁפְחָה shiphchâh, shif-khaw'; feminine from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see H4940); a female slave (as a member of the household):—(bond-, hand-) maid(-en, -servant), wench, bondwoman, womanservant.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x

The KJV translates Strong's H8198 in the following manner: handmaid (29x), maid (12x), maidservant (8x), bondwomen (3x), maiden (3x), womenservants (3x), handmaidens (2x), bondmaid (1x), servant (1x), wench (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 63x
The KJV translates Strong's H8198 in the following manner: handmaid (29x), maid (12x), maidservant (8x), bondwomen (3x), maiden (3x), womenservants (3x), handmaidens (2x), bondmaid (1x), servant (1x), wench (1x).
  1. maid, maid-servant, slavegirl

    1. maid, maid-servant (as belonging to a mistress)

    2. of address, speaker, humility (fig)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שִׁפְחָה shiphchâh, shif-khaw'; feminine from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see H4940); a female slave (as a member of the household):—(bond-, hand-) maid(-en, -servant), wench, bondwoman, womanservant.
STRONGS H8198: Abbreviations
שִׁפְחָה noun feminine maid, maid-servant (synonym אָמָה, which see; originally = concubine ? compare √); — absolute שׁ׳ Genesis 16:1 +; construct שִׁפְחַת Genesis 16:2 +; suffix שִׁפְחָתִי Genesis 16:2 +, etc.; plural absolute שְׁפָחוֺת Genesis 12:16 +; suffix שִׁפְחֹתֶ֑ךָ Ruth 2:13, etc.; —
1. literally, maid, maid-servant, as belonging to a mistress Genesis 16:1, 3, 6, 8 (PJ) Genesis 29:24; Genesis 29:29 (P) Psalm 123:2; Proverbs 30:23; Isaiah 24:2; even where concubine of master (compare אָמָה) Genesis 16:2, 5 (PJ) Genesis 25:12; Genesis 35:25, 26 (P) Genesis 30:4, 7, 9, 10, 12, 18 (all J E); less often reference to master Genesis 29:24, 29 (J), Ruth 2:13, of concubine Genesis 32:23, compare Genesis 33:1, 2, 6 (all J); marriageable Leviticus 19:20 (H, compare Exodus 11:5; not elsewhere in legisl.); in general, especially of menial service (never אָמָה) Exodus 11:5 (J) 1 Samuel 25:41 (opposed to אָמָה) 2 Samuel 17:17 (|| עֶבֶד) Genesis 12:16; Genesis 24:35(J) Genesis 20:14 (E) Genesis 30:43 (P) Genesis 32:6 (J; collective) Deuteronomy 28:68; 1 Samuel 8:16; 2 Kings 5:26; Isaiah 14:2; Jeremiah 34:9, 10, 11 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:16 (twice in verse); Joel 3:2; Ecclesiastes 2:7; 2 Chronicles 28:10; Esther 7:4.
2. figurative in address, שִׁפְחָֽתְךָ, etc., of speaker, in token of humility (see אָמָה) Ruth 2:13 (|| אָמָה Ruth 3:9), 1 Samuel 1:18 (|| id. 1 Samuel 1:16), 1 Samuel 25:27, (|| 1 Samuel 25:24f.), 1 Samuel 28:21, 22; 2 Samuel 14:6, 7, 12 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 14:15, 17, 19; (|| אָמָה 2 Samuel 14:15; 2 Samuel 14:16); 2 Kings 4:2, 16; not toward God; but see אָמָה.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


12:16; 12:16; 16:1; 16:1; 16:2; 16:2; 16:2; 16:3; 16:5; 16:6; 16:8; 20:14; 24:35; 25:12; 29:24; 29:24; 29:29; 29:29; 30:4; 30:7; 30:9; 30:10; 30:12; 30:18; 30:43; 32:6; 32:23; 33:1; 33:2; 33:6; 35:25; 35:26


