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Dictionaries :: Prove

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International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia

Prove:

proov (bachan, nacah; dokimazo, peirazo): Means

(1) to test or try;

(2) to establish, demonstrate;

(3) to find by experience.

It is for the most part in the first (original) sense that the word is found in Scripture. In the Old Testament it is most frequently the translation of nacah, primarily "to lift," hence, to weigh (Ge 42:15,16, etc.). God is said to "prove" His people, i.e. to test or try them for their good (Ge 22:1; Ex 15:25; De 8:16, etc.). The Psalmist prays that God may prove him (Ps 26:2). The word is frequently rendered "tempt."

See TEMPT.

The word bachan, primarily "to try by heat," has a similar meaning (Ps 17:3, the heart, like metal, purified from dross; compare Job 23:10; Ps 7:9; Mal 3:2, etc.). In the New Testament the word most frequently rendered "prove" (sometimes "try") is dokimazo (Lu 14:19; Ro 12:2; 2Co 8:8,22; 13:5; Eph 5:10; 1Th 5:21). Peirazo, "to tempt," "to prove," used in both a good and a bad sense, frequently translated "TEMPT" (which see), is rendered "prove" in Joh 6:6, "This he said to prove him." Both Greek words occur frequently in Apocrypha (Wisdom and Ecclesiasticus). the Revised Version (British and American) has "prove" for "tempt" (Ge 22:1); for, "make" (Job 24:25; Ga 2:18); for "manifest" (Ec 3:18); for "examine" (1Co 11:28); for "try" (1Co 3:13; 1 Joh 4:1), etc.

Written by W. L. Walker

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1381 Greek: dokimazo

Prove:

"to test, prove," with the expectation of approving, is translated "to prove" in Luk 14:19; Rom 12:2; 1Cr 3:13, RV (AV, "shall try"); 11:28, RV (AV, "examine"); 2Cr 8:8, 22; 13:5; Gal 6:4; Eph 5:10; 1Th 2:4 (2nd part), RV (AV, "trieth"); 5:21; 1Ti 3:10; in some mss. Hbr 3:9 (the most authentic have the noun dokimasia, "a proving"); 1Pe 1:7, RV (AV, "tried"); 1Jo 4:1, RV (AV, "try").
See APPROVE.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g584 Greek: apodeiknumi

Prove:

"to show forth," signifies "to prove" in Act 25:7.
See APPROVE, No. 3.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g3936 Greek: paristemi

Prove:

"to present," signifies "to prove" in Act 24:13.
See COMMEND, No. 4.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g3985 Greek: peirazo

Prove:

"to try," either in the sense of attempting, e.g., Act 16:7, or of testing, is rendered "to prove" in Jhn 6:6.
See EXAMINE, TEMPT.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g4822 Greek: sumbibazo

Prove:

"to join together," signifies "to prove" in Act 9:22.
See COMPACTED, No. 2.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g4921 Greek: sunistemi | sunistano

Prove:

"to commend, to prove," is translated "I prove (myself a transgressor)" in Gal 2:18 (AV, "I make").
See COMMEND.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3986 Greek: peirasmos

Prove:

(a) "a trying, testing,"

(b) "a temptation," is used in sense (a) in 1Pe 4:12, with the preposition pros, "towards" or "with a view to," RV, "to prove" (AV, "to try"), lit., "for a testing."
See TEMPTATION.

Notes:

(1) In Luk 10:36, RV, ginomai, "to become, come to be," is translated "proved (neighbor)," AV, "was...;" so in Hbr 2:2.

(2) In Rom 3:9, AV, proatitiaomai, "to accuse beforehand," is translated "we have before proved" (marg., "charged"); for the RV, see CHARGE, C, No. 9.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.