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Lexicon :: Strong's H8242 - śaq

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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2282a

Strong’s Definitions

שַׂק saq, sak; from H8264; properly, a mesh (as allowing a liquid to run through), i.e. coarse loose cloth or sacking (used in mourning and for bagging); hence, a bag (for grain, etc.):—sack(-cloth, -clothes).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x

The KJV translates Strong's H8242 in the following manner: sackcloth (41x), sack (6x), sackclothes (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 48x
The KJV translates Strong's H8242 in the following manner: sackcloth (41x), sack (6x), sackclothes (1x).
  1. mesh, sackcloth, sack, sacking

    1. sack (for grain)

    2. sackcloth

      1. worn in mourning or humiliation

      2. same material spread out to lie on

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שַׂק saq, sak; from H8264; properly, a mesh (as allowing a liquid to run through), i.e. coarse loose cloth or sacking (used in mourning and for bagging); hence, a bag (for grain, etc.):—sack(-cloth, -clothes).
שַׂק noun masculineJoshua 9:4 sack, sackcloth (see SchwZAW xi (1891), 173 who conjectures Egyptian origin; Late Hebrew סַק sackcloth (rare); Assyrian šaḳḳu, sack (DlHWB 687 a), sackcloth (WklAltor. Forsch, vi. 44); Ethiopic bdb097404 = Biblical Hebrew; Aramaic סַקָּא, bdb097405; Greek σάκκος LewyFremdw. 87); — absolute שׂ׳ Genesis 37:34 +, שָׂ֑ק Jeremiah 48:37 +; suffix שַׂקִּי Psalm 30:12, etc.; plural שַׂקִּים Joshua 9:4 +, suffix שַׂקֵּיהֶם Genesis 42:35; —
1. sack, for grain Genesis 42:25, 27 (|| אַמְתַּחַת), Genesis 42:35; Genesis 42:35 (E), Joshua 9:4 (JE), perhaps also Leviticus 11:32 (P).
2. sackcloth:
a. worn in mourning and humiliation (see NowArchaeology i. 192 f. SACookEncy. Bib. under the word), either loose garment like sack, or piece of similar material (of rough, dark hair), fastened round body: put (שִׂים) on loins Genesis 37:34 (J), 1 Kings 20:31, on (bare) flesh 1 Kings 21:27; 2 Kings 6:30, compare Jeremiah 48:37; Job 16:15 (with תָּפַר); וְהַעֲלֵיתִי עַלכָּֿלמָֿתְנַיִם שׂ׳ Amos 8:10; usually girt on (חָגַר) 2 Samuel 3:31; Isaiah 15:3; Isaiah 22:12; Jeremiah 4:8; Jeremiah 6:26; Jeremiah 49:3; Ezekiel 7:18; Ezekiel 27:31; 1 Kings 20:32; Joel 1:8, compare Isaiah 3:24; כִּסָּה בַּשּׂ׳ 2 Kings 19:1, 2= Isaiah 37:1, 2; Jonah 3:6, 8; 1 Chronicles 21:16, figurative of heavens (compare קָדַר), אָשִׂים כְּסוּתָם שׂ׳ Isaiah 50:3; late לָבַשׁ שׂ׳ put on sackcloth Jonah 3:5; Esther 4:1, compare Esther 4:2; Psalm 35:13; Psalm 69:12; בְּצוֺם וְשׂ׳ Nehemiah 9:1, compare Daniel 9:3; מִּתַּח שׂ׳ loosen sackcloth Isaiah 20:2 (+ מֵעַל), Psalm 30:12 (opposed to שִׂמְחָה), מֵעַל הֵסִיר שׂ׳ Esther 4:4.
b. same garment (or material) spread out (to lie on), 2 Samuel 21:10 (with הִטָּה), Isaiah 58:5 (with הִצִּיעַ), compare Esther 4:3 וַיִּשְׁכַּב בַּשׂ׳ 1 Kings 21:27, לִינוּ בַּשּׂ׳ Joel 1:13.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


