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Dictionaries :: Hammer

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Below are articles from the following 3 dictionaries:
Easton's Bible Dictionary

Hammer:

(1.) Heb. pattish, used by gold-beaters (Isa 41:7) and by quarry-men (Jer 23:29). Metaphorically of Babylon (Jer 50:23) or Nebuchadnezzar.

(2.) Heb. makabah, a stone-cutter's mallet (1Ki 6:7), or of any workman (Jdg 4:21; Isa 44:12).

(3.) Heb. halmuth, a poetical word for a workman's hammer, found only in Jdg 5:26, where it denotes the mallet with which the pins of the tent of the nomad are driven into the ground.

(4.) Heb. mappets, rendered "battle-axe" in Jer 51:20. This was properly a "mace," which is thus described by Rawlinson: "The Assyrian mace was a short, thin weapon, and must either have been made of a very tough wood or (and this is more probable) of metal. It had an ornamented head, which was sometimes very beautifully modelled, and generally a strap or string at the lower end by which it could be grasped with greater firmness."

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

Hammer:

ham'-er: The Hebrew maqqebheth, occurs in Jud 4:21, where it refers to the mallet (probably wooden) used to drive tent-pins into the ground. The same word occurs in 1Ki 6:7; Isa 44:12; Jer 10:4 as applied to a workman's hammer. paTTish (compare Arabic, fatis), occurs in Isa 41:7; Jer 23:29; 50:23. It was probably a blacksmith's hammer or heavy hammer used for breaking rock. There is doubt about the rendering of Jud 5:26, where the word, halmuth, occurs. From the context, the instrument mentioned was probably not a hammer. In Ps 74:6, kelaph, is better translated "axes," not "hammers."

Written by James A. Patch

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The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.