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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8313 - śārap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2292

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂרַף sâraph, saw-raf'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, set) on fire:—(cause to, make a) burn((-ing), up) kindle, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 117x

The KJV translates Strong's H8313 in the following manner: burn (112x), burn up (2x), kindled (1x), made (1x), utterly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 117x
The KJV translates Strong's H8313 in the following manner: burn (112x), burn up (2x), kindled (1x), made (1x), utterly (1x).
  1. to burn

    1. (Qal) to burn

    2. (Niphal) to be burned

    3. (Piel) burner, burning (participle)

    4. (Pual) to be burnt up, be burned

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂרַף sâraph, saw-raf'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, set) on fire:—(cause to, make a) burn((-ing), up) kindle, × utterly.
STRONGS H8313: Abbreviations
שָׂרַף 117 verb burn (70 times + בָּאֵשׁ, 2 times + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ) (Late Hebrew (rare) = Biblical Hebrew; Assyrian šarâpu; Aramaic שְׂרַף (rare); bdb097616 is absorb, consume); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ Joshua 11:9 +, 3rd person feminine singular suffix שְׂרָפָ֫חַם Isaiah 47:14, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׂרֹף Numbers 19:5 2 times, more often וַיִּשְׂרֹף Exodus 32:20 +, 2rd person masculine plural תִּשְׂרְפוּן Deuteronomy 7:5 2 times; Infinitive absolute שָׂרוֺף 2 Samuel 23:7; construct שְׂרֹף Jeremiah 36:25 +; suffix שָׂרְפוֺ Judges 9:52; Amos 2:1; Participle active שׂרֵף Leviticus 16:28; Numbers 19:8, plural שׂרְפִים 2 Kings 17:31; passive masculine plural שְׂרֻפִים Numbers 17:4 [Numbers 16:39]; feminine singular שְׂרוּפָה 1 Samuel 30:3, שְׂרֻפָה Psalm 80:17 [Psalm 80:16], plural שְׂרוּפוֺת Nehemiah 3:24 [Nehemiah 4:2], construct שְׂרֻפוֺת Isaiah 1:7; — burn (59 times + בָּאֵשׁ, 2 times + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ):
1. in making bricks, + לִשְׂרֵפָה Genesis 11:3 (J; object omitted).
a. with accusative of thing, usually to destroy, e.g. door Judges 9:52, house Judges 12:1; 1 Kings 16:18 (both with עַל person), Jeremiah 39:8 11 times, compare passive participle Nehemiah 3:24, city Joshua 6:24; 1 Samuel 30:1, 1 Samuel 30:14 16 times, compare passive participle 1 Samuel 30:3; Isaiah 1:7, chariots Joshua 11:6, Joshua 11:9; 2 Kings 23:11; Psalm 46:10 [Psalm 46:9] (subject י׳), idols, etc., Exodus 32:20 (accusative omitted), Deuteronomy 9:21 10 times, roll † Jeremiah 36:25, Jeremiah 36:27, Jeremiah 36:28, Jeremiah 36:29, Jeremiah 36:32, wood † Isaiah 44:16, Isaiah 44:19 (both + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ), compare Psalm 80:17 [Psalm 80:16] (figurative), Jeremiah 51:32, hair † Ezekiel 5:4; bones, to lime (as outrage) † Amos 2:1; upon altars (in desecration) † 1 Kings 13:2; 1Ki 23:16 [2 Kings 23:16]; 1Ki 23:20 [2 Kings 23:20] 2 Chronicles 34:5; bodies, as funeral rite 1 Samuel 31:12 (rare custom, RSSemitic i. 353; 2nd ed. 372; but Klo Bu read יִשְׂפְּדוּ [= יִס׳]; compare BenzArchaeology 163; Ency. Bib. DEAD NowArchaeology i. 188); שׂ׳ as funeral rite also (object omitted, probably spices, compare 2 Chronicles 16:14), with ל person dead Jeremiah 34:5, + accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׂרֵפָה 2 Chronicles 16:14 (compare שְׂרֵפָה); in ceremonial of P (never of burning sacrifice on altar, הִקְטִיר, compare הֶעְֶלֶה, but) chiefly (14 times) of consuming refuse, especially unused portions of victims, etc. (to prevent use), and infected objects, Exodus 29:14, Exodus 29:34 +, sometimes מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה Leviticus 4:12 (+ עַעֵָֿצִים), Leviticus 4:21 4 times, etc., compare Ezekiel 43:21; also of burning red heifer (to produce ashes for purification) Numbers 19:5 (twice in verse); Numbers 19:8.
† b. burn, with accusative of person,
(1) as penalty Joshua 7:25 (JE), Judges 14:15; Judges 15:6; Leviticus 20:14, compare Numbers 17:4 [Numbers 16:39] (passive participle), so, אֵשׁ subject, Isaiah 47:14, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׂרֵפָה Leviticus 10:6 (P);
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׂרֵף Joshua 7:15 +, 3rd person feminine plural תִּשָּׂרַפְנָה Proverbs 6:27, etc.; — be burned (11 times + בָּאֵשׁ): of city Jeremiah 38:17 + Jeremiah 38:23 (read תִּשָּׂרֵף for תִּשְׂרֹף Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Targum Hi Ew Gf Gie Du), idols, etc., Micah 1:7; 1 Chronicles 14:12; ritually (compare Qal 2 a near the end) Leviticus 4:12; Leviticus 6:23 [Leviticus 6:30]; Leviticus 7:17, Leviticus 7:19; Leviticus 13:52; Leviticus 19:6; of person, as penalty Genesis 38:24 (J), Joshua 7:15 (JE), 2 Samuel 23:7 (poetry), Leviticus 21:9 (H).
Pi. Participle suffix מְסָֽרְפוֺ [H5635 Amos 6:10] his burner, usually one burning him, but probably burning spices for him, see Dr and compare Qal above.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שֹׂרָ֑ף, of goat Leviticus 10:16 it was burnt up (and gone).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


