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Lexicon :: Strong's H8313 - śārap̄

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2292

Strong’s Definitions

שָׂרַף sâraph, saw-raf'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, set) on fire:—(cause to, make a) burn((-ing), up) kindle, × utterly.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 117x

The KJV translates Strong's H8313 in the following manner: burn (112x), burn up (2x), kindled (1x), made (1x), utterly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 117x
The KJV translates Strong's H8313 in the following manner: burn (112x), burn up (2x), kindled (1x), made (1x), utterly (1x).
  1. to burn

    1. (Qal) to burn

    2. (Niphal) to be burned

    3. (Piel) burner, burning (participle)

    4. (Pual) to be burnt up, be burned

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׂרַף sâraph, saw-raf'; a primitive root; to be (causatively, set) on fire:—(cause to, make a) burn((-ing), up) kindle, × utterly.
STRONGS H8313: Abbreviations
שָׂרַף 117 verb burn (70 times + בָּאֵשׁ, 2 times + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ) (Late Hebrew (rare) = Biblical Hebrew; Assyrian šarâpu; Aramaic שְׂרַף (rare); bdb097616 is absorb, consume); —
Qal Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׂ׳ Joshua 11:9 +, 3rd person feminine singular suffix שְׂרָפָ֫חַם Isaiah 47:14, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׂרֹף Numbers 19:5 2 times, more often וַיִּשְׂרֹף Exodus 32:20 +, 2rd person masculine plural תִּשְׂרְפוּן Deuteronomy 7:5 2 times; Infinitive absolute שָׂרוֺף 2 Samuel 23:7; construct שְׂרֹף Jeremiah 36:25 +; suffix שָׂרְפוֺ Judges 9:52; Amos 2:1; Participle active שׂרֵף Leviticus 16:28; Numbers 19:8, plural שׂרְפִים 2 Kings 17:31; passive masculine plural שְׂרֻפִים Numbers 17:4 [Numbers 16:39]; feminine singular שְׂרוּפָה 1 Samuel 30:3, שְׂרֻפָה Psalm 80:17 [Psalm 80:16], plural שְׂרוּפוֺת Nehemiah 3:24 [Nehemiah 4:2], construct שְׂרֻפוֺת Isaiah 1:7; — burn (59 times + בָּאֵשׁ, 2 times + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ):
1. in making bricks, + לִשְׂרֵפָה Genesis 11:3 (J; object omitted).
a. with accusative of thing, usually to destroy, e.g. door Judges 9:52, house Judges 12:1; 1 Kings 16:18 (both with עַל person), Jeremiah 39:8 11 times, compare passive participle Nehemiah 3:24, city Joshua 6:24; 1 Samuel 30:1, 1 Samuel 30:14 16 times, compare passive participle 1 Samuel 30:3; Isaiah 1:7, chariots Joshua 11:6, Joshua 11:9; 2 Kings 23:11; Psalm 46:10 [Psalm 46:9] (subject י׳), idols, etc., Exodus 32:20 (accusative omitted), Deuteronomy 9:21 10 times, roll † Jeremiah 36:25, Jeremiah 36:27, Jeremiah 36:28, Jeremiah 36:29, Jeremiah 36:32, wood † Isaiah 44:16, Isaiah 44:19 (both + בְּמוֺאֵֿשׁ), compare Psalm 80:17 [Psalm 80:16] (figurative), Jeremiah 51:32, hair † Ezekiel 5:4; bones, to lime (as outrage) † Amos 2:1; upon altars (in desecration) † 1 Kings 13:2; 1Ki 23:16 [2 Kings 23:16]; 1Ki 23:20 [2 Kings 23:20] 2 Chronicles 34:5; bodies, as funeral rite 1 Samuel 31:12 (rare custom, RSSemitic i. 353; 2nd ed. 372; but Klo Bu read יִשְׂפְּדוּ [= יִס׳]; compare BenzArchaeology 163; Ency. Bib. DEAD NowArchaeology i. 188); שׂ׳ as funeral rite also (object omitted, probably spices, compare 2 Chronicles 16:14), with ל person dead Jeremiah 34:5, + accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׂרֵפָה 2 Chronicles 16:14 (compare שְׂרֵפָה); in ceremonial of P (never of burning sacrifice on altar, הִקְטִיר, compare הֶעְֶלֶה, but) chiefly (14 times) of consuming refuse, especially unused portions of victims, etc. (to prevent use), and infected objects, Exodus 29:14, Exodus 29:34 +, sometimes מִחוּץ לַמַּחֲנֶה Leviticus 4:12 (+ עַעֵָֿצִים), Leviticus 4:21 4 times, etc., compare Ezekiel 43:21; also of burning red heifer (to produce ashes for purification) Numbers 19:5 (twice in verse); Numbers 19:8.
† b. burn, with accusative of person,
(1) as penalty Joshua 7:25 (JE), Judges 14:15; Judges 15:6; Leviticus 20:14, compare Numbers 17:4 [Numbers 16:39] (passive participle), so, אֵשׁ subject, Isaiah 47:14, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׂרֵפָה Leviticus 10:6 (P);
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׂרֵף Joshua 7:15 +, 3rd person feminine plural תִּשָּׂרַפְנָה Proverbs 6:27, etc.; — be burned (11 times + בָּאֵשׁ): of city Jeremiah 38:17 + Jeremiah 38:23 (read תִּשָּׂרֵף for תִּשְׂרֹף Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Targum Hi Ew Gf Gie Du), idols, etc., Micah 1:7; 1 Chronicles 14:12; ritually (compare Qal 2 a near the end) Leviticus 4:12; Leviticus 6:23 [Leviticus 6:30]; Leviticus 7:17, Leviticus 7:19; Leviticus 13:52; Leviticus 19:6; of person, as penalty Genesis 38:24 (J), Joshua 7:15 (JE), 2 Samuel 23:7 (poetry), Leviticus 21:9 (H).
Pi. Participle suffix מְסָֽרְפוֺ [H5635 Amos 6:10] his burner, usually one burning him, but probably burning spices for him, see Dr and compare Qal above.
Pu. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שֹׂרָ֑ף, of goat Leviticus 10:16 it was burnt up (and gone).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


