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Lexicon :: Strong's H8334 - šāraṯ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2472

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x

The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 97x
The KJV translates Strong's H8334 in the following manner: minister (v) (62x), minister (n) (17x), serve (8x), servant (5x), service (3x), servitor (1x), waited (1x).
  1. (Piel) to minister, serve, minister to

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁרַת shârath, shaw-rath'; a primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to:—minister (unto), (do) serve(-ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.
STRONGS H8334: Abbreviations
[שָׁרַת]97 verb Pi. minister, serve (compare Late Hebrew שֵׁרוּת (temple-)ministry, Phoenician משרת ministry, and perhaps verb שרת minister); —
Pi. Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שֵׁרֵת Numbers 8:26; Deuteronomy 18:7; 3rd person masculine plural שֵׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:6; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular וַיְשָׁ֫רֶת Genesis 39:4, 3rd person masculine plural יְשָֽׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:31 +, etc.; Infinitive construct לְשָׁרֵת Exodus 28:35 +, לְשָׁ֫רֶת שָׁם Deuteronomy 17:12, etc.; Participle מְשָׁרֵת Numbers 11:28 + (2 Samuel 13:9 see מַשְׂרֵת, p. 602:a), feminine מְשָׁרַת 1 Kings 1:15, etc.; — serve:
1. of ministerial service (opposed tomenial, עבד):
a. higher domestic service: Joseph Genesis 39:4; Genesis 40:4 (JE), Elisha's chief servant 2 Kings 4:43; 2 Kings 6:15, royal domestics 2 Samuel 13:17, 18; 1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:4; Esther 2:2; Esther 6:3, Abishag 1 Kings 1:4, 15.
c. Joshua as chief assistant to Moses Exodus 24:13; Exodus 33:11 (E), Numbers 11:28 (J), Joshua 1:1 (D), Elisha to Elijah 1 Kings 19:21.
d. of angels to י׳ Psalm 103:21, compare Psalm 104:4.
e. of kings of nations in prophets Isaiah 60:10.
2. usually of special service in worship:
a. of Levitical priests, absolute 1 Kings 8:11 2 Chronicles 5:14; with accusative י׳ Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 17:12; Deuteronomy 21:5; Jeremiah 33:21מְשָֽׁרְתֵי אֹתִי Jeremiah 33:22; also Isaiah 60:7 of animals put figurative for those sacrificing them; of foreigners admitted to priesthood Isaiah 61:6, compare Isaiah 56:6; so probably Samuel conceived as priest 1 Samuel 2:11; 1 Samuel 3:1, את פני י׳ 1 Samuel 2:18 (פני probably accusative, compare Greek Version of the LXX τῷ προσώπῳ 1 Samuel 2:11), בְּשֵׁם י׳ שׁ׳ Deuteronomy 18:5, 7.
b. Levites (P, and late); with accusative of Aaronic priests Numbers 3:6; Numbers 8:26; Numbers 18:2, with accusative of י׳ 1 Chronicles 15:2; 2 Chronicles 29:11 a; probably also in reference to Levitical singer Psalm 101:6; with accusative tabernacle Numbers 1:50 (P), congregation Numbers 16:9 (P), people Ezekiel 44:11 + Ezekiel 44:12 (of idolatry); absolute 1 Chronicles 16:4; 2 Chronicles 23:6; 29:11; b 2 Chronicles 31:2; Ezra 8:17 (participle as substantive, ministers); לִפְנֵי שׁ׳ אֲרוֺן בְּרִית י׳ 1 Chronicles 16:37, נֶגֶד הַכֹּהֲנִים שׁ׳ 2 Chronicles 8:14; שׁ׳ with ב location 1 Chronicles 26:12; especially with בְּ, of sacred vessels Numbers 3:31; Numbers 4:9, 12, 14; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18; בַּשִּׁיר 1 Chronicles 6:17.
c. Zadokite priests (Ezekiel), absolute Ezekiel 42:14 + 3 times, with accusative י׳ Ezekiel 40:48 + 4 times, construct מְשָׁרֲתֵי before sacred place Ezekiel 45:4, 5; Ezekiel 46:24.
d. Aaronic priests, absolute Exodus 28:35 + 4 times P; with accusative י׳ 1 Chronicles 23:13; לי׳ 2 Chronicles 13:10; מְשָֽׁרְתֵי י׳ Joel 1:9, 13; Joel 2:17, מְשָֽׁרְתֵי מזבח Joel 1:13, with בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Exodus 28:43 + 4 times P.
e. of idolatry, with accusative עץ ואבן Ezekiel 20:32.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


