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Lexicon :: Strong's H8543 - tᵊmôl

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
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TWOT Reference: 2521

Strong’s Definitions

תְּמוֹל tᵉmôwl, tem-ole'; or תְּמֹל tᵉmôl; probably for H865; sometimes with H8032 properly, ago, i.e. a (short or long) time since; especially yesterday, or day before yesterday:— before (-time), these (three) days, heretofore, time past, yesterday.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x

The KJV translates Strong's H8543 in the following manner: times past (with H8032) (7x), heretofore (with H8032) (6x), yesterday (4x), as (3x), beforetime (with H8032) (2x), about these days (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x
The KJV translates Strong's H8543 in the following manner: times past (with H8032) (7x), heretofore (with H8032) (6x), yesterday (4x), as (3x), beforetime (with H8032) (2x), about these days (1x).
  1. before, before that time, beforetime, heretofore, of late, of old, these days, time(s) past, yesterday, day before yesterday, recently, formerly

    1. yesterday

      1. recently, formerly (usual usage) (fig)

    2. as formerly, so more recently

    3. from yesterday, already

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
תְּמוֹל tᵉmôwl, tem-ole'; or תְּמֹל tᵉmôl; probably for H865; sometimes with H8032 properly, ago, i.e. a (short or long) time since; especially yesterday, or day before yesterday:— before (-time), these (three) days, heretofore, time past, yesterday.
H8543 תְּמוֹל, (תְּמֹל) 23, H865 אֶתְמוֹל 5, אֹתְּמוֺל †[H865 1 Samuel 10:11], אֶתְּמוֺל [H865 Isaiah 30:33; Micah 2:8] (see infinitive), substantive, used sometimes as adverb accusative, yesterday, figurative recently, formerly (Aramaic אִתְּמָלֵי, תְּמָלֵי, sometimes אִתְּמוֺל, bdb106905, bdb106906, bdb106907Mandean עתמאלM 202; Ethiopic bdb106908Assyrian timâli, itimâli, ina timâli (Dl158, 721); derivation dubious; according to MeiGr. Syr. 118ii. 264 f. from Arabic bdb106909II. prolongavit, IV. longam vitam concessit, bdb107001tempus, bdb107002the two times, i.e. night and day, in form an infinitive of VI. bdb107003; hence properly long time, (past) time, specialized to yesterday); — yesterday, but usually figurative= recently or formerly:
† 1. 2 Samuel 15:20 תְּמוֺל בּוֺאֲךָ yesterday (=only lately) was thy coming, Job 8:9 תמול אנחנו (of) yesterday (Ges§ 141d) are we, [H865 Psalm 90:4] (genitive) בְּיוֺם אֶתְמוֺל.
† 2. usually in combination with שִׁלְשֹׁם yesterday (and) the third day, to express the idea of formerly: thus
† a. as adverb accusative
(a) גַּם תְּמוֺל גַּם הַיּוֺם 1 Samuel 20:27 (literal), compare Exodus 5:14 (sub b);
(b) תְּמוֺל שִׁלְשֹׁם Exodus 5:8; Ruth 2:11, so אֶתְמ׳ שׁ׳ [H865 1 Samuel 4:7];
(c) גַּם שׁ׳ גַּם ת׳ 2 Samuel 3:17 1 Chronicles 11:2 (|| [H865 2 Samuel 5:2] with אֶתְמ׳).
† b. בִּתְמוֺל שִׁלְשֹׁם as formerly Genesis 31:2, Genesis 31:5; Exodus 5:7; Joshua 4:18; 1 Samuel 21:6 [1 Samuel 21:5] (but Bu מִתְּ׳, as c), 2 Kings 13:5; שׁ׳ כְּאֶתְמ׳ [H865 1 Samuel 14:21; 1 Samuel 19:7]; Exodus 5:14 שׁ׳ כִּת׳ גַּם תְּמוֺל גַּם הַיּוֺם as yesterday (and) the third day (= as formerly), both yesterday and to-day (=so more recently).
† c. מִתְּמוֺל שׁ׳ = (form) aforetime, Exodus 21:29, Exodus 21:36; Joshua 3:4, שׁ׳ וְהוּא לֹא שׂנֵא לוֺ מִתְּ׳ Deuteronomy 4:42; Deuteronomy 19:4, Deuteronomy 19:6; Joshua 20:5; so מֵאִתְּמוֺל שׁ׳ [H865 1 Samuel 10:11]; גַּס גַּס מִשּׁ׳ מִתְּ׳ Exodus 4:10.
† 3. מֵאֶתְמוּל (alone) [H865 Isaiah 30:33] from yesterday = already; וְאֶתְּמוּל עַמִּי [H865 Micah 2:8] corrupt, read וְאַתֶּם לְעַמִּי (WRS, with יָקוּם; עַל עַמִּי We Now, with תָּקוּמוּ), and see שֵׂלְמָה.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


