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The Blue Letter Bible

1 Samuel 17 :: New American Standard Bible 1995 (NASB95)

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Goliath's Challenge

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:1 - Now the Philistines gathered their armies for battle; and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah, and they camped between Socoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:2 - Saul and the men of Israel were gathered and camped in the valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array to encounter the Philistines.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:3 - The Philistines stood on the mountain on one side while Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with the valley between them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:4 - Then a champion came out from the armies of the Philistines named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six [fn]cubits and a span.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:5 - He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was clothed with scale-armor [fn]which weighed five thousand shekels of bronze.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:6 - He also had bronze [fn]greaves on his legs and a bronze javelin slung between his shoulders.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:7 - The shaft of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and the head of his spear weighed six hundred shekels of iron; his shield-carrier also walked before him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:8 - He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel and said to them, “Why do you come out to draw up in battle array? Am I not the Philistine and you servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down to me.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:9 - “If he is able to fight with me and [fn]kill me, then we will become your servants; but if I prevail against him and [fn]kill him, then you shall become our servants and serve us.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:10 - Again the Philistine said, “I defy the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man that we may fight together.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:11 - When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:12 - Now David was the son of [fn]the Ephrathite of Bethlehem in Judah, whose name was Jesse, and he had eight sons. And [fn]Jesse was old in the days of Saul, advanced in years among men.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:13 - The three older sons of Jesse had [fn]gone after Saul to the battle. And the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:14 - David was the youngest. Now the three oldest followed Saul,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:15 - but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father’s flock at Bethlehem.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:16 - The Philistine came [fn]forward morning and evening for forty days and took his stand.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:17 - Then Jesse said to David his son, “Take now for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:18 - “Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back [fn]news of them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:19 - “For Saul and they and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.”

David Accepts the Challenge

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:20 - So David arose early in the morning and left the flock with a keeper and took the supplies and went as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the circle of the camp while the army was going out in battle array shouting the war cry.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:21 - Israel and the Philistines drew up in battle array, army against army.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:22 - Then David left his baggage in the [fn]care of the baggage keeper, and ran to the battle line and entered in order to greet his brothers.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:23 - As he was talking with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine from Gath named Goliath, was coming up from the army of the Philistines, and he spoke these same words; and David heard them.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:24 - When all the men of Israel saw the man, they fled from him and were greatly afraid.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:25 - The men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who is coming up? Surely he is coming up to defy Israel. And it will be that the king will enrich the man who kills him with great riches and will give him his daughter and make his father’s house [fn]free in Israel.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:26 - Then David spoke to the men who were standing by him, saying, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should taunt the armies of the living God?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:27 - The people [fn]answered him in accord with this word, saying, “Thus it will be done for the man who kills him.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:28 - Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab’s anger burned against David and he said, “Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down in order to see the battle.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:29 - But David said, “What have I done now? Was it not just a [fn]question?”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:30 - Then he turned [fn]away from him to another and said the same thing; and the people answered the same thing as [fn]before.

David Kills Goliath

Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:31 - When the words which David spoke were heard, they told them [fn]to Saul, and he sent for him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:32 - David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail on account of him; your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:33 - Then Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth while he has been a warrior from his youth.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:34 - But David said to Saul, “Your servant was tending his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and took a lamb from the flock,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:35 - I went out after him and [fn]attacked him, and rescued it from his mouth; and when he rose up against me, I seized him by his beard and [fn]struck him and killed him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:36 - “Your servant has [fn]killed both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, since he has taunted the armies of the living God.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:37 - And David said, “The LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and may the LORD be with you.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:38 - Then Saul clothed David with his garments and put a bronze helmet on his head, and he clothed him with armor.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:39 - David girded his sword over his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. So David said to Saul, “I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them.” And David took them [fn]off.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:40 - He took his stick in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in the shepherd’s bag which he had, even in his pouch, and his sling was in his hand; and he approached the Philistine.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:41 - Then the Philistine came on and approached David, with the shield-bearer in front of him.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:42 - When the Philistine looked and saw David, he disdained him; for he was but a youth, and ruddy, with a handsome appearance.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:43 - The Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:44 - The Philistine also said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the sky and the beasts of the field.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:45 - Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword, a spear, and a javelin, but I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have taunted.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:46 - “This day the LORD will deliver you up into my hands, and I will strike you down and remove your head from you. And I will give the dead bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the sky and the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel,
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:47 - and that all this assembly may know that the LORD does not deliver by sword or by spear; for the battle is the LORDS and He will give you into our hands.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:48 - Then it happened when the Philistine rose and came and drew near to meet David, that David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:49 - And David put his hand into his bag and took from it a stone and slung it, and struck the Philistine on his forehead. And the stone sank into his forehead, so that he fell on his face to the ground.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:50 - Thus David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and he struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in David’s hand.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:51 - Then David ran and stood over the Philistine and took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:52 - The men of Israel and Judah arose and shouted and pursued the Philistines [fn]as far as the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the slain Philistines [fn]lay along the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath and Ekron.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:53 - The sons of Israel returned from chasing the Philistines and plundered their camps.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:54 - Then David took the Philistine’s head and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his weapons in his tent.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:55 - Now when Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner the commander of the army, “Abner, whose son is this young man?” And Abner said, “By your life, O king, I do not know.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:56 - The king said, “You inquire whose son the youth is.”
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:57 - So when David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul with the Philistine’s head in his hand.
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:58 - Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” And David answered,I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”
NASB95 Footnotes
I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
Literally: and the weight of the armor was
Or, shin guards
Literally: smite
Literally: this
Literally: the man
Literally: gone; they went
Literally: near
Literally: their pledge
Literally: hand
I.e. free from taxes and public service
Literally: said to
Literally: word
Literally: from beside him
Literally: the former word
Literally: before
Literally: smote
Literally: smitten
Literally: off from himself
Literally: until your coming to
Literally: fell

New American Standard Bible 1995
Copyright (c) 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif.
All rights reserved

The "NASB," "NAS," "New American Standard Bible," and "New American Standard" trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by The Lockman Foundation. Use of these trademarks requires the permission of The Lockman Foundation.

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For more information on this translation, see the NASB95 Preface.

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