39:4; 39:4; 40:4


24:13; 28:35; 28:35; 28:43; 33:11


1:50; 3:6; 3:6; 3:31; 3:31; 4:9; 4:12; 4:14; 8:26; 8:26; 11:28; 11:28; 16:9; 18:2


10:8; 17:12; 17:12; 18:5; 18:7; 18:7; 21:5



1 Samuel

2:11; 2:11; 2:18; 3:1

2 Samuel

13:9; 13:17; 13:18

1 Kings

1:4; 1:15; 1:15; 8:11; 10:5; 19:21

2 Kings

4:43; 6:15; 25:14

1 Chronicles

6:17; 15:2; 16:4; 16:37; 23:13; 26:12; 27:1; 28:1

2 Chronicles

5:14; 8:14; 9:4; 13:10; 17:19; 22:8; 23:6; 29:11; 29:11; 31:2




1:10; 2:2; 6:3


101:6; 103:21; 104:4




56:6; 60:7; 60:10; 61:6


33:21; 33:22; 52:18


20:32; 40:48; 42:14; 44:11; 44:12; 45:4; 45:5; 46:24


1:9; 1:13; 1:13; 2:17

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8334 matches the Hebrew שָׁרַת (šāraṯ),
which occurs 98 times in 92 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 2 (Gen 39:4–2Ch 5:14)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 39:4 - So Joseph found favor in his sight and [fn]became H8334 his personal H8334 servant; H8334 and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he owned he put in his [fn]charge.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 40:4 - The captain of the bodyguard put Joseph in charge of them, and he [fn]took H8334 care H8334 of them; and they were in confinement for [fn]some time.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:13 - So Moses arose [fn]with Joshua his [fn]servant, H8334 and Moses went up to the mountain of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:35 - “It shall be on Aaron [fn]when he ministers; H8334 and [fn]its tinkling shall be heard when he enters and [fn]leaves the holy place before the LORD, so that he will not die.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 28:43 - “They shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they enter the tent of meeting, or when they approach the altar to minister H8334 in the holy place, so that they do not incur [fn]guilt and die. It shall be a statute forever to him and to his [fn]descendants after him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 29:30 - “For seven days the one of his sons who is priest in his stead shall put them on when he enters the tent of meeting to minister H8334 in the holy place.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 30:20 - when they enter the tent of meeting, they shall wash with water, so that they will not die; or when they approach the altar to minister, H8334 by offering up in smoke a fire sacrifice to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 33:11 - Thus the LORD used to speak to Moses face to face, just as a man speaks to his friend. When [fn]Moses returned to the camp, his servant H8334 Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, would not depart from the tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:19 - the [fn]woven garments for ministering H8334 in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:1 - Moreover, from the [fn]blue and purple and scarlet material, they made finely woven garments for ministering H8334 in the holy place [fn]as well as the holy garments which were for Aaron, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:26 - [fn]alternating a bell and a pomegranate all around on the hem of the robe for the service, H8334 just as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:41 - the woven garments for ministering H8334 in the holy place and the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 1:50 - “But you shall appoint the Levites over the [fn]tabernacle of the testimony, and over all its furnishings and over all that belongs to it. They shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall take H8334 care H8334 of it; they shall also camp around the [fn]tabernacle.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:6 - “Bring the tribe of Levi near and set them before Aaron the priest, that they may serve H8334 him.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 3:31 - Now their duties involved the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, and the utensils of the sanctuary with which they minister, H8334 and the screen, and all the service [fn]concerning them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:9 - “Then they shall take a [fn]blue cloth and cover the lampstand for the light, along with its lamps and its snuffers, and its [fn]trays and all its oil vessels, by which they serve H8334 it;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:12 - and they shall take all the utensils of service, with which they serve H8334 in the sanctuary, and put them in a [fn]blue cloth and cover them with a covering of porpoise skin, and put them on the carrying bars.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:14 - “They shall also put on it all its utensils by which they serve H8334 in connection with it: the firepans, the forks and shovels and the basins, all the utensils of the altar; and they shall spread a cover of porpoise skin over it and insert its poles.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 8:26 - “They may, however, [fn]assist H8334 their brothers in the tent of meeting, to keep an obligation, but they themselves shall do no work. Thus you shall deal with the Levites concerning their obligations.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 11:28 - Then Joshua the son of Nun, the attendant H8334 of Moses from his youth, said, “Moses, my lord, restrain them.”
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 16:9 - is it [fn]not enough for you that the God of Israel has separated you from the rest of the congregation of Israel, to bring you near to Himself, to do the service of the tabernacle of the LORD, and to stand before the congregation to minister H8334 to them;