11:3; 38:24


29:14; 29:34; 32:20; 32:20


4:12; 4:12; 4:21; 6:30; 7:17; 7:19; 10:6; 10:16; 13:52; 16:28; 19:6; 20:14; 21:9


16:39; 16:39; 19:5; 19:5; 19:8; 19:8


7:5; 9:21; 12:31


6:24; 7:15; 7:15; 7:25; 11:6; 11:9; 11:9


9:52; 9:52; 12:1; 14:15; 15:6

1 Samuel

30:1; 30:3; 30:3; 30:14; 31:12

2 Samuel

23:7; 23:7

1 Kings

13:2; 16:18

2 Kings

17:31; 17:31; 23:11; 23:16; 23:20

1 Chronicles


2 Chronicles

16:14; 16:14; 34:5


3:24; 4:2


46:9; 80:16; 80:16




1:7; 1:7; 44:16; 44:19; 47:14; 47:14


7:31; 19:5; 34:5; 36:25; 36:25; 36:27; 36:28; 36:29; 36:32; 38:17; 38:23; 39:8; 51:32


5:4; 43:21


2:1; 2:1



Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8313 matches the Hebrew שָׂרַף (śārap̄),
which occurs 117 times in 107 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 11:3–1Sa 30:14)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 11:3 - And they said one to another, come, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 38:24 - And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told to Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter-in-law hath played the harlot; and also, behold she is with child by lewdness: and Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:10 - And ye shall let nothing of it remain till the morning: and that which remaineth of it till the morning ye shall burn with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:14 - But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin-offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:34 - And if aught of the flesh of the consecration, or of the bread, shall remain till the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:20 - And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strewed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:12 - Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp to a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 4:21 - And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first bullock: it is a sin-offering for the congregation.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 6:30 - And no sin-offering, of which any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to make reconciliation in the holy place, shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:17 - But the remainder of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burnt with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 7:19 - And the flesh that toucheth any unclean thing shall not be eaten; it shall be burnt with fire: and as for the flesh, all that shall be clean shall eat of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:17 - But the bullock, and his hide, his flesh, and his dung, he burnt with fire without the camp; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 8:32 - And that which remaineth of the flesh and of the bread shall ye burn with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 9:11 - And the flesh and the hide he burnt with fire without the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:6 - And Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons, Uncover not your heads, neither rend your clothes; lest ye die, and lest wrath come upon all the people: but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD hath kindled.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:16 - And Moses diligently sought the goat of the sin-offering, and behold, it was burnt: and he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron who were left alive, saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:52 - He shall therefore burn that garment, whether warp or woof, in woolen or in linen, or any thing of skin, in which the plague is: for it is a fretting leprosy; it shall be burnt in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:55 - And the priest shall look on the plague after it is washed: and behold, if the plague hath not changed its color, and the plague hath not spread; it is unclean; thou shalt burn it in the fire; it is fret inward, whether it is bare within or without.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 13:57 - And if it shall appear still in the garment, either in the warp, or in the woof, or in any thing of skin; it is a spreading plague: thou shalt burn that in which the plague is, with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:27 - And the bullock for the sin-offering, and the goat for the sin-offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall one carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 16:28 - And he that burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:6 - It shall be eaten the same day ye offer it, and on the morrow: and if aught shall remain until the third day, it shall be burnt in the fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 20:14 - And if a man shall take a wife and her mother, it is wickedness: they shall be burnt with fire, both he and they: that there be no wickedness among you.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 21:9 - And the daughter of any priest, if she shall profane herself by lewdness, she profaneth her father: she shall be burnt with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:39 - And Eleazar the priest took the brazen censers, with which they that were burnt had offered; and they were made broad plates for a covering of the altar:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:5 - And one shall burn the heifer in his sight; her skin, and her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall he burn:
