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Exodus 12 :: New International Version (NIV)

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The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

(Num 9:1–14; Deu 16:1–8; Eze 45:21–25 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:1 - The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:2 - “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:3 - Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month each man is to take a lamb[fn] for his family, one for each household.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:4 - If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:5 - The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:6 - Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:7 - Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:8 - That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:9 - Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:10 - Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:11 - This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD’s Passover.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:12 - “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:13 - The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:14 - “This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall celebrate it as a festival to the LORD—a lasting ordinance.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:16 - On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:17 - “Celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:18 - In the first month you are to eat bread made without yeast, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:19 - For seven days no yeast is to be found in your houses. And anyone, whether foreigner or native-born, who eats anything with yeast in it must be cut off from the community of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:20 - Eat nothing made with yeast. Wherever you live, you must eat unleavened bread.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:21 - Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go at once and select the animals for your families and slaughter the Passover lamb.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:22 - Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it into the blood in the basin and put some of the blood on the top and on both sides of the doorframe. None of you shall go out of the door of your house until morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:23 - When the LORD goes through the land to strike down the Egyptians, he will see the blood on the top and sides of the doorframe and will pass over that doorway, and he will not permit the destroyer to enter your houses and strike you down.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:24 - “Obey these instructions as a lasting ordinance for you and your descendants.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:25 - When you enter the land that the LORD will give you as he promised, observe this ceremony.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:26 - And when your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:27 - then tell them, ‘It is the Passover sacrifice to the LORD, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt and spared our homes when he struck down the Egyptians.’ ” Then the people bowed down and worshiped.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:28 - The Israelites did just what the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron.
(Exo 11:1–10 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:29 - At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:30 - Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.

The Exodus

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:31 - During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the LORD as you have requested.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:32 - Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:33 - The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:34 - So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:35 - The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:36 - The LORD had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:37 - The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:38 - Many other people went up with them, and also large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:39 - With the dough the Israelites had brought from Egypt, they baked loaves of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:40 - Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt[fn] was 430 years.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:41 - At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the LORD’s divisions left Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:42 - Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.

Passover Restrictions

(Gen 17:9–14; Exo 12:1–13 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:43 - The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover meal: “No foreigner may eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:44 - Any slave you have bought may eat it after you have circumcised him,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:45 - but a temporary resident or a hired worker may not eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:46 - “It must be eaten inside the house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:47 - The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:48 - “A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the LORD’s Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land. No uncircumcised male may eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:49 - The same law applies both to the native-born and to the foreigner residing among you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:50 - All the Israelites did just what the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:51 - And on that very day the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions.
NIV Footnotes
The Hebrew word can mean lamb or kid; also in verse 4.
Masoretic Text; Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint Egypt and Canaan

Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.®
Used by Permission of Biblica, Inc.® All rights reserved worldwide.

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For more information on this translation, see the NIV Preface.

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