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 18:2 - “But bring with you also your brothers, the tribe of Levi, the tribe of your father, that they may be joined with you and serve H8334 you, while you and your sons with you are before the tent of the testimony.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 10:8 - At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to serve H8334 Him and to bless in His name until this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 17:12 - “The man who acts presumptuously by not listening to the priest who stands there to serve H8334 the LORD your God, nor to the judge, that man shall die; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:5 - “For the LORD your God has chosen him and his sons from all your tribes, to stand [fn]and serve H8334 in the name of the LORD forever.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 18:7 - then he shall serve H8334 in the name of the LORD his God, like all his fellow Levites who stand there before the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 21:5 - “Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come near, for the LORD your God has chosen them to serve H8334 Him and to bless in the name of the LORD; and every dispute and every [fn]assault [fn]shall be settled by them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 1:1 - Now it came about after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD, that the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ [fn]servant, H8334 saying,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:11 - Then Elkanah went to his home at Ramah. But the boy ministered H8334 to the LORD before Eli the priest.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:18 - Now Samuel was ministering H8334 before the LORD, as a boy [fn]wearing a linen ephod.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 3:1 - Now the boy Samuel was ministering H8334 to the LORD before Eli. And word from the LORD was rare in those days, [fn]visions were infrequent.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:17 - Then he called his young man who attended H8334 him and said, “Now throw this woman out of my presence, and lock the door behind her.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 13:18 - Now she had on a [fn]long-sleeved garment; for in this manner the virgin daughters of the king dressed themselves in robes. Then his attendant H8334 took her out and locked the door behind her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:4 - The girl was very beautiful; and she became the king’s nurse and served H8334 him, but the king did not [fn]cohabit with her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 1:15 - So Bathsheba went in to the king in the bedroom. Now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was ministering H8334 to the king.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 8:11 - so that the priests could not stand to minister H8334 because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:5 - the food of his table, the seating of his servants, the attendance of his waiters H8334 and their attire, his cupbearers, and [fn]his stairway by which he went up to the house of the LORD, there was no more spirit in her.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 19:21 - So he returned from following him, and took the pair of oxen and sacrificed them and boiled their flesh with the implements of the oxen, and gave it to the people and they ate. Then he arose and followed Elijah and ministered H8334 to him.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 4:43 - His attendant H8334 said, “What, will I set this before a hundred men?” But he said, “Give them to the people that they may eat, for thus says the LORD, ‘They shall eat and have some left over.’”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 6:15 - Now when the attendant H8334 of the man of God had risen early and gone out, behold, an army with horses and chariots was circling the city. And his servant said to him, “Alas, my master! [fn]What shall we do?”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:14 - They took away the pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the spoons, and all the bronze vessels which were used H8334 in temple service. H8334
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 6:32 - They ministered H8334 with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, until Solomon had built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem; and they [fn]served in their office according to their order.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 15:2 - Then David said, “No one is to carry the ark of God but the Levites; for the LORD chose them to carry the ark of God and to minister H8334 to Him forever.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:4 - He appointed some of the Levites as ministers H8334 before the ark of the LORD, even to celebrate and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 16:37 - So he left Asaph and his [fn]relatives there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD to minister H8334 before the ark continually, as every day’s work required;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 23:13 - The sons of Amram were Aaron and Moses. And Aaron was set apart to sanctify him as most holy, he and his sons forever, to burn incense before the LORD, to minister H8334 to Him and to bless in His name forever.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 26:12 - To these divisions of the gatekeepers, the chief men, were given duties like their relatives to minister H8334 in the house of the LORD.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 27:1 - Now this is the enumeration of the sons of Israel, the heads of fathers’ households, the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and their officers who served H8334 the king in all the affairs of the divisions which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, each division numbering 24,000:
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 28:1 - Now David assembled at Jerusalem all the officials of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the commanders of the divisions that served H8334 the king, and the commanders of thousands, and the commanders of hundreds, and the overseers of all the property and livestock belonging to the king and his sons, with the officials and the mighty men, even all the valiant men.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 5:14 - so that the priests could not stand to minister H8334 because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of God.

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