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Lexicon :: Strong's H8213 - šāp̄ēl

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2445

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁפֵל shâphêl, shaw-fale'; a primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive):—abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x

The KJV translates Strong's H8213 in the following manner: ...low (10x), ...down (8x), humble (7x), abase (2x), debase (1x), put lower (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x
The KJV translates Strong's H8213 in the following manner: ...low (10x), ...down (8x), humble (7x), abase (2x), debase (1x), put lower (1x).
  1. to be or become low, sink, be humbled, be abased

    1. (Qal) to be or become low

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to lay or bring low, humiliate

      2. to set in a lower place, show abasement

      3. to make low, sit down

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁפֵל shâphêl, shaw-fale'; a primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive):—abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).
STRONGS H8213: Abbreviations
שָׁפֵל verb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל noun humility or lowland DHMxxix (1875), 604; Arabic bdb105001, bdb105002, bdb105003 be low (LagBN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל, bdb105004 (derived species)); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Isaiah 2:11; 2nd person feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isaiah 29:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁפַּל Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15; 3rd person feminine plural תִּשְׁפַּלְנָה Isaiah 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Ecclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —
1. all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 (|| גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isaiah 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isaiah 2:12 (but read, for שׁ׳, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du CheHpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15, his loftiness Isaiah 2:17, haughty eyes Isaiah 2:11 (all || שָׁחַח), Isaiah 5:15; of city Isaiah 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ וְשׁ׳ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isaiah 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; || מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).
2. שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Proverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.
3. of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁפִּיל Isaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁפִּיל Psalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁפִּילָהּ יַשְׁפִּילֶנָּה Isaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) (הוּ) הַשְׁפִּילֵ Job 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁפִּילְךָ Proverbs 25:7 (Ezek 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁפֵּיל, || הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁפִּיל 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁפִּילִי (Ges§ 90 l) Psalm 113:6; —
1. usually figurative, י׳ subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isaiah 26:5 (|| הֵשַׁח); fortress Isaiah 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isaiah 26:5); humiliate pride Isaiah 26:11; Isaiah 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object עֵינַיִם רָמוֺת Psalm 18:28, so read also || 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם מַשׁ׳ י׳ 1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Psalm 147:6; וְזֶה יָרִים זֶה יַשׁ׳ Psalm 75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.
2. human subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject human pride Proverbs 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.
3. as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ הַשׁ׳ Jeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120 g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת מַשׁ׳ Psalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. י׳; || הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת Psalm 113:5; Ges§ 114 m). — גֵּוָה וַתּאֹמֶר הִשְׁפִּילוּ Job 22:29 is dubious; || יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For וַתּאֹ׳, read then הִשְׁמִּיל, א׳ hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (הִשׁ׳ intransitive; AV, compare LagBN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8214.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

1 Samuel

2:7; 2:7

2 Samuel



22:29; 40:11; 40:11


18:28; 75:8; 75:8; 113:5; 113:6; 113:6; 147:6; 147:6


16:9; 16:19; 25:7; 25:7; 29:23


12:4; 12:4


2:9; 2:9; 2:11; 2:11; 2:12; 2:17; 5:15; 5:15; 5:15; 5:15; 10:33; 13:11; 25:12; 25:12; 26:5; 26:5; 26:5; 26:11; 29:4; 29:4; 32:19; 40:4; 57:9


13:18; 13:18


17:24; 21:31; 21:31

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8213 matches the Hebrew שָׁפֵל (šāp̄ēl),
which occurs 29 times in 27 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:7 - “The LORD makes poor and rich;
He brings H8213 low, H8213 He also exalts.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:28 - “And You save an afflicted people;
But Your eyes are on the haughty whom You abase. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:29 - “When [fn]you are cast H8213 down, H8213 you will speak with [fn]confidence,
And the [fn]humble person He will save.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:11 - “Pour out the overflowings of your anger,
And look on everyone who is proud, and make H8213 him low. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:27 - For You save an afflicted people,
But haughty eyes You abase. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 75:7 - But God is the Judge;
He puts H8213 down H8213 one and exalts another.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 113:6 - Who [fn]humbles H8213 Himself to behold
The things that are in heaven and in the earth?
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 147:6 - The LORD [fn]supports the afflicted;
He brings H8213 down H8213 the wicked to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:7 - For it is better that it be said to you, “Come up here,”
Than for you to be placed H8213 lower H8213 in the presence of the prince,
Whom your eyes have seen.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:23 - A man’s pride will bring H8213 him low, H8213
But a humble spirit will obtain honor.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:9 - So the common man has been humbled
And the man of importance has been H8213 abased, H8213
But do not forgive them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:11 - The [fn]proud look of man will be abased H8213
And the loftiness of man will be humbled,
And the LORD alone will be exalted in that day.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:12 - For the LORD of hosts will have a day of reckoning
Against everyone who is proud and lofty
And against everyone who is lifted up,
That he may be abased. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:17 - The pride of man will be humbled
And the loftiness of men will be abased; H8213
And the LORD alone will be exalted in that day,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:15 - So the common man will be humbled and the man of importance abased, H8213
The eyes of the proud also will be abased. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:33 - Behold, the Lord, the [fn]GOD of hosts, will lop off the boughs with a terrible crash;
Those also who are tall in stature will be cut down
And those who are lofty will be abased. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:11 - Thus I will punish the world for its evil
And the wicked for their iniquity;
I will also put an end to the arrogance of the proud
And abase H8213 the haughtiness of the [fn]ruthless.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 25:11 - And he will spread out his hands in the middle of it
As a swimmer spreads out his hands to swim,
But the Lord will lay H8213 low H8213 his pride together with the trickery of his hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 25:12 - The unassailable fortifications of your walls He will bring down,
Lay H8213 low H8213 and cast to the ground, even to the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 26:5 - “For He has brought low those who dwell on high, the unassailable city;
He lays H8213 it low, H8213 He lays H8213 it low H8213 to the ground, He casts it to the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:4 - Then you will be brought H8213 low; H8213
From the earth you will speak,
And from the dust where you are prostrate
Your words will come.
Your voice will also be like that of a [fn]spirit from the ground,
And your speech will whisper from the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:19 - And it will hail when the forest comes down,
And the city will be utterly laid H8213 low. H8213
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:4 - “Let every valley be lifted up,
And every mountain and hill be made H8213 low; H8213
And let the rough ground become a plain,
And the rugged terrain a broad valley;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:9 - “You have journeyed to the king with oil
And increased your perfumes;
You have sent your envoys a great distance
And made them go H8213 down H8213 to [fn]Sheol.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:18 - Say to the king and the queen mother,
“Take a lowly H8213 seat,
For your beautiful crown
Has come down from your head.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:24 - “All the trees of the field will know that I am the LORD; I bring H8213 down H8213 the high tree, exalt the low tree, dry up the green tree and make the dry tree flourish. I am the LORD; I have spoken, and I will perform it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:26 - thus says the Lord GOD, ‘Remove the turban and take off the crown; this will [fn]no longer be the same. Exalt that which is low and abase H8213 that which is high.
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