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Exodus 34 :: New Living Translation (NLT)

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A New Copy of the Covenant
(Deu 10:1–5 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:1 - Then the LORD told Moses, “Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones. I will write on them the same words that were on the tablets you smashed.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:2 - Be ready in the morning to climb up Mount Sinai and present yourself to me on the top of the mountain.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:3 - No one else may come with you. In fact, no one is to appear anywhere on the mountain. Do not even let the flocks or herds graze near the mountain.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:4 - So Moses chiseled out two tablets of stone like the first ones. Early in the morning he climbed Mount Sinai as the LORD had commanded him, and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:5 - Then the LORD came down in a cloud and stood there with him; and he called out his own name, Yahweh.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:6 - The LORD passed in front of Moses, calling out,
“Yahweh![fn] The LORD!
The God of compassion and mercy!
I am slow to anger
and filled with unfailing love and faithfulness.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:7 - I lavish unfailing love to a thousand generations.[fn]
I forgive iniquity, rebellion, and sin.
But I do not excuse the guilty.
I lay the sins of the parents upon their children and grandchildren;
the entire family is affected—
even children in the third and fourth generations.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:8 - Moses immediately threw himself to the ground and worshiped.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:9 - And he said, “O Lord, if it is true that I have found favor with you, then please travel with us. Yes, this is a stubborn and rebellious people, but please forgive our iniquity and our sins. Claim us as your own special possession.”
(Exo 23:14–19; Deu 7:1–6; 16:1–17 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:10 - The LORD replied, “Listen, I am making a covenant with you in the presence of all your people. I will perform miracles that have never been performed anywhere in all the earth or in any nation. And all the people around you will see the power of the LORD—the awesome power I will display for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:11 - But listen carefully to everything I command you today. Then I will go ahead of you and drive out the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:12 - “Be very careful never to make a treaty with the people who live in the land where you are going. If you do, you will follow their evil ways and be trapped.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:13 - Instead, you must break down their pagan altars, smash their sacred pillars, and cut down their Asherah poles.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:14 - You must worship no other gods, for the LORD, whose very name is Jealous, is a God who is jealous about his relationship with you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:15 - “You must not make a treaty of any kind with the people living in the land. They lust after their gods, offering sacrifices to them. They will invite you to join them in their sacrificial meals, and you will go with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:16 - Then you will accept their daughters, who sacrifice to other gods, as wives for your sons. And they will seduce your sons to commit adultery against me by worshiping other gods.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:17 - You must not make any gods of molten metal for yourselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:18 - “You must celebrate the Festival of Unleavened Bread. For seven days the bread you eat must be made without yeast, just as I commanded you. Celebrate this festival annually at the appointed time in early spring, in the month of Abib,[fn] for that is the anniversary of your departure from Egypt.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:19 - “The firstborn of every animal belongs to me, including the firstborn males from your herds of cattle and your flocks of sheep and goats.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:20 - A firstborn donkey may be bought back from the LORD by presenting a lamb or young goat in its place. But if you do not buy it back, you must break its neck. However, you must buy back every firstborn son.
“No one may appear before me without an offering.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:21 - “You have six days each week for your ordinary work, but on the seventh day you must stop working, even during the seasons of plowing and harvest.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:22 - “You must celebrate the Festival of Harvest[fn] with the first crop of the wheat harvest, and celebrate the Festival of the Final Harvest[fn] at the end of the harvest season.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:23 - Three times each year every man in Israel must appear before the Sovereign, the LORD, the God of Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:24 - I will drive out the other nations ahead of you and expand your territory, so no one will covet and conquer your land while you appear before the LORD your God three times each year.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:25 - “You must not offer the blood of my sacrificial offerings together with any baked goods containing yeast. And none of the meat of the Passover sacrifice may be kept over until the next morning.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:26 - “As you harvest your crops, bring the very best of the first harvest to the house of the LORD your God.
“You must not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:27 - Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write down all these instructions, for they represent the terms of the covenant I am making with you and with Israel.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:28 - Moses remained there on the mountain with the LORD forty days and forty nights. In all that time he ate no bread and drank no water. And the LORD[fn] wrote the terms of the covenant—the Ten Commandments[fn]—on the stone tablets.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:29 - When Moses came down Mount Sinai carrying the two stone tablets inscribed with the terms of the covenant,[fn] he wasn’t aware that his face had become radiant because he had spoken to the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:30 - So when Aaron and the people of Israel saw the radiance of Moses’ face, they were afraid to come near him.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:31 - But Moses called out to them and asked Aaron and all the leaders of the community to come over, and he talked with them.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:32 - Then all the people of Israel approached him, and Moses gave them all the instructions the LORD had given him on Mount Sinai.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:33 - When Moses finished speaking with them, he covered his face with a veil.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:34 - But whenever he went into the Tent of Meeting to speak with the LORD, he would remove the veil until he came out again. Then he would give the people whatever instructions the LORD had given him,
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 34:35 - and the people of Israel would see the radiant glow of his face. So he would put the veil over his face until he returned to speak with the LORD.
NLT Footnotes
Yahweh is a transliteration of the proper name YHWH that is sometimes rendered “Jehovah”; in this translation it is usually rendered “the LORD” (note the use of small capitals).
See note on 34:5.
Hebrew for thousands.
Hebrew appointed time in the month of Abib. This first month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar usually occurs within the months of March and April.
Hebrew Festival of Weeks; compare 23:16. This was later called the Festival of Pentecost. It is celebrated today as Shavuot (or Shabuoth).
Or Festival of Ingathering. This was later called the Festival of Shelters or Festival of Tabernacles (see Lev 23:33-36). It is celebrated today as Sukkot (or Succoth).
Hebrew he.
Hebrew the ten words.
Hebrew the two tablets of the Testimony; see note on 25:16.

Holy Bible, New Living Translation copyright © 1996, 2004, 2007 by Tyndale House Foundation. Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois 60188. All rights reserved.

Full copyright information is provided here. Visit the New Living Translation website.

For more information on this translation, see the NLT Preface.

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