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Isaiah 28 :: New American Standard Bible 1995 (NASB95)

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Ephraim's Captivity Predicted

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:1 - Woe to the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim,
And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the [fn]fertile valley
Of those who are [fn]overcome with wine!
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:2 - Behold, the Lord has a strong and mighty agent;
As a storm of hail, a tempest of destruction,
Like a storm of mighty overflowing waters,
He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:3 - The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is trodden under foot.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:4 - And the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the [fn]fertile valley,
Will be like the first-ripe fig prior to summer,
Which [fn]one sees,
And [fn]as soon as it is in his [fn]hand,
He swallows it.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:5 - In that day the LORD of hosts will become a beautiful crown
And a glorious diadem to the remnant of His people;
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:6 - A spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment,
A strength to those who repel the [fn]onslaught at the gate.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:7 - And these also reel with wine and stagger from strong drink:
The priest and the prophet reel with strong drink,
They are confused by wine, they stagger from strong drink;
They reel while [fn]having visions,
They totter when rendering judgment.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:8 - For all the tables are full of filthy vomit, without a single clean place.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:9 - “To whom would He teach knowledge,
And to whom would He interpret the message?
Those just weaned from milk?
Those just taken from the breast?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:10 - “For He says,
[fn]Order on order, order on order,
Line on line, line on line,
A little here, a little there.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:11 - Indeed, He will speak to this people
Through stammering lips and a foreign tongue,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:12 - He who said to them, “Here is rest, give rest to the weary,”
And, “Here is repose,” but they would not listen.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:13 - So the word of the LORD to them will be,
[fn]Order on order, order on order,
Line on line, line on line,
A little here, a little there,”
That they may go and stumble backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.

Judah Is Warned

Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:14 - Therefore, hear the word of the LORD, O scoffers,
Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:15 - Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death,
And with [fn]Sheol we have made a [fn]pact.
The overwhelming [fn]scourge will not reach us when it passes by,
For we have made falsehood our refuge and we have concealed ourselves with deception.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:16 - Therefore thus says the Lord [fn]GOD,
“Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone,
A costly cornerstone for the foundation, [fn]firmly placed.
He who believes in it will not be [fn]disturbed.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:17 - “I will make justice the measuring line
And righteousness the level;
Then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies
And the waters will overflow the secret place.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:18 - “Your covenant with death will be [fn]canceled,
And your pact with Sheol will not stand;
When the overwhelming scourge passes through,
Then you become its trampling place.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:19 - “As often as it passes through, it will [fn]seize you;
For morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night,
And it will be [fn]sheer terror to understand [fn]what it means.”
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:20 - The bed is too short on which to stretch out,
And the blanket is too [fn]small to wrap oneself in.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:21 - For the LORD will rise up as at Mount Perazim,
He will be stirred up as in the valley of Gibeon,
To do His task, His [fn]unusual task,
And to work His work, His [fn]extraordinary work.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:22 - And now do not carry on as scoffers,
Or your fetters will be made stronger;
For I have heard from the Lord [fn]GOD of hosts
Of decisive destruction on all the earth.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:23 - Give ear and hear my voice,
Listen and hear my words.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:24 - Does the [fn]farmer plow [fn]continually to plant seed?
Does he continually [fn]turn and harrow the ground?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:25 - Does he not level its surface
And sow dill and scatter cummin
And [fn]plant wheat in rows,
Barley in its place and rye within its [fn]area?
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:26 - For his God instructs and teaches him properly.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:27 - For dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge,
Nor is the cartwheel [fn]driven over cummin;
But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:28 - Grain for bread is crushed,
Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever.
Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually [fn]damage it,
He does not thresh it longer.
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:29 - This also comes from the LORD of hosts,
Who has made His counsel wonderful and His wisdom great.
NASB95 Footnotes
Literally: valley of fatness
Literally: smitten
Literally: valley of fatness
Literally: the one seeing sees
Literally: while it is yet
Literally: palm
Literally: battle
Literally: seeing
Hebrew: Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Ze' er sham, ze' er sham These Hebrew monosyllables, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet's preaching
V 10, note 1 The LORD responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror
I.e. the nether world
So some ancient versions; Heb seer
Or, flood
Hebrew: YHWH, usually rendered LORD
Literally: well-laid
Literally: in a hurry
Literally: covered over
Literally: take
Literally: only
Literally: the report, or, the message
Literally: narrow
Literally: task is strange
Literally: work is alien
Hebrew: YHWH, usually rendered LORD
Literally: plowman
Literally: all day
Literally: open
Literally: put
Literally: region
Literally: rolled
Literally: discomfit

New American Standard Bible 1995
Copyright (c) 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif.
All rights reserved

The "NASB," "NAS," "New American Standard Bible," and "New American Standard" trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by The Lockman Foundation. Use of these trademarks requires the permission of The Lockman Foundation.

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For more information on this translation, see the NASB95 Preface.

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