37:34; 37:34; 42:25; 42:27; 42:35; 42:35; 42:35




9:4; 9:4; 9:4

2 Samuel

3:31; 21:10

1 Kings

20:31; 20:32; 21:27; 21:27

2 Kings

6:30; 19:1; 19:2

1 Chronicles





4:1; 4:2; 4:3; 4:4




30:12; 30:12; 35:13; 69:12


3:24; 15:3; 20:2; 22:12; 37:1; 37:2; 50:3; 58:5


4:8; 6:26; 48:37; 48:37; 49:3


7:18; 27:31




1:8; 1:13




3:5; 3:6; 3:8

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8242 matches the Hebrew שַׂק (śaq),
which occurs 48 times in 46 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 37:34 - So Jacob tore his clothes, and put on a sackcloth H8242 undergarment over his waist, and mourned for his son many days.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:25 - Then Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain, but also to return every man’s money in his sack H8242, and to give them provisions for the journey. And that is what was done for them.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:27 - But when one of them opened his sack H8242 to give his donkey feed at the overnight campsite, he saw his money; and behold, it was in the opening of his sack!
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:35 - Now it came about, as they were emptying their sacks H8242, that behold, every man’s bag of money was in his sack H8242; and when they and their father saw their bags of money, they were afraid.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:32 - ‘Also anything on which one of them may fall when they are dead becomes unclean, including any wooden article, or clothing, or a hide, or a sack H8242—any article [fn]of which use is made—it shall be put in the water and be unclean until evening, then it becomes clean.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 9:4 - but they on their part acted craftily and went and took provisions for a journey, and took worn-out sacks H8242 on their donkeys, and wineskins that were worn out, split open, and patched,
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:31 - Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes and put on sackcloth H8242, and mourn before Abner.” And King David walked behind the bier.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 21:10 - And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth H8242 and spread it out for herself on the rock, from the beginning of harvest until [fn]it rained on them from the sky; and she [fn]allowed neither the birds of the sky to rest on them by day nor the wild animals by night.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:31 - But his servants said to him, “Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings. Please let’s put sackcloth H8242 [fn]around our waists and ropes on our heads, and go out to the king of Israel; perhaps he will let [fn]you live.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 20:32 - So they put sackcloth H8242 [fn]around their waists and ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel and said, “Your servant Ben-hadad says, ‘Please let [fn]me live.’” And Ahab said, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 21:27 - Yet it came about, when Ahab heard these words, that he tore his clothes and put [fn]on sackcloth H8242 and fasted, and he lay in sackcloth H8242 and went about despondently.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:30 - When the king heard the woman’s words, he tore his clothes—and he was passing by on the wall—and the people looked, and behold, he had sackcloth H8242 [fn]underneath on his [fn]body.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:1 - Now when King Hezekiah heard the report, he tore his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth H8242, and entered the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 19:2 - Then he sent Eliakim, who was in charge of the household, with Shebna the scribe and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth H8242, to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 21:16 - Then David raised his eyes and saw the angel of the LORD standing between earth and heaven, with his drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, covered with sackcloth H8242, fell on their faces.
Unchecked Copy BoxNeh 9:1 - Now on the twenty-fourth day of this month the sons of Israel assembled with fasting, in sackcloth H8242 and with dirt upon them.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:1 - When Mordecai learned of everything that had been done, [fn]he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth H8242 and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city and wailed loudly and bitterly.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:2 - And he came as far as the king’s gate, for no one was to enter the king’s gate clothed in sackcloth H8242.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:3 - In each and every province where the command and decree of the king came, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting, weeping, and mourning rites; and many had sackcloth H8242 and ashes spread out as a bed.
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 4:4 - Then Esther’s attendants and her eunuchs came and informed her, and the queen was seized by great fear. And she sent garments to clothe Mordecai so that he would remove his sackcloth H8242 from him, but he did not accept them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 16:15 - “I have sewed sackcloth H8242 over my skin,
