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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H8334 - šāraṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2472

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x

The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x
The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).
  1. (Piel) to minister, serve, minister to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.
STRONGS H8334: Abbreviations
[שָׁרַת]97 verb Pi. minister, serve (compare Late Hebrew שֵׁרוּת (temple-)ministry, Phoenician משרת ministry, and perhaps verb שרת minister); —
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שֵׁרֵת Numbers 8:26; Deuteronomy 18:7; 3rd person masculine plural שֵׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:6; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיְשָׁ֫רֶת Genesis 39:4, 3rd person masculine plural יְשָֽׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:31 +, etc.; Infinitive construct לְשָׁרֵת Exodus 28:35 +, לְשָׁ֫רֶת שָׁם Deuteronomy 17:12, etc.; Participle מְשָׁרֵת Numbers 11:28 + (2 Samuel 13:9 see מַשְׂרֵת, p. 602:a), feminine מְשָׁרַת 1 Kings 1:15, etc.; — serve:
1. of ministerial service (opposed tomenial, עבד):
a. higher domestic service: Joseph Genesis 39:4; Genesis 40:4 (JE), Elisha's chief servant 2 Kings 4:43; 2 Kings 6:15, royal domestics 2 Samuel 13:17, 18; 1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:4; Esther 2:2; Esther 6:3, Abishag 1 Kings 1:4, 15.
c. Joshua as chief assistant to Moses Exodus 24:13; Exodus 33:11 (E), Numbers 11:28 (J), Joshua 1:1 (D), Elisha to Elijah 1 Kings 19:21.
d. of angels to י׳ Psalm 103:21, compare Psalm 104:4.
e. of kings of nations in prophets Isaiah 60:10.
2. usually of special service in worship:
a. of Levitical priests, absolute 1 Kings 8:11 2 Chronicles 5:14; with accusative י׳ Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 17:12; Deuteronomy 21:5; Jeremiah 33:21מְשָֽׁרְתֵי אֹתִי Jeremiah 33:22; also Isaiah 60:7 of animals put figurative for those sacrificing them; of foreigners admitted to priesthood Isaiah 61:6, compare Isaiah 56:6; so probably Samuel conceived as priest 1 Samuel 2:11; 1 Samuel 3:1, את פני י׳ 1 Samuel 2:18 (פני probably accusative, compare Greek Version of the LXX τῷ προσώπῳ 1 Samuel 2:11), בְּשֵׁם י׳ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:5, 7.
b. Levites (P, and late); with accusative of Aaronic priests Numbers 3:6; Numbers 8:26; Numbers 18:2, with accusative of י׳ 1 Chronicles 15:2; 2 Chronicles 29:11 a; probably also in reference to Levitical singer Psalm 101:6; with accusative tabernacle Numbers 1:50 (P), congregation Numbers 16:9 (P), people Ezekiel 44:11 + Ezekiel 44:12 (of idolatry); absolute 1 Chronicles 16:4; 2 Chronicles 23:6; 29:11; b 2 Chronicles 31:2; Ezra 8:17 (participle as substantive, ministers); לִפְנֵי שׁ׳ אֲרוֺן בְּרִית י׳ 1 Chronicles 16:37, נֶגֶד הַכֹּהֲנִים שׁ׳ 2 Chronicles 8:14; שׁ׳ with ב location 1 Chronicles 26:12; especially with בְּ, of sacred vessels Numbers 3:31; Numbers 4:9, 12, 14; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18; בַּשִּׁיר 1 Chronicles 6:17.
c. Zadokite priests (Ezekiel), absolute Ezekiel 42:14 + 3 times, with accusative י׳ Ezekiel 40:48 + 4 times, construct מְשָׁרֲתֵי before sacred place Ezekiel 45:4, 5; Ezekiel 46:24.
d. Aaronic priests, absolute Exodus 28:35 + 4 times P; with accusative י׳ 1 Chronicles 23:13; לי׳ 2 Chronicles 13:10; מְשָֽׁרְתֵי י׳ Joel 1:9, 13; Joel 2:17, מְשָֽׁרְתֵי מזבח Joel 1:13, with בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Exodus 28:43 + 4 times P.
e. of idolatry, with accusative עץ ואבן Ezekiel 20:32.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


39:4; 39:4; 40:4


24:13; 28:35; 28:35; 28:43; 33:11


1:50; 3:6; 3:6; 3:31; 3:31; 4:9; 4:12; 4:14; 8:26; 8:26; 11:28; 11:28; 16:9; 18:2


