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Lexicon :: Strong's H8242 - śaq

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2282a

Strong’s Definitions

שַׂק saq, sak; from H8264; properly, a mesh (as allowing a liquid to run through), i.e. coarse loose cloth or sacking (used in mourning and for bagging); hence, a bag (for grain, etc.):—sack(-cloth, -clothes).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x

The KJV translates Strong's H8242 in the following manner: sackcloth (41x), sack (6x), sackclothes (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x
The KJV translates Strong's H8242 in the following manner: sackcloth (41x), sack (6x), sackclothes (1x).
  1. mesh, sackcloth, sack, sacking

    1. sack (for grain)

    2. sackcloth

      1. worn in mourning or humiliation

      2. same material spread out to lie on

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שַׂק saq, sak; from H8264; properly, a mesh (as allowing a liquid to run through), i.e. coarse loose cloth or sacking (used in mourning and for bagging); hence, a bag (for grain, etc.):—sack(-cloth, -clothes).
STRONGS H8242: Abbreviations
שַׂק noun masculineJoshua 9:4 sack, sackcloth (see SchwZAW xi (1891), 173 who conjectures Egyptian origin; Late Hebrew סַק sackcloth (rare); Assyrian šaḳḳu, sack (DlHWB 687 a), sackcloth (WklAltor. Forsch, vi. 44); Ethiopic bdb097404 = Biblical Hebrew; Aramaic סַקָּא, bdb097405; Greek σάκκος LewyFremdw. 87); — absolute שׂ׳ Genesis 37:34 +, שָׂ֑ק Jeremiah 48:37 +; suffix שַׂקִּי Psalm 30:12, etc.; plural שַׂקִּים Joshua 9:4 +, suffix שַׂקֵּיהֶם Genesis 42:35; —
1. sack, for grain Genesis 42:25, 27 (|| אַמְתַּחַת), Genesis 42:35; Genesis 42:35 (E), Joshua 9:4 (JE), perhaps also Leviticus 11:32 (P).
2. sackcloth:
a. worn in mourning and humiliation (see NowArchaeology i. 192 f. SACookEncy. Bib. under the word), either loose garment like sack, or piece of similar material (of rough, dark hair), fastened round body: put (שִׂים) on loins Genesis 37:34 (J), 1 Kings 20:31, on (bare) flesh 1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 6:30, compare Jeremiah 48:37; Job 16:15 (with תָּפַר); וְהַעֲלֵיתִי עַלכָּֿלמָֿתְנַיִם שׂ׳ Amos 8:10; usually girt on (חָגַר) 2 Samuel 3:31; Isaiah 15:3; Isaiah 22:12; Jeremiah 4:8; Jeremiah 6:26; Jeremiah 49:3; Ezekiel 7:18; Ezekiel 27:31; 1 Kings 20:32; Joel 1:8, compare Isaiah 3:24; כִּסָּה בַּשּׂ׳ 2 Kings 19:1, 2= Isaiah 37:1, 2; Jonah 3:6, 8; 1 Chronicles 21:16, figurative of heavens (compare קָדַר), אָשִׂים כְּסוּתָם שׂ׳ Isaiah 50:3; late לָבַשׁ שׂ׳ put on sackcloth Jonah 3:5; Esther 4:1, compare Esther 4:2; Psalm 35:13; Psalm 69:12; בְּצוֺם וְשׂ׳ Nehemiah 9:1, compare Daniel 9:3; מִּתַּח שׂ׳ loosen sackcloth Isaiah 20:2 (+ מֵעַל), Psalm 30:12 (opposed to שִׂמְחָה), מֵעַל הֵסִיר שׂ׳ Esther 4:4.
b. same garment (or material) spread out (to lie on), 2 Samuel 21:10 (with הִטָּה), Isaiah 58:5 (with הִצִּיעַ), compare Esther 4:3 וַיִּשְׁכַּב בַּשׂ׳ 1 Kings 21:27, לִינוּ בַּשּׂ׳ Joel 1:13.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


