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Lexicon :: Strong's H8213 - šāp̄ēl

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2445

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁפֵל shâphêl, shaw-fale'; a primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive):—abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x

The KJV translates Strong's H8213 in the following manner: ...low (10x), ...down (8x), humble (7x), abase (2x), debase (1x), put lower (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x
The KJV translates Strong's H8213 in the following manner: ...low (10x), ...down (8x), humble (7x), abase (2x), debase (1x), put lower (1x).
  1. to be or become low, sink, be humbled, be abased

    1. (Qal) to be or become low

    2. (Hiphil)

      1. to lay or bring low, humiliate

      2. to set in a lower place, show abasement

      3. to make low, sit down

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁפֵל shâphêl, shaw-fale'; a primitive root; to depress or sink (especially figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive):—abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).
STRONGS H8213: Abbreviations
שָׁפֵל verb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל noun humility or lowland DHMxxix (1875), 604; Arabic bdb105001, bdb105002, bdb105003 be low (LagBN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל, bdb105004 (derived species)); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Isaiah 2:11; 2nd person feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isaiah 29:4, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיִּשְׁפַּל Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15; 3rd person feminine plural תִּשְׁפַּלְנָה Isaiah 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Ecclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —
1. all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 (|| גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isaiah 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isaiah 2:12 (but read, for שׁ׳, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du CheHpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15, his loftiness Isaiah 2:17, haughty eyes Isaiah 2:11 (all || שָׁחַח), Isaiah 5:15; of city Isaiah 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ וְשׁ׳ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isaiah 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; || מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).
2. שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Proverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.
3. of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.
Hiph. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular הִשְׁפִּיל Isaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יַשְׁפִּיל Psalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁפִּילָהּ יַשְׁפִּילֶנָּה Isaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) (הוּ) הַשְׁפִּילֵ Job 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁפִּילְךָ Proverbs 25:7 (Ezek 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁפֵּיל, || הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁפִּיל 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁפִּילִי (Ges§ 90 l) Psalm 113:6; —
1. usually figurative, י׳ subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isaiah 26:5 (|| הֵשַׁח); fortress Isaiah 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isaiah 26:5); humiliate pride Isaiah 26:11; Isaiah 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object עֵינַיִם רָמוֺת Psalm 18:28, so read also || 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם מַשׁ׳ י׳ 1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Psalm 147:6; וְזֶה יָרִים זֶה יַשׁ׳ Psalm 75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.
2. human subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject human pride Proverbs 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.
3. as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ הַשׁ׳ Jeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120 g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת מַשׁ׳ Psalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. י׳; || הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת Psalm 113:5; Ges§ 114 m). — גֵּוָה וַתּאֹמֶר הִשְׁפִּילוּ Job 22:29 is dubious; || יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For וַתּאֹ׳, read then הִשְׁמִּיל, א׳ hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (הִשׁ׳ intransitive; AV, compare LagBN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8214.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs

1 Samuel

2:7; 2:7

2 Samuel



22:29; 40:11; 40:11


18:28; 75:8; 75:8; 113:5; 113:6; 113:6; 147:6; 147:6


16:9; 16:19; 25:7; 25:7; 29:23


12:4; 12:4


2:9; 2:9; 2:11; 2:11; 2:12; 2:17; 5:15; 5:15; 5:15; 5:15; 10:33; 13:11; 25:12; 25:12; 26:5; 26:5; 26:5; 26:11; 29:4; 29:4; 32:19; 40:4; 57:9


13:18; 13:18


17:24; 21:31; 21:31

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8213 matches the Hebrew שָׁפֵל (šāp̄ēl),
which occurs 29 times in 27 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:7 - The LORD makes some poor and others rich;
he brings some down and lifts others up.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:28 - You rescue the humble,
but your eyes watch the proud and humiliate them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:29 - If people are in trouble and you say, ‘Help them,’
God will save them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 40:11 - Give vent to your anger.
Let it overflow against the proud.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 18:27 - You rescue the humble,
but you humiliate the proud.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 75:7 - It is God alone who judges;
he decides who will rise and who will fall.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 113:6 - He stoops to look down
on heaven and on earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 147:6 - The LORD supports the humble,
but he brings the wicked down into the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:7 - It’s better to wait for an invitation to the head table
than to be sent away in public disgrace.
Just because you’ve seen something,
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 29:23 - Pride ends in humiliation,
while humility brings honor.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:9 - So now they will be humbled,
and all will be brought low—
do not forgive them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:11 - Human pride will be brought down,
and human arrogance will be humbled.
Only the LORD will be exalted
on that day of judgment.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:12 - For the LORD of Heaven’s Armies
has a day of reckoning.
He will punish the proud and mighty
and bring down everything that is exalted.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 2:17 - Human pride will be humbled,
and human arrogance will be brought down.
Only the LORD will be exalted
on that day of judgment.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:15 - Humanity will be destroyed, and people brought down;
even the arrogant will lower their eyes in humiliation.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 10:33 - But look! The Lord, the LORD of Heaven’s Armies,
will chop down the mighty tree of Assyria with great power!
He will cut down the proud.
That lofty tree will be brought down.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 13:11 - “I, the LORD, will punish the world for its evil
and the wicked for their sin.
I will crush the arrogance of the proud
and humble the pride of the mighty.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 25:11 - God will push down Moab’s people
as a swimmer pushes down water with his hands.
He will end their pride
and all their evil works.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 25:12 - The high walls of Moab will be demolished.
They will be brought down to the ground,
down into the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 26:5 - He humbles the proud
and brings down the arrogant city.
He brings it down to the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 29:4 - Then deep from the earth you will speak;
from low in the dust your words will come.
Your voice will whisper from the ground
like a ghost conjured up from the grave.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:19 - Even if the forest should be destroyed
and the city torn down,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:4 - Fill in the valleys,
and level the mountains and hills.
Straighten the curves,
and smooth out the rough places.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 57:9 - You have given olive oil to Molech[fn]
with many gifts of perfume.
You have traveled far,
even into the world of the dead,[fn]
to find new gods to love.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 13:18 - Say to the king and his mother,
“Come down from your thrones
and sit in the dust,
for your glorious crowns
will soon be snatched from your heads.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 17:24 - And all the trees will know that it is I, the LORD, who cuts the tall tree down and makes the short tree grow tall. It is I who makes the green tree wither and gives the dead tree new life. I, the LORD, have spoken, and I will do what I said!”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:26 - This is what the Sovereign LORD says:
“Take off your jeweled crown,
for the old order changes.
Now the lowly will be exalted,
and the mighty will be brought down.
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