10:8; 17:12; 17:12; 18:5; 18:7; 18:7; 21:5



1 Samuel

2:11; 2:11; 2:18; 3:1

2 Samuel

13:9; 13:17; 13:18

1 Kings

1:4; 1:15; 1:15; 8:11; 10:5; 19:21

2 Kings

4:43; 6:15; 25:14

1 Chronicles

6:17; 15:2; 16:4; 16:37; 23:13; 26:12; 27:1; 28:1

2 Chronicles

5:14; 8:14; 9:4; 13:10; 17:19; 22:8; 23:6; 29:11; 29:11; 31:2




1:10; 2:2; 6:3


101:6; 103:21; 104:4




56:6; 60:7; 60:10; 61:6


33:21; 33:22; 52:18


20:32; 40:48; 42:14; 44:11; 44:12; 45:4; 45:5; 46:24


1:9; 1:13; 1:13; 2:17

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8334 matches the Hebrew שָׁרַת (šāraṯ),
which occurs 98 times in 92 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:4 - So Joseph found favor in his sight and [fn]attended H8334 on him; and he appointed him overseer over his house, and all that he owned he gave in his hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:4 - And the captain of the bodyguard appointed Joseph as overseer over them, and he [fn]attended H8334 to H8334 them; and they were in confinement for [fn]some time.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:13 - So Moses arose [fn]with Joshua his [fn]attendant H8334, and Moses went up to the mountain of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:35 - “It shall be on Aaron [fn]when he ministers H8334; and its sound shall be heard when he comes into the holy place before Yahweh and when he goes out, so that he will not die.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:43 - “They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they come into the tent of meeting or when they approach the altar to minister H8334 in the holy place, so that they do not incur [fn]guilt and die. It shall be a perpetual statute to him and to his seed after him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:30 - “For seven days the one of his sons who is priest in his stead shall put them on when he comes into the tent of meeting to minister H8334 in the holy place.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:20 - when they come into the tent of meeting, they shall wash with water, so that they will not die; or when they approach the altar to minister H8334, by offering up in smoke a fire sacrifice to Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:11 - Thus Yahweh used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend. Then [fn]Moses would return to the camp, and his attendant H8334 Joshua the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:19 - the [fn]woven garments for ministering H8334 in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:1 -

Moreover, from the [fn]blue and purple and scarlet material, they made finely woven garments for ministering H8334 in the holy place [fn]as well as the holy garments which were for Aaron, just as Yahweh had commanded Moses.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:26 - [fn]alternating a bell and a pomegranate all around on the hem of the robe for the ministry H8334, just as Yahweh had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:41 - the woven garments for ministering H8334 in the holy place and the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 1:50 - “But you shall appoint the Levites over the [fn]tabernacle of the testimony and over all its furnishings and over all that belongs to it. They shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall attend H8334 to H8334 it; they shall also camp around the tabernacle.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:6 - “Bring the tribe of Levi near and have them stand before Aaron the priest, that they may minister H8334 to him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:31 - Now their responsibility involved the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, and the utensils of the sanctuary with which they minister H8334, and the screen, and all the service [fn]concerning them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:9 - “Then they shall take a [fn]blue cloth and cover the lampstand for the light, along with its lamps and its tongs, and its [fn]trays and all its oil vessels, by which they minister H8334 in connection to it;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:12 - and they shall take all the utensils of ministry, with which they minister H8334 in the sanctuary, and put them in a [fn]blue cloth and cover them with a covering of porpoise skin and put them on the carrying bars.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:14 - “They shall also put on it all its utensils by which they minister H8334 in connection with it: the firepans, the flesh hooks and shovels and the bowls, all the utensils of the altar; and they shall spread a cover of porpoise skin over it and insert its poles.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 8:26 - “They may, however, minister H8334 to their brothers in the tent of meeting in order to keep up their responsibility, but they themselves shall perform no service. Thus you shall deal with the Levites concerning their responsibilities.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:28 - Then Joshua the son of Nun, the attendant H8334 of Moses from his youth, said, “Moses, my lord, restrain them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:9 - is it [fn]not enough for you that the God of Israel has separated you from the rest of the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to Himself, to perform the service of the tabernacle of Yahweh, and to stand before the congregation to minister H8334 to them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:2 - “But bring near with you also your brothers, the tribe of Levi, the tribe of your father, that they may be joined with you and minister H8334 to you, while you and your sons with you are before the tent of the testimony.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:8 - At that time Yahweh set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, to stand before Yahweh to minister H8334 for Him and to bless in His name to this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:12 - “And the man who acts presumptuously by not listening to the priest who stands there to minister H8334 to Yahweh your God, or to the judge, that man shall die; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:5 - “For Yahweh your God has chosen him and his sons from all your tribes, to stand to minister H8334 in the name of Yahweh all the days.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:7 - then he shall minister H8334 in the name of Yahweh his God like all his brothers the Levites who stand there before Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:5 - “Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for Yahweh your God has chosen them to minister H8334 for Him and to bless in the name of Yahweh; and every dispute and every [fn]assault [fn]shall be settled by them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:1 -

