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Lexicon :: Strong's H8354 - šāṯâ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 2477

Strong’s Definitions

שָׁתָה shâthâh, shaw-thaw'; a primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively):—× assuredly, banquet, × certainly, drink(-er, -ing), drunk (× -ard), surely. (Intensive proposition of H8248.)

KJV Translation Count — Total: 217x

The KJV translates Strong's H8354 in the following manner: drink (208x), drinkers (1x), drunkards (1x), banquet (1x), miscellaneous (6x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 217x
The KJV translates Strong's H8354 in the following manner: drink (208x), drinkers (1x), drunkards (1x), banquet (1x), miscellaneous (6x).
  1. to drink

    1. (Qal)

      1. to drink

        1. of drinking cup of God's wrath, of slaughter, of wicked deeds (fig)

      2. to feast

    2. (Niphal) to be drunk

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
שָׁתָה shâthâh, shaw-thaw'; a primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively):—× assuredly, banquet, × certainly, drink(-er, -ing), drunk (× -ard), surely. (Intensive proposition of H8248.)
STRONGS H8354: Abbreviations
I. שָׁתָה 217 verb drink (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian šatû, Ethiopic bdb105901 Old Aramaic שתה, Aramaic שְׁתָא, אִשְׁתִּי, [bdb105902], bdb105903; Sabean שתי DHMZMG xxxvii (1883), 403 HomChr 124); —
Qal216 Perfect 3rd person masculine singular שׁ׳ Exodus 34:28 +, 1st person singular שָׁתִ֫יתִי 1 Samuel 1:15 +, etc.; Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשְׁתֶּה Genesis 44:5 +, וַיִּשְׁתֶּה 1 Kings 19:8, usually וַיֵּשְׁתְּ Genesis 9:21+; jussive וְיֵשְׁתְּ 1 Kings 13:18; 3rd person feminine singular וַתֵּשְׁתְּ Numbers 20:11; 2nd person masculine singular with apocope תֵּשְׁתְּ Judges 13:14 +, וַתֵּשְׁתְּ 1 Kings 13:22; 1st person singular וָאֵשְׁתְּ Genesis 24:46; 3rd person masculine plural יִשְׁתָּי֑וּן Psalm 78:44, etc.; Imperative masculine singular שְׁתֵה Genesis 24:14 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute שָׁתֹה Isaiah 21:5; Jeremiah 49:12 (in 1 Samuel 1:9 after preposition, anomalous, Ges§ 113e, omitted by Greek Version of the LXX Th We Dr and modern), שָׁתוֺ Jeremiah 25:28 +, שָׁתוֺת Isaiah 22:13 (Ges§ 75n); construct תְוֺ Proverbs 31:4, שְׁתוֺת Jeremiah 35:8, 14, לִשְׁתּתֹ Genesis 24:19 +, suffix שְׁתוֺתוֺ 1 Kings 13:33, לִשְׁתּוֺתָהּ Isaiah 51:22 etc.; Participle active שֹׁתֶה Isaiah 29:8 +, feminine שֹׁתָה Job 6:4, etc.; —
