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Ezekiel 31 :: New American Standard Bible 2020 (NASB20)

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Pharaoh Warned of Assyria’s Fate

(cf. Eze 17:22–24 )
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:1 -

In the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first of the month, the word of the LORD came to me, saying,

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:2 - “Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes,

‘Whom are you like in your greatness?

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:3 -

‘Behold, Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon

With beautiful branches and forest shade,

And [fn]very high,

And its top was among the [fn]clouds.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:4 -

‘The waters made it grow, the [fn]deep made it high.

With its rivers it continually [fn]extended all around its planting place,

And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:5 -

‘Therefore its height was loftier than all the trees of the field

And its boughs became many and its branches long

Because of many waters [fn]as it spread them out.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:6 -

‘All the birds of the sky nested in its twigs,

And under its branches all the animals of the field gave birth,

And all great nations lived under its shade.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:7 -

‘So it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches;

For its [fn]roots extended to many waters.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:8 -

‘The cedars in God’s garden [fn]could not match it;

The junipers [fn]could not compare with its branches,

And the plane trees [fn]could not match its branches.

No tree in God’s garden [fn]could compare with it in its beauty.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:9 -

‘I made it beautiful with the multitude of its branches,

And all the trees of Eden, which were in the garden of God, were jealous of it.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:10 -

‘Therefore this is what the Lord [fn]GOD says: “Because [fn]it is tall in stature and has put its top among the [fn]clouds, and its heart is haughty in its loftiness,

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:11 - I will hand it over to a [fn]ruler of the nations; he will thoroughly deal with it. In accordance with its wickedness I have driven it out.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:12 - “Foreign tyrants of the nations have cut it down and left it; on the mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen, and its branches have been broken in all the ravines of the land. And all the peoples of the earth have gone down from its shade and left it.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:13 - “All the birds of the sky will nest on its fallen trunk, and all the animals of the field will [fn]rest on its fallen branches,
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:14 - so that all the trees by the waters will not be exalted in their stature, nor put their tops among the [fn]clouds, nor will any of their [fn]well-watered mighty ones stand straight in their height. For they have all been turned over to death, to the earth beneath, among [fn]mankind, [fn]with those who go down to the pit.”
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:15 -

‘This is what the Lord GOD says: “On the day when it went down to Sheol I caused mourning; I closed the [fn]deep over it and held back its rivers. And its many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it.

Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:16 - “I made the nations quake from the sound of its fall when I made it go down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit; and all the [fn]well-watered trees of Eden, the choicest and best of Lebanon, were comforted in the earth beneath.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:17 - “They also went down with it to Sheol to those who were slain by the sword; and those who were its [fn]strength lived in its shade among the nations.
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 31:18 -

“To which among the trees of Eden are you so alike in glory and greatness? Yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth beneath; you will lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with those who were killed by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his hordes!”’ declares the Lord GOD.”

NASB20 Footnotes
Lit high of stature
As in LXX; MT thick boughs
I.e., subterranean waters
Lit was going
Lit in its sending forth
Lit root was
Lit did
Lit did
Lit were not like
Lit did
Heb YHWH, usually rendered LORD, and so throughout the ch
As in Syriac; MT you are
As in LXX; MT thick branches
Or mighty one
Lit be on
As in LXX; MT thick branches
Lit drinkers of water
Lit sons of mankind
Lit to
I.e., subterranean waters
Lit drinkers of water
Lit arm

New American Standard Bible 2020
Copyright (c) 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995, 2020
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif.
All rights reserved

The "NASB," "NAS," "New American Standard Bible," and "New American Standard" trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by The Lockman Foundation. Use of these trademarks requires the permission of The Lockman Foundation.

For Permission To Quote visit

For more information on this translation, see the NASB20 Preface.

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