11:3; 38:24


29:14; 29:34; 32:20; 32:20


4:12; 4:12; 4:21; 6:30; 7:17; 7:19; 10:6; 10:16; 13:52; 16:28; 19:6; 20:14; 21:9


16:39; 16:39; 19:5; 19:5; 19:8; 19:8


7:5; 9:21; 12:31


6:24; 7:15; 7:15; 7:25; 11:6; 11:9; 11:9


9:52; 9:52; 12:1; 14:15; 15:6

1 Samuel

30:1; 30:3; 30:3; 30:14; 31:12

2 Samuel

23:7; 23:7

1 Kings

13:2; 16:18

2 Kings

17:31; 17:31; 23:11; 23:16; 23:20

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

16:14; 16:14; 34:5


3:24; 4:2


46:9; 80:16; 80:16




1:7; 1:7; 44:16; 44:19; 47:14; 47:14


7:31; 19:5; 34:5; 36:25; 36:25; 36:27; 36:28; 36:29; 36:32; 38:17; 38:23; 39:8; 51:32


5:4; 43:21


2:1; 2:1



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8313 matches the Hebrew שָׂרַף (śārap̄),
which occurs 117 times in 107 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 11:3–1Sa 30:14)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:3 - Then they said to one another, “Come, let’s make bricks and [fn]fire H8313 them thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:24 - Now it was about three months later that Judah was [fn]informed, “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has prostituted herself, and behold, she is also pregnant by prostitution.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and have her burned H8313!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:10 - ‘And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall completely H8313 burn H8313 with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:14 - “But the flesh of the bull and its hide and its refuse, you shall burn H8313 with fire outside the camp; it is a sin offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:34 - “And if any of the flesh of [fn]ordination or any of the bread remains until morning, then you shall burn H8313 the remainder with fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:20 - Then he took the calf which they had made and completely H8313 burned H8313 it with fire, and ground it to powder, and scattered it over the surface of the water and made the sons of Israel drink it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:12 - [fn]that is, all the rest of the bull, he is to bring out to a clean place outside the camp where the fatty ashes are poured out, and burn H8313 it on wood with fire; where the fatty ashes are poured out it shall be burned H8313.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:21 - ‘Then he is to bring the bull out to a place outside the camp and burn H8313 it just as he burned H8313 the first bull; it is the sin offering for the assembly.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:30 - ‘But no sin offering of which any of the blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place shall be eaten; it shall be burned H8313 with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:17 - but what is left over from the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned H8313 with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:19 - ‘Also the flesh that touches anything unclean shall not be eaten; it shall be burned H8313 with fire. [fn]As for other flesh, anyone who is clean may eat such flesh.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:17 - But the bull and its hide, its flesh, and its refuse he burned H8313 in the fire outside the camp, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:32 - “And the remainder of the flesh and of the bread you shall burn H8313 in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 9:11 - The flesh and the hide, however, he burned H8313 with fire outside the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:6 - Then Moses said to Aaron and to his sons Eleazar and Ithamar, “Do not [fn]uncover your heads nor tear your clothes, so that you do not die and He does not become wrathful against all the congregation. But your [fn]kinsmen, the entire house of Israel, shall weep for the burning which the LORD has [fn]brought H8313 about H8313.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:16 - But Moses searched carefully for the goat of the sin offering, and behold, it had been burned H8313! So he was angry with Aaron’s surviving sons Eleazar and Ithamar, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:52 - “So he shall burn H8313 the garment, whether it is the [fn]warp or the woof, in wool or in linen, or any article of leather, in which the mark occurs; for it is a [fn]leprous malignancy. It shall be burned H8313 in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:55 - “After the article with the mark has been washed, the priest shall again look, and if the mark has not changed its appearance, even if the mark has not spread, it is unclean; you shall burn H8313 it in the fire, whether an eating away has produced bareness on the back or on the front of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:57 - yet if it appears again in the garment, whether in the warp or in the woof, or in any article of leather, it is an outbreak; the article with the mark shall be burned H8313 in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:27 - “But the bull of the [fn]sin offering and the goat of the [fn]sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be taken outside the camp, and they shall burn H8313 their hides, their flesh, and their refuse in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:28 - “Then the one who burns H8313 them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body with water; and afterward he shall come into the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:6 - ‘It shall be eaten on the same day you offer it, and on the next day; but what remains until the third day shall be burned H8313 with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:14 - ‘If there is a man who [fn]marries a woman and her mother, it is an outrageous sin; both he and they shall be burned H8313 with fire, so that there will be no such outrageous sin in your midst.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:9 - ‘Also the daughter of any priest, if she profanes herself by prostitution, she profanes her father; she shall be burned H8313 with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:39 - So the priest Eleazar took the bronze censers which the men who were burned H8313 had offered, and they hammered them out as plating for the altar,