11:5; 11:5






2:13; 2:13; 2:13; 3:9

1 Samuel

1:16; 1:18; 8:16; 25:24; 25:27; 25:41; 28:21; 28:22

2 Samuel

14:6; 14:7; 14:12; 14:15; 14:15; 14:16; 14:17; 14:19; 17:17

2 Kings

4:2; 4:16; 5:26

2 Chronicles











14:2; 24:2


34:9; 34:10; 34:11; 34:16




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8198 matches the Hebrew שִׁפְחָה (šip̄ḥâ),
which occurs 63 times in 58 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 12:16–Pro 30:23)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 12:16 - Therefore he treated Abram well for her sake; and [fn]he gave him sheep, oxen, male donkeys, male servants and female H8198 servants H8198, female donkeys, and camels.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:1 - Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, had not borne him a child, but she had an Egyptian slave H8198 woman H8198 whose name was Hagar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:2 - So Sarai said to Abram, “See now, the LORD has prevented me from bearing children. Please have relations with my slave H8198 woman H8198; perhaps I will [fn]obtain children through her.” And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:3 - And so after Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, Abram’s wife Sarai took Hagar the Egyptian, her slave H8198 woman H8198, and gave her to her husband Abram as his wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:5 - So Sarai said to Abram, “May the wrong done to me be upon you! I put my slave H8198 woman H8198 into your [fn]arms, but when she saw that she had conceived, I was insignificant in her [fn]sight. May the LORD judge between [fn]you and me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:6 - But Abram said to Sarai, “Look, your slave H8198 woman H8198 is in your [fn]power; do to her what is good in your [fn]sight.” So Sarai treated her harshly, and she fled from her presence.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 16:8 - He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s slave H8198 woman H8198, from where have you come, and where are you going?” And she said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 20:14 - Abimelech then took sheep and oxen and male and female H8198 servants H8198, and gave them to Abraham, and returned his wife Sarah to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:35 - “The LORD has greatly blessed my master, so that he has become [fn]rich; and He has given him flocks and herds, and silver and gold, and servants and slave H8198 women H8198, and camels and donkeys.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:12 - Now these are the records of the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s slave H8198 woman H8198, bore to Abraham;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:24 - Laban also gave his female H8198 slave H8198 Zilpah to his daughter Leah as a slave H8198.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 29:29 - Laban also gave his female H8198 slave H8198 Bilhah to his daughter Rachel as her slave H8198.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:4 - So she gave him her slave H8198 Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob had relations with her.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:7 - And Rachel’s slave H8198 Bilhah conceived again and bore Jacob a second son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:9 - When Leah saw that she had stopped having children, she took her slave H8198 Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as a wife.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:10 - And Leah’s slave H8198 Zilpah bore Jacob a son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:12 - And Leah’s slave H8198 Zilpah bore Jacob a second son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:18 - Then Leah said, “God has given me my [fn]reward, because I gave my slave H8198 to my husband.” So she named him Issachar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:43 - So the man [fn]became exceedingly prosperous, and had large flocks, and female H8198 and male servants H8198, and camels and donkeys.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:5 - and I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, and male and female H8198 servants H8198; and I have sent messengers to tell my lord, so that I may find favor in your sight.”’”
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 32:22 - Now he got up that same night and took his two wives, his two female H8198 slaves H8198, and his eleven children, and crossed the shallow place of the Jabbok.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:1 - Then Jacob raised his eyes and looked, and behold, Esau was coming, and four hundred men with him. So he divided the children [fn]among Leah and Rachel, and the two slave H8198 women H8198.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:2 - He put the slave H8198 women H8198 and their children [fn]in front, and Leah and her children [fn]next, and Rachel and Joseph [fn]last.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 33:6 - Then the slave H8198 women H8198 came forward [fn]with their children, and they bowed down.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:25 - and the sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s female H8198 slave H8198, were Dan and Naphtali;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 35:26 - and the sons of Zilpah, Leah’s female H8198 slave H8198, were Gad and Asher. These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan-aram.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 11:5 - and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of the Pharaoh who sits on his throne, to the firstborn of the slave H8198 girl H8198 who is behind the millstones; all the firstborn of the cattle as well.