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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's H974 - bāḥan

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Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primitive root
Dictionary Aids

TWOT Reference: 230

Strong’s Definitions

בָּחַן bâchan, baw-khan'; a primitive root; to test (especially metals); generally and figuratively, to investigate:—examine, prove, tempt, try (trial).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x

The KJV translates Strong's H974 in the following manner: try (19x), prove (7x), examine (1x), tempt (1x), trial (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 29x
The KJV translates Strong's H974 in the following manner: try (19x), prove (7x), examine (1x), tempt (1x), trial (1x).
  1. to examine, try, prove

    1. (Qal)

      1. to examine, scrutinise

      2. to test, prove, try (of gold, persons, the heart, man of God)

    2. (Niphal) to be tried, proved

    3. (Pual) to make a trial

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
בָּחַן bâchan, baw-khan'; a primitive root; to test (especially metals); generally and figuratively, to investigate:—examine, prove, tempt, try (trial).
STRONGS H974: Abbreviations
† [בָּחַן] verb examine, try (compare Aramaic בְּחַן, Syriac bdb010308, try, examine; Arabic bdb010309 I. VIII. test, compare WSG 65) —
Qal Perfect suffix בְּחָנַ֫נִי Job 23:10, בָּחַנְתָּ Psalm 17:3 + 7 times; Imperfect יִבְחָ֑ן Psalm 11:5 + 5 times; Imperative suffix בְּחָנֵנִי Psalm 26:2 + 2 times; Infinitive בְּחֹן Zechariah 13:9; Participle בֹּחֵן Jeremiah 11:20 + 5 times (|| צרף, נסה); —
1. examine, scrutinize, try Psalm 11:5; Psalm 139:23; Job 7:18; אָדָם בְנֵי יִבְחֲנוּ עַפְעַפָּיו His eyelids try the children of men (search them through and through) Psalm 11:4.
2. prove, test, try.
a. with the metaphor of gold Job 23:10; וּבְחַנְתִּים כִּבְחֹן אֶתהַֿזָּהָב and I will try them as one tries gold Zechariah 13:9.
b. without metaphor, of God testing persons Psalm Zech 26:2; Zech 66:10; Zech 81:8; Jeremiah 9:6; their ways Jeremiah 6:27; the לֵב Psalm 17:3; Jeremiah 12:3; Proverbs 17:3; 1 Chronicles 29:17; reins Jeremiah 17:10; heart and reins Psalm 7:10; Jeremiah 11:20 (= Jeremiah 20:12).
c. of man testing or tempting God Psalm 95:9; Malachi 3:10, 15.
d. the ear trying words Job 12:11 = Job 34:3.
Niph. Imperfect יִבָּחֵן Job 34:36; Genesis 42:15, 16, to be tried, proved.
Pu. בֹּחַן Ezekiel 21:18 the trial has been made (Greek Version of the LXX Syriac Version Vulgate Ges MV Ew Ke, but noun בֹּ֫חַן MT Symm HaEv.; read בְּחֵן with grace, favour, Hi Co).
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Brown-Driver-Briggs


42:15; 42:16

1 Chronicles



7:18; 12:11; 23:10; 23:10; 34:3; 34:36


7:10; 11:4; 11:5; 11:5; 17:3; 17:3; 26:2; 95:9; 139:23




6:27; 9:6; 11:20; 11:20; 12:3; 17:10; 20:12




13:9; 13:9


3:10; 3:15

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number H974 matches the Hebrew בָּחַן (bāḥan),
which occurs 29 times in 28 verses in the WLC Hebrew.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:15 - by this you will be tested: H974 by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here!
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 42:16 - “Send one of you that he may get your brother, while you remain confined, that your words may be tested, H974 whether there is truth in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Ch 29:17 - “Since I know, O my God, that You try H974 the heart and delight in uprightness, I, in the integrity of my heart, have willingly offered all these things; so now with joy I have seen Your people, who are present here, make their offerings willingly to You.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 7:18 - That You examine him every morning
And try H974 him every moment?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:11 - “Does not the ear test H974 words,
As the palate [fn]tastes its food?
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 23:10 - “But He knows the [fn]way I take;
When He has tried H974 me, I shall come forth as gold.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:3 - “For the ear tests H974 words
As the palate tastes food.
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:36 - ‘Job ought to be tried H974 [fn]to the limit,
Because he answers like wicked men.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 7:9 - O let the evil of the wicked come to an end, but establish the righteous;
For the righteous God tries H974 the hearts and [fn]minds.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 11:4 - The LORD is in His holy temple; the [fn]LORDS throne is in heaven;
His eyes behold, His eyelids test H974 the sons of men.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 11:5 - The LORD tests H974 the righteous and the wicked,
And the one who loves violence His soul hates.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 17:3 - You have tried H974 my heart;
You have visited me by night;
You have tested me and You find [fn]nothing;
I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 26:2 - Examine H974 me, O LORD, and try me;
Test my [fn]mind and my heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 66:10 - For You have tried H974 us, O God;
You have refined us as silver is refined.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 81:7 - “You called in trouble and I rescued you;
I answered you in the hiding place of thunder;
I proved H974 you at the waters of Meribah. [fn]Selah.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 95:9 - “When your fathers tested Me,
They tried H974 Me, though they had seen My work.
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 139:23 - Search me, O God, and know my heart;
Try H974 me and know my anxious thoughts;
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 17:3 - The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold,
But the LORD tests H974 hearts.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 6:27 - “I have made you an assayer and a tester among My people,
That you may know and assay H974 their way.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 9:7 - Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts,
“Behold, I will refine them and assay H974 them;
For what else can I do, because of the daughter of My people?
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 11:20 - But, O LORD of hosts, who judges righteously,
Who tries H974 the [fn]feelings and the heart,
Let me see Your vengeance on them,
For to You have I [fn]committed my cause.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 12:3 - But You know me, O LORD;
You see me;
And You examine H974 my heart’s attitude toward You.
Drag them off like sheep for the slaughter
And [fn]set them apart for a day of carnage!
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 17:10 - “I, the LORD, search the heart,
I test H974 the [fn]mind,
Even to give to each man according to his ways,
According to the [fn]results of his deeds.
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 20:12 - Yet, O LORD of hosts, You who test H974 the righteous,
Who see the [fn]mind and the heart;
Let me see Your vengeance on them;
For to You I have set forth my cause.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 21:13 - “For there is a testing; and what if even the [fn]rod which despises will be no more?” declares the Lord GOD.
Unchecked Copy BoxZec 13:9 - “And I will bring the third part through the fire,
Refine them as silver is refined,
And test H974 them as gold is tested. H974
They will call on My name,
And I will answer them;
I will say, ‘They are My people,’
And they will say, ‘The LORD is my God.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:10 - “Bring the whole tithe into the storehouse, so that there may be [fn]food in My house, and test H974 Me now in this,” says the LORD of hosts, “if I will not open for you the windows of heaven and pour out for you a blessing until [fn]it overflows.
Unchecked Copy BoxMal 3:15 - ‘So now we call the arrogant blessed; not only are the doers of wickedness built up but they also test H974 God and escape.’”
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