a. of man: drink, water, wine, etc., Exodus 34:28 (JE), compare Exodus 15:24 (J), 1 Samuel 30:12; Amos 2:8; Amos 4:8; Amos 5:11; Isaiah 5:22; Isaiah 62:8, 9; Proverbs 31:4; Judges 13:4, 7, 14 + often (2 times J E; + 6 times D); by measure (short allowance) Ezekiel 4:11, 16; milk † Ezekiel 25:4, compare Songs 5:1; blood 1 Chronicles 11:19 (figurative of water gained by hazard); figurative חֲמָתָם שֹׁתָה רוּחִי Job 6:4 whose venom [of arrows of י׳] my spirit drinks up; accusative + מִן of source † Exodus 7:18 (J), Exodus 7:21 (E), Exodus 15:23 (J), Proverbs 5:15 (figurative); accusative (of wine, water, etc.) omitted Genesis 24:14 (twice in verse); Genesis 27:25; Genesis 43:34 (all J) + 11 times J, Exodus 7:24; Exodus 17:6 (E), Numbers 20:5 (JE), Numbers 20:11; Numbers 33:14 (P), Judges 15:19 + often; accusative שׁין2 Kings 18:27 = Isaiah 36:12; מַמְתַקִּים Nehemiah 8:10; absolute Ecclesiastes 2:24 +; + מִן of source 1 Kings 17:4, 6; Psalm 110:7, מִכֹּסוֺ 2 Samuel 12:3; בְּמִזְרְקֵי יַיִן שׁ׳ Amos 6:6, compare Genesis 44:5; בְּיַיִן שׁ׳Proverbs 9:5; with מִן partitive Genesis 9:21; Exodus 7:24; Ruth 2:9, also (figurative) Jeremiah 51:7 (and Job 21:20 below).
†b. participle as substantive שֹׁתֵי מַיִם Ezekiel 31:14, 16, שֹׁתֵי יַיִן Joel 1:5; שׁוֺתֵי שֵׁכָר Psalm 69:13.
c. drink wine in sacrificial feast Deuteronomy 32:38 (poem); blood of sacrificial victim Psalm 50:13 (figurative of י׳).
d. subject animals Numbers 20:19; Jonah 3:7 (both + men), also (figurative) Ezekiel 34:18, 19; accusative (water) omitted Genesis 24:19, 22; Genesis 30:38 (twice in verse).
e. figurative of drinking cup of י׳'s wrath, אֶתאכּוֺס שׁ׳ חֲמָתוֺ Isaiah 51:17 (+ מִיַּד י׳), compare Isaiah 51:17, Isaiah 51:22, see also Ezekiel 23:32, 34 and (accusative omitted) Jeremiah 25:16, 26, 27 + 8 times Jeremiah; Habakkuk 2:16; absolute Obadiah 16 (3 times in verse); accusative שְׁמָרִים Psalm 75:9; מֵחֲמַת שַׁדַּי שׁ׳ Job 21:20.
†f. drink blood, figurative of slaughter, Numbers 23:24 (J E; of lion, metaphor of Israel), Zechariah 9:15 (read דָּמָם for הָמוּ Greek Version of the LXXManuscripts Sta Now Marti); so (blood of י׳'s sacrifice) Ezekiel 39:17, 18, 19.
g. figurative of wicked deeds: יֵין חֲמָסִים יִשְׁתּוּ Proverbs 4:17 (|| לָֽחֲמוּ לֶחֶם רֶשַׁע; these are their food and drink), compare Job 15:16; Job 34:7, but Proverbs 26:6 apparently = suffers violence (compare De Toy).
†2. late, = feast Esther 3:15; Esther 7:1 (compare מִשְׁתֶּה).
Niph. Imperfect 3rd person masculine singular יִשָּׁתֶה Leviticus 11:34 (P) all which is (may be) drunk, with ב of vessel. — נִשְׁתָּ֑וָה Proverbs 27:15 see I. שׁוה near the end For cause, give, to drink see שׁקה.