And thrust my horn in the dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 30:11 - You have turned my mourning into dancing for me;
You have untied my sackcloth H8242 and encircled me with joy,
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:13 - But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth H8242;
I humbled my soul with fasting,
But my prayer kept returning to [fn]me.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:11 - When I made sackcloth H8242 my clothing,
I became a proverb to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 3:24 - Now it will come about that instead of balsam oil there will be a stench;
Instead of a belt, a rope;
Instead of well-set hair, a plucked-out scalp;
Instead of fine clothes, a robe of sackcloth H8242;
And branding instead of beauty.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 15:3 - In their streets they have put on sackcloth H8242;
On their housetops and in their public squares
Everyone is wailing, [fn]overcome with weeping.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 20:2 - at that time the LORD spoke through Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, “Go and loosen the sackcloth H8242 from your hips and take your sandals off your feet.” And he did so, going naked and barefoot.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 22:12 - Therefore on that day the Lord [fn]GOD of armies called you to weeping, to wailing,
To shaving the head, and to wearing sackcloth H8242.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:1 - Now when King Hezekiah heard the report, he tore his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth H8242, and entered the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 37:2 - Then he sent Eliakim, who was in charge of the household, with Shebna the scribe and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth H8242, to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 50:3 - “I clothe the heavens with blackness,
And make sackcloth H8242 their covering.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:5 - “Is it a fast like this that I choose, a day for a person to humble himself?
Is it for bowing [fn]one’s head like a reed
And for spreading out sackcloth H8242 and ashes as a bed?
Will you call this a fast, even an acceptable day to the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 4:8 - “For this, put on sackcloth H8242,
Mourn and wail;
For the fierce anger of the LORD
Has not turned away from us.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:26 - Daughter of my people, put on sackcloth H8242
And roll in ashes;
[fn]Mourn as for an only son,
A most bitter mourning.
For suddenly the destroyer
Will come against us.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 48:37 - “For every head is shaved bald, and every beard cut short; there are gashes on all the hands, and sackcloth H8242 around the waists.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 49:3 - “Wail, Heshbon, for Ai has been destroyed!
Cry out, daughters of Rabbah,
Put on sackcloth H8242 and mourn,
And move about inside the walls;
For [fn]Malcam will go into exile
Together with his priests and his leaders.
Unchecked Copy BoxLam 2:10 - The elders of the daughter of Zion
Sit on the ground and [fn]are silent.
They have thrown dust on their heads;
They have put on sackcloth H8242.
The virgins of Jerusalem
Have bowed their heads to the ground.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 7:18 - ‘They will put on sackcloth H8242 and shuddering will overwhelm them; and shame will be on all faces, and a [fn]bald patch on all their heads.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 27:31 - “Also they will shave themselves bald for you
And put on sackcloth H8242;
And they will weep for you in bitterness of soul
With bitter mourning.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 9:3 - So I gave my [fn]attention to the Lord God, to seek Him by prayer and pleading, with fasting, sackcloth H8242, and ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:8 - Wail like a virgin clothed with sackcloth H8242
For the groom of her youth.
Unchecked Copy BoxJoe 1:13 - Put on sackcloth
And mourn, you priests;
Wail, you ministers of the altar!
Come, spend the night in sackcloth H8242,
You ministers of my God,
For the grain offering and the drink offering
Have been withheld from the house of your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxAmo 8:10 - “Then I will turn your festivals into mourning,
And all your songs into songs of mourning;
And I will put sackcloth H8242 around everyone’s waist,
And [fn]baldness on every head.
And I will make it like a time of mourning for an only son,
And the end of it will be like a bitter day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 3:5 - Then the people of Nineveh believed in God; and they called a fast and put on sackcloth H8242, from the greatest to the least of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 3:6 - When the word reached the king of Nineveh, he got up from his throne, removed his robe from himself, covered himself with sackcloth H8242, and sat on the [fn]dust.
Unchecked Copy BoxJon 3:8 - “But every person and animal must be covered with sackcloth H8242; and people are to call on God vehemently, and they are to turn, each one from his evil way, and from the violence which is in their hands.

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