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Dictionaries :: Prove

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


proov (bachan, nacah; dokimazo, peirazo): Means

(1) to test or try;

(2) to establish, demonstrate;

(3) to find by experience.

It is for the most part in the first (original) sense that the word is found in Scripture. In the Old Testament it is most frequently the translation of nacah, primarily "to lift," hence, to weigh (Ge 42:15,16, etc.). God is said to "prove" His people, i.e. to test or try them for their good (Ge 22:1; Ex 15:25; De 8:16, etc.). The Psalmist prays that God may prove him (Ps 26:2). The word is frequently rendered "tempt."


The word bachan, primarily "to try by heat," has a similar meaning (Ps 17:3, the heart, like metal, purified from dross; compare Job 23:10; Ps 7:9; Mal 3:2, etc.). In the New Testament the word most frequently rendered "prove" (sometimes "try") is dokimazo (Lu 14:19; Ro 12:2; 2Co 8:8,22; 13:5; Eph 5:10; 1Th 5:21). Peirazo, "to tempt," "to prove," used in both a good and a bad sense, frequently translated "TEMPT" (which see), is rendered "prove" in Joh 6:6, "This he said to prove him." Both Greek words occur frequently in Apocrypha (Wisdom and Ecclesiasticus). the Revised Version (British and American) has "prove" for "tempt" (Ge 22:1); for, "make" (Job 24:25; Ga 2:18); for "manifest" (Ec 3:18); for "examine" (1Co 11:28); for "try" (1Co 3:13; 1 Joh 4:1), etc.

Written by W. L. Walker

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1381 Greek: dokimazo


"to test, prove," with the expectation of approving, is translated "to prove" in Luk 14:19; Rom 12:2; 1Cr 3:13, RV (AV, "shall try"); 11:28, RV (AV, "examine"); 2Cr 8:8, 22; 13:5; Gal 6:4; Eph 5:10; 1Th 2:4 (2nd part), RV (AV, "trieth"); 5:21; 1Ti 3:10; in some mss. Hbr 3:9 (the most authentic have the noun dokimasia, "a proving"); 1Pe 1:7, RV (AV, "tried"); 1Jo 4:1, RV (AV, "try").

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g584 Greek: apodeiknumi


"to show forth," signifies "to prove" in Act 25:7.
See APPROVE, No. 3.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g3936 Greek: paristemi


"to present," signifies "to prove" in Act 24:13.
See COMMEND, No. 4.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g3985 Greek: peirazo


"to try," either in the sense of attempting, e.g., Act 16:7, or of testing, is rendered "to prove" in Jhn 6:6.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g4822 Greek: sumbibazo


"to join together," signifies "to prove" in Act 9:22.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g4921 Greek: sunistemi | sunistano


"to commend, to prove," is translated "I prove (myself a transgressor)" in Gal 2:18 (AV, "I make").

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3986 Greek: peirasmos


(a) "a trying, testing,"

(b) "a temptation," is used in sense (a) in 1Pe 4:12, with the preposition pros, "towards" or "with a view to," RV, "to prove" (AV, "to try"), lit., "for a testing."


(1) In Luk 10:36, RV, ginomai, "to become, come to be," is translated "proved (neighbor)," AV, "was...;" so in Hbr 2:2.

(2) In Rom 3:9, AV, proatitiaomai, "to accuse beforehand," is translated "we have before proved" (marg., "charged"); for the RV, see CHARGE, C, No. 9.


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