Now it came about after the death of Moses the servant of [fn]Yahweh, that Yahweh spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ [fn]attendant H8334, saying,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:11 -

Then Elkanah went to his home at Ramah. But the young boy ministered H8334 to Yahweh before Eli the priest.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:18 -

Now Samuel was ministering H8334 before Yahweh, as a [fn]young boy girded with a linen ephod.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 3:1 -

Now the young boy Samuel was ministering H8334 to Yahweh before Eli. And word from Yahweh was rare in those days; [fn]visions were infrequent.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:17 - Then he called his young man who attended H8334 him and said, “Now cast this woman out of my presence, and lock the door behind her.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:18 - Now she had on a [fn]long-sleeved garment; for in this manner the virgin daughters of the king dressed themselves in robes. Then his attendant H8334 took her out and locked the door behind her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:4 - Now the young woman was very beautiful; and she became the king’s nurse and attended H8334 him, but the king did not [fn]know her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:15 -

So Bathsheba went in to the king in the bedroom. Now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was ministering H8334 to the king.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:11 - so that the priests could not stand to minister H8334 because of the cloud, for the glory of Yahweh filled the house of Yahweh.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:5 - the food of his table, the seating of his servants, the disposition of his attendants H8334 and their attire, his cupbearers, and [fn]his stairway by which he went up to the house of Yahweh, so that there was no more spirit in her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:21 - So he returned from following him, and took the pair of oxen and sacrificed them and boiled their flesh with the implements of the oxen, and gave it to the people and they ate. Then he arose and followed Elijah and ministered H8334 to him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:43 - And his attendant H8334 said, “What, will I give this before one hundred men?” But he said, “Give them to the people that they may eat, for thus says Yahweh, ‘They shall eat and have some left over.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:15 -

Then the attendant H8334 of the man of God arose early and went out, and behold, a military force with horses and chariots was all around the city. And his young man said to him, “Alas, my master! [fn]What shall we do?”

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:14 - They also took away the pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the spoons, and all the bronze vessels which were used H8334 to H8334 minister H8334.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 6:32 - And they ministered H8334 with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, until Solomon had built the house of Yahweh in Jerusalem; and they stood for their service according to their custom.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:2 - And David said, “No one is to carry the ark of God but the Levites; for Yahweh chose them to carry the ark of [fn]God and to minister H8334 to Him forever.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:4 -

And he made some of the Levites ministers H8334 before the ark of Yahweh, even to bring remembrance and to thank and praise Yahweh, the God of Israel:

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:37 -

So he left behind Asaph and his [fn]relatives there before the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to minister H8334 before the ark continually, as every day’s work required;

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 23:13 -

The sons of Amram were Aaron and Moses. And Aaron was separated in order to sanctify him as most holy, he and his sons forever, to offer offerings up in smoke before Yahweh, to minister H8334 to Him and to bless in His name forever.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 26:12 -

To these divisions of the gatekeepers, the chief men, were given responsibilities like their relatives to minister H8334 in the house of Yahweh.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 27:1 -

Now this is the total count of the sons of Israel, the heads of fathers’ households, the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and their officers who ministered H8334 to the king in each matter of the divisions which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, each division numbering 24,000:

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:1 -

And David assembled at Jerusalem all the commanders of Israel, the commanders of the tribes, and the commanders of the divisions that ministered H8334 to the king, and the commanders of thousands, and the commanders of hundreds, and the commanders over all the property and livestock belonging to the king and his sons, with the officials and the mighty men, even all the mighty men of valor.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 5:14 - so that the priests could not stand to minister H8334 because of the cloud, for the glory of Yahweh filled the house of God.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14) Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14

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