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Lexicon :: Strong's H8334 - šāraṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2472

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x

The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x
The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).
  1. (Piel) to minister, serve, minister to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.
STRONGS H8334: Abbreviations
[שָׁרַת]97 verb Pi. minister, serve (compare Late Hebrew שֵׁרוּת (temple-)ministry, Phoenician משרת ministry, and perhaps verb שרת minister); —
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שֵׁרֵת Numbers 8:26; Deuteronomy 18:7; 3rd person masculine plural שֵׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:6; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיְשָׁ֫רֶת Genesis 39:4, 3rd person masculine plural יְשָֽׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:31 +, etc.; Infinitive construct לְשָׁרֵת Exodus 28:35 +, לְשָׁ֫רֶת שָׁם Deuteronomy 17:12, etc.; Participle מְשָׁרֵת Numbers 11:28 + (2 Samuel 13:9 see מַשְׂרֵת, p. 602:a), feminine מְשָׁרַת 1 Kings 1:15, etc.; — serve:
1. of ministerial service (opposed tomenial, עבד):
a. higher domestic service: Joseph Genesis 39:4; Genesis 40:4 (JE), Elisha's chief servant 2 Kings 4:43; 2 Kings 6:15, royal domestics 2 Samuel 13:17, 18; 1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:4; Esther 2:2; Esther 6:3, Abishag 1 Kings 1:4, 15.
c. Joshua as chief assistant to Moses Exodus 24:13; Exodus 33:11 (E), Numbers 11:28 (J), Joshua 1:1 (D), Elisha to Elijah 1 Kings 19:21.
d. of angels to י׳ Psalm 103:21, compare Psalm 104:4.
e. of kings of nations in prophets Isaiah 60:10.
2. usually of special service in worship:
a. of Levitical priests, absolute 1 Kings 8:11 2 Chronicles 5:14; with accusative י׳ Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 17:12; Deuteronomy 21:5; Jeremiah 33:21מְשָֽׁרְתֵי אֹתִי Jeremiah 33:22; also Isaiah 60:7 of animals put figurative for those sacrificing them; of foreigners admitted to priesthood Isaiah 61:6, compare Isaiah 56:6; so probably Samuel conceived as priest 1 Samuel 2:11; 1 Samuel 3:1, את פני י׳ 1 Samuel 2:18 (פני probably accusative, compare Greek Version of the LXX τῷ προσώπῳ 1 Samuel 2:11), בְּשֵׁם י׳ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:5, 7.
b. Levites (P, and late); with accusative of Aaronic priests Numbers 3:6; Numbers 8:26; Numbers 18:2, with accusative of י׳ 1 Chronicles 15:2; 2 Chronicles 29:11 a; probably also in reference to Levitical singer Psalm 101:6; with accusative tabernacle Numbers 1:50 (P), congregation Numbers 16:9 (P), people Ezekiel 44:11 + Ezekiel 44:12 (of idolatry); absolute 1 Chronicles 16:4; 2 Chronicles 23:6; 29:11; b 2 Chronicles 31:2; Ezra 8:17 (participle as substantive, ministers); לִפְנֵי שׁ׳ אֲרוֺן בְּרִית י׳ 1 Chronicles 16:37, נֶגֶד הַכֹּהֲנִים שׁ׳ 2 Chronicles 8:14; שׁ׳ with ב location 1 Chronicles 26:12; especially with בְּ, of sacred vessels Numbers 3:31; Numbers 4:9, 12, 14; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18; בַּשִּׁיר 1 Chronicles 6:17.
c. Zadokite priests (Ezekiel), absolute Ezekiel 42:14 + 3 times, with accusative י׳ Ezekiel 40:48 + 4 times, construct מְשָׁרֲתֵי before sacred place Ezekiel 45:4, 5; Ezekiel 46:24.
d. Aaronic priests, absolute Exodus 28:35 + 4 times P; with accusative י׳ 1 Chronicles 23:13; לי׳ 2 Chronicles 13:10; מְשָֽׁרְתֵי י׳ Joel 1:9, 13; Joel 2:17, מְשָֽׁרְתֵי מזבח Joel 1:13, with בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Exodus 28:43 + 4 times P.
e. of idolatry, with accusative עץ ואבן Ezekiel 20:32.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


