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Lexicon :: Strong's H898 - bāḡaḏ

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 198

Strong’s Definitions

בָּגַד bâgad, baw-gad'; a primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively, to act covertly; by implication, to pillage:—deal deceitfully (treacherously, unfaithfully), offend, transgress(-or), (depart), treacherous (dealer, -ly, man), unfaithful(-ly, man), × very.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 49x

The KJV translates Strong's H898 in the following manner: treacherously (23x), transgressor (10x), transgress (3x), deceitfully (2x), treacherous dealer (3x), treacherous (2x), very 2 (inf. for emphasis), unfaithful man (1x), treacherous men (1x), offend (1x), unfaithfully (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 49x
The KJV translates Strong's H898 in the following manner: treacherously (23x), transgressor (10x), transgress (3x), deceitfully (2x), treacherous dealer (3x), treacherous (2x), very 2 (inf. for emphasis), unfaithful man (1x), treacherous men (1x), offend (1x), unfaithfully (1x).
  1. to act treacherously, deceitfully, deal treacherously

    1. (Qal) to act or deal treacherously, faithlessly, deceitfully, offend

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
בָּגַד bâgad, baw-gad'; a primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively, to act covertly; by implication, to pillage:—deal deceitfully (treacherously, unfaithfully), offend, transgress(-or), (depart), treacherous (dealer, -ly, man), unfaithful(-ly, man), × very.
STRONGS H898: Abbreviations
[בָּגַד] verb act or deal treacherously
Qal Perfect בָּֽגְדָה Jeremiah 3:20 + 14 times; Imperfect יִבְגֹּד Malachi 2:15 + 5 times; נִבְגַּד Malachi 2:10; Infinitive absolute בָּגוֺד Isaiah 48:8; Jeremiah 5:11; construct בְּגֹד Isaiah 33:1; בִּגְדוֺ Exodus 21:8; Participle בֹּגֵד Proverbs 22:12 + 11 times; בּוֺגֵד Isaiah 33:1 + 10 times; — act or deal treacherously, faithlessly, deceitfully, in the marriage relation, in matters of property or right, in covenants, in word and in general conduct.
† a. absolute 1 Samuel 14:33; Job 6:15; Psalm 78:57; Isaiah 24:16; Isaiah 33:1 (twice in verse); Isaiah 48:8; Malachi 2:11. compare phrases אחי בגדו כמו נחל my brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook Job 6:15; בֹּגְדִים בָּנָ֑דוּ וּבֶגֶד בּוֺגְדִים בָּגָ֑דוּ the treacherous have dealt treacherously, yea in treachery have the treacherous dealt treacherously Isaiah 24:16 (striking alliteration); בֹּגְדֵי אָוֶן treacherous in wickedness Psalm 59:6.
† c. with accusative Psalm 73:15.
† d. with מִן pregnant, בָּֽגְדָה אִשָּׁה מֵרֵעָהּ acteth treacherously (in departing) from her friend Jeremiah 3:20. The participle is used Proverbs 2:22 + 8 times, Psalm 25:3; Psalm 59:6; Psalm 119:158; Isaiah 21:2; Isaiah 24:16 (twice in verse); Isaiah 33:1; Jeremiah 3:8, 11; Jeremiah 9:1; Habakkuk 1:13; Habakkuk 2:5; בֹּגְדֵי בָ֑גֶד dealers treacherously in treachery (very treacherously) Jeremiah 12:1.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


21:8; 21:8



1 Samuel



6:15; 6:15


25:3; 59:6; 59:6; 73:15; 78:57; 119:158


2:22; 22:12


21:2; 24:16; 24:16; 24:16; 33:1; 33:1; 33:1; 33:1; 33:1; 48:8; 48:8


3:8; 3:11; 3:20; 3:20; 3:20; 5:11; 5:11; 9:1; 12:1; 12:6




5:7; 6:7


1:13; 2:5


2:10; 2:10; 2:11; 2:14; 2:15; 2:15; 2:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H898 matches the Hebrew בָּגַד (bāḡaḏ),
which occurs 49 times in 39 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 21:8 - “If she is [fn]displeasing in the eyes of her master [fn]who designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He does not have authority to sell her to a foreign people, because of his [fn]unfairness H898 to her.
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 9:23 - Then God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the [fn]leaders of Shechem; and the [fn]leaders of Shechem dealt H898 treacherously H898 with Abimelech,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 14:33 - Then observers informed Saul, saying, “Look, the people are sinning against the LORD by eating meat with the blood.” And he said, “You have acted H898 treacherously H898; roll a large rock to me today.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 6:15 -

“My brothers have acted H898 deceitfully H898 like a [fn]wadi,

Like the torrents of [fn]wadis which drain away,

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 25:3 -

Indeed, none of those who wait for You will be ashamed;

[fn]Those who deal H898 treacherously H898 without cause will be ashamed.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 59:5 -

You, LORD God of armies, the God of Israel,

Awake to [fn]punish all the nations;

Do not be gracious to any who deal H898 treacherously H898 in wrongdoing. Selah

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 73:15 -

If I had said, “I will speak this way,”

Behold, I would have betrayed H898 the generation of Your children.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:57 -

But turned back and acted H898 treacherously H898 like their fathers;

They turned aside like a treacherous bow.

Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 119:158 -

I see the treacherous H898 and loathe them,

Because they do not keep Your word.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 2:22 -

But the wicked will be eliminated from the land,

And the treacherous H898 will be torn away from it.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 11:3 -

The integrity of the upright will guide them,

But the perversity of the treacherous H898 will destroy them.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 11:6 -

The righteousness of the upright will rescue them,

But the treacherous H898 will be caught by their own greed.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 13:2 -

From the fruit of a person’s mouth he [fn]enjoys good,

But the [fn]desire of the treacherous H898 is violence.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 13:15 -

Good understanding produces favor,

But the way of the treacherous H898 is [fn]their own disaster.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 21:18 -

The wicked is a ransom for the righteous,

And the treacherous H898 is in the place of the upright.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 22:12 -

The eyes of the LORD protect knowledge,

But He overthrows the words of the treacherous H898 person H898.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 23:28 -

Certainly she lurks as a robber,

And increases the treacherous H898 among mankind.

Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:19 -

Like a bad tooth and [fn]an unsteady foot

Is confidence in a treacherous H898 person in time of trouble.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 21:2 -

A harsh vision has been shown to me;

The treacherous H898 one still deals H898 treacherously H898, and the destroyer still destroys.

Go up, Elam, lay siege, Media;

I have put an end to all [fn]the groaning she has caused.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 24:16 -

From the ends of the earth we hear songs: “Glory to the Righteous One,”

But I say, “[fn]I am finished! I am finished! Woe to me!

The treacherous H898 deal H898 treacherously H898,

And the treacherous H898 deal H898 very treacherously H898.”

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 33:1 -

Woe to you, destroyer,

While you were not destroyed;

And he who is treacherous H898, while others did not deal H898 treacherously H898 with him.

As soon as you finish destroying, you will be destroyed;

As soon as you cease to deal H898 treacherously H898, others will deal H898 treacherously H898 with you.

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 48:8 -

“You have not heard, you have not known.

Even from long ago your ear has not been open,

Because I knew that you would deal H898 very H898 treacherously H898;

And you have been called a [fn]rebel from [fn]birth.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:8 - “And I saw that for all the [fn]adulteries of faithless Israel, I had sent her away and given her a certificate of divorce, yet her treacherous H898 sister Judah did not fear; but she went and prostituted herself also.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:11 -

And the LORD said to me, “Faithless Israel has proved herself to be more righteous than treacherous H898 Judah.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 3:20 -

“However, as a woman treacherously H898 leaves H898 her lover,

So you have dealt H898 treacherously H898 with Me,

House of Israel,” declares the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 5:11 -

“For the house of Israel and the house of Judah

Have dealt H898 very H898 treacherously H898 with Me,” declares the LORD.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:2 -

[fn]Oh that I had in the desert

A travelers’ lodging place;

So that I might leave my people

And go away from them!

For all of them are adulterers,

An assembly of treacherous H898 people H898.

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:1 -

Righteous are You, LORD, when I plead my case with You;

Nevertheless I would discuss matters of justice with You:

Why has the way of the wicked prospered?

Why are all those who deal H898 in treachery at ease?

Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:6 -

“For even your brothers and the household of your father,

Even they have dealt H898 treacherously H898 with you,

Even they have called aloud after you.

Do not believe them, though they say nice things to you.”

Unchecked Copy BoxLam 1:2 -

She weeps bitterly in the night,

And her tears are on her cheeks;

She has no one to comfort her

Among all her lovers.

All her friends have dealt H898 treacherously H898 with her;

They have become her enemies.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 5:7 -

They have dealt H898 treacherously H898 with the LORD,

For they have given birth to [fn]illegitimate children.

Now the new moon will devour them with their [fn]land.

Unchecked Copy BoxHos 6:7 -

But like [fn]Adam they have violated the covenant;

There they have dealt H898 treacherously H898 with Me.

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 1:13 -

Your eyes are too pure to look at evil,

And You cannot look at harm favorably.

Why do You look favorably

At those who deal H898 treacherously H898?

Why are You silent when the wicked swallow up

Those more righteous than they?

Unchecked Copy BoxHab 2:5 -

“Furthermore, wine betrays H898 an arrogant man,

So that he does not achieve his objective.

He enlarges his appetite like Sheol,

And he is like death, never satisfied.

He also gathers to himself all the nations

And collects to himself all the peoples.

Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:10 -

Do we not all have one Father? Is it not one God who has created us? Why do we deal H898 treacherously H898, each against his brother so as to profane the covenant of our fathers?

Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:11 - Judah has dealt H898 treacherously H898, and an abomination has been committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah has profaned the sanctuary of the LORD [fn]which He loves, and has married the daughter of a foreign god.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:14 - Yet you say, “For what reason?” Because the LORD has been a witness between you and the wife of your youth, against whom you have dealt H898 treacherously H898, though she is your marriage companion and your wife by covenant.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:15 - [fn]But not one has done so who has a remnant of the Spirit. And [fn]why the one? He was seeking a godly offspring. Be careful then about your spirit, and see that none of you deals H898 treacherously H898 against the wife of your youth.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 2:16 - “For [fn]I hate [fn]divorce,” says the LORD, the God of Israel, “and [fn]him who covers his garment with violence,” says the LORD of armies. “So be careful about your spirit, that you do not deal H898 treacherously H898.”
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