37:34; 37:34; 42:25; 42:27; 42:35; 42:35; 42:35




9:4; 9:4; 9:4

2 Samuel

3:31; 21:10

1 Kings

20:31; 20:32; 21:27; 21:27

2 Kings

6:30; 19:1; 19:2

1 Chronicles





4:1; 4:2; 4:3; 4:4




30:12; 30:12; 35:13; 69:12


3:24; 15:3; 20:2; 22:12; 37:1; 37:2; 50:3; 58:5


4:8; 6:26; 48:37; 48:37; 49:3


7:18; 27:31




1:8; 1:13




3:5; 3:6; 3:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8242 matches the Hebrew שַׂק (śaq),
which occurs 48 times in 46 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:34 - And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth H8242 upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:25 - Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man's money into his sack, H8242 and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:27 - And as one of them opened his sack H8242 to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack's mouth.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:35 - And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, H8242 that, behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack: H8242 and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:32 - And upon whatsoever any of them, when they are dead, doth fall, it shall be unclean; whether it be any vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, H8242 whatsoever vessel it be, wherein any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the even; so it shall be cleansed.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:4 - They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks H8242 upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up;
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:31 - And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, H8242 and mourn before Abner. And king David himself followed the bier.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:10 - And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, H8242 and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:31 - And his servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings: let us, I pray thee, put sackcloth H8242 on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save thy life.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:32 - So they girded sackcloth H8242 on their loins, and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant Benhadad saith, I pray thee, let me live. And he said, Is he yet alive? he is my brother.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:27 - And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth H8242 upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, H8242 and went softly.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:30 - And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he rent his clothes; and he passed by upon the wall, and the people looked, and, behold, he had sackcloth H8242 within upon his flesh.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:1 - And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, H8242 and went into the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:2 - And he sent Eliakim, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, H8242 to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 21:16 - And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, H8242 fell upon their faces.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:1 - Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, H8242 and earth upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:1 - When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth H8242 with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:2 - And came even before the king's gate: for none might enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth. H8242
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:3 - And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth H8242 and ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:4 - So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it her. Then was the queen exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth H8242 from him: but he received it not.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:15 - I have sewed sackcloth H8242 upon my skin, and defiled my horn in the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 30:11 - Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, H8242 and girded me with gladness;
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:13 - But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: H8242 I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:11 - I made sackcloth H8242 also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:24 - And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; H8242 and burning instead of beauty.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 15:3 - In their streets they shall gird themselves with sackcloth: H8242 on the tops of their houses, and in their streets, every one shall howl, weeping abundantly.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 20:2 - At the same time spake the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go and loose the sackcloth H8242 from off thy loins, and put off thy shoe from thy foot. And he did so, walking naked and barefoot.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 22:12 - And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth: H8242
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:1 - And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, H8242 and went into the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:2 - And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, H8242 unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:3 - I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth H8242 their covering.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:5 - Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth H8242 and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:8 - For this gird you with sackcloth, H8242 lament and howl: for the fierce anger of the LORD is not turned back from us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:26 - O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, H8242 and wallow thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, as for an only son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:37 - For every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands shall be cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth. H8242
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 - Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; H8242 lament, and run to and fro by the hedges; for their king shall go into captivity, and his priests and his princes together.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 2:10 - The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, and keep silence: they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth: H8242 the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:18 - They shall also gird themselves with sackcloth, H8242 and horror shall cover them; and shame shall be upon all faces, and baldness upon all their heads.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:31 - And they shall make themselves utterly bald for thee, and gird them with sackcloth, H8242 and they shall weep for thee with bitterness of heart and bitter wailing.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:3 - And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, H8242 and ashes:
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:8 - Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth H8242 for the husband of her youth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:13 - Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, H8242 ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:10 - And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth H8242 upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only son, and the end thereof as a bitter day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 3:5 - So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, H8242 from the greatest of them even to the least of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 3:6 - For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, H8242 and sat in ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 3:8 - But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, H8242 and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands.
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