39:4; 39:4; 40:4


24:13; 28:35; 28:35; 28:43; 33:11


1:50; 3:6; 3:6; 3:31; 3:31; 4:9; 4:12; 4:14; 8:26; 8:26; 11:28; 11:28; 16:9; 18:2


10:8; 17:12; 17:12; 18:5; 18:7; 18:7; 21:5



1 Samuel

2:11; 2:11; 2:18; 3:1

2 Samuel

13:9; 13:17; 13:18

1 Kings

1:4; 1:15; 1:15; 8:11; 10:5; 19:21

2 Kings

4:43; 6:15; 25:14

1 Chronicles

6:17; 15:2; 16:4; 16:37; 23:13; 26:12; 27:1; 28:1

2 Chronicles

5:14; 8:14; 9:4; 13:10; 17:19; 22:8; 23:6; 29:11; 29:11; 31:2




1:10; 2:2; 6:3


101:6; 103:21; 104:4




56:6; 60:7; 60:10; 61:6


33:21; 33:22; 52:18


20:32; 40:48; 42:14; 44:11; 44:12; 45:4; 45:5; 46:24


1:9; 1:13; 1:13; 2:17

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8334 matches the Hebrew שָׁרַת (šāraṯ),
which occurs 98 times in 92 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:4 - So Joseph found favor in his sight and [fn]became H8334 his personal H8334 servant H8334; and he made him overseer over his house, and [fn]put him in charge of all that he owned.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:4 - And the captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he [fn]took H8334 care H8334 of H8334 them; and they were in confinement for [fn]some time.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:13 - So Moses got up [fn]along with Joshua his [fn]servant H8334, and Moses went up to the mountain of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:35 - “It shall be on Aaron [fn]when he ministers H8334; and its sound shall be heard when he enters and leaves the Holy Place before the LORD, so that he will not die.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:43 - “And they shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or when they approach the altar to minister H8334 in the Holy Place, so that they do not incur [fn]guilt and die. It shall be a statute forever to him and to his [fn]descendants after him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:30 - “For seven days the one of his sons who is priest in his place shall put them on when he enters the tent of meeting to minister H8334 in the Holy Place.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:20 - when they enter the tent of meeting, they shall wash with water, so that they do not die; or when they approach the altar to minister H8334, by offering up in smoke a fire sacrifice to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:11 - So the LORD used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend. When [fn]Moses returned to the camp, his servant H8334 Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:19 - the [fn]woven garments for ministering H8334 in the Holy Place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to serve as priests.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:1 -

Now from the [fn]violet, purple, and scarlet material they made finely woven garments for ministering H8334 in the Holy Place, [fn]as well as the holy garments which were for Aaron, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:26 - [fn]alternating a bell and a pomegranate all around on the hem of the robe for the service H8334, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:41 - the woven garments for ministering H8334 in the Holy Place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to serve as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 1:50 - “And you shall appoint the Levites over the [fn]tabernacle of the testimony, and over all its furnishings and over everything that belongs to it. They shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall take H8334 care H8334 of H8334 it; they shall also camp around the [fn]tabernacle.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:6 - “Bring the tribe of Levi forward and present them before Aaron the priest, that they may serve H8334 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:31 - Now their duties included the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the utensils of the sanctuary with which they minister H8334, the [fn]curtain, and all the service [fn]concerning them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:9 - “Then they shall take a violet cloth and cover the lampstand for the light, along with its lamps, its tongs, its trays, and all its oil containers, by which they attend H8334 to it;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:12 - and they shall take all the utensils of service, with which they serve H8334 in the sanctuary, and put them in a violet cloth and cover them with a covering of fine leather, and put them on the carrying [fn]bars.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:14 - “They shall also put on it all its utensils by which they serve H8334 in connection with it: the firepans, the forks, shovels, and the basins, all the utensils of the altar; and they shall spread a cover of fine leather over it and insert its carrying poles.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 8:26 - “They may, however, [fn]assist H8334 their brothers in the tent of meeting, to fulfill an obligation, but they themselves shall do no work. In this way you shall deal with the Levites in their obligations.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:28 - Then Joshua the son of Nun, the personal H8334 servant H8334 of Moses from his youth, responded and said, “My lord Moses, restrain them!”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:9 - Is it too small an honor for you that the God of Israel has singled you out from the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to Himself, to perform the service of the tabernacle of the LORD, and to stand before the congregation to minister H8334 to them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:2 - “But also bring your brothers with you, the tribe of Levi, the tribe of your father, so that they may join you and serve H8334 you, while you and your sons with you are before the tent of the testimony.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:8 - At that time the LORD singled out the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to serve H8334 Him and to bless in His name, until this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:12 - “But the person who acts insolently by not listening to the priest who stands there to serve H8334 the LORD your God, nor to the judge, that person shall die; so you shall eliminate the evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:5 - “For the LORD your God has chosen him and his sons from all your tribes, to stand to serve H8334 in the name of the LORD always.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:7 - then he shall serve H8334 in the name of the LORD his God, like all his fellow Levites who stand there before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:5 - “Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come forward, because the LORD your God has chosen them to serve H8334 Him and to bless in the name of the LORD; and every dispute and [fn]violent crime shall be [fn]settled by them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:1 -