31:2; 31:5


4:10; 5:7; 5:8; 5:14; 5:14; 21:29; 21:36


4:42; 19:4; 19:6


3:6; 4:18; 20:5



1 Samuel

20:27; 21:5

2 Samuel

3:17; 15:20

2 Kings


1 Chronicles




Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H8543 matches the Hebrew תְּמוֹל (tᵊmôl),
which occurs 23 times in 22 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:2 - Jacob saw the [fn]attitude of Laban, and behold, it was not friendly toward him as formerly. H8543
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 31:5 - and said to them, “I see your father’s [fn]attitude, that it is not friendly toward me as formerly, H8543 but the God of my father has been with me.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 4:10 - Then Moses said to the LORD, “Please, Lord, I have never been [fn]eloquent, neither [fn]recently H8543 nor in time past, nor since You have spoken to Your servant; for I am [fn]slow of speech and [fn]slow of tongue.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:7 - “You are no longer to give the people straw to make brick as previously; H8543 let them go and gather straw for themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:8 - “But the quota of bricks which they were making previously, H8543 you shall impose on them; you are not to reduce any of it. Because they are lazy, therefore they cry out, ‘[fn]Let us go and sacrifice to our God.’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 5:14 - Moreover, the foremen of the sons of Israel, whom Pharaoh’s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten [fn]and were asked, “Why have you not completed your required amount either yesterday H8543 or today in making brick as previously?” H8543
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:29 - “If, however, an ox was previously H8543 in the habit of goring and its owner has been warned, yet he does not confine it and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:36 - “Or if it is known that the ox was previously H8543 in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall become his.
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:42 - that a manslayer might flee there, who unintentionally slew his neighbor without having enmity toward him in time past; H8543 and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live:
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:4 - “Now this is the case of the manslayer who may flee there and live: when he [fn]kills his friend [fn]unintentionally, [fn]not hating him previously H8543
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 19:6 - otherwise the avenger of blood might pursue the manslayer [fn]in the heat of his anger, and overtake him, because the way is long, and [fn]take his life, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated him previously. H8543
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 3:4 - “However, there shall be between you and it a distance of about 2,000 [fn]cubits by measure. Do not come near it, that you may know the way by which you shall go, for you have not passed this way before.” H8543
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 4:18 - It came about when the priests who carried the ark of the covenant of the LORD had come up from the middle of the Jordan, and the soles of the priests’ feet were [fn]lifted up to the dry ground, that the waters of the Jordan returned to their place, and went over all its banks as before. H8543
Unchecked Copy BoxJos 20:5 - ‘Now if the avenger of blood pursues him, then they shall not deliver the manslayer into his hand, because he struck his neighbor without premeditation and did not hate him beforehand. H8543
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 2:11 - Boaz replied to her, “All that you have done for your mother-in-law after the death of your husband has been fully reported to me, and how you left your father and your mother and the land of your birth, and came to a people that you did not previously H8543 know.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 20:27 - It came about the next day, the second day of the new moon, that David’s place was empty; so Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why has the son of Jesse not come to the meal, either yesterday H8543 or today?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 21:5 - David answered the priest and said to him, “Surely women have been kept from us as previously H8543 when I set out and the vessels of the young men were holy, though it was an ordinary journey; how much more then today will [fn]their vessels be holy?
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 3:17 - Now Abner had [fn]consultation with the elders of Israel, saying, “In times H8543 past H8543 you were seeking for David to be king over you.
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 15:20 - “You came only yesterday, H8543 and shall I today make you wander with us, while I go where I will? Return and take back your brothers; mercy and [fn]truth be with you.”
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 13:5 - The LORD gave Israel a [fn]deliverer, so that they [fn]escaped from under the hand of the Arameans; and the sons of Israel lived in their tents as formerly. H8543
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 11:2 - “In times H8543 past, H8543 even when Saul was king, you were the one who led out and brought in Israel; and the LORD your God said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and you shall be prince over My people Israel.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 8:9 - “For we are only of yesterday H8543 and know nothing,
Because our days on earth are as a shadow.

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