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:20 - ‘Now if a man has sexual relations with a woman who is a slave H8198 acquired for another man, but who has in no way been redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be punishment; they shall not, however, be put to death, because she was not free.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:68 - “And the LORD will bring you back to Egypt in ships, by the way about which I said to you, ‘You will never see it again!’ And there you will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female H8198 slaves H8198, but there will be no buyer.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:13 - Then she said, “I have found favor in your sight, my lord, for you have comforted me and indeed have spoken [fn]kindly to your servant H8198, though I am not like one of your female H8198 servants H8198.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 1:18 - She said, “Let your bond-servant H8198 find favor in your sight.” So the woman went on her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 8:16 - “He will also take your male servants and your female H8198 servants H8198, and your best young men, and your donkeys, and [fn]use them for his work.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:27 - “And now let this [fn]gift which your servant H8198 has brought to my lord be given to the young men who [fn]accompany my lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:41 - And she got up and bowed with her face to the ground, and said, “Behold, your slave is a servant H8198 to wash the feet of my lord’s servants.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:21 - The woman came to Saul and saw that he was utterly horrified, and she said to him, “Behold, your servant H8198 has [fn]obeyed you, and I have [fn]taken my life in my hand and have listened to your words which you spoke to me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 28:22 - “So now you too, please listen to the voice of your servant H8198, and let me serve you a piece of bread, and eat it, so that you will have strength when you go on your way.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:6 - “And your servant H8198 had two sons, but the two of them fought in the field, and there was no [fn]one to save [fn]them from each other, so one struck the other and killed him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:7 - “Now behold, the entire family has risen against your servant H8198, and they have said, ‘Hand over the one who struck his brother, so that we may put him to death for the life of his brother whom he killed, and eliminate the heir as well.’ So they will extinguish my coal which is left, so as to [fn]leave my husband neither name nor remnant on the face of the earth.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:12 - Then the woman said, “Please let your servant H8198 speak a word to my lord the king.” And he said, “Speak.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:15 - “Now then, [fn]the reason I have come to speak this word to my lord the king is that the people have made me afraid; so your servant H8198 said, ‘Let me now speak to the king, perhaps the king will perform the [fn]request of his slave.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:17 - “Then your servant H8198 said, ‘Please let the word of my lord the king be [fn]comforting, for as the angel of God, so is my lord the king to discern good and evil. And may the LORD your God be with you.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 14:19 - So the king said, “Is the hand of Joab with you in all this?” And the woman replied, “As your soul lives, my lord the king, no one can turn to the right or to the left from anything that my lord the king has spoken. Indeed, it was your servant Joab who commanded me, and it was he who put all these words in the mouth of your servant H8198.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:17 - Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz were staying at En-rogel, and a female H8198 servant H8198 would go and inform them, and they would go and inform King David, for they could not allow themselves to be seen entering the city.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:2 - So Elisha said to her, “What shall I do for you? Tell me, what do you have in the house?” And she said, “Your servant H8198 has nothing in the house except a jar of oil.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:16 - Then he said, “At this season [fn]next year, you are going to embrace a son.” And she said, “No, my lord, you man of God, do not lie to your servant H8198.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 5:26 - Then he said to him, “Did my heart not go with you, when the man turned from his chariot to meet you? Is it a time to accept money and to accept clothes, olive groves, vineyards, sheep, oxen, and male and female H8198 slaves H8198?
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 28:10 - “Now you are proposing to subjugate the people of Judah and Jerusalem as male and female H8198 slaves H8198 for yourselves. Are you not, however guilty yourselves of offenses against the LORD your God?
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 7:4 - for we have been sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, killed, and eliminated. Now if we had only been sold as slaves H8198, men and women H8198, I would have kept silent, because the distress would not be sufficient reason to burden the king.”
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 123:2 - Behold, as the eyes of servants look to the hand of their master,
As the eyes of a female H8198 servant H8198 to the hand of her mistress,
So our eyes look to the LORD our God,
Until He is gracious to us.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 30:23 - Under an unloved woman when she gets a husband,
And a female H8198 servant H8198 when she dispossesses her mistress.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 12:16–Pro 30:23) Gen 12:16–Pro 30:23

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