See related Aramaic BDB entry H8355.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


9:21; 9:21; 24:14; 24:14; 24:19; 24:19; 24:22; 24:46; 27:25; 30:38; 43:34; 44:5; 44:5


7:18; 7:21; 7:24; 7:24; 15:23; 15:24; 17:6; 34:28; 34:28




20:5; 20:11; 20:11; 20:19; 23:24; 33:14




13:4; 13:7; 13:14; 13:14; 15:19



1 Samuel

1:9; 1:15; 30:12

2 Samuel


1 Kings

13:18; 13:22; 13:33; 17:4; 17:6; 19:8

2 Kings


1 Chronicles





3:15; 7:1


6:4; 6:4; 15:16; 21:20; 21:20; 34:7


50:13; 69:13; 75:9; 78:44; 110:7


4:17; 5:15; 9:5; 26:6; 27:15; 31:4; 31:4



Song of Songs



5:22; 21:5; 22:13; 29:8; 36:12; 51:17; 51:17; 51:22; 51:22; 62:8; 62:9


25:16; 25:26; 25:27; 25:28; 35:8; 35:14; 49:12; 51:7


4:11; 4:16; 23:32; 23:34; 25:4; 31:14; 31:16; 34:18; 34:19; 39:17; 39:18; 39:19




2:8; 4:8; 5:11; 6:6









Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8354 matches the Hebrew שָׁתָה (šāṯâ),
which occurs 217 times in 193 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Page 1 / 4 (Gen 9:21–Jdg 13:7)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 9:21 - And he drank H8354 of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:14 - And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whom I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I may drink; H8354 and she shall say, Drink, H8354 and I will give thy camels drink also: let the same be she that thou hast appointed for thy servant Isaac; and thereby shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness unto my master.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:18 - And she said, Drink, H8354 my lord: and she hasted, and let down her pitcher upon her hand, and gave him drink.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:19 - And when she had done giving him drink, she said, I will draw water for thy camels also, until they have done drinking. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:22 - And it came to pass, as the camels had done drinking, H8354 that the man took a golden earring of half a shekel weight, and two bracelets for her hands of ten shekels weight of gold;
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:44 - And she say to me, Both drink H8354 thou, and I will also draw for thy camels: let the same be the woman whom the LORD hath appointed out for my master's son.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:46 - And she made haste, and let down her pitcher from her shoulder, and said, Drink, H8354 and I will give thy camels drink also: so I drank, H8354 and she made the camels drink also.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 24:54 - And they did eat and drink, H8354 he and the men that were with him, and tarried all night; and they rose up in the morning, and he said, Send me away unto my master.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 25:34 - Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, H8354 and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 26:30 - And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 27:25 - And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 30:38 - And he set the rods which he had pilled before the flocks in the gutters in the watering troughs when the flocks came to drink, H8354 that they should conceive when they came to drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 43:34 - And he took and sent messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, H8354 and were merry with him.
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 44:5 - Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, H8354 and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:18 - And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink H8354 of the water of the river.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:21 - And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink H8354 of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 7:24 - And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink; H8354 for they could not drink H8354 of the water of the river.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:23 - And when they came to Marah, they could not drink H8354 of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:24 - And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:1 - And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:2 - Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. H8354 And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:6 - Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. H8354 And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 24:11 - And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 32:6 - And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, H8354 and rose up to play.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink H8354 water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 10:9 - Do not drink H8354 wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations:
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 11:34 - Of all meat which may be eaten, that on which such water cometh shall be unclean: and all drink that may be drunk H8354 in every such vessel shall be unclean.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:3 - He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink H8354 no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink H8354 any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 6:20 - And the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before the LORD: this is holy for the priest, with the wave breast and heave shoulder: and after that the Nazarite may drink H8354 wine.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:5 - And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:11 - And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, H8354 and their beasts also.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:17 - Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink H8354 of the water of the wells: we will go by the king's high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 20:19 - And the children of Israel said unto him, We will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink H8354 of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without doing any thing else, go through on my feet.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 21:22 - Let me pass through thy land: we will not turn into the fields, or into the vineyards; we will not drink H8354 of the waters of the well: but we will go along by the king's high way, until we be past thy borders.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 23:24 - Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself as a young lion: he shall not lie down until he eat of the prey, and drink H8354 the blood of the slain.
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 33:14 - And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:6 - Ye shall buy meat of them for money, that ye may eat; and ye shall also buy water of them for money, that ye may drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 2:28 - Thou shalt sell me meat for money, that I may eat; and give me water for money, that I may drink: H8354 only I will pass through on my feet;
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:9 - When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink H8354 water:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 9:18 - And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink H8354 water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 11:11 - But the land, whither ye go to possess it, is a land of hills and valleys, and drinketh H8354 water of the rain of heaven:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 28:39 - Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress them, but shalt neither drink H8354 of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 29:6 - Ye have not eaten bread, neither have ye drunk H8354 wine or strong drink: that ye might know that I am the LORD your God.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:14 - Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink H8354 the pure blood of the grape.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 32:38 - Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank H8354 the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and be your protection.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:5 - So he brought down the people unto the water: and the LORD said unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth of the water with his tongue, as a dog lappeth, him shalt thou set by himself; likewise every one that boweth down upon his knees to drink. H8354
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 7:6 - And the number of them that lapped, putting their hand to their mouth, were three hundred men: but all the rest of the people bowed down upon their knees to drink H8354 water.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:27 - And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode the grapes, and made merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, H8354 and cursed Abimelech.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:4 - Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink H8354 not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean thing:
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 13:7 - But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, H8354 neither eat any unclean thing: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death.

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