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 19:8 - And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 31:10 - And they burnt all their cities in which they dwelt, and all their goodly castles, with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:5 - But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 7:25 - The graven images of their gods shall ye burn with fire: thou shalt not desire the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it to thee, lest thou shouldst be snared in it: for it is an abomination to the LORD thy God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:21 - And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust of it into the brook that descended from the mount.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:3 - And ye shall overthrow their altars, and break their pillars, and burn their groves with fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images of their gods, and destroy the names of them out of that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 12:31 - Thou shalt not do so to the LORD thy God; for every abomination to the LORD which he hateth have they done to their gods; for even their sons and their daughters they have burnt in the fire to their gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:16 - And thou shalt gather all the spoil of it into the midst of its street, and shalt burn with fire the city, and all the spoil of it every whit, for the LORD thy God: and it shall be a heap forever; it shalt not be built again.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 6:24 - And they burnt the city with fire, and all that was in it: only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:15 - And it shall be, that he that is taken with the accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, he and all that he hath: because he hath transgressed the covenant of the LORD, and because he hath wrought folly in Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 7:25 - And Joshua said, why hast thou troubled us? the LORD shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 8:28 - And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it a heap for ever, even a desolation to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:6 - And the LORD said to Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: for to-morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hough their horses, and burn their chariots with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:9 - And Joshua did to them as the LORD bade him: he houghed their horses, and burnt their chariots with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:11 - And they smote all the souls that were in it with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them: there was not any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 11:13 - But as for the cities that stood still in their strength, Israel burned none of them, save Hazor only; that did Joshua burn.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:52 - And Abimelech came to the tower, and fought against it, and came near to the door of the tower to burn it with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 12:1 - And the men of Ephraim assembled, and went northward, and said to Jephthah, Why didst thou pass over to fight against the children of Ammon, and didst not call us to go with thee; we will burn thy house upon thee with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 14:15 - And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they said to Samson's wife, Entice thy husband, that he may declare to us the riddle, lest we burn thee and thy father's house with fire: have ye called us to take what we possess? is it not so?
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 15:6 - Then the Philistines said, Who hath done this? And they answered, Samson, the son-in-law of the Timnite, because he had taken his wife, and given her to his companion. And the Philistines came up, and burnt her and her father with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 18:27 - And they took the things which Micah had made, and the priest which he had, and came to Laish, to a people that were at quiet and secure: and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and burnt the city with fire.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:1 - And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire;
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:3 - So David and his men came to the city, and behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 30:14 - We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 1Sa 31:12–Jer 51:32

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