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:5 - ‘Then the heifer shall be burned H8313 in his sight; its hide, its flesh, and its blood, with its refuse, shall be burned H8313.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:8 - ‘The one who burns H8313 [fn]the heifer shall also wash his clothes in water and bathe his [fn]body in water, and will be unclean until evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:10 - Then they [fn]burned H8313 all their cities where they lived and all their encampments.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:5 - “But this is what you shall do to them: you shall tear down their altars, smash their memorial stones, cut their [fn]Asherim to pieces, and burn H8313 their carved images in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:25 - “The carved images of their gods you are to burn H8313 with fire; you shall not covet the silver or the gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, or you will be trapped by it; for it is an abomination to the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:21 - “And I took your [fn]sinful thing which you had made, the calf, and burned H8313 it in the fire and crushed it, grinding it thoroughly until it was as fine as dust; and I threw its dust into the stream that came down from the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:3 - “And you shall tear down their altars and smash their memorial stones to pieces, and burn H8313 their [fn]Asherim in the fire, and cut to pieces the carved images of their gods; and you shall eliminate their name from that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:31 - “You shall not behave this way toward the LORD your God, because every abominable act which the LORD hates, they have done for their gods; for they even burn H8313 their sons and daughters in the fire for their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:16 - “Then you shall gather all its plunder into the middle of its public square, and burn H8313 the city and all its plunder with fire as a whole burnt offering to the LORD your God; and it shall be a [fn]ruin forever. It shall never be rebuilt.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:24 - Then they burned H8313 the city with fire, and all that was in it. Only the silver and gold, and the articles of bronze and iron, they put into the treasury of the [fn]house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:15 - ‘And it shall be that the one who is selected with the things designated for destruction shall be burned H8313 with fire, he and all that belongs to him, because he has violated the covenant of the LORD, and because he has committed a disgraceful thing in Israel.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:25 - And Joshua said, “Why have you brought disaster on us? The LORD will bring disaster on you this day.” And all Israel stoned [fn]them with stones; and they burned H8313 them with fire [fn]after they had stoned them with stones.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:28 - So Joshua burned H8313 Ai and made it a refuse heap forever, a desolation until this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:6 - Yet the LORD said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid because of them, for tomorrow at this time I am going to turn all of them over to Israel as good as dead; you shall hamstring their horses and burn H8313 their chariots with fire.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:9 - And Joshua did to them just as the LORD had told him; he hamstrung their horses and burned H8313 their chariots with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:11 - They struck every person who was in it with the edge of the sword, [fn]utterly destroying them; there was no one left who breathed. And he burned H8313 Hazor with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:13 - However, Israel did not burn H8313 any cities that stood on their mounds, except Hazor alone, which Joshua burned H8313.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:52 - So Abimelech came to the tower and fought against it, and approached the entrance of the tower to burn H8313 it down H8313 with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 12:1 - Now the men of Ephraim were summoned, and they crossed [fn]to Zaphon; and they said to Jephthah, “Why did you cross over to fight against the sons of Ammon without calling us to go with you? We will burn H8313 your house down H8313 on you!”
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:15 - Then it came about on the [fn]fourth day that they said to Samson’s wife, “Entice your husband, so that he will tell us the riddle, or we will burn H8313 you and your father’s house with fire. Have you invited us to impoverish us? Is this not so?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:6 - Then the Philistines said, “Who did this?” And some said, “Samson, the son-in-law of the Timnite, because [fn]he took his wife and gave her to his companion.” So the Philistines came up and burned H8313 her and her father to death with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:27 - Then they took what Micah had made and the priest who had belonged to him, and came to Laish, to a people quiet and unsuspecting, and struck them with the edge of the sword; and they burned H8313 the city with fire.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:1 - Then it happened, when David and his men came to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had carried out an attack on the [fn]Negev and on Ziklag, and had [fn]overthrown Ziklag and burned H8313 it with fire;
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:3 - When David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned H8313 with fire, and their wives, their sons, and their daughters had been taken captive.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:14 - “We carried out an attack on the [fn]Negev of the Cherethites, and on that which belongs to Judah, and on the [fn]Negev of Caleb, and we burned H8313 Ziklag with fire.”

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/3 (Gen 11:3–1Sa 30:14) Gen 11:3–1Sa 30:14

2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Sa 31:12–Jer 51:32

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