Now it came about after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, that the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ [fn]servant H8334, saying,

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:11 -

Then Elkanah went to his home at Ramah. But the boy continued to attend H8334 to H8334 the service H8334 of the LORD before Eli the priest.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:18 -

Now Samuel was ministering H8334 before the LORD, as a boy wearing a linen ephod.

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 3:1 -

Now the boy Samuel was attending H8334 to H8334 the service H8334 of the LORD before Eli. And word from the LORD was rare in those days; [fn]visions were infrequent.

Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:17 - Then he called his young man who attended H8334 him and said, “Now throw this woman out of my presence, and lock the door behind her!”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:18 - Now she had on a [fn]long-sleeved garment; for this is how the virgin daughters of the king dressed themselves in robes. Then his attendant H8334 took her out and locked the door behind her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:4 - The girl was very beautiful; and she became the king’s nurse and served H8334 him, but the king did not [fn]become intimate with her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:15 -

So Bathsheba entered to the king in the bedroom. Now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving H8334 the king.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:11 - so that the priests could not stand to minister H8334 because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:5 - and the food of his table, the seating of his servants, the service of his waiters H8334 and their attire, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he offered at the house of the LORD, [fn]she was breathless.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:21 - So he returned from following him, and took the pair of oxen and sacrificed them, and cooked their meat with the implements of the oxen, and gave it to the people and they ate. Then he got up and followed Elijah and served H8334 him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:43 - But his attendant H8334 said, “How am I to serve this to a hundred men?” Nevertheless he said, “Give them to the people that they may eat, for this is what the LORD says: ‘They shall eat and have some left over.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:15 -

Now when the attendant H8334 of the man of God had risen early and gone out, behold, an army with horses and chariots was circling the city. And his servant said to him, “This is hopeless, my master! [fn]What are we to do?”

Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:14 - And they took away the pots, the shovels, the [fn]shears, the spoons, and all the bronze utensils [fn]which were used H8334 in temple H8334 service H8334.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 6:32 - They were ministering H8334 in song in front of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting until Solomon’s building of the house of the LORD in Jerusalem; and they [fn]served in their office according to their order.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:2 - Then David said, “No one is to carry the ark of God except the Levites; for the LORD chose them to carry the ark of the LORD and to serve H8334 Him forever.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:4 -

He appointed some of the Levites as ministers H8334 before the ark of the LORD, to celebrate and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel:

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:37 -

So he left Asaph and his relatives there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to minister H8334 before the ark continually, as every day’s work required,

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 23:13 - The sons of Amram were Aaron and Moses. And Aaron was set apart to sanctify him as most holy, he and his sons forever, to burn incense before the LORD, to serve H8334 Him and bless in His name forever.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 26:12 -

To these divisions of the gatekeepers, to the chief men, were given duties like their relatives, to serve H8334 in the house of the LORD.

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 27:1 -

Now this is the number of the sons of Israel, the heads of fathers’ households, the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and their officers who served H8334 the king in all the affairs of the divisions which came in and went out month by month throughout the months of the year, each division numbering twenty-four thousand:

Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:1 -

Now David assembled at Jerusalem all the officials of Israel, the leaders of the tribes, and the commanders of the divisions that served H8334 the king, the commanders of thousands, and the commanders of hundreds, and the overseers of all the property and livestock belonging to the king and his sons, with the officials and the mighty men, all the valiant warriors.

Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 5:14 - so that the priests could not rise to minister H8334 because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of God.

Search Results Continued...

1. Currently on page 